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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 31, Issue 6 - Dec 2010
Volume 31, Issue 5 - Oct 2010
Volume 31, Issue 4 - Aug 2010
Volume 31, Issue 3 - Jun 2010
Volume 31, Issue 2 - Apr 2010
Volume 31, Issue 1 - Feb 2010
Selecting the target year
The Relationship between Depression, Colleagues/supervisor's Emotional Support Levels and Burnout Experienced by Teachers in Kindergartens and Childcare Centers
Min, Ha-Yeoung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 4, 2010, Pages 1~14
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between depression, colleagues/ supervisor's emotional support and burnout experienced by teachers in kindergartens and childcare centers. The subjects were 195 teachers who worked in kindergartens or childcare centers in Daegu and Gyeongbuk Province. Questionnaires, which required self-report by teachers, were used to investigate depression, colleagues/supervisor's emotional support and burnout. The data collected were analyzed by means of paired t-test, Pearson's correlation, simple regression, hierarchial regression, using SPSS Win 15.0. The results are as follows. (1) The emotional support from colleagues was significantly higher than from that provided by the supervisor. Moreover, teachers' depression levels were positively associated with burnout. (2) Colleagues' emotional support operated as major determining factor with the effect that burnout decreased as colleagues' emotional support levels increased. There were observable interactional effects between depression and the emotional support provided by colleagues' to colleagues experiencing burnout. (3) The supervisor's emotional support operated as a major factor with the effect that burnout decreased with a rise in the levels of a supervisor's emotional support. No interactional effects were observed between depression and supervisor's emotional to colleagues dealing with burnout.
The Relationship between the Home Literacy Environment and Mother's Teaching Behavior, and 18 to 24-year-old Infant's Vocabulary Ability According to SES of Families
Park, Su-Jin ; Kim, Myoung-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 4, 2010, Pages 15~27
This study was conducted in order to identify the relationship between home literacy environment and mother's interactive teaching behaviors, and infant's vocabulary ability. The subjects of this study were 53 infants between the ages of 18 to 24 months and their mothers. In order to measure the home literacy environment, the questionnaire used by Han Chan-Hee (2006), which was partly modified from Shapiro (1979), was selected, and to analyze mothers' teaching behaviors, Barnard's NCAST Teaching Scale(1978) was used. The infant's vocabulary ability was measured by the questionnaire first used by Lim Yong-Soon(2002), which was partly modified from the MCDI used by Fenson et al(1991). In conclusion, this study, most importantly, suggests that the teaching behaviors of the mothers themselves as well as the home literacy environment can both be very important factors affecting infant vocabulary development.
A Study on the Developmental Patterns of the Three, Four, and Five-Year-Old Children
Choi, Mi-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 4, 2010, Pages 49~60
This study sought to investigate and assess the development patterns of children, aged from 3 to 5, by means of a longitudinal approach. The children's developmental patterns are classified according to five curriculum areas; physical health, social skills, expression, language, and exploration-. The developmental patterns are analyzed in detail according to the observation period, children's ages, and their genders. The subjects consisted of 108 children in A city. A research assistant was asked to observe and keep records of the children's behaviors at three distinct times -early, middle, and late in the school year. The 'observational scale for children' was used as the measurement tool. The data which was thus collected was then subject to statistical analysis. The major findings of the study are as follows. First, there were significant differences in all five curriculum areas according to the children's age and observation period. That is, five-year-old children showed higher scores than three- and four-year-old children. Second, there were significant differences in the social development within five curriculum areas according to the children's gender and the observation period. That is, girls exhibited higher scores than boys.
The Effects of Toys Related to Literacy and Parent-child Relational Factors on Language Abilities According to Socioeconomic Status
Kim, Myoung-Soon ; Kim, Gil-Sook ; Son, Seung-Hee ; Yoo, Jung-Yeun ; Lee, Min-Joo ; Lee, Yun-Seon ; Cho, Hang-Rin ; Han, Chan-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 4, 2010, Pages 61~74
The present study sought to examine parent-child relational factors associated with young child's language abilities according to socioeconomic status. To do so, the survey responses of 2,269 parents of 0- to 5- year-olds, taken from research on the Actual Condition of Korean Children and Youth were analyzed. The results were as follows : (1) Low-income families had significantly fewer toys related to literacy than middle and upper-income families. (2) There were fewer instances of parent-child play interactions as well as lower scores of parenting styles and beliefs in low-income families than in middle and upper-income families. (3) Although there was no difference in terms of language abilities from 0- to 1-year-old children according to socioeconomic status, 2-, 3-, 4- and 5-year-old children from low-income families exhibited significantly lower language scores than children from middle- and upper-income families. (4) Toys related to literacy and parent-child relational factors were positively related to children's language abilities. (5) It can be further argued that toys related to literacy and parent-child relational factors clearly predict children's language abilities.
