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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 33, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
The Development of Moral Emotional Understanding in Preschool Children : The Influence of Offenders` Intentions and Victims` Reactions
Song, Ha-Na ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 2, 2012, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.2.1
This study examined the influences of age, offenders` intention, victims` emotional reactions on the moral emotional understanding of preschool children. Eighty eight children aged 4, 5, and 6 participated in this study, and were interviewed using four moral transgression stories. The responses of the children were then analyzed in terms of the levels of moral emotional understanding, from error through to the understanding of secondary emotions. The results indicated that older children showed higher levels of moral emotional understanding than younger children. Additionally, children`s moral emotional understanding was higher in situations in which offenders` behaviors were intentional, and in which the victims expressed sadness. The attribution of moral emotions was influenced by victims` emotional reactions only in 6-year-old children. Discussion of these results also included the development of intervention programs for children with aggressive behaviors, as well as a number of suggestions for future study.
An Inquiry into the Constructivist Approach to Science Education Classes for Pre-Service Early Childhood Teachers
Baik, Eun-Joo ; Koo, Jeong-A ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 2, 2012, Pages 13~35
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.2.13
This study investigated the contents and methods of science education classes based on the largely constructivist approach of pre-service early childhood teachers. The subjects of this study consisted of 8 junior students from the Early Childhood department and for reference data, reflective journals, interviews, activity planning sheets, recordings of trial lessons, and lesson analysis were used. The results of this study were as follows. First, changes in key points and contents for children science education were found, and reflective journals, interviews, activity planning sheets, recording of trial lessons, and lesson analysis clearly supported these results. Second, the actual changes in the constructivist approach to children`s science education had a great impact upon the individual characters of the pre-service early childhood teachers. However, with the study period being limited to only one semester, it was found that the potential of this study to lead to any practical changes was simlilarly limited.
Effects of Perceived Parenting Behaviors on Loneliness and Perceived Competence among Female High School Students
Song, Min-Sun ; Park, Hui-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 2, 2012, Pages 37~53
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.2.37
The purpose of this study was to recognize the effects of parenting behaviors as perceived by female high school students on their loneliness and perceived competence. The subjects of this research consisted of 301 female high school students. The data collected were analyzed by multi-regression analysis. The father and mother`s behaviors, defined as inconsistency, intrusiveness, physical abuse and neglect, all- resulted in increased levels of loneliness amongst the subjects, and also negatively influenced their perceived competence. However, the parent`s monitoring, reasoning and affection behaviors tended to reduced loneliness and perceived lack of competence. The father and mother`s affection, when recognized as such by female adolescents, revealed itself to be a positive influence on their various areas of perceived competence. In conclusion, parenting behaviors may affect loneliness and perceived competence on the part of female adolescents during the ego-identity formation stage.
Children`s Emotion Recognition, Emotion Expression, and Social Interactions According to Attachment Styles
Choi, Eun-Sil ; Bost, Kelly ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 2, 2012, Pages 55~68
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.2.55
The goals of this study were to examine how children`s recognition of various emotions, emotion expression, and social interactions among their peers differed according to their attachment styles. A total of 65 three to five years old children completed both attachment story-stem doll plays and a standard emotion recognition task. Trained observers documented children`s valence of emotion expression and social interactions among their peers in the classroom. Consistent with attachment theory, children who were categorized as secure in the doll play were more likely to express positive emotions than children who were categorized as avoidant in the doll play. Children who were categorized as avoidant in the doll play were more likely to express neutral emotions among their peers than children who were categorized as secure and anxious in the doll play. The findings of this study contribute to the general attachment literature by documenting how attachment security plays a crucial role in having positive emotions in ordinary situations. It does so by also demonstrating how different attachment styles are associated with children`s qualitatively different patterns of emotion processing, especially in terms of their expression of emotions.
The Development and Validity of the Children`s Playfulness Rating Scale
Kim, Myoung-Soon ; Kim, Gil-Sook ; Park, Chan-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 2, 2012, Pages 69~89
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.2.69
This study was conducted in order to develop a Children`s Playfulness Rating Scale(CPRS) and to analyze it in terms of item discrimination, validity, and reliability. The participants in this study consisted of 861 parents whose children were aged from three to six years old. The item discrimination, determined by comparing the highest and lowest group using
, Cramer`s V, was found to be satisfactory. The reliability of factors, as measured by Cronbach`s
, ranged from .85 to .95. The results of factor analysis identified 4 factors and 35 items were then selected from the 45 items in the original scale. The four factors identified were as follows; (1) leading participation (2) cognitive flexibility (3) expression of joy (4) voluntary full immersion. Concurrent validity was also established by using correlations between the CPRS and CPS(Children`s Playfulness Scale). In conclusion, these results demonstrated that the Children`s Playfulness Rating Scale is both reliable and valid.
