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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 32, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
The Effects of the Music Appreciation Teaching-learning Method by Using Learning Cycle on the Musical Ability of Young Children
Lee, Ock-Joo ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 1, 2011, Pages 1~11
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.1.1
This aim of this study was to investigate the effects of the music appreciation teaching-learning method on the musical ability of young children. The music appreciation activities were developed firstly in consideration of the 4 steps of the learning cycle (recognition, exploration, inquiry, application). One group was then taught music appreciation, taking into account the learning cycle. The results were then compared with another comparative group in terms of musical ability. The results indicated that the musical ability sum of the treatment groups improved more than the comparative group. More specifically, the treatment group for four-year-olds was seen to have improved significantly more than the comparative group in terms of musical ability. These results indicate that this music appreciation teaching-learning method has a number of positive effects upon young children`s musical ability. Therefore, it is suggested that kindergarten teachers conduct instruction with an appropriate accompanying learning cycle as part of the teaching-learning method when it comes to improving the musical ability of young children.
Types of Grandmothers with Preschool-Aged Grandchildren and Its Correlates : Demographic Characteristics, Contacts between Grandmothers and Grandchildren, and Closeness between Grandmothers and Mothers
Kim, Jae-Hee ; Doh, Hyun-Sim ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 1, 2011, Pages 13~29
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.1.13
The objective of this study was to identify role types as they pertain to paternal and maternal grandmothers based on four role dimensions. To this end, a sample of 416 mothers of preschoolers was used. This study also examined correlates of and differences in the type of grandparents in terms of paternal and maternal types of grandmothers. Data were analyzed by K-means clustering, Chi-square, and multi-nominal logistic regression analysis. Grandmothers were classified into five distinct groups : influential, supportive, authority-oriented, passive, and detached types. Maternal grandmothers seemed to be relatively more involved with their grandchildren than paternal ones. The type of grandmothers varied as a function of socioeconomic status, the number of grandchildren, and geographical proximity for paternal grandmothers, and mothers' employment status and the closeness between grandmothers and mothers for maternal grandmothers. The results imply that grandmothers are currently becoming more active in their grandchildren's lives and that kinship in Korean society tends to lean to the maternal side.
A Study on the Development and Effects of a Parenting Training Program for Improving Parent-Child Relationships in Multi-cultural Families
Min, Sung-Hye ; Kim, Kyung-Eun ; Kim, Lee-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 1, 2011, Pages 31~49
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.1.31
This study centred around the development of a parenting training program for improving parent-child relationships in multi-cultural families and to examine the effects of the program. The goal of this program was to improve parent-child relationships in multi-cultural families. The program consists of 8 sessions and each session employs a variety of activities and teaching methods to help multi-cultural mothers to become more involved in the a program. The participants were 12 mothers of multi-cultural backgrounds in Seoul and Asan city. There 12 mothers were assigned to the experimental group participated in this program for a total of 8 sessions. Data were analyzed according to frequencies, percentiles, means, standard deviations, and paired t-test. The results of this study indicated that this parenting training program for improving parent-child relationships was effective in improving multi-cultural mother's parenting efficacy and reducing their parenting stress.
Development of Young Children's Understanding of Representational Relations
Park, Chan-Hyung ; Lee, Jong-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 1, 2011, Pages 51~69
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.1.51
This study examined how young children understand representational relations between referents and their representational objects. Ninety-four children aged 2- to 4.5-years of age were individually tested; firstly in the scale-model tasks, and then in the scale-map tasks. Data were analyzed both by means of Chi-Square test and by a more descriptive, micro analysis. According to the results, there were significant age differences in the understanding of representational relations, regardless of the type of representational objects. In the descriptive, micro analysis, it was found that before 3 years of age, young children have a great deal of difficulties in understanding representational relations. More importantly, young children under three seemed unable to understand representational relations, especially when the similarities as well as the differences between the representational object and the referent were very high. These results suggest that teachers of very young children need to select representational materials carefully, taking into consideration children's understanding of representational relations.
The Development of Parent Education Program Enhancing Positive Interactions Between Mother and Toddler in Play Class
Kim, Young-Ok ; Park, Seong-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 1, 2011, Pages 71~85
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.1.71
The purpose of this study was to develop a parent education program enhancing mother's positive interactions in the context of mother-toddler play and to examine the effects of the program. Participants were 47 pairs of toddlers and their mothers who were randomly assigned to either a treatment or a control group. Both treatment and control groups participated in the 8 sessions of the play class. Only treatment groups received the parent education program during the sessions. Data were analysed by t-tests using SPSS 15.0. Results showed that (1) the mothers' positive interactions have been increased; (2) the mothers' parenting efficacy and pleasure have also been increased, whereas the parenting stresses were decreased in the treatment groups. In conclusion, this parent education program in the play session was effective in helping the mothers' positive interactions and perceptions on parenting toddlers.
