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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 34, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 34, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 34, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 34, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 34, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
Selecting the target year
Children's Counterfactual Reasoning According to Task Conditions
Chung, Ha Na ; Yi, Soon Hyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 6, 2013, Pages 1~11
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.6.1
The purpose of this study was to investigate the process of counterfactual reasoning which children undergo, based on mental model theory and dual process theory. The subjects were 120 four-year-olds and 120 five-year-olds from Ulsan. Counterfactual reasoning task conditions were created, including task type and content, which were type 1-specific, type 1-general, type 2-specific, type 2-general. There were two stories used for each task condition. Children's counterfactual reasoning score range was 0 to 8. Data were analyzed using SPSS by mean, standard deviation, one sample t-test, repeated measures of Anova. The results of this study were as follows. First, children's counterfactual reasoning was above chance level regardless of the task condition. Second, children's counterfactual reasoning was lowest when type 1-specific or type 2-specific tasks were given, slightly higher when type1-general tasks were given, and the highest when type 2-general tasks were given. There was no significant difference between 4-year-old and 5-year-old children's counterfactual reasoning.
The Effect of Parental Psychological Control and Moral Disengagement on Children's Participant Role Behavior in a Bullying Situations
Kim, Ji Mi ; Kim, Jung Min ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 6, 2013, Pages 13~29
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.6.13
The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effect of moral disengagement concerning the parental psychological control on children's participant role behavior in bullying situations. For the purposes of this research, a group of participants comprising total 541 students of fifth, seventh, eighth, tenth and eleventh grades from schools based in Seoul and Incheon were surveyed. As far as research methods are concerned, scales for parental psychological control, moral disengagement and participant role behavior in a bullying situation were used. The main findings of this research were as follows. First, by gender, there was a significant difference in participant role behavior in bullying. By grade, a significant difference was shown in parental psychological control, participant role behavior in bullying and moral disengagement. Second, variables affecting participant role behavior in bullying situations were found to be influenced by the types of role behavior respectively as well as by students' grade levels. Third, moral disengagement concerning the influence of parental psychological control on participant role behavior was found to have a full mediating effect on bystander behavior among elementary school students and bullying behavior among middle school and high school students.
The Effect of Sandplay Therapy with Parent-Children on Mother-Child's Attachment Security and Communication
Oh, Aenia ; You, Seung-Eun ; Park, Boo-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 6, 2013, Pages 31~55
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.6.31
This study aimed to look into the effect of sandplay therapy with parent-children on mother-child's attachment security and communication. This study first conducted a scale of attachment security targeting child and mother who is bringing children in the age of 5 to 6 years in two kindergartens located in Seodaemun-gu, Seoul, and composed experimental group and control group of four couples respectively by selecting randomly from eight mother-child couples that received low grades. Sandplay therapy with parent-children was conducted for 12weeks on a weekly basis for 50minutes each. To study the attachment security, we used the Klabsbrun-Bowlby(1976)' Separation Anxiety Test and Mother's attachment scale. In this study, it is Seperated in based on Lee Na Gueng(2001) by functional communication and dysfuctional communication in order to measure changes in communication for situation that may occur during Sand play theraphy and record of observation about changes in each session. Data logging makes watching videos that recorded parent-children sand play therapy every situations. When observes the functional communication or dysfunctional communication between mother and the child, checking the corresponding to each entries, the frequency is recorded and qualitatively analyzed by each sessions. To study mother and child have been enhanced stability of the attachment and the relationship had improved results. Also, in each session the observation of increased functional communication, and dysfunctional communication results appear to reduce in parent-children sand play therapy. As a result, a couple sand play therapy has positive impact to improved the relationship between the mother and the child.
