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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 34, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 34, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 34, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 34, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 34, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
The Relationship between Emergent Literacy Development and the Home Literacy Environment
Kim, Gil Sook ; Park, Chan Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 1, 2013, Pages 1~20
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.1.1
This study examined the emergent literacy development of children and the effects of the home literacy environment on it. 861 pairs each-consisting of a mother and a child aged from three to six years old were asked to complete the early literacy parent questionnaire (Boudreau, 2005) and the home literacy environment questionnaire (Park & Kim, 2008). The results showed that : (1) girls achieved higher scores than boys in emergent literacy and its subcategories. (2) there were age differences in all of the subcategories of emergent literacy except the categories of `orientation toward literacy` and `phonological awareness`. (3) The study revealed that `reading books` in the home literacy environment was the most contributive variable in predicting emergent literacy after controlling the age and gender followed by `literacy learning`
An Investigation of Children`s Knowledge Change as a Result of the Sloping Phenomenon
Kim, Eun Young ; Yi, Soon Hyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 1, 2013, Pages 21~34
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.1.21
The purposes of this study were (1) to investigate the differences in the level of children`s knowledge and reasoning skills due to the sloping phenomenon according to their ages and the types of tasks they were asked to perform, and (2) to investigate whether children`s prior knowledge is changed to post knowledge through their reasoning. A total of 120 subjects, forty from each of the age groups 4, 6 and 8 were selected for the study. The major findings are presented below : 8-year old children showed higher levels of prior knowledge than 6-year old children. The prior knowledge level of the "size" task was higher than that of the "weight" task. 6-and 8-year old children showed higher levels of reasoning than 4-year old children. The reasoning level of the "size" task was higher than that of the "weight" task. 6-and 8-year old children showed higher levels of post knowledge than 4-year old children. However, there was no difference in children`s post knowledge according to task difference. Through the different types of reasoning involved in the children`s performances of the two tasks, changes in the prior knowledge of the sloping phenomenon were observed among all age groups.
A Meta-Analysis of Variables Related to Parenting Efficacy
Lee, Hwe Seong ; Yoo, Soon Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 1, 2013, Pages 35~51
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.1.35
The purpose of this study is to synthesize research findings on the relationship between parenting efficacy and the variables related to it, as well as to produce results using meta-analysis. The following questions guide this study : Which variables are frequently conducted in research related to parenting efficacy? What is the effect size of each variable? The 65 studies whose results are analyzed in this paper were collected via a search for investigations focusing on `parenting efficacy`. The studies were used for meta-analysis in which eleven variables were selected. The results of the analysis indicate that a large effect size is produced by the parenting stress in a negative direction. A higher than medium effect size occurs on the basis of parenting beliefs in a negative direction. A higher than medium effect size is also caused by the father`s involvement in child care and social support. A medium effect size is produced on the basis of children`s temperament, and a small effect size is the result of the mother`s academic background, parenting knowledge, and parent`s income. There is no relationship between parenting efficacy and children`s gender.
The Effects of Physical Effort using Props on 3-year-old Children`s Ability in relation to their Creative Physical Expression and Development of a Physical Self-concept
Oh, So-Ra ; Seo, Hyun-Ah ; Ha, Seon-Hye ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 1, 2013, Pages 53~70
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.1.53
This study proposes to find out what effects physical effort using props has on infants` ability in relation to their creative physical expression and physical self-concept. This study targets three-year-old preschoolers who attend S and T nursery, located in Yeonje, Busan, of which 16 belong to an experimental group. The research tools used in the study are the creative physical expression test by Kim Eun-Shim(1994), which is the modified version of Bae Hyun-Suck`s testing tool(1990), and an altered version of the questionnaire focusing on physical self-concept by Whang Sun-Gack(2001). The experimental group is divided into a large and small sub-group and then physical activities involving props are done by these divided experimental groups once or twice a week for 12 weeks, while outdoor activities are carried out with the comparison group once or twice a week for 12 weeks. For both groups, a total of 20 experiments are done. To obtain answers to the research questions, an individual version of the T-test is conducted using means and standard variations of the experimental and comparison groups. The results of this study are as follows : 1) the physical efforts of the experimental group using props reaped more positive effects as regards creative physical expression than the comparison group, 2) the positive effect on the participants` physical self-concept is also more evident in the case of the experimental group.
