Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 34, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 34, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 34, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 34, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 34, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
The Relationship between Parents' Book Reading Behavior and Home Literacy Environment and Their Effect on a Toddler's Vocabulary
Lim, Su Kyung ; Kim, Myoung Soon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 3, 2013, Pages 1~19
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.3.1
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between parents' behavior during picture-book reading and home literacy environment and their effects on toddlers' vocabulary. The subjects of the study were 46 toddlers and their parents. The MCDI-K(Im, 2002), Lee and Kim(2004)'s categories of Verbal Behaviors, the categories of Nonverbal Behavioral Analysis(Kim, 2005), and the Home Literacy Environment Index(Han, 2006) were used. The analysis of the collected data was guided by the research questions and involved the use of descriptive statistics, t-test and an analysis of relevant correlations. The results of this study were as follows; First, the toddlers' receptive vocabulary score was 1.2 times higher than the toddler's expressive vocabulary score. Second, the father's book reading behaviors and mother's book reading behaviors were quite similar, the most frequent types of behavior being the use of 'feedback', 'explanation', 'questioning' and 'pointing'. On the other hand, there was a significant difference between the reading behavior of the mother and father as regards the categories of 'linguistic attention ventilation', 'suggesting', 'directing(instructing)', 'expanding feedback', 'pointing' and 'gesture'. Mothers performed more of these behaviors than the fathers. Third, toddler's vocabulary scores were positively correlated with the mother's 'linguistic attention ventilation'. However, the mother's use of 'restriction' was negatively correlated with the toddler's vocabulary level. Toddler's vocabulary scores were positively correlated with the father's 'description', 'reasoning/predicting', 'questioning about function or action', 'demanding feedback' and 'pointing'. The toddler's vocabulary scores were also positively correlated with the relative abundance of home environment materials and the amount of time spent on parent-child home literacy activity.
The Effects of Mothers' Optimism, Parenting Behaviors and Their Child's Optimism and The Effects on a Child Subjective Well-being
Joo, Ji Yeong ; Park, Seong Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 3, 2013, Pages 21~38
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.3.21
The purpose of this study was to examine the path model of mothers' optimism, parenting behaviors and a child's optimism and the effects on their child's subjective well-being. The subjects of this study consisted of 331 pairs of mothers and their children from 5th and 6th elementary school students in Seoul. Data were gathered via four questionnaires on mothers' optimism reported by mothers and their parenting behaviors, child optimism, and child subjective well-being as reported by the children. Data were analysed by Structural Equation Model using AMOS 19.0. The results indicated the following, the hypothesized model yielded an acceptable model fit and most of the hypothesized path coefficients were found to be significant. Specifically, mothers' optimism and parenting behaviors influence their children's subjective well-being indirectly through children's optimism. It is concluded that the more optimistic the mothers, the more likely the children themselves will share that optimism and in turn, they will also have higher levels of subjective well-being.
The Factors Influencing Elementary School Teachers' Reporting Intention and Behavior in Relation to Child Abuse
Kim, Soo Jung ; Lee, Jae Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 3, 2013, Pages 39~58
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.3.39
The purpose of this study is to examine the factors associated with reporting intention and behavior in relation to child abuse among elementary school teachers in Korea based on the Theory of Planned Behavior. The Scale, which includes demographics, preparation level of training, school characteristics, reporting-related behavior, reporting intention, knowledge, attitudes, subjective norms, and self-efficacy, was used to collect the data. A total of 292 teachers provided data. The result of this study is as follows. First, even though the teachers had suspected the child abuse, 16.3% of them reported, whilst 83.7% of them did not. In terms of teachers' reporting intention, the vignettes of very serious cases were higher than the vignettes of less serious cases. The teachers' reporting intention of sexual abuse was the highest among the types of child abuse, and it was followed by physical abuse, neglect and emotional abuse. Second, knowledge, attitudes, subjective norms, and self-efficacy, all of these variables had positive impacts on teachers' reporting intention. Meanwhile, self-efficacy, reporting intention, and the support level of specialists also had positive impacts on reporting behavior. Additionally, women or postgraduate teachers had a higher possibility to make a report than men or undergraduate teachers. These findings suggest that increasing self-efficacy through education and more thorough training about identifying and reporting on child abuse is more important than anything else for detecting abused children at an early stage.
The Role of Fathers' Experienced Parenting and Psychological Well-Being in Predicting Fathering Attitudes to Their Children
Jo, Ha Yeong ; Park, Seong Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 3, 2013, Pages 59~74
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.2.59
The main purpose of this study was to explore the moderating effects of fathers' current psychological well-being in the relationships between fathers' experienced parenting from the family of origin and their parenting attitudes to their children. The subjects themselves consisted of 370 fifth-and sixth-grade children and their fathers from elementary schools in Seoul and Daegu. Questionnaires containing items related to experienced parenting and the current psychological well-being reported by fathers and fathers' parenting attitudes reported by their children were used. Regression analyses revealed that a fathers' 'independent encouraging' attitude to their children was predicted by a fathers' psychological well-being whereas a fathers' 'acceptance' attitudes was predicted by both a fathers' experienced 'acceptance' parenting and their psychological well-being. Further, a fathers' psychological well-being played a moderate role in the relationship between fathers' experienced 'independent encouraging' parenting from the family of origin and their 'independent encouraging' attitude to their children.