Preschooler's Characteristics, Mother's Beliefs and Involvement According to Preschool Learning Behaviors
Chung, Tae-Hwoi ; Park, Kyung-Ja ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 1, 2011, Pages 87~101
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.1.87
This study employed a child-centered approach in the examination of patterns of preschooler's learning behaviors. A hierarchical cluster analysis was employed in order to discern a meaningful typology of such behavior. The subjects consisted of 232 children (117 boys, 106 girls) and their mothers from 6 kindergartens and 6 day care centers. The results of this study were as follows. The cluster analysis yielded five types of learning behaviors; the competent type, the average type, the low attention/persistence type, the low motivation -attitude type, and the deficient type. The most consistent level differences among these types appeared to lie in distinctions among the average Attention/Persistence scores. The composition of the cluster types, including both the age and gender of the children, was ascertained. Our results indicated that preschool learning behavior types could be seen to differentially relate to children's self-regulation, cognitive styles, problem behaviors, and the level of maternal involvement. It was revealed that a child's characteristics was more important than maternal involvement and beliefs. As there were more girls and older children in the learning type, this type was seen to be more competent.
An Ethnographic Approach to Infants' Attempts at Interactions with Their Teacher in the Two-Year-Old Curriculum of a Child Care Center
Yun, Kyeong-Ah ; Seo, Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 1, 2011, Pages 103~123
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.1.103
The purpose of this study was to investigate infants' individual attempts at interaction with their teachers in the two-year-old class curriculum of a child care center. To achieve this aim, this study analyzed both the types of interactions that infants attempted with their teachers, as well as the underlying message contained in infants' attempts at of interacting. This study used the complete participation observation methodology following an ethnographic approach, a research method which can help us see the whole picture by tracing the main causes and connections. The participants in this study were 13 infants and their teachers in 2 two-year-old classes (Hope and Love) of the Vision Child Care Center located in G city. The researcher, who was also a Hope-class teacher, ad as an observer, and the Love-class teacher acted as an assistant observer. Participant observation was made everyday except the days when field trips and group activities wewe planned, from october 2009 to January 2010. A variety of methods were used to collect materials, such as participant observation, in-depth interviews and collection of documents.
The Effects of Social Skills Training Combined with Social Stories and Movement Activities on Children with ADHD
Park, Young-Ah ; Jang, Se-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 1, 2011, Pages 125~140
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.1.125
This study examined the effects of social skills training combined with social stories and movement activities designed to change the social behaviors of children with ADHD. Six first-grade children with ADHD participated in the training program, which was composed of 15 sessions over 2 months. Our results indicated that：(1) Children's problematic behaviors were reduced after the training. Anxiety was reduced by a statistically significant level. Depression, delinquency, and hyperactivity were also reduced, but these did not reach a statistically significant level. (2) Children's social skills were improved after the training. Self-assertion and self-control were increased by a statistically significant level. Cooperation was also improved, but it did not reach a statistically significant level. (3) Children's social behaviors became more prosocial after participation in the training program. Children were also found to be able to express positive feeling more often, recognize social rules, and explain their ideas regarding friendship.
The Effects of a Constructivist Approach to Cooking Activities on Young Children's Scientific Attitudes and Creativity
Park, Go-Woon ; Kim, Sun-Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 1, 2011, Pages 141~156
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.1.141
This research centers around an experiment conducted to determine the relative effectiveness of constructivist cooking activities as compared to traditional cooking activities for young children. Forty-six children, aged five years in two kindergarten classes were assigned to a experimental and comparative group. The experimental and comparative group participated in 12 units. The experimental group participated in the constructivist cooking activities, while the comparative group participated in the traditional cooking activities. Analysis of covariance revealed significant differences between the mean scores of the two groups on the posttests for scientific attitudes and creativity, indicating that the children in the experimental group performed significantly better on the tests than the children in the comparative group. The results of this study suggest that such constructivist cooking activities are able to improve the scientific attitudes and creativity of young children.
The Effect of Ego-resilience and Directors, Co-workers and Family's Social Support to Childcare Teachers' Burnout
Lee, Jung-Hee ; Cho, Song-Yon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 1, 2011, Pages 157~172
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.1.157
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of childcare teachers' ego-resilience and directors, co-workers and family's social support to childcare teachers' burnout. The participants in this study were 326 childcare teachers from Daejeon metropolitan city and Chungnam province. They responded to the 'Maslach Burnout Inventory', 'Ego-resilience Scale', and 'Social Support Scale'. The collected data were analyzed by t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson's productive correlation, stepwise multiple regression, Duncan test for post hoc test, Cronbach's
for reliability, and factor analysis for validity by SPSS PC program (18.0 version). The results were as follows; first, there were significant differences in childcare teachers' burnout scores in relation to the educational levels of childcare teachers, their working hours, children's number per class, and the ages of the children they teach. Second, there were significant negative correlations (r = -.11~-.62) among childcare teachers' ego-resilience, directors, teaching colleagues and family's social supports, and their levels of burnout. Finally, childcare teachers' ego-resilience and teaching colleagues' levels of social support helped explain about 43% the childcare teachers' burnout total scores and about 17~39% of their sub-scores.