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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 32, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
The Development of a Korean Home Environment Scale for Infants and Toddlers
Kim, Jung-Min ; Kim, Ji-Hyun ; Jung, Hyun-Sim ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 3, 2011, Pages 1~17
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.3.1
This study was aimed at developing a scale to evaluate Korean home environments for infants and toddlers for the purpose of being used by teachers caring for infants and toddlers. The subjects of this study were 250 mothers of 0- to 2-year-olds. Mean, SD,
, Cramer's V, factor analysis, Pearson correlations, Cronbach's
were calculated in order to analyze the outcomes of this study. As a result, 38 items of the scale were found to be satisfactory in terms of item distribution and item discrimination. Four factors with 21 items were extracted from the factor analysis : 'developmental stimulus', 'responsivity', 'encouragement of verbal interaction', and 'arrangement of daily routines'. Our analysis of the correlation of this scale with SES, HOME, and children's developmental outcomes showed acceptable concurrent validity. Internal consistency of this scale was high. These results identify this scale as a valid and reliable measure of the Korean home environment for infants and toddlers.
Discriminant Analysis of Bullying Participant Roles among Children
Kim, Youn-Hwa ; Han, Sae-Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 3, 2011, Pages 19~41
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.3.19
This paper was an examination of gender-specific behaviors in children and the types of bullying behavior among 1,181 fifth and sixth grade elementary schools student identified were then classified. Differences were identified in individual variables, family variables, and school variables. The data thus collected were subjected to descriptive and comparative statistical analysis using the SPSS software program. Our results showed that multiple discriminant analysis yielded a function of individual, family and school variables that proved effective in classifying bully, reinforcer, assistant, victim, outsider and defender types in boys. In girls, multiple discriminant analysis yielded a function of individual variables that was effective in classifying bully, reinforcer, assistant, victim, outsider and defender types.
Preschoolers' Compliance and Noncompliance : As a Function of Maternal Behavior, Child Gender and Age and Social Context
Yong, Eui-Seon ; Park, Seong-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 3, 2011, Pages 43~57
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.3.43
This study examined preschoolers' compliance and noncompliance as it related to maternal behavior, child gender and age, and social context. The subjects were 213 preschool children in Seoul. Data were collected via questionnaires reported by mothers and teachers. The results of correlation analysis and a series of repeated measures ANOVA revealed that mothers' coercive parenting was associated with lower committed compliance and ignorant noncompliance. It was also found that the 5-year-olds studies showed higher committed compliance in moral situations whereas the 6-year-olds showed higher situational compliance in conventional situations. Noncompliance was more common among the 5-year-olds than the 6-year-olds. It was also found that girls exhibited higher compliance than boys in both moral and conventional contexts. The results were discussed in terms of a developmental perspective.
The Effect of a Child's Temperament, Child-mother Goodness of Fit and a Child's Self-perception
Jang, Yu-Jin ; Lee, Kang-Yi ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 3, 2011, Pages 59~76
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.3.59
The purpose of this study was to investigate how a child's temperament and child-mother goodness of fit affect the child's self-perception. 165 pairs of 5-year-old children and their mothers were recruited. The mothers were asked to answer the questionnaire on her child's temperament and goodness of fit. Each child participated in a semi-structured interview using two identical puppets to measure the children's self-perception. The results of this study were : (1) All of mean scores on the dimensions of children's self-perception were above the median, children in this study perceived themselves positively. (2) Children's positive self-perception was significantly related to harmonious children-mother goodness of fit. (3) The effect of goodness of fit was higher than temperament in all dimensions of self-perception. The sex variable also affects aggression-hostility and academic competence. This study suggests that the effect of goodness of fit was higher than that of temperament, and the importance of a harmonious children-mother relationship and parenting education, and these conclusions were reached by examining the outstanding effect of the goodness of fit.
Effects of Family Environment, Shame and Guilt Proneness on Parentification of Male and Female Juveniles
Kim, Eun-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 3, 2011, Pages 77~90
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.3.77
This study attempted to examine the differences between male and female juveniles from the perspective of the parentification and to discover if the differences in the effects of shame and guilt proneness on the parentification of juveniles according to gender were observed under the control of negative family environment variables. With this purpose in mind, the researcher measured negative family environments, and the shame proneness, guilt proneness, and parentification of 225 male and 243 female students in middle schools in Seoul. The results indicate that there were differences in the levels of parentification according to gender male juveniles showed higher levels of parentification than female juveniles. In addition, after negative family environment variables were under control, both shame proneness and guilt proneness effected the parentification. Furthermore, while the effects were different according to gender, guilt proneness had a significant effect on parentification for males and shame proneness had a significant effect on the parentification for females. In conclusion, it was suggested that female's parentification as effected by shame proneness nees to be be noted although male juveniles showed higher levels of the parentification.