Writing Performance and Error Type in At-risk Children with ADHD : Comorbidity of ADHD and Learning Disabilities in Written Expression
Kim, Eun-Hyang ; Kim, Dong-Il ; Koh, Eun-Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 1, 2013, Pages 71~86
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.1.71
The purpose of this study was (1) to examine the level of learning disabilities reflected in the written expression and writing performance of at-risk children with ADHD, (2) to investigate the level of differences in writing learning disabilities and writing performance depending on ADHD subtypes, and (3) to explore the error types and contents in the written expression of at-risk children with ADHD. The participants in this study were 46 upper grade elementary school children. They were firstly screened by teacher nomination, and only participants with a K-ARS score of over 17 were then selected to be among the 46 children involved in this study. Two further tests were then carried out : K-LDES as an index of learning disabilities in written expression and BASA-writing as an index of writing performance. The results showed that the at-risk children with ADHD possibly had comorbid writing learning disabilities. They were significantly different in terms of the number of total syllables, errors and correct syllables that they produced, in comparison to normal children. But there were no differences as regards the level of learning disabilities in terms of written expression and writing performance based on ADHD subtypes. As regards the implications of these results for future research, we suggested that there is a need for the identification of comorbid writing learning disabilities in ADHD assessment.
The Effects of Paternal Participation in Child Care and Social Support on Planning for a Second Childbirth, Focusing on the Mediating Effect of Maternal Parenting Stress
Kim, Jonghoon ; Yang, Soyoung ; Sung, Jihyun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 1, 2013, Pages 87~102
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.1.87
This study examined the effects of paternal participation in child care and social support on planning for a second childbirth, focusing on the mediating effect of the mother`s parenting stress. The 887 subjects studied in this paper were mothers who have a first child, and were selected from a sample of the 2nd Panel Study of Korean Children(PSKC) by the Korea Institute of Child Care and Education(KICCE), conducted in 2009. Data was analyzed using a Structural Equation Model(SEM) to identify a structure and relationships among factors. The significance of indirect effects to test the mediating effect of maternal parenting stress was identified via bootstrapping. Results indicated that maternal parenting stress partially mediated the relationship between the father`s participation in child care and planning for a second childbirth, and absolutely mediated the relationship between social support and planning for a second childbirth. The findings reveal the importance of reducing parenting stress, given its substantial impact on planning for a second childbirth.
Korean Mothers` Beliefs Regarding Toddlers` Temperament, and their Reactions to What they View as Desirable and Undesirable Behavior
Yun, Ki Bong ; Park, Seong Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 1, 2013, Pages 103~121
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.1.103
The purpose of this study was to explore Korean mothers` beliefs regarding their toddlers` temperament, including what they believe constitutes desirable and undesirable behavior, and their resulting reactions. Data were collected int the process of interviewing 50 Korean mothers of toddlers (whose average age was 34.1 Months, and of which 54% were boys). Results revealed that mothers considered `High-Sociality`, `Positive Affect` and `High-Effortful Control` as desirable temperaments, whereas `Negative Affect`, `Under-Effortful Control` and `Low Sociality` were considered to be undesirable temperaments for toddlers. Mothers cited the importance of child `Sociality` and `Development`, `Easiness of Parenting` and `Child Happiness` as the reasons for their beliefs. While, they considered `Negative Affect`, `Under-Effortful Control` and `Low Sociality` to be undesirable temperaments, citing `Sociality`, `Difficulty of Parenting`, `Development` and `Child Safety` as the reasons. Finally, mothers were more likely to give verbal encouragement or physical encouragement such as hugging, in responding to desirable behavior on the part of their child, whereas they were more likely to give firm inhibition, reasoning or inconsistent reaction to their child`s undesirable behavior. Many of the mothers` beliefs varied depending on the child`s gender. Results were discussed in relation to cultural perspectives.
