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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Dec 2011
Volume 32, Issue 5 - Oct 2011
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Aug 2011
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Jun 2011
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Apr 2011
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Feb 2011
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A Study into Academic Achievement and the Key Competency of Acting Autonomously : With a Special Focus on the Mediating Effects of Book-reading Hours
Lee, Jung-Min ; Lee, Kang-Yi ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 6, 2011, Pages 1~13
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.6.1
The main purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effects of the hours spent on book-reading on the relationship between academic achievement and the Key Competency of Acting Autonomously. This study utilized data from the 'Korean Assessment of the Key Competencies of Youth in 2009', which was conducted by the National Youth Policy Institute. The participants were 2,781 elementary school students, 2,770 middle school students and 3,599 high school students who were selected from 12 areas of Korea. The data was analyzed by means of Pearson's correlation coefficients and also through linear regression analysis. The results indicated that 1) academic achievement and the hours spent in book-reading was positively correlated to the competency of acting autonomously, 2) the effect of academic achievement on the competency of acting autonomously was partially mediated by the hours spent in book-reading, 3) and the mediating effect was the most influential when it came to elementary students, followed next by middle school and then finally high school students.
The Effects of Child Temperament, Assertive Behavior, and Maternal Parenting Behavior on Academic Achievement in Late Childhood
Cho, Hee-Won ; Park, Seong-Yeon ; Chee, Yeon-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 6, 2011, Pages 15~32
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.6.15
The purpose of the present study was to examine mechanisms by which the characteristics of child temperament influences academic achievement in late childhood. It was hypothesized that the effects of child temperament on achievement would be mediated by assertive behavior on the part of children and maternal parenting behavior. Data for this study came from self-report questionnaires completed by 657 elementary school children (343 boys, 314 girls). The results of structural equation modeling demonstrated that child temperament affected academic achievement through both assertive behavior and maternal parenting behavior; this was evidenced across the entire sample. Child temperament (approach-withdrawal, mood quality, persistence) also had a number of positive effects on assertive behavior (directiveness, social assertiveness, defense of rights and interests) and maternal parental behavior (warmth-acceptance, guidance). These results were found to be the case for both boys and girls. The results of this study further revealed that maternal parenting behavior mediated the relationship between child temperament and achievement for boys, whereas assertive behavior played the same role for girls. These findings suggest the need for different approaches in developing programs to improve levels of academic achievement which give due consideration to child temperament and social behavior as well as parenting, based on child gender.
A Study of Place Attachment to Home, Acculturative Stress, and Psychological Adjustment Among Korean Youth in the United States
Lee, Jin-Suk ; Qin, Desiree B. ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 6, 2011, Pages 33~48
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.6.33
This study examined the relationships between place attachment to home, acculturative stress, and psychological adjustment among Korean youth in the United States. In particular, this study sought to better understand how place attachment to home and acculturation stress impacts upon youth's psychological adjustment, as measured by depression and self-esteem. The subjects consisted of 225 Korean youths (113 males and 111 females) residing in Michigan in the USA, of whom 47.6% attended middle school while 52.4% of whom attended high school. The instruments utilized were the acculturative stress scale (Sandhu and Asrabadi, 1994), the place attachment scale (Choi, Lee, & Han, 2009), Radloff's depression scale (CES-D), and Rosenberg's self-esteem scale. Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were used to assess the predictive effects of place attachment to home and acculturative stress on youth's psychological adjustment, alongside controlling demographic variables. The findings indicated that place attachment to home and acculturative stress impacted upon depression and self-esteem, as experienced by the youths examined. These results have implications for our understanding of the importance of both youths' place attachment to home and acculturative stress in the acculturation process.
An Analysis of Research Trends in Early Childhood Inclusive Education
Lee, Soo-Ryun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 6, 2011, Pages 49~62
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.6.49
The purpose of this study was to analyze recent research trends in early childhood inclusive education. For this purpose, a total of 408 theses, written between 1986 and 2010, were chosen and then analyzed in terms of years of publication, the main topics of research, and the research methodology used. The results of this study are presented and discussed as follows : First, the amount of research into inclusive education increased greatly after 2001. Second, the main topics of the research, as reflected in the theses studied, were general discussions of inclusive education, the attitudes and apprehension of those working with young children with disabilities and the rate of increase in the quantity of research produced has been gradually increased. Third, the methodologies of researches varied somewhat, as reflected in the review of the survey studies and experimental studies. Therefore, it can be said that research into Early Childhood Inclusion Education will continue to be a subject of interest and study and will continue to develop for the benefit curriculum, measurement, assessment and the families concerned.
