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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 33, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
Self-Reported Quality of Life and Physical, Psychosocial Health State in Korean School-Age Children : Focus on Children with Chronic Diseases and Emotional-Behavioral Problems
Lee, Bo-Ram ; Park, Hye-Jun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 1, 2012, Pages 1~21
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.1.1
The purpose of this study was (1) to examine the impact of chronic diseases and emotional-behavioral problems on school-age children's self-perceived QOL, and (2) to investigate what factors were related to the QOL of children. Participants were 972 Korean 4th, 5th, & 6th grade students and 47 teachers. Children completed a questionnaire to evaluate their self-perceived well-being and subjective health. Also they reported their height/weight and physical health state indicating whether they have chronic diseases or not. Teachers reported each child's psychosocial health problems and also reported whether the child has chronic diseases or not. Major findings were as follows : 1. Physical and psychosocial health status had significant impact on school-age children's QOL. Moreover, physical and psychosocial health status were interrelated. 2. Presence of physical and psychosocial problems contributed to substantial declines in self-perceived QOL of school-age children. Children who have chronic diseases and emotional-behavioral problems reported significantly lower QOL compared with children in a normal state. 3. Peer relationship was found to be the significant factor that contribute to the QOL of all children.
A Structural Analysis on School-Aged Children's Self-Regulation Competence and Its Related Variables
Choi, Hae-Joo ; Moon, Soo-Back ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 1, 2012, Pages 23~40
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.1.23
The purpose of this study was to investigate the structural relationships between of school-aged children's self-regulation competence, self-determination, self-efficacy, and mother's acceptive parenting. The subjects for this study were 544 Children in 5th and 6th grade randomly selected from three elementary schools located in Ulsan-city. The collected data were analyzed with AMOS 19.0. The results showed that 1) children's self-determination and self-efficacy were found to affect children's self-regulation competence directly. 2) children's self-efficacy were found to have indirect effect on children's self-regulation competence mediated by children's self-determination. 3) mother's acceptive parenting were found to have indirect effect on children's self-regulation competence mediated by children's self-efficacy or children's self-determination.
A Case Study on Sandplay Therapy for a Girl Suffering from Selective Mutism
Sim, Hee-Og ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 1, 2012, Pages 41~62
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.1.41
This study explored the case of sandplay therapy for a 4th grade girl suffering from selective mutism. Her selective mutism apparently began following an extremely embarrassing experience in kindergarten. Her symptoms were a combination of symbiotic, reactive and passive- aggressive type behaviors. The goal of the therapy undertaken with this child was to enable her to express her repression and suppression, within a free and protective space during sandplay therapy. There were a total of 60 sessions of sandplay therapy. The client described the situations she had experienced in the first sandtray, by placing babies absent caring adults and food on the sandbox. She also placed baby fish away from their mother. In the mid-point of the sessions, she repeated her regressive behaviors by babbling like a baby and fought with snakes and monsters. In the final sessions, she showed integration and adaptation by engaging in snow play, expressing the union of opposites, placing blue and red mig and making a cross on the sand. This study showed the effectiveness of sandplay therapy since her selective mutism was lessened.
The Effects of Stress Perception and Social Support on Subjective Well-being According to the Optimism Levels of Pre-service Early Childhood Teachers
Park, Young-Sin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 1, 2012, Pages 63~80
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.1.63
The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of stress perception and social support on subjective well-being according to differing levels of optimism. The participants in this study were 230 pre-service early childhood teachers, majoring in early childhood education at two universities located in Daegu, Gyeongbuk province. The results of this study could be summarized as follows. First, pre-service early childhood teachers were shown to be more optimistic, be more satisfied with life, and had higher positive emotion rates than average. They also showed lower stress perception and negative emotion rates than average. Second, the highly optimistic group showed higher levels than the less optimistic group in terms of both satisfaction with life and positive emotions. Third, the stress perception in both the highly optimistic group and the less optimistic group had an impact on their satisfaction with life, positive emotions, and negative emotions. The degree of peer support perceived by the highly optimistic group showed an impact on satisfaction with life and negative emotions, whereas the degree of parental support perceived by the less optimistic group showed an impact on their levels of satisfaction with life.
Analysis of the Structural Relationship between Social Relationships, Self Esteem, Life Satisfaction, and School Adjustment in Early Adolescents
Sihn, Mi ; Jeon, Seong-Hui ; Yoo, Mee-Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 1, 2012, Pages 81~92
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.1.81
The main purpose of this study was to analysis of the structural relationship between early adolescents' social relationships, self esteem, life satisfaction, and school adjustment. Data harvested from the Korean Youth Panel Survey 2010 was analyzed by means of Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The results indicate that the model is appropriate in terms of goodness of fit and significant path based on the validation procedure. According to the model, the social relationships have some degree of influence upon self esteem which then goes on to have a subsequent effect on life satisfaction; which in turn have a further influence on school adjustment. Social relationships also have a direct influence on life satisfaction, school adjustment, and self esteem has a direct influence on school adjustment. The paper concludes with an outline of the implications of the present study for future studies on this subject.
