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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 34, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 34, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 34, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 34, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 34, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
The Relationships among Infants' Nonverbal Communication, Maternal Verbal Behaviors and the Infants' Acquisition of Vocabulary
Lee, Yun Seon ; Kim, Myoung Soon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 2, 2013, Pages 1~25
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.2.1
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship among infants' nonverbal communication, maternal verbal behaviors and the infants' acquisition of vocabulary. The subjects were 93 pairs of 10 to 18 months old infants and their mothers residing in the Seoul and GyeongGi-Do area. The results were as follows : (1) In terms of the infants' nonverbal communicative means, it appeared that the group of 16~18 month olds utilized more gesture and vocalization. As regards the infants' nonverbal communicative functions in terms of social behavior and joint attention, the group of 16~18 month olds was found to perform more of the behaviors from this category than the other groups. There was a significant difference in the maternal verbal behavior among the different age groups. (2) Among the infants' nonverbal communicative means, gesture and vocalization, there appeared to be a significant relationship between vocalization and the infants' acquisition of vocabulary. In addition, there was an important relationship between the high usage of infants' nonverbal communicative functions with behavior regulation and the high usage of joint attention and the successful acquisition of vocabulary among infants. (3) Social play, which is a maternal verbal behavior categorized as one of the strategies for getting infants' attention, was significantly related to the acquisition of infants' vocabulary. (4) When mothers used more imitating sounds and mimetic words, requests for information, descriptions, conventional social expressions, and imitation to enhance responsiveness, infants were found to have acquired a larger vocabulary.
The Mediating Effects of Body Comparison on the Relationship between Internalization of Sociocultural Attitudes toward Appearance and Body Dissatisfaction among Adolescent Girls
Chyung, Yun Joo ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 2, 2013, Pages 27~42
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.2.27
The purpose of this study was to examine: (1) the relationships among internalization of sociocultural attitudes toward appearance, body comparison, and body dissatisfaction in adolescent girls; and (2) whether or not body comparison mediates the relationship between internalization of sociocultural attitudes toward appearance and body dissatisfaction. The participants consisted of 291 girls from fifth through ninth grades. The data were collected by means of questionnaires given in classroom settings. The findings are as follows: there are significant bivariate correlations among internalization of sociocultural attitudes toward appearance, body comparison, and body dissatisfaction. Furthermore, body comparison partially mediates the relationship between internalization of sociocultural attitude towards appearance and body dissatisfaction. These results seem to indicate that the idea that there are multiple standards of beauty and individuality for every person should be promoted, and this in turn could lower the risk of body dissatisfaction among adolescent girls.
The effects of Korean Language Levels and Years of Residence in Korea on the Parenting Behaviors of Marriage-Immigrant Mothers : Focusing on the Mediating Roles of Parenting Knowledge and Acculturation Patterns
Jung, Sun Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 2, 2013, Pages 43~61
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.2.43
This study examined the effects of Korean language levels and years of residence in Korea of marriage-immigrant mothers on their parenting behaviors. It also examined the mediating roles of parenting knowledge and acculturation patterns. To do this, this paper made use of data collected from 130 mothers participating in Multicultural Family Support Centers. The main findings are as follows. First, parenting knowledge did not mediate Korean language levels as well as years of residence in Korea and parenting behaviors. Second, years of residence in Korea indirectly affected parenting behaviors through the acculturation patterns of integration and assimilation but did not appear to do so directly. Third, Korean language levels did not have a linear relationship with acculturation. Fourth, higher Korean language levels were correlated with higher levels of overprotection of children.
Action Research on the Effective Direction of Three-year-old Children's Drama Activities
Jang, Hyun Jin ; Hong, Yong Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 2, 2013, Pages 63~81
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.2.63
The purpose of this study was to investigate and conduct effective schemes to direct drama activities for three-year-old children and to examine its influence on them. This research subjects comprised 23 three-year-old children and 2 teachers attending classes at Gureum at SanDeul kindergarten in Seoul, Korea. The researcher first recognized that problems existed in the ways in which children's leading roles were limited by the actor's roles themselves and they therefore were constrained in their use of dramatic expressions while performing drama activities. The researcher also recognized that children's drama activities integrated with traditional culture were largely deficient. For more effectively direction of children's drama activities, action research method was conducted over two sessions. First, certain factors of plays and traditional culture were incorporated within children's drama activities. Second, certain factors of Madangguk and traditional culture were also incorporated within children's drama activities. Through undertaking this research project, children were given the opportunity to actively participated in drama activities, trained their range of imaginative expressions, improved their cooperation with peers and enhanced their interest in traditional culture. The research suggests that children's drama activities when integrated with plays and Madangguk could effectively enhance children's artistic and educational skill.