SEM Analysis of Sexual Development and Potential Delinquency in Youth
Sihn, Mi ; Yoo, Mee-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 3, 2011, Pages 91~105
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.3.91
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between sexual development, sensation seeking traits, exposure to pornographic media, peer conformity, and potential delinquency on the part of Korean middle school students. In order to verify the model, we used structural equation model (SEM) analysis. 603 adolescents were participated in the study. The results were as follows; first, both male and female models goodness of fit and significant paths was proven. Second, it was also found that gender difference existed in the model. The implications of this study and the suggestions for future research were also discussed.
The Influences of Stress and Academic Self-Efficacy on the Subjective Well-Being of Elementary School Children
Park, Young-Ah ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 3, 2011, Pages 107~120
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.3.107
This study examined the influences of stress and academic self-efficacy on subjective well-being. The subjects were 191 4th-graders and 250 6th-graders. Data were analyzed by means of two-way ANOVA, Pearson's coefficients, and stepwise regression. Results indicated that : (1) There were age or gender differences for stress, academic self-efficacy, and subjective well-being. (2) Stress was negatively correlated with academic self-efficacy and subjective well-being, whereas academic self-efficacy was positively correlated with subjective well-being. (3) Stress and academic self-efficacy explained 43% of subjective well-being. Specifically, stress from parents was the most influential variable for positive affects, and self-regulatory efficacy was the most influential variable for positive efficacy and inter-relatedness.
Structural Analysis of the Relationship between Personal and Environment Factors on Adjustment to Early Childhood Educational Institution of Young Children in Multi-cultural Families
Kim, Sun-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 3, 2011, Pages 121~142
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.3.121
This study explores the structural relationships between personal factors (young children's self-esteem and language ability) and environmental factors (mother's acculturation, parenting, and teacher's multi-cultural education attitude) on young children's adjustment to early childhood educational institution in multi-cultural families. 150 young children in multi-cultural families of aged 3, 4, and 5, their mothers, and 108 classroom teachers participated in this study. The results of this investigation reveal the following : (1) Mother's integrative acculturation significantly affected mother's parenting. (2) The relationship between mother's acculturation and young children's adjustment to early childhood educational institution in multi-cultural families are significantly mediated by mother's parenting and the young children's self-esteem. (3) Young children's language ability in multi-cultural families significantly affected their degree of adjustment to early childhood educational institution.
A Meta-analysis of the Gender Differences and Variables Related to Overt and Relational Aggression in Children and Adolescents
Seo, Mi-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 3, 2011, Pages 143~162
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.3.143
This study presents a meta-anlalytic review of 119 studies, published between 1990 and 2009, of gender differences and variables associated with overt and relational aggression during childhood and adolescence. Gender differences in overt aggression were found to be significantly higher in boys than girls, but significant gender differences in relational aggression were not found. Gender differences of only overt aggression are moderated by age and the reporter type. In general, both overt and relational aggression are more strongly related to maladjustment than adjustment. In addition to this, overt and relational aggression has both common and differential associations with relative levels of maladjustment and adjustment. The moderation of these effect sizes of both overt and relational aggression by age and the reporter type was found.
The Effect of Group Sandplay Therapy for Children's Self-concept Construction and Ego-development Enhancement
You, Seung-Eun ; Park, Boo-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 3, 2011, Pages 163~184
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.3.163
This study was conducted in order to inquire into the impact of children's self-concept construction and ego-development enhancement during Group Sandplay Therapy. The Group Sandplay Therapy sessions were held once week, for a total of 20 weeks. The Group Sandplay Therapy Process consisted of playing with sand and creating a sand tray in groups. There were two group in total. Each group had 4 children of the same sex aged from six to seven years old. In order to study the self-concept and ego-development, we used a self-concept test and ego-development as a research tool. In addition, the present research analyzed any changes which tool place by dividing each aspect in each sand tray of the therapy process into a positive subject and a negative subject, and analyzed the changing patterns seen in the sand tray worldas it unfolded. It was proven that an efficient treatment in changing the sand tray world and children's action, had an effect on rearranging the children's mental schemas. In terms of the progress of the sandplay journey, it was seen that negative elements decreased dramatically and positive elements were observed to have increased. As a result it was confirmed that Group Sandplay Therapy had a number of positive effects in the construction of children's self-concept and in terms of the enhancement of children ego-development.
