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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 32, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
Selecting the target year
The Relationship between Supervisors' Transformational Leadership and Teachers' Depression on Psychological Empowerment by Teachers in Kindergartens and Childcare Centers
Min, Ha-Yeoung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 5, 2011, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.5.1
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between supervisors' transformational leadership, teachers' depression and the psychological empowerment of teachers in kindergartens and childcare centers. The subjects were 208 teachers employed in kindergartens or childcare centers in Daegu and Gyeongbuk Province. Questionnaires, which required self-reporting by teachers, were used to investigate supervisors' transformational leadership, teachers' depression and psychological empowerment. The data thus collected were analyzed by mean of Pearson's correlation, hierarchial regression, and by the use of SPSS Win 15.0. The results of our study were as follows. First, Supervisors' transformational leadership was positively associated with teachers' psychological empowerment. Second, teachers' depression was negatively associated with teachers' psychological empowerment. Finally, The interaction effects of supervisors' transformational leadership and teachers' depression on teachers' psychological empowerment were observed.
The Relationship between Parental Response to Children's Negative Emotion and Children's Stress-Coping Behavior : The Mediating Effects of Self-Regulation
Kim, Ji-Yeon ; Nahm, Eun-Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 5, 2011, Pages 13~28
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.5.13
This study explored the relationship between parental reaction to children's negative emotions, child's self-regulation and stress-coping behaviors. This study also examined the mediating effect of a child's self-regulation between parental reactions to children's negative emotions and a child's stress-coping behaviors. The sample included 407 elementary school 5th-6th grades and their parents (comprising 407 couples) in Seoul. The research results are summarized as follows. First, parental reactions to children's negative emotions were significantly related to the child's self-regulation and stress-coping behaviors. Secondly, it was also found that parental reactions to children's negative emotion were both partially and indirectly related to a child's stress-coping behaviors through the child's use of self-regulation.
The Effects of Parents' Spousal Attachment, Spousal Caregiving, and Parental Caregiving Behaviors on Preschoolers' Parental Representations
Woo, Su-Jung ; Lee, Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 5, 2011, Pages 29~47
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.5.29
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of spousal attachment, spousal caregiving, and parental caregiving behaviors on children's parental representations. One hundred and fifteen preschoolers (72 boys and 43 girls, aged between 4-5 years old) and their fathers and mothers participated in this study. The instruments used were the MacArthur Story-Stem Battery (Bretherton, Oppenheim, Buchsbaum, Emde, and the MacArthur Narrative Group, 1990), the Experiences in Close Relationships Scales (Brennan, Clark, & Shaver, 1998), the Caregiving Questionnaire (Kunce & Shaver, 1994), and the Parental Acceptance-Rejection Questionnaire (Rohner, 1991). The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and structural equation modeling analysis. In conclusion, parents' spousal attachment, spousal caregiving, and parental caregiving behaviors have influenced on children's parental representations.
A Structural Relationship Among the Related Variables of Children's Internalizing and Externalizing Problems
Moon, Dae-Geun ; Moon, Soo-Back ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 5, 2011, Pages 49~65
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.5.49
The purpose of this study was to investigate the structural relationship between the related variables of children's internalization and externalization of problems. A total of 709 elementary school students residing in Daegu City and Kyungpook province completed questionnaires which assessed family interaction functions, emotional regulation, self-control, and internalization and externalization of problems. The sample variance-covariance matrix was analyzed using AMOS 19.0, and a maximum likelihood minimization function. Goodness of fit was evaluated using the SRMS, RMSEA, and its 90% confidence interval, CFI, and TLI. The results were as follows : First, the function of family interaction, and emotional regulation had a significant direct effect on the internalization of problems. Moreover, emotional regulation, self-control and internalization of problems had a statistically substantial direct effect on the externalization of problems. Second, family interaction functions did not have a statistically significant direct on children's externalization of problems, although it may well have an indirect effect on children's externalization of problems through emotional regulation and self-control. Finally, self-control did not enjoy a direct effect on children's internalization of problems.
The Effects of Paternal and Maternal Control on Self-Esteem in School-Age Boys and Girls : The Mediating Role of Autonomy
Lee, Mi-Jung ; Doh, Hyun-Sim ; Chee, Yeon-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 5, 2011, Pages 67~84
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.5.67
This study examined the effects of parental control and children's autonomy on self-esteem, using a sample of 415 school-age children (208 boys and 207 girls) recruited in Seoul. Ordinary Least Square regressions revealed a variety of gender-based differences in the associations among these three variables. Boys with high maternal behavioral control had high levels of self-esteem, whereas girls under low paternal psychological and high behavioral control reported high levels of self-esteem. Boys with high maternal behavioral control and girls with high paternal behavioral control also reported high levels of autonomy. Autonomy was found to exert a positive impact on self-esteem for both boy and girls. Autonomy played a mediating role in the relationships between maternal behavioral control and self-esteem for boys, and between paternal behavioral control and self-esteem for girls. These findings highlight the differential influences of psychological control and behavioral control on autonomy and self-esteem, as well as the relative impact of the opposite sex parent on the development of autonomy and self-esteem in late childhood.
The Influences of Marital Conflict and Maternal Anger on Child Maltreatment
Doh, Hyun-Sim ; Kim, Min-Jung ; Kim, Sang-Won ; Choi, Mi-Kyung ; Kim, Jae-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 5, 2011, Pages 85~101
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.5.85
This study investigated both the direct and indirect influences of marital conflict on child abuse by exploring the pathways between marital conflict, maternal anger, and child maltreatment. A total of 344 mothers with 3-year-old children responded to questionnaires, which including items on marital conflict/violence, maternal anger, and child maltreatment. The data thus collected were analyzed by means of Structural Equation Modeling. The results indicated that maternal anger partially mediated the association between marital conflict and child maltreatment. In more concrete terms, the direct and indirect effects of marital conflict on child maltreatment were a little greater than the direct effect of maternal anger on child maltreatment. The effects of marital conflict on maternal anger was the greatest among all associations between the research variables included in this study. The findings of this study have a number of implications for research and practice, which highlights the important considerations that both cultivating positive marital relationships and regulating maternal anger should be emphasized in prevention and intervention programs for child maltreatment.