A Clustering Study of Young Children's Challenging Behaviors and Occurrence Rate through Age 2 to 5
Yoo, Soo Ok ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 6, 2013, Pages 57~75
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.6.57
The purpose of this study was to examine changes in the rate of occurrence of challenging behaviors in young children according to their increase in age. The study is based on the responses of teachers in child care centers(N=246). They were asked which 38 types of challenging behavior occur most among ages 2, 3, 4, or 5 in young children's classrooms. The major results of this study were as follows. First, the occurrence rates of young children's challenging behaviors were classified into 5 clusters; decreased(Cluster 1, Cluster 2, Cluster 3), maintained(Cluster 4), or increased(Cluster 5) according to increases in their respective ages. Second, the behaviors such as throwing tantrums and biting, evident in Cluster 1, decreased very rapidly from a very high occurrence rate by age 3. The classroom culture maladjustment behaviors such as running aimlessly around the classroom and shouting, apparent in Cluster 2, had decreased rapidly from a high occurrence rate by age 4. The intentional classroom disruptive behaviors such as dropping objects to create noise and the peer culture maladjustment behaviors studied in Cluster 3 decreased gradually from a rate of medium occurrence by age 5. These results revealed the discontinuity which a few young children exhibit. Third, hurting others, observed in Cluster 4 maintained a low occurrence rate from age 2 until age 5. Using inappropriate language and threatening others in Cluster 5 increased gradually from a low occurrence at 2 to a high rate of occurrence at age 5. By carefully examining the change of young children's challenging behaviors on the basis of objective data in terms of the continuity/discontinuity and increased/decreased rate of diverse challenging behaviors, we will be better able help teachers and parents to plan the instruction, prevention and intervention of young children's challenging behaviors.
The Influences of Mother's Psychological Characteristics and Parenting Related Factors on Two-year-old Infants' Development : The Mediating Role of Parenting Styles
Kim, Jonghoon ; Lee, Jiyoung ; Sung, Jihyun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 6, 2013, Pages 77~96
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.6.77
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among mother's psychological characteristics(self-esteem, self-efficacy, and depression), parenting related factors(maternal parenting stress and mother's knowledge on infant development), maternal parenting style, and two-year-old infants' development. The participants consisted of 1735 mothers and their two-year old infants selected from a sample of the 3rd Panel Study of Korean Children(PSKC) by the Korea Institute of Child Care and Education(KICCE), conducted in 2010. Data were analyzed by means of a Structural Equation Model(SEM) to identify the structure and relationships among the various factors. The significance of direct and indirect effects to test the mediating effect of maternal parenting style were identified via bootstrapping. The results indicated that maternal parenting style most definitely mediated the relationship among the mother's psychological characteristics(self-esteem and self-efficacy), parenting related factors(maternal parenting stress and mother's knowledge on Infant development) and the development of their two-year-old infants.
The Development and Validity of a Scale for Measuring Mother's Reaction to Children's Negative Emotions
Oh, Ji Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 6, 2013, Pages 97~122
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.6.97
The aim of this study was to develop and validate measures of a mother's reaction to children's negative emotions. After construct factors of a mother's reaction to children's negative emotions based on the theoretical basis and existing scales were explored, the first preliminary items were extracted. After the content validity was confirmed by expert opinions, the second preliminary items were composed, and the initial survey was carried out. Using exploratory factor analysis, three principal factors and 21 items were revealed to be most suitable. The factors of the scale consist of emotion-coaching-reactions, oversensitive reactions, and emotion-minimizing-reactions, respectively. In addition, the reliability analysis and validation analysis of the scale was conducted, by means of surveying 413 elementary students. The internal coherence reliability and test-retest reliability were verified as was the general internal coherence and timing stability of the scale. There were three additional verifications to validate the scale. (1)For the evidence based on internal structure, the confirmatory factor analysis and convergent-discriminant evidence; this resulted in confirming the factor structure of the scale as being reliable. (2)In order to understand the relationships to other variables, the correlation analysis came in effect to the overall scale and each of its sub-factors, showing that they are significantly correlated with the scale of the child's perception on rearing attitudes of the mother. (3)As for evidence based on the consequences of the test, the correlation analysis produced a result showed that sub-factors of the scale have as significant correlation with the child's emotional intelligence and resilience.
The Influences of Moral Disengagement and Moral Emotions on Bullying Assistant Behavior
Seo, Mijung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 6, 2013, Pages 123~138
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.6.123
The purpose of the present study which regards bullying as a group process was to examine the direct and indirect influences of moral disengagement, empathy, and guilt on bullying assistant behavior. The participants consisted of 442 6th graders from an elementary school(male : 227, female : 215). The findings from this study are as follows. First, there are significant correlations between moral