A Study on Emotional Recognition and Expressive Behavior of Children Aged Four in Institutional Care Through a Role Play Program Using Dolls
Yang, Sim-Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 1, 2012, Pages 93~109
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.1.93
The purpose of this study is to explore how children aged four, in institutional care, perceive and express basic emotions, such as happiness, sadness, anger, surprise, through a role play program using dolls. This study selected two children who were both aged four years old and are currently in child institutional care. The children were observed during six role play trials using dolls and were questioned after the trials. The results were : 1) The children aged four in institutional care best perceived and expressed the emotion of happiness. 2) The children aged four in institutional care were able to positively change their feelings of sadness and expressive behavior through the intimate relationships they formed with the researcher. 3) The children aged four in institutional care expressed the emotion of anger throughout the entire role play using dolls and were positively changed the instructions and coaching given by the researcher. 4) The children aged four in institutional care had the most difficulty in expressing the emotion of surprise. The results of this study could be used as basic data for creating a program intended to help children aged four in institutional care develop their emotions.
Linking Parenting to Loneliness in Adolescents : The Mediating Effects of the Quality of Peer Relationships
Kim, Ju-Yeon ; Doh, Hyun-Sim ; Kim, Min-Jung ; Shin, Na-Na ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 1, 2012, Pages 111~131
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.1.111
This study examined the relationship between parenting, the quality of peer relationships, and loneliness in adolescents. This study also examined the mediating effects of the quality of peer relationships on the relationship between parenting and adolescents' loneliness. A total of 506 1st and 2nd grade middle school students (261 boys and 245 girls) from the Seoul Metropolitan area completed measures of parenting, the quality of their peer relationships, and loneliness. The results indicated that adolescents' perceptions of parenting and the quality of their peer relationships were significantly related to their feelings of loneliness. Specifically, adolescents' perceptions of low levels of parental monitoring and high levels of abusive and neglectful parenting were associated with high levels of loneliness. Adolescents who perceived the quality of their peer relationships to be low reported high levels of loneliness. Further, the quality of peer relationships mediated the relationship between parenting and adolescents' loneliness; however, the pattern of associations differed for boys and girls. These findings suggest that both parent and peer relationship factors should be considered in combination in order to better explain loneliness in adolescents.
The Relationships between Children's Emotional and Behavioral Problems, Attachment, Fears and Coping Behaviors
Koo, Mee-Hyang ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 1, 2012, Pages 133~145
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.1.133
The present study systematically analyzed the relationships between children's emotional and behavioral problems, attachment, fears and coping behaviors. The subjects of this study were 63 school-aged children residing in Seoul, Gwangiu and South Jeolla province. The findings indicated that emotional and behavioral problems were negatively correlated to children's attachments to their fathers and peers. The children's attachment to peers had a significant correlation as well as behavioral problems and coping strategies used by children in stressful situations. Emotional problems were explained by fears of realistic objects, the seeking out of social support, mother and father attachment, and fears of imaginary objects. In addition, behavioral problems were explained by aggressive coping behaviors and child-father attachment.
The Recognition of 'I-Sarang Card Business' for both Childcare Center Directors and Parents and the Improvement Business Strategies
Lim, Yang-Mi ; Kim, Hye-Gum ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 1, 2012, Pages 147~164
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.1.147
The purpose of this study was to firstly, analyze how childcare center directors and parents experienced the 'I-Sarang Card Business' and secondly, to evaluate the effects of the business, and thus to suggest the ways to improve business strategies. The subjects consisted of 104 childcare center directors and 304 parents using the 'i-sarang card' in Gyeonggi province. The surveys were administered to the subjects, and the data were analyzed by means of the SPSS 12.0 program. The major results of this study were as follows : After the introduction of the 'I-Sarang Card Business', parents found the payment of childcare fee to be more convenient than previously and evaluated the effects of 'I-Sarang Card Business' to be more positive than the childcare center directors. On the other hand, childcare center directors had difficulties in taking care of 'I-Sarang Card Business' related administration and their evaluations were therefore more negative. Based on these results, several ways to improve the business were suggested.
The Effects of the Orff Approach to Music Education Programs on Young Children's Musical Expressiveness
Kwon, Oh-Sun ; Lee, Ock-Joo ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 1, 2012, Pages 165~181
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.1.165
The purpose of this study was to verify the effects of the Orff Approach to music education programs on singing ability, the ability to play musical instruments, physical expression ability, musical improvisation ability as well as overall musical expressiveness in 5 year old children. The test subjects for this study consisted of fifty-eight children. They were arbitrarily assigned to the experimental group of 31 children and the control group of 27 children. The experimental group was engaged using the Orff music education program for a total of 16 sessions, while the control group conducted music activities according to the annual music education plan of M kindergarten. The main results of this study were as follows : The Orff Approach to music education program was effective in improving abilities in the sub-factors of the four kinds of musical expression ability (singing, playing musical instruments, physical expression and musical improvisation) as well as overall musical expressive abilities. These results indicate that the Orff Approach to music education programs can create positive effects in the developing musical expressiveness of young children.
