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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 32, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
Is Robot Alive? : Young Children's Perception of a Teacher Assistant Robot in a Classroom
Hyun, Eun-Ja ; Son, Soo-Ryun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 4, 2011, Pages 1~14
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.4.1
The purpose of this study was to investigate young children's perceptions of a teacher assistant robot, IrobiQ. in a kindergarten classroom. The subjects of this study were 23 6-year-olds attending to G kindergarten located in E city, Korea, where the teacher assistant robot had been in operation since Oct. 2008. Each child responded to questions assessing the child's perceptions of IrobiQ's identity regarding four domains : it's biological, intellectual, emotional and social identity. Some questions asked the child to affirm or deny some characteristics pertaining to the robot and the other questions asked the reasons for the answer given. The results indicated that while majority of children considered an IrobiQ not as a biological entity, but as a machine, they thought it could have an emotion and be their playmate. The implications of these results are two folds : firstly, they force us to reconsider the traditional ontological categories regarding intelligent service robots to understand human-robot interaction and secondly, they open up an ecological perspective on the design of teacher assistant robots for use with young children in early childhood education settings.
The Effects of Parental Psychological Control, Dysfunctional Perfectionism, and Self-Conscious Emotions on Depression in Adolescents
Kim, Hye-In ; Doh, Hyun-Sim ; Chee, Yeon-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 4, 2011, Pages 15~36
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.4.15
This study examined the effects of parental psychological control, dysfunctional perfectionism, and self-conscious emotions on depression in adolescents. The sample consisted of 471 adolescents (212 boys, 259 girls) attending high schools in Seoul. The results from Structural Equation Modeling indicated that dysfunctional perfectionism and self-conscious emotions mediated the impact of parental psychological control on depression only in the mother-daughter relationship, such that with mothers' greater psychological control, girls experienced higher levels of dysfunctional perfectionism and self-conscious emotions, and reported higher depression scores. Similarly, dysfunctional perfectionism functioned as a mediator in the association between parental psychological control and adolescent depression. This tends to support findings from previous studies emphasizing the importance of same sex parent-adolescent relationships. Dysfunctional perfectionism also had the largest direct effect of all variables analyzed on depression. Parental psychological control did not show statistically significant effects on self-conscious emotions for either boys or girls. These findings suggest that interventions designed to promote adolescents' mental well-being should focus on parenting of the same sex parent as well as adolescent cognitive characteristics.
The Development and Validation of an Evaluation Scale for Early Years Children's English Textbooks
Choi, Hye-Jeong ; Hyun, Eun-Ja ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 4, 2011, Pages 37~62
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.4.37
The purpose of this study was to develop an appropriate scale for evaluating early years children's English textbooks and to confirm the validity and reliability for the scale thus developed. The scale was administered to 563 Korean early childhood English teachers. Exploratory Factor Analysis (EFA) of the 24 item scale demonstrated Cronbach'
= .94 for internal consistency of the total items. Confimatory Factor Analysis (CFA) supported a four-factor structure. Cross-Validation for the retest accepted the four-factors. Those four factors were as follows; Contents & Organization as factor 1, Illustrations & Designs as factor 2, Materials & Topics, as factor 3 and Objectives as factor 4. The author suggests that these afore mentioned factors will prove to be most useful for evaluating the children's English textbooks which are apparently published in an often quite indiscriminant manner.
Attachment Representations in Korean-American Mothers and Their College Students : Intergenerational Transmission
Lee, Goh-Eun ; Lee, Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 4, 2011, Pages 63~81
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.4.63
The purpose of this study was to examine the first generation Korean-American mothers' attachment representation as well as the attachment representation of their second generation Korean-American college students. The subjects consisted of 25 first generation Korean-American mothers and 27 second generation college students residing in Los Angeles. The Adult Attachment Interview (George, Kaplan, & Main, 1985) was used for assessing attachment representation patterns. The results of this study were as follows. First, 36% of the subject mothers were classified as secure, 64% were insecurely attached and there was no unresolved/disorganized pattern in the insecure group. Second, 33% of the subject students were classified as secure. 67% were insecure on the AAI, and there was 4% unresolved/disorganized patterns in the insecure group. Third, a difference of 76% was found between the correspondence between the first generation Korean-American mothers' attachment representation pattern and the attachment representation of the second generation Korean-American college students.