An Investigation into the Aspects and Factors At Work in Children's Rough and Tumble Play
Koh, Yeo-Hun ; Ohm, Jung-Ae ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 4, 2010, Pages 75~90
This study sought to investigate the aspects and other factors at work in rough and tumble play by children, through a qualitative research approach. The participants consisted of 25 5-year-old children and their teachers at A kindergarten, located in Seoul. The results of the research are as follow：(1) there are various aspects in the initiation of, development of, as well as the way children's rough and tumble play ends. (2) The factors that trigger children's rough and tumble play include : limitation and creation of toys, teacher absence, particular times throughout the day, gender awareness, peer relationships, the reactions of teachers, and social and cultural factors at work in class.
The Construction of an Early Childhood Teacher Efficacy Scale
Kim, Sun-Young ; Seo, So-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 4, 2010, Pages 91~110
The purpose of this study was to develop a valid and reliable early childhood teacher efficacy scale. As part of this process, the final version of the early childhood teacher efficacy scale was examined in order to reflect the characteristics of the subjects who participated in this study, namely, 598 in-service teachers employed at kindergartens and child care centers. Our data was analyzed according to both the reliability and validity of the scale. the main results of this study were as follows. The overall internal consistency was relatively high (Cronbach's
= .91~.93). In addition, the content reliability was examined by a panel of experts in the field. The results of the factor analyses identified 6 sub-constructs with 59 items, thus clearly establishing the construct validity. Moreover, the concurrent validity of this scale was established. The results of correlational and t-test analyses found that the constructs of this scale reflected the characteristics of early childhood teachers.
The Relationship between Perceived Popularity and Aggression in Adolescence : The Mediating Effects of Narcissism
Yun, Hyeon-Hae ; Kim, Hee-Hwa ; Kim, Kyong-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 4, 2010, Pages 111~124
The major purpose of this study was to explore mediating effects of narcissism between perceived popularity and aggression in adolescence. The subjects who participated in this study were 783 middle school students based in Busan. The results indicated that perceived popularity and narcissism were positively correlated to overt and relational aggression. The effects of perceived popularity on overt and relational aggression was perfectly mediated by narcissism. Athletic and fighting abilities were more important for boys' perceived popularity, but active involvement in social activity and appearance were more important for girls' perceived popularity. It was further observed that having a good sense of humour was the most important determinant of perceived popularity, irrespective of gender.
The Pathways from Maternal Parenting Behavior to Children's School Adjustment : The Mediating Effects of Children's Emotional Intelligence
Cha, Sung-Hye ; Doh, Hyun-Sim ; Choi, Mi-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 4, 2010, Pages 125~137
This study examined the pathways from maternal parenting behavior to children's school adjustment through children's emotional intelligence. The participants in this study were 436 elementary school 4th-6th graders (of which 233 were boys, and 203 were girls) in Seoul. They completed questionnaires on maternal parenting behavior, children's emotional intelligence, and levels of school adjustment. Data were analyzed by means of Pearson's correlation coefficients and structural equation modeling. It was found that maternal parenting behavior indirectly, but not directly, influenced children's levels of school adjustment through children's emotional intelligence. Children's emotional intelligence mediated the effects of maternal warmth/acceptance and rejection/restriction on levels of children's school adjustment. These results clearly indicate that emotional intelligence plays a crucial role in improving the levels of children's school adjustment.