The Effects of Counting Ability on Young Children`s Mathematical Ability and Mathematical Learning Potential
Choi, Hye-Jin ; Cho, Eun Lae ; Kim, Sun Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 1, 2013, Pages 123~140
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.1.123
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of counting ability on young children`s mathematical ability and mathematical learning potential. The subjects in this study were 75 young children of 4 & 5 years old who attended kindergartens and child care center in the city of B. They were evaluated in terms of counting ability, mathematical ability and mathematical learning potential(training and transfer) and the correlation between sub-factors and their relative influence on the partipants` mathematical ability was then analyzed. The findings of the study were as follows : First, there was a close correlation between the sub-factors of counting and those of mathematical ability. As a result of checking the relative influence of the sub-factors of counting on mathematical ability, reverse counting was revealed to have the largest impact on total mathematical ability scores and each sub-factors including algebra, number and calculation, geometry and measurement. Second, the results revealed a strong correlation between counting ability and mathematical learning ability. Regarding the size of the relative influence of the sub-factors of counting ability on training scores, reverse counting was found to be most influential, followed by continuous counting. While in relation to transfer scores, reverse counting was found to exert the greatest influence.
The Development of an Observation Scale to facilitate a Valid and Reliable Analysis of the Responses of Child and Therapist in Child-Centered Play Therapy
Lee, Haeng Suk ; Han, You Jin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 1, 2013, Pages 141~159
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.1.141
This study was conducted in order to develop an observation scale for analyzing the responses of child and therapist in child-centered play therapy in terms of item discrimination, validity, and reliability. The observation scale was developed on the basis of child-centered play therapy literature, the author`s experience of child-centered play therapy, the observation of video tapes of play therapy session, and discussions with child-centered play therapy experts. The participants in this study were 54 children aged from 4 to 9 years old who have emotional and behavioral problems, and 7 therapists who consult with the children. The reliability of factors, as measured by inter-rater reliability and Cronbach`s`, ranged from .72 to .77. The results of factor analysis identified 2 factors and 21 items associated with the reponses of the children, and 2 factors and 19 items associated with the responses of the therapists. The significant factors identified were as follows; (1) the child`s response style; (2) the child`s response content (adaptability, initiation, structuring, flexibility); (3) the therapist`s response style, and (4) the therapist`s response content (facilitative response, structuring, nonfacilitative response). In conclusion, these results demonstrated that the observation scale provides a valid and reliable means of analyzing the responses of child and therapist in child-centered play therapy.
The Effects of Parenting Behavior on Preschooler`s Social Adjustment : Focusing on the Mediating Effects of Effortful Control
Bae, Yun Jin ; Lim, Ji Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 1, 2013, Pages 161~173
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.1.161
This study explored the relationships between parenting behavior, preschooler`s effortful control, and social adjustment. The subjects were 351 preschoolers(174 boys, 177 girls) and their parents. The major results of this study were as follows. First, there were significant relationships among the factors analyzed in this research, namely, affectionate parenting behavior, preschooler`s effortful control, and social adjustment. Second, preschooler`s effortful control mediated the effects of affectionate parenting behavior upon preschooler`s social adjustment. In conclusion, this study revealed that parents` affectionate parenting behavior and a preschooler`s effortful control make a significant impact on the level of the preschooler`s social adjustment. Based on th findings of this investigation, the implications of the preschooler`s effortful control were also discussed.
The Differences in Children`s Play Behavior according to the Level of their Playfulness, Leadership and Communicative Ability
Ko, Yoon Ji ; Kim, Myoung Soon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 1, 2013, Pages 175~189
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.1.175
The purpose of this study was to investigate the differences in children`s play behaviors in terms of their levels of playfulness, leadership and communicative ability. The subjects were 152 children aged between 3 and 4, and their 20 teachers at 10 child care centers in the Seoul and Gyeonggi area. The results of this study suggested that play behaviors were related to the level of playfulness, leadership and communicative ability in 3 and 4 years old children. Among these children, those who scored highly in terms of their playfulness, leadership and communicative ability were involved more frequently in both `group play` and `symbolic play` whereas those who achieved lower scores were more frequently involved in `solitary play` and `functional play`. However, in case of `constructive play`, significant results were not found in relation to the independent variables named in this study. `Parallel play` and `games with rules` were the only categories within which the findings revealed that children`s play behaviors have shown different patterns according to the age of the child and to the levels of those three independent variables mentioned above.