The Relationship between Children's Reading Ability of Environmental Print, Vocabulary and Print Concepts
Lee, Shin Hee ; Kim, Myung Soon ; Son, Seung Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 3, 2013, Pages 75~92
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.3.75
This study investigated the differences and relationships between environmental print reading ability, vocabulary, and print concepts of children at ages 3 and 4. The subjects comprised 90 children, who could not read letters. The Children's Reading Ability of Environmental Print Scale(Son, 2012), Receptive and Expressive Vocabulary Test(Kim et al., 2009) and Concepts About Print(Kim & Kim, 2004) were used in this study. The collected data were analyzed using t-test and Pearson's correlations. The results of this study were as follows; in terms of Illiterate Korean children, aged 3 to 4 years, their scores on the environmental print reading tasks were positively correlated with vocabulary and print concepts.
A Structural Relationship between the Related Variables of Adolescence's Suicidal Ideation
Moon, Dae-Geun ; Lee, Jin-Ju ; Lee, Jong-Kak ; Koim, Jung-Min ; Moon, Soo-Back ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 3, 2013, Pages 93~112
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.3.93
The purpose of this study was to investigate the structural relationships between variables related to the Suicidal Ideation of Adolescences. A total of 923 Middle school students residing in Daegu City completed questionnaires which assessed family adaptability, family cohesion, self-esteem, bullying victimhood, depression and suicidal ideation. The sample variance-covariance matrix was analyzed using AMOS 20.0, and a maximum likelihood minimization function. Goodness of fit was evaluated using the SRMS, RMSEA, and its 90% confidence interval, CFI, and TLI. The results were as follows : First, the variables of family adaptability and family cohesion did not have a statistically significant direct impact on adolescence's suicidal ideation, although they may well have an indirect effect on suicidal ideation through self-esteem, bullying victimhood and depression. Second, Self-esteem and bullying victimhood had significant direct effects on depression and suicidal ideation. Moreover, they also had an indirect effect on suicidal ideation through self-esteem. Third, depression had a substantial direct effect on suicidal ideation. Finally, self-esteem did not indicate a direct effect on bullying victimhood.
The Effects of Academic Stress on Depression in Adolescents : The Moderating Role of Response Styles
Kim, Bit Na ; Park, Ju Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 3, 2013, Pages 113~128
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.3.113
This study examined the effects of academic stress and response styles on depression in adolescents, focusing on the moderating role of responses styles. The subjects of this study comprised 419 high school students (185 boys and 234 girls) in two high schools. In order to measure the level of depression, the CES-D Scale (Radloff, 1977) was used. Academic stress and response styles were assessed by the Academic Stress Scale for adolescents (Lee & Kim, 2000) and the Response Styles Questionnaire (Kim, 1991) respectively. The data were analyzed by means of descriptive statistics, t-test, and multiple regressions. The results indicated that for both boys and girls, the levels of academic stress and rumination response style increased the level of depression, whereas the distraction response style decreased the level of depression. Second, both the rumination and distraction styles for girls moderated the effect of academic stress on their depression. On the contrary, there was no moderating effect of the response styles for boys.
The Influences of Parental Attachment on Social Competence of School-Aged Children : The Mediating Role of Empathy
Kim, Jung-Eun ; Doh, Hyun-Sim ; Kim, Min-Jung ; Kim, Jae-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 3, 2013, Pages 129~150
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.3.129
The effects of parental attachment and empathy on social competence were examined with a sample of 403 fifth and sixth graders (192 males, 211 females) attending elementary schools in Gyoung-gi province. All research variables were measured using self-reported questionnaires conducted by the children concerned. Data were analyzed by means of structural equation modeling. The results indicated that parental attachment had no direct effect, but there was an indirect effect on children's social competence mediated by children's empathy. Maternal attachment influenced children's social competence relatively more than paternal attachment. As compared to parental attachment, however, children's empathy was the more influential variable when it came to social competence. These results were consistent in both genders. The results of this study emphasize that children's own characteristics such as empathy tend to be important factors in developing social competence compared to the parental role in middle childhood. Accordingly, interventions aimed at improving children's empathy need to be emphasized in order to develop children's social competence regardless of gender.
The Effectiveness of a Parent Education Program for Preventing Children's Problem Behaviors : Based on Respected Parents & Respected Children
Doh, Hyun-Sim ; Kim, Min-Jung ; Shin, Nana ; Park, Bo-Kyung ; Choi, Mi-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 3, 2013, Pages 151~177
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.3.151
The present study employed a pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design to evaluate the effectiveness of a 16-week parent education program based on Respected Parents & Respected Children(RPRC). 124 mothers were assigned to two groups, an intervention (n = 62) group and a waiting (n = 62) group. Mothers in the intervention group participated in the program. After termination of the preventive intervention, differences between pre- and post-tests were examined in maternal characteristics (i.e., depression and anger, maltreatment and general parenting behavior, and parenting efficacy and stress) and preschoolers' aggression. The results indicated that mothers in the intervention group had greater reductions in self-reported negative characteristics. Mothers in the waiting group also reported significant decreases in anger, physical assault and permissiveness/neglect. There was no significant reduction in levels of aggression in the preschoolers. These findings support the argument that a parent education program based on RPRC can be very effective, especially in changing maternal characteristics positively that are crucial to child outcomes.
The Influences of Ego-Resiliency on Stress Levels in Children : The Mediating Effects of Affects
Park, Young-Ah ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 3, 2013, Pages 179~190
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.3.179
This study investigated the influences of ego-resilience, positive affects, and negative affects on stress levels in children. The subjects were 245 5th-graders. The results indicated that : (1) Ego-resiliency and positive affects were significantly positively related to each other, and these variables were significantly negatively related to negative affects and stress. (2) Ego-resiliency had a direct effect on children's stress. Additionally, positive affects and negative affects mediated between ego-resiliency and stress; this means children who had high ego-resiliency experienced more positive affects, which led to lesser negative affects and reduced levels of stress.