The Relationship between Socioeconomic Status, Maternal Involvement in Learning, Parenting Behavior and Children's Self-Determination Motivation
Noh, Bo-Hay ; Park, Seong-Yeon ; Chee, Yeon-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 4, 2011, Pages 83~97
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.4.83
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between socioeconomic status, maternal involvement in learning, parenting behavior and children's self-determination motivation. The participants of this study consisted of 333 fifth- and sixth-grade elementary school children and their mothers living in Seoul. The results of this study indicated that mothers with a higher educational attainment reported greater autonomy support behavior and involvement in their offspring's learning. Conversely, mothers with low incomes were found to use psychological control and were also found to be involved in learning to a lesser degree. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicated that children whose mothers were less involved in learning showed higher levels of self-determination motivation. Additionally, maternal support for autonomy and psychological control had a number of moderating effects on the association between maternal involvement in learning and the child's self-determination motivation. Specifically, children tended to exhibit significantly lower levels of self-determination motivation when mothers were more involved in learning among those who received less support in terms of autonomy. Conversely, children had significantly higher levels of self-determination motivation when mothers were less involved in learning when it came to those children who were under less psychological control.
The Relationships Between Clusters of Types of Mother-adolescent's Problems in Family Communication and Adolescent's Trait Anger and Anger Coping Strategies
Cho, You-Jin ; Oh, Ji-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 4, 2011, Pages 99~113
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.4.99
This study examined natural groupings of mother-adolescents in terms of the sub-factors of problems in family communication. The natural groupings were as follows; the placating type, the blaming type, the super-reasonable type, and the inattention type. In addition, this paper also examined individual differences in trait anger and anger coping strategies patterns by clusters of sub-factors of problem in family communication. The subjects of this study consisted of 406 adolescents. Data were analyzed by means of cluster analysis and one-way ANOVA. The results from cluster analysis with the adolescent sample suggested the presence of four clusters ('placating-suppression', 'mixing up-confusion', 'authoritarian-hostility', 'consistent-repression'). Additionally, these four groups were found to be related to trait anger and anger coping strategies (anger-suppress, anger-out, anger-control).
Understanding Children's Negative Attitudes Towards Peers with Special Needs in an Inclusive Kindergarten
Hwang, Jeong-Hee ; Chung, Kai-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 4, 2011, Pages 115~134
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.4.115
The purpose of this study was to understand children's negative attitudes exhibited towards peers with special needs in an inclusive kindergarten, utilizing ethnographic research methodology. The subjects consisted of 54 children undergoing typical development and three children with special needs in a public kindergarten in Busan metropolitan city. Data collection was conducted by means of participant observations and interviews took place from April until November, 2009. Our results revealed that the responses of 'not acknowledging presence', 'differentiating', 'adapting them to us', 'excluding at play' were major themes in children's negative attitudes exhibited towards peers with disabilities in an otherwise ostensibly inclusive kindergarten. The response of 'not acknowledging presence' was categorized as a way of ignoring their existence, whereas 'differentiating' was categorized as stressing difference, and assuring difference. There were two characteristics related to 'adapting them to us' : adapting them to our ways, adapting them to our knowledge. Concerning 'excluding from play', four characteristics were found : excluding indirectly, excluding directly, excluding illogically, and excluding by seeking majority accord. The implications of the findings for inclusive early childhood education were discussed.
The Relationship between Young Children's Play Characteristics, Interactive Peer Play, and Preschool Children's Behavior According to Teacher's Evaluations
Hwang, Yoon-Se ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 4, 2011, Pages 135~146
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.4.135
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between young children's play characteristics, interactive peer play and Preschool children's behavior. The subjects of this consisted of 235 3- to 5-year-old children resident in Gyeonggi Province. Collected data were analyzed with SPSS statistical software. The results of this study were as follows : First, there was a significant relationship between play characteristics, interactive peer play and Preschool children's behavior. Second, in terms of the degree of play characteristics in evidence, interactive peer play appears to be a reliable predictor of young children's behavior.