The Construction of the Domains and Indicators Measuring and Monitoring Children's Well-Being in Korea
Kong, In-Sook ; Kim, Sun-Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 1, 2012, Pages 183~203
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.1.183
While efforts to measure and monitor children's well-being have gained increasing recognition across the OECD, there has been relatively little research on the subject of indicators of children's well-being in Korea. This study was undertaken in order to develop the domains and indicators which can be used to measure the quality of life of Korean children from birth to age 17 and to put forward a possible well-being index for Korean children. The 35 indicators of well-being were grouped into eight domains and were designed for this study, using previous research on key child indicators for Korea and the child well-being index in foreign countries, such as the FCD-Land Index, Kids Count, the index of child well-bing in the European Union and OECD area. These domains are composed of the following : economic well-being, health, education, spiritual/emotional well-being, children's relationships, civic participation, safety/risk behavior, and housing and environment. The establishment of a Korean children's well-being index requires access to and use of national statistical data analyzed annually by the government as well as a general consensus regarding such issues as scope and its indicators.
Maternal Parenting Stress of Infants from Different Income Groups : The Relative Importance of Father Involvement, the Marital Relationship, and Meanings of Parenthood
Ok, Kyung-Hee ; Chun, Hui-Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 1, 2012, Pages 205~221
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.1.205
The purpose of this study was to examine effects of father involvement, marital happiness and conflicts, and meanings of parenthood on maternal parenting stress and compare the relative importance of those variables in three (low, middle, and upper) income groups. The subjects of this study were 654 nuclear families which consisted of 3 family members, couple and their infant children aged between 4 months and 10 months. Data was taken from the 2008 Panel Data of Korean Children. The results of this study were as follows : First, maternal parenting stress, father involvement, mother's marital satisfaction and conflicts were statistically significant according to income levels. Second, mother's marital satisfaction was the most significant variable in predicting father involvement, and mother's marital conflict was the most significant one in predicting maternal parenting stress. Third, the significance and numbers of variables which were impacted upon maternal parenting stress and father involvement varied according to income groups. Fourth, in all three income groups, the effects of father involvement on maternal parenting stress was not significant when marital relationship and meanings of parenthood underwent in regression analysis. However, father involvement was impacted upon maternal parenting stress by itself.
The Mediating Effects of Negative Automatic Thoughts on the Relationships between Father's Communication Style and Children's Happiness
Hwang, Yeon-Dug ; Lee, Jin-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 1, 2012, Pages 223~236
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.1.223
The present study investigated the mediating effects of negative automatic thoughts on the relationship between the communication styles of fathers and their children's happiness. The participants consisted of 509 elementary school (225 5th, 6th graders) and middle school (284 1st, 2nd graders) students in Seoul and Jeonju city. The instruments used were the Parent-Adolescent Communication Inventory (Barnes & Olson, 1982), the Korean Children's Automatic Thoughts Scales (Moon, 2002), and the Happiness Inventory for Children (Lee, 2005). Data were analyzed by means of both descriptive statistics and regression analysis using the SPSS (12.0 version). The results indicated that the effects of a father's communication style on children's happiness was partially mediated by their negative automatic thoughts. In conclusion, negative automatic thoughts has a mediating effect upon a father's communication style as it relates to the happiness of their children.
Young Children's Perception of Intelligent Service Robots and Child-Robot Interactions
Yoon, Hyun-Min ; Hyun, Eun-Ja ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 1, 2012, Pages 237~259
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.1.237
The purpose of this study is to examine how children perceived the use of intelligent service robots in early childhood education and identifying the characteristics of the interaction between the children concerned and the robots. The subjects of this study were 49 kindergarten students from Girin Kindergarten in Gyeonggi-do. The results of this study suggested that the children personalized the robot and recognized it as their friend, regardless of their ages. In the interactions between the children and the robot, the children engaged in physical contact with the robot and occasionally tried to control its functions. In the child-robot interaction, the children searched their favorite functions and used them repeatedly, but also lost interest in those repeated functions. Regardless of their interest levels, however, the attendance or portfolio organization functions. With regard to the interaction between peers, there were frequent quarrels regarding the use of the robot at first, but these conflicts were resolved by the intervention of peers or teachers, and the children who were familiar with the use of the robot helped their friends; this was viewed as constituting cooperative behavior. Children usually used the robot with their friends. The robot was a medium for children to find new friends. Peer group activities were explored and new friendships were created as a result of the use of the robot.