An Analysis of the Cognitive Processes of 5-Year-Old Children : A Focus on a Performance of Cognitive Assessment System Based on Gender, Monthly Age, and Tendencies towards Hyperactivity
Park, Sae-Rom ; Park, Hye-Jun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 4, 2010, Pages 139~157
This study investigated the cognitive process of 5-year-old children, with a particular focus on gender, monthly age, and their tendencies towards hyperactivity through the performance of the Cognitive Assessment System (CAS; Das & Naglieri, 1997). The children with tendencies towards hyperactivity were identified based on Conners Teachers' Rating Scale (CTRS). The subjects were 75 five-year-old children in Seoul and surrounding metropolitan areas. Data were analyzed by means of descriptive statistics, an independent sample t-test, Pearson's correlation coefficient, one-way ANOVA, and by K-mean cluster analysis. Our results were as follows : (1) The CAS and CTRS' sub-factors were correlated negatively, except the positive correlation between planning factor and hyperactivity factor. (2) Girls exhibited significantly higher CAS scores in planning & sequential processing than boys. (3) The upper monthly age group (68-71 months) showed significantly higher score in terms of planning than the lower monthly age group (60-63 months). (4) The CAS scores of the children with tendencies towards hyperactivity was lower than that of normal children. (5) The CAS profile of 5-year-old children was divided into 4 groups with distinctive characteristics by means of K-mean cluster analysis.
A Study on the Strategies Used to Reduce the Work-Related Stress of Private-Kindergarten Director
Kim, Byung-Man ; Hwang, Hae-Ik ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 4, 2010, Pages 159~177
This study sought to identify the solutions that private-kindergarten directors use in dealing with their work-related stress. The respondents for this study were 200 kindergarten directors in Busan, Ulsan and Gyoung-Nam province. Surveys were issued and 162 were returned and were subject to statistical analysis. The survey consisted of a total of 45 questions about work-related stress and the strategies used to cope with their work situations. The data collected data were analyzed through the SPSS 12.0 program. As a result of this study, it can be argued that, firstly, in terms of the strategies to reduce work-related stress by directors, it is best to address these issues psychologically, directly and physically. Secondly, through this process, significant differences stemming from the age of directors (p < .01) were observed, while there were no significant differences in terms of educational level and management experience in these statistics. Finally, our results indicated that as a result of confirming the differences among effective plans according to total marks of the level of job stress recognition for privatekindergarten directors, there are meaningful and significant differences in the level of job stress recognition in respect to a physical effective plan (p < .05), a negative plan (p < .01) and a direct effective plan (p < .05).
The Acquisition of Parenting Information and Knowledge Levels of Mothers with Infants and Toddlers
Lee, Joo-Yeon ; Lee, Sok-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 4, 2010, Pages 179~197
The present study investigated how mothers with infants and toddlers obtain information about parenting and examined the nature of maternal parenting knowledge in order to evaluate the quality of the information. The mothers' age and educational level were included in the analysis as a influential factor on parenting knowledge. Four hundred and twenty-nine mothers with infants and toddlers completed the questionnaires issued regarding the source and content of parenting information and parenting knowledge. The results indicated that the mothers with only one child preferred to utilize their friends and relatives as their primary source of information and the mothers with more than one child acquired parenting information from their own previous experience. Second, the subjects were most interested in acquiring information related to physical development and medical problems. Third, the main effects of all independent variables were found. In addition, the interactional effects between the educational level and source of parenting information for the mother with only one child and the interactional effects between age and source of parenting information for the mother with more than one child were determined as a result of this study. These results indicate that there are some high-risk groups when it comes to the acquisition of parenting knowledge and we suggest providing valid and reliable information to these most vulnerable groups.
The Effects of an After-School Program Using Picture-Books on First Graders' Levels of Happiness and Socio-emotional Ability
Kim, Jung-Won ; Lee, Jung-A ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 31, issue 4, 2010, Pages 199~217
This study investigated the effects of an after-school picture-book program on the happiness and socio-emotional ability levels of first graders. The subjects consisted of 44 elementary school first graders; of these, 22 formed the experimental and 22 formed the control group. A detailed analysis of both happiness and socio-emotional ability levels was undertaken to determine the homogeneity of the two groups. A broad variety of activities using 12 picture-books were applied to the experimental group for twelve-week periods. The results of this study were as follows; the after-school program using picture books was effective in strengthening children's levels of both happiness and socio-emotional ability.