A Study on the Cultural Identity, Acculturation Patterns and Psychosocial Adjustment of Children in International Marriage Families
Lee, Hyun-Joo ; Kang, Hyun-Ah ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 4, 2011, Pages 147~166
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.4.147
The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between cultural identity and the psychosocial adjustment levels of children in international marriage families by focusing on the effects that different types of cultural identity have on children's overall psychosocial adjustment. The data for this study came from a survey conducted on 122 third to sixth grades children with foreign mothers living in Seoul and Gyeonggi-Do. As a result, it was found that children's identification with Korean culture was on average higher than their identification with their mother's culture. Secondly, in terms of identity type, assimilation and separation types appeared to be the most dominant, followed by the integration and marginalization types. Finally, it was found that cultural identities had significant effects on children's psychosocial adjustment in international marriage families. In particular, the level of self-esteem was the highest for children in the integrated group, while it was the lowest for those in the marginalized group. These results indicate that identification with the mother's culture is just as important as one's Korean identity when it comes to determining the degree of psychosocial adjustment of children in international marriage families.
An Analysis of Teacher-Child Relationships as Perceived by Teachers and Children and the Variables Affecting Such Relationships
Cheon, Hyang-Suk ; Cho, Eun-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 4, 2011, Pages 167~183
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.4.167
This study examined whether any relationship exists between teachers' and children's perceptions of the teacher-child relationship and how factors such as the child's self-regulation and stress, and the teacher's self-efficacy and stress affect the teacher-child relationship. The participants for this study consisted of 101 kindergarteners and 17 teachers. Most of the children (88%) and teachers (88%) perceived teacher-child closeness. On the other hand, 22% of children and 11% of teachers perceived teacher-child conflict. The child's self-regulation affected both children's and teachers' perceptions of teacher-child closeness and conflict. The teacher's self-efficacy affected both children's and teachers' perceptions of teacher-child closeness. It also affected teachers' perceptions of teacher-child conflict. The child's and teacher's stress affected both children's and teachers' perceptions of teacher-child conflict. These findings were discussed with respect to implications for the classroom and future research.
The Effects of the Seesaw & Swing Early Intervention Program on the Adaptive Behaviors of Young Children from Low-Income Families
Hwang, Hye-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 4, 2011, Pages 185~202
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.4.185
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the Seesaw & Swing Early Intervention Program on the positive changes of young children from low-income families. The Seesaw & Swing program was developed by the Community Chest of Korea (Hwang et al., 2009). The subjects for this study consisted of 534 3~6-year olds (177 in the service group, 357 in the control group) from low-income families. The instrument used was the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, second edition (Sparrow, Cicchetti, & Balla, 2005). The results of this study indicated that the Seesaw & Swing intervention program produced positive effects in all of the domain areas under examination : namely, the communication abilities, life skills, socialization, physical development, and adaptive behaviors of young children. In conclusion, the Seesaw & Swing Early Intervention Program for young children from low-income families can be said to be an effective early intervention program which goes some way towards ending the intergenerational transition of poverty in Korea.
The Relationships between Mothers' Parental Intelligence and Children's Abilities of Self-control and Empathy
Kang, Min-Ju ; Shim, Mi-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 4, 2011, Pages 203~216
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.4.203
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between mothers' parental intelligence and children's abilities of self-control and empathy. 180 children aged 5 were selected from 4 kindergartens in G city. The gender breakdown for the sample group was as follows : boys comprised 60.0% (108) and girls comprised 40.0% (72) of the total sample. The Parental Intelligence Scales (PIS) was used to rate mothers' parental intelligence. Children's self-control and empathy were also measured. The SPSS 12.0 program was used for the purposes of analyzing the data. The results of the study were as follows. Firstly, mothers' parental intelligence was related in a general sense with children's self-control. However, such a relationship did not appear between rejection in the area of parental intelligence and self appraisal in self-control, nor did it appear between acceptance in intelligence and emotion in self-control. Secondly, the variable of encouragement was the only one in evidence in terms of mothers' parental intelligence and how it was related with children's empathy.