Factors Associated with the Service Networking Experiences of Workers in Community Child Centers
Kim, Hyeun-Ju ; Hyun, An-Na ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 5, 2011, Pages 103~119
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.5.103
This study examined the current status of the service networking experiences of workers in community child centers and the impact of various individual, organizational, and environmental factors on their service networking experiences. Structured questionnaires were mailed to the all community child centers in the Kyungnam area, and the data thus collected from 128 workers were used for the analysis. The findings indicated that most study participants did in fact possess service networking experience; however, the frequency was relatively low and the types of agencies in which this networking experienced was gained were somewhat limited. The results from the hierarchical multiple regression analysis revealed that being licensed social workers, the number of years in which a center had been operating, the numbers of workers and volunteers, the capacity of the centers, and workers' participation in work-related training were significantly associated with the frequency of worker's networking experiences. Based on the findings of this study, the implications for practice in promoting service networking among community child centers and other community resources were also discussed.
Discriminant Analysis of Popular and Rejected Children Based on Their Communicative Competence and Conflict-Resolving Strategies
Lee, Kyeong-Hwa ; Jung, Hye-Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 5, 2011, Pages 121~134
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.5.121
The purposes of this study were to test the differences in communicative competence and conflict-resolving strategies between both popular and rejected children, and to thereby verify the discriminance of communicative competence and conflict-resolving strategies for both types of children. 52 popular children and 41 rejected children from among a pool of 202 6th grade elementary students were selected, and the data were analyzed by means of independent sample t-test and discriminant analysis. The research findings are as follows : First, listen up (sub-factors of perceiving), self-presentation, planning, and coding revealed statistically significant differences between the popular and the rejected children. Second, only negotiation and cooperation strategies revealed any statistically significant differences between the popular and the rejected children, while other sub-factors of conflict-resolving strategies indicated broad indifference between them. Third, it was only the factor of planning among 5 factors of communicative competence and 4 factors within conflict-resolving strategies which indicated that it was the most discriminant predictor between the popular and the rejected children. These results suggest that a comprehensive program is needed to improve the communicative competence and conflict-resolving strategies of rejected children.
An Inquiry into Typically Developing Children's Interaction Strategies with Young Children with ADHD According to Gender
Kyun, Ju-Youn ; Chung, Kai-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 5, 2011, Pages 135~150
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.5.135
The purpose of this study was to examine the interaction strategies used by typically developing boys and girls in their dealings with young children with ADHD in free play situations in inclusive classes. This was done in order to gain an in-depth understanding of the meaning of their interaction strategies. The subjects were 52 typically developing children (comprising 27 boys, 25 girls) and 3 young children with ADHD. The findings were as follows : First, the overall frequency of interaction strategies with the young children with ADHD was greater among the young female children (n = 372) than the young male children (n = 298). Second, when the utterance strategies of the male and female children were sub-categorized, both the male children (79.5%) and the female children (57.0%) mostly made use of avoidance strategies, one of the typical withdrawal strategies. Third, the interaction strategy of control represented 42.0 percent and as such was identified as the most prevalent interaction strategy utilized by the young male children studied. In the case of the young female children, obliging strategies were the most common interaction strategies representing 33.1 percent of the total used. In the light of the findings yielded from this study, some educational recommendations are provided.
The Relationship between Information Literacy and Developmental Trends in Early Childhood
Jo, Jun-Oh ; Hwang, Hae-Ik ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 5, 2011, Pages 151~165
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.5.151
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the information literacy of preschoolers and their developmental trends. The subjects in this study were 122 preschoolers. After taking tests in information literacy and early childhood development, the collected data was analyzed. The findings of the study were as follows : First, there were gaps among the preschoolers in the level of early childhood development according to the relative levels of their information literacy. When a post-hoc analysis was carried out to investigate intergroup differences in detail, there were statistically significant gaps between the preschoolers with excellent information literacy and those with intermediate-or poor information literacy, and between the preschoolers with intermediate information literacy and those with poor information literacy. Second, the differences in terms of the levels of information literacy and the impact these differences made to their body, cognition, language, sociability and emotions which comprise the five subfactors of the early childhood development inventory were checked after the mutual influence of the five subfactors was controlled. As a result, statistically significant gaps were apparent in all the subfactors of early childhood development according to relative levels of information literacy. The preschoolers who had a better level of information literacy exhibited a statistically significantly better level of development in every subfactor.
A Preliminary Study into the Infant Observation Scale Based on the National Curriculum for Childcare Centers
Kang, Hyun-Mi ; Hwang, Hae-Ik ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 5, 2011, Pages 167~183
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.5.167
The purpose of this study is to develop a valid and reliable infant observation scale based on the national curriculum for childcare centers. The study was carried out using the final draft of the Infant Observation Scale for 1 year old infants. The scale consists of 42 items in 6 areas. Whereas the final draft of the Infant Observation Scale for 2 year old infants consists of 52 items in 6 areas. The subjects of this observation scale were 120 infants from the city of Busan. The results of the Infant Observation Scale for the 1 year old infant analysis for the purpose of test adequacy indecates that the internal consistency reliability is from .88 to .97. The results of the Infant Observation Scale for 2 year old infant analysis for test adequacy shows that the internal consistency reliability is from .76 to .97.