The Pathways from Attachment to Children's Psychological Well-being : The Mediating Effects of Children's Ego-resilience and Peer Support
Ahn, Jee-Young ; Oh, Mi-Kyoung ; Kim, Ji-Shin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 6, 2011, Pages 63~79
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.6.63
The aim of this study is to examine the pathways from attachment to children's psychological well-being in addition to the mediating role of children's ego-resilience and peer support. The participants, 297 fifth and sixth grade students from Seoul and other cities, completed questionnaires on attachment, ego-resilience, peer support and psychological well-being. Data were analyzed by mean, standard deviation, Pearson's correlation coefficients, factor analysis, and path analysis. The findings are as follows. Attachment didn't appear to directly influence children's psychological well-being, but showed a number of indirect effects in two ways. First, attachment indirectly affected children's psychological well-being by ego-resilience as a simple form of mediation. Second, attachment influenced children's psychological well-being through children's ego-resilience and peer support as a dual mediation. Ego-resilience demonstrated the strongest effect on psychological well-being among all the factors examined. These results highlight the way in which children's personal internal resources play an important role in the pathways from attachment to their psychological well-being.
The Development and the Effectiveness of a Integrative Group Counseling Program for Depression, Suicide Ideation, and Stress in High School Students
Kim, Sarah Hyoung-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 6, 2011, Pages 81~94
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.6.81
The purpose of this study was to develop an Integrative Group Counseling Program to reduce depression, suicide ideation, and stress of high school students, and to examine the effectiveness of such a program. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the program developed, an experimental group which was exposed to the program and a control group without exposure to the program were compared. The program was administered over eight weekly sessions, each session lasting ninety minutes. The subjects in this study consisted of twenty students. An experimental group and a control group were organized with ten students in each. For data processing, SPSS 16.0 was used to analyse statistical results. The Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression Scale, the Suicidal Ideation Scale, and the Stress Scale were used in a pre-test, post-test, and follow-up test. The findings of this study were as follows : The treatment group exhibited a significant statistically decreasing degree of depression, suicide ideation, and stress levels in comparison to the control group. The results of the study indicated the effectiveness of this newly developed Integrative Group Counseling Program on reducing depression, suicide ideation, and stress levels.
The Effects of Childrens' Vocabulary Abilities and Print Concepts in the Classroom Environment in Terms of Literacy Development
Kim, Myoung-Soon ; Kim, Hye-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 6, 2011, Pages 95~106
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.6.95
This study was conducted to better understand the effect of the classroom literacy environment on the young children's vocabulary abilities, and the concepts of print matter. The subjects consisted of 276 children aged 3 to 5 enrolled in 93 classrooms in child-care centers and kindergartens. The Early Language & Literacy Classroom Observation Pre-K (Smith, Brady, & Anastasopoulos, 2008), the Picture Vocabulary Test (Kim, Jang, Yim, & Bae, 1995) and the Concepts About Print (Kim & Kim, 2004) were used for the purposes of this study. The data collected were analyzed by means of ANOVA, and regression analysis. The results indicated that the vocabulary abilities and print-concepts of children aged 3-5 were more likely to increase when a rich classroom environment was provided for the children's literacy development. In particular, it was found to be important for children's language and Literacy development to provide them with an enriched 'language environment' within the classroom, the quality of 'books and book reading', and the active utilization of 'print and early writing' all being important elements of this.