An Analysis of the Archetypical Symbols of Children's Performance with Water During Sandplay Therapy
Goh, Eun-Kyoung ; Chung, Kai-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 3, 2011, Pages 185~202
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.3.185
The purpose of this study was to understand the archetypical symbols present when conducting sandplay therapy with water from a hermeneutic point of view. The research participants were 6 children aged 8~9 who experienced problems in parent-children relationships. The result were as follows : The nature of archetypical symbols of present when working with water can be structured along two themes, vertical movements and horizontal movements. In vertical movements with three sub-themes, the meaning of 'to put in and boil out' is interpreted as 'mother's feeding baby', the meaning of 'to sink and bring out of water' is interpreted as 'resource acquisition', 'to swamp and float on the water' represents 'death and rebirth'. In horizontal movements consisted of two sub- themes, the meaning of 'to be swept away' is interpreted as 'initiation and conversion', the meaning of 'to wave and fix' is interpreted as 'to overcome the difficulties and create stability'.
An Analysis of Interactions Between Mothers with Postpartum Depression Tendencies and Their Infants
Lee, Je-Young ; Lee, Kyung-Sook ; Chung, Yoo-Kyung ; Shin, Yee-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 3, 2011, Pages 203~220
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.3.203
The study is aimed at examining the interaction between mothers with high postpartum depression tendencies and their 6 to 8 month old infants. Thirty pairs of infants and mothers with high depression tendencies and another 30 pairs of infants and mothers with low depression scores on the EPDS and K-PSI were selected as the final research subjects from a total of 185 mother-child pairs. They visited a laboratory and agreed to a video-recording which focussed on their infant-mother interaction for approximately 30 minutes. In conclusion, the group of mothers with high depression tendencies showed less positive, and more intrusive interactions and their infants displayed less responsive, less positive expressions than the group of mothers with low depression tendencies. This study is meaningful in that it represents a rare attempt at a qualitative analysis research into the interactions between mothers with postpartum depression and their infants.
The Here and Now of Admission Counseling at Child-Care Centers - With a Focus on the Episodes and Metaphors as Used by the Principals -
Kim, Soo-Hyang ; Kwon, Eun-Joo ; Chung, Kyung-Hwa ; Lee, Young-Rim ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 3, 2011, Pages 221~239
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.3.221
The purpose of study is to understand how a principal of a child-care center and parents accept different episodes and experiences in admission counselling and their use of metaphorical expressions about this, and to illuminate the current state of play by examining the requirements of parents in selecting a child-care center. The subjects were 10 principals of private child-care centers located in the Gyeongsangbuk province of Korea, and the research materials for episodes and metaphors were collected and analyzed by means of in-depth and telephone interviews during an application period. In terms of the overall climate of the admission counselling, as shown in the various episodes, our results indicated that an increase of parents' demands occurred through a primarily consumer-centered environment, and the sudden increase in a fathers' participation, the inside circumstances of admission counselling in progress throughout the year, the non-existence of respect and credibility and the continuity of conflicts and were all observed to co-exist. In terms of the emotional meaning of counselling via metaphors, the following emotions could be inferred; hopelessness, anger, lethargy, stress, fear and eagerness. It is anticipate that this study will make a meaningful contribution to better illuminating and improving the current climates of here and now admission counselling.
An Analysis of the Concept Map of Kindergarten Teachers with a Special Regard to the Multi-Cultural Education
Hong, Min-Kyoung ; Lee, Kyeong-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 3, 2011, Pages 241~255
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.3.241
The purpose of this research was to analyze the concept map of kindergarten teachers concerning their levels of contents knowledge and their overall level of competency in terms of multi-cultural education. The participants were 104 teachers from 11 kindergartens in Busan. Data were analyzed by Sim's (2008) method based on Novak & Gowin (1984) and Morine-Dershimer (1993). The results were as follows. First, a majority of participants made a limited concept map and used 22 representative categories regarding multi-cultural education and the category of 'various nations' was the most popular superordinate concept. Second, the level of knowledge in terms of the maps were generally low in so far as most of maps reached hierarchy 1. The results of the research suggested that kindergarten teachers were lacking in basic knowledge of multi-cultual education and therefore there is a real need for both conceptualization and teacher training for multi-cultual education, reviewing of current 'teachers', 'manuals', and follow-up research aimed at analyzing teacher's multi-cultual education competence.