The Mediating Effects of Children's Ego-Resilience on the Relationship between Parents' Person-Oriented Guidance and Children's Emotional Intelligence
Yang, Hye Yeon ; Yang, Sungeun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 2, 2013, Pages 83~99
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.2.83
The premise underpinning this research is that cognitive evaluation is the starting point of children's emotional experience. It then went on to investigate how parents' person-oriented guidance affects children's emotional intelligence. Additionally, children's ego-resilience was analyzed as a variable that affects children's emotional intelligence and as a mediator between parents' person-oriented guidance and children's emotional intelligence. A purposive sampling was conducted in 4 elementary schools in metropolitan areas and made use of 466 students in 4th and 5th grade as research subjects. The results are summarized as follows：firstly, the more frequently parents used person-oriented guidance, the more children exhibited higher levels of ego-resilience and emotional intelligence. Secondly, vitality, peer relations, optimism, curiosity, emotional regulation, maternal person-oriented guidance were found to affect emotional intelligence in the order of relative significance of that influence. Thirdly, children's ego-resilience was found to intermediate parents' person-oriented guidance and children's emotional intelligence. In conclusion, individual children's evaluations of parental verbal stimuli was found to influence children's emotional intelligence, especially more significantly through the mediation of children's ego-resilience.
The Effects of Preschoolers' Temperament and Parenting Sense of Competence on Mothers' Parenting Behavior
Kim, Min-Jung ; Doh, Hyun-Sim ; Shin, Nana ; Choi, Mi-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 2, 2013, Pages 101~119
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.2.101
This study examined the relationship among preschoolers' temperament, parenting sense of competence, and mothers' parenting behavior. It also examined the mediating effects of parenting sense of competence on the relationship between preschoolers' temperament and mothers' parenting behavior. A total of 155 mothers with preschoolers aged 3 to 4(83 boys and 72 girls), living in Seoul, participated in this study. The mothers completed questionnaires designed to measure preschoolers' temperament, parenting sense of competence, and mothers' parenting behavior. The results indicated that preschoolers' temperament and mothers' parenting sense of competence were significantly related to warmth/acceptance and rejection/restriction. Additionally, preschoolers' temperament was significantly related to parental efficacy and dissatisfaction. Furthermore, parenting sense of competence mediated the relationship between preschoolers' temperament and mothers' parenting behavior. In particular, it was found that parental efficacy fully mediated the relationship between preschoolers' activity level and mothers' rejection/restriction. These findings imply that improving mothers' parenting sense of competence needs to be emphasized in designing prevention and intervention programs aimed at enhancing mothers' positive parenting behavior.
The Relationship between Self-Perceptions and School Children's Depression according to Gender
Kong, In Sook ; Min, Ha-Yeoung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 2, 2013, Pages 121~138
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.2.121
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between self-perceptions and school children's depression according to their gender. The participants comprised 578 school age children in Daegu or Gyeongbok Province. The participants completed measures of self-perception(SPPC) and depression(CDI). The SPPC consisted of 6 domains, self-perception(scholastic competence, social acceptance, athletic competence, physical appearance, behavioral conduct and global self-worth). The collected data were analyzed by means of MANOVA, Repeated measures MANOVA, and Multiple Regression Analysis(using SPSS PC(19.0 version). The results were as follows. (1) Among the domain specific areas of self-perception, global self worth scored the highest amongst the other subscales(scholastic competence, social acceptance, athletic competence, behavioral conduct and global self-worth) in both boys and girls. (2) Level of depression in school children differed according to sex and domain specific self-perception which was social acceptance, physical appearance, behavioral conduct and global self worth. (3) Self-perception on depression was a more salient predictor in girls than boys. Among the domain specific area of self-perception, global self worth was the best predictor in both boys and girls.
The Difference in Awareness among Parents of Preschoolers, Parents with School-Aged Children, Child Care Teachers and Elementary School Teachers Regarding the Readiness of Children to Attend Elementary School
Bang, So-Young ; Hwang, Hye-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 2, 2013, Pages 139~160
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.2.139
The purpose of this study was to examine the difference in perception among parents of preschoolers, parents of school aged children, teachers of child care centers and elementary school teachers regarding testing on the level of preparation for attending elementary school. Firstly, the results of the study revealed that elementary school teachers had notions regarding the level of preparation for entering school that were more specific than day care teachers and parents. Second, it was shown that effort and a sense of responsibility were most important for the improvement of the level of preparation for elementary school level studies. Third, the results of this study revealed that many respondents thought that there needs to be some form of testing of the level of preparation for school and the respondents further stated that this testing needed to be conducted by child care center teachers or experts in the field. Finally, it was shown that such a test of the level of preparation for school attendance should be developed by including questions on different areas of the intelligence, adaptability, function, tendencies and regulations in relation to the needs of preschoolers.