The Relationship between a Father's Involvement in Parental Roles and Postpartum Depression : The Mediating Effects of Marital Relationships and the Moderating Effects of Mother's Self-Perception
Seo, Mi-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 6, 2011, Pages 107~121
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.6.107
This study examined the mediating effects of marital relationships (marital satisfaction, marital conflict) and the moderating effects of mother's self-perception (self-efficacy, self-esteem) on the relationship between a father's involvement in parental roles and postpartum depression. The participants consisted of 1,863 mothers with infants from the Panel Study of Korean Children. The findings from this study are as follows. First, there were significant correlations between a father's involvement in the parental role, marital satisfaction, marital conflict, self-efficacy, self-esteem and postpartum depression. Second, the relationship between a father's involvement in the parental role and postpartum depression was significantly mediated by both marital satisfaction and marital conflict. Finally, both self-efficacy and self-esteem were seen to moderate the relationship between a father's involvement in the parental role and postpartum depression.
The Impact of Reading Ability and Vocabulary at Age 5 and Personal Environment Variables of Children on First Grade Reading Comprehension Ability and Vocabulary
Lee, Ki-Sook ; Kim, Soon-Hwan ; Jeong, Jong-Won ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 6, 2011, Pages 123~139
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.6.123
This study sought to examine the impact of reading ability and vocabulary at age 5, as well as analyzing the impact which children's gender, parental education level and family income level has on reading comprehension ability and vocabulary at the first grade level in primary school. The study also sought to compare the characteristics of the results obtained in Korea and Japan on this particular research topic. For the Korean part of the study, 328 first grade Korean children, who had participated in the initial testing as five-year olds and agreed to participate in the longitudinal study were tested; whereas in Japan, 215 students were tested. The study results indicated that, in the case of Korea, reading comprehension ability in the first grade was affected by vocabulary and reading abilities at age 5, gender, as well as the mother's education level, in that order. In Japan, it was affected in the order of vocabulary, gender, and father's education level. In terms of first grade vocabulary, in the case of Korea, it was affected in the order of vocabulary and reading ability at age 5 and father's education level; whereas in Japan, it was affected in the order of vocabulary, gender, and reading ability. In both Korea and Japan, at age 5, vocabulary was shown to have a more significant impact than reading ability on both of language ability and vocabulary in the subsequent primary school period. As such, it can be seen that more interest should be shown not only in the ability to read at age 5 but also in expanding the vocabulary of children at this age through appropriate interaction and support.
The Effect of elf-discrepancies Upon Depression and Anxiety Levels in Middle and High School Students : The Moderating Effects of Coping Strategies and Positive Thinking Patterns
Lee, Ga-Eun ; Kang, Min-Ju ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 6, 2011, Pages 141~155
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.6.141
This study investigated whether middle school and high school students' coping strategies and positive thinking patterns moderate the negative effects of self-discrepancies on maladjustive emotions represented by depression and anxiety. The study participants consisted of 308 middle school students and 301 high school students from schools from metropolitan areas in Korea. The results of this study were as followed. First, the high school students reported higher scores in terms of depression, anxiety, and active coping strategies than the middle school students, while the middle school students reported higher scores in terms of positive thinking than the high school students. Second, the high school students' active coping strategies and positive thinking patterns moderated the negative effects of self-discrepancies on maladjustive emotions. These results indicate that both middle and high school students' self-discrepancies negatively affected maladjustive emotions, whereas active coping strategies and positive thinking patterns positively affected maladjustive emotions. In addition, active coping strategies and positive thinking patterns had a moderating effect only among the high school students.
A Study of Factors Influencing Preschoolers' Emergent English as a Second Language Literacy Skills : Maternal Language Behavior in Picture Book Reading
Lee, Myoung-Shin ; Kim, Myoung-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 32, issue 6, 2011, Pages 157~185
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2011.32.6.157
The purpose of this study was to explore the factors influencing preschoolers' emergent English as a second language literacy skills in terms of maternal language behavior in Korean and English picture book reading. This study was also conducted in order to identify the pathways of each factor. The subjects consisted of 201 mothers and their 3~5 year-old children from middle income families living in Seoul, Incheon, Gyyounggi-do, and Chungcheongbuk-do. The results indicated that the factors influencing preschoolers' emergent English as a second language literacy skills acquisition were as follows : maternal beliefs about the value of picture book reading, the child's level of interest in picture book reading, the time spent on picture book reading and maternal language behavior during picture book reading activities. The results further indicate that it is important that the mother shares desirable language interaction with her children in their native language while reading not only Korean but also English picture books when aiming to improve preschoolers' emergent English literacy skills.