The Effects of Social Support of Friends and Relatives, Couple`s Characteristics, and Mother`s Parenting Characteristics upon Infant Development
Lim, Hyun-Ju ; Choi, Hang-Jun ; Choi, Seon-Nyeo ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 2, 2012, Pages 91~109
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.2.91
The purpose of this study was to investigate the influences of various factors, the social support of friends and relatives, couple`s characteristics, and the mother`s parenting characteristics, and their impact upon infant development. For the purposes of this study, data was taken from 2078 infants who were born in 2008 and their mothers who participated in the 1st Korean Children Panel Survey of the Child-Care Policy Research Institute. The data collected were processed statistically by means of a structural model and the fit of the model was also found to be very good. The findings indicated that the social support of friends and relatives and couple`s characteristics did indeed impact upon an infant`s development, with the mother`s parenting characteristics having a mediating effect. The direct effect of the social support of friends and relatives on infant development was positive and the results of the effect were the same even when taking into account the mediating effects of the mother`s parenting characteristics. The direct effect of a couple`s characteristics on the mother`s parenting characteristics was negative but the result of it was also positive when taken in conjunction with the mediating effects of the mother`s parenting characteristics.
A Comparison of Related Variables According to Children`s Stress Types Using the Data Mining Method
Lee, Hye-Joo ; Jung, Eui-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 2, 2012, Pages 111~127
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.2.111
This study compared a number of related variables according to children`s stress types using the data mining method. The sample population was taken from the Korean Youth Panel Survey (KYPS) data (2688, sixth-grade elementary students). The results of the decision tree model revealed that : (1) Parental expectations in terms of study, life satisfaction, self-esteem, parental attachment, aggression, the spousal relationship, other cognition (one`s own misdeeds), and study related worries were all related to parent stress. (2) Life satisfaction, study related worries, admitting one`s own misdeeds, gender, other cognition (one`s own misdeeds), aggression, the spousal relationship, and a sense of alienation in the school were all related to appearance stress. (3) Study related worries, parental expectations in terms of study, aggression, life satisfaction, self-esteem, parental attachment, satisfying parental expectations, parental attachment, and teacher attachment were all related to academic stress. (4) A sense of alienation in the school, mixing with peers in the school, aggression, self-esteem, other cognition (one`s own misdeeds), study related worries, parental abuse, and life satisfaction were all significantly related to friend stress. These results suggested that children`s diverse conditions should be considered according to the stress types if we are to understand and cope with these stress types more efficiently.
The Effects of a Mother`s Characteristics and Self-awareness upon Parenting Stress
Kim, Jin-Kyung ; Kim, He-Ra ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 2, 2012, Pages 129~144
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.2.129
The purpose of this study was to focus on the effects of a mother`s characteristics and self-awareness as they impact upon parenting stress, with the additional aim of creating an appropriate structural equation model. The subjects of the study comprised 2078 newborn children (and their mothers) taken from the
year of the Korea Children`s Panel. The results of the research are as follows. The mother`s feeling of pregnancy, her income activity, religion, and educational level impacted significantly upon self-awareness, whereas employment status did not. In addition, the feeling of pregnancy and income activity had a effect on parenting stress both directly and indirectly. Educational level and religion impacted on parenting stress indirectly through self-awareness. Both employment status and self-awareness were found to have impacted on parenting stress directly. The implication of these findings are also discussed.
The Effects of Marital Conflict and Mothers` Anger and Depression on the Behavioral Problems of Preschoolers
Doh, Hyun-Sim ; Kim, Min-Jung ; Choi, Mi-Kyung ; Kim, Sang-Won ; Cho, Soo-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 2, 2012, Pages 145~164
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.2.145
This study examined the effects of marital conflict and mothers` anger and depression on the behavioral problems of preschoolers. A total of 393 mothers with 3-year-old preschoolers responded to questionnaires, which included items related to marital conflict, mothers` anger and depression, and their preschoolers` behavioral problems. Data were analyzed by means of structural equation modeling. The results indicated that marital conflict had no direct effect, but there were indirect effects on preschoolers` behavioral problems caused by mothers` anger and depression. Mothers who believed that they were experiencing high levels of marital conflict revealed high levels of anger and depression and reported higher rates of behavioral problems in their children. Mothers` depression also mediated the impact of marital conflict on preschoolers` behavioral problems, but mothers` anger level apparently did not. The effects of mothers` level of depression on preschoolers` behavioral problems were the highest among all the predictors. These findings imply that both improving marital relationships and regulating mothers` anger and depression levels need to be emphasized when designing prevention and intervention programs aimed at improving the behavioral problems of preschoolers.
A Comparative Study on Parents` and Female Teachers` Perceptions of Male Teachers in Early Childhood Education and Care Centers
Choi, Ji-Hoon ; Lim, Won-Shin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 2, 2012, Pages 165~183
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.2.165
This was a comparative study, focusing on the perceptions of male teachers in early childhood educational settings on the part of both parents and female teachers at such institutions. The results of the research are as follows. First, regarding the question of whether it is necessary or not to employ qualified male teachers in early childhood education institutes, both the female teachers and the parents responded positively in general. Second, when analyzing the perceptions of the role of male teachers, both teachers and parents believed that male teachers would be able to help children to develop their potential. Third, the female teachers indicated that they believed that the male teachers may need to develop a stronger sense of vocation, fairness, and sincerity when engaging in early childhood education. According to the parents, female teachers generally show greater affection and magnanimity towards children. Fourth, when examining the female teachers` perceptions of the male teachers` teaching capabilities, the findings indicated that their opinions were generally that the capabilities of male teachers depend on their training and educational level. Fifth, when examining the parent`s perceptions of the male teacher`s teaching capabilities, the results revealed that those parents who have experience of male teachers gave higher ratings regarding their capabilities than those parents who had no previous experience of male teachers. Finally, it was observed that, when comparing the teacher group with the parent-group, the teacher-group assessed the male teachers` teaching abilities higher than the parent-group did.
The Mediating Effects of Father`s Communication Patterns on the Relationship between Marital Conflict and Adolescent Problem Behaviors
Woo, Yeon-Hee ; Lee, Jong-Kak ; Moon, Soo-Back ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 2, 2012, Pages 185~201
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.2.185
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the structural relationships between adolescent problem behaviors and related variables. The subjects of this study consisted of 250 to second graders from a middle school in S city in the Gyeongbuk province of South Korea. The sample variance-covariance matrix was analyzed using AMOS 20.0, and a maximum likelihood minimization function. The results were as follows : First, marital conflict in terms of the father`s open communication model indicated both a direct and indirect effect upon adolescent problem behaviors. Marital conflict in terms of the father`s problematic communication model revealed an indirect effect upon adolescent problem behaviors also indicated that these behaviors were also mediated by the father`s problems communication. Second, a open communication style on the part of the father indicated a partially mediating effect on the relationship between marital conflict and adolescent problem behaviors. The problematic communication model on the part of the father revealed a very clear mediating effect on the relationship between marital conflict and adolescent problem behaviors.
A Study on Teaching-Learning Methods according to Personal Variables in the Dynamic Assessment of Young Children`s Mathematical Learning Abilities
Hwang, Hae-Ik ; Cho, Eun-Lae ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 2, 2012, Pages 203~222
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.2.203
The purpose of this study was to examine the factors influencing their mathematical learning abilities and mathematical learning potential in an attempt to assist their learning at the preschool level. The findings of the study were as follows : First. the female children performed at a much higher level than their male counterparts in terms of mathematical learning ability and mathematical learning potential training. The young children generally improved in their mathematical learning abilities and mathematical learning potential with age. Second, it was found that the participants had higher levels of both mathematical learning ability and mathematical learning potential when their mathematical attitudes and learning motivation were better. Third, there were significant differences in terms training-test and transfer-test scores between the 4 groups based on their relative levels of mathematical abilities and attitudes.
The Relationship between Infant Temperament, Maternal Emotional Availability, Infant Emotional Responsiveness and Involvement
Lee, Hyung-Min ; Cho, Bok-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 2, 2012, Pages 223~242
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.2.223
The main purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between the variables of infant temperament, maternal emotional availability, infant emotional responsiveness and involvement. A total of 60 infants and their mothers participated in this study. Mother-infant dyads were observed and mothers then completed questionnaires. Data was analyzed by means of descriptive statistics, t-tests, Pearson`s correlations and hierarchical regressions. In terms of infant emotional responsiveness, maternal sensitivity and non-hostility, these were revealed to have had an effect on infant emotional responsiveness. Moreover, infants who have mothers who had the ability to read their infants` emotional signals accurately, responded in appropriate ways and interacted with affection, showed a higher level of responsiveness. In terms of infant emotional involvement, maternal structuring had an effect on infant emotional involvement. That is, infants who have mothers willing to support their infants through appropriate guidance and facilitate their interaction were more emotionally involved during the play sessions. In conclusion, maternal sensitivity, non-hostility and structuring were all related to infant emotional responsiveness and involvement, however, the degree of the effects of these variables differed.
The Effects of the Mother-Child Relationship and Marital Satisfaction on the Subjective Well-Being of Mothers with Young Children
Park, Hee-Kyung ; Yoon, Gab-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 33, issue 2, 2012, Pages 243~261
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2012.33.2.243
This study examined the effects of the mother-child relationship and marital satisfaction on the subjective well-being of mothers with young children. The subjects consisted of 237 mothers with young children. Data were analyzed by means of multiple regression analysis, T-test and one way ANOVA. The results included that 1) There were clear differences in terms of the mother`s level of education, her monthly income in household, and job satisfaction when it came to the subjective well-being of mothers. 2) The mother-child relationship and marital satisfaction were both positively correlated with the cognitive and affective factor (positive affects) of subjective well-being, whereas there were negative correlations with regard to affective factors (negative affects) of subjective well-being. 3) The mother-child relationship and marital satisfaction accounted for 32.5% of subjective well-being. More specifically, marital satisfaction was the most influential variable when it came to determining the level of life satisfaction (which is also a cognitive factor of subjective well-being), whereas the mother-child relationship was the most influential variable when it came to the affective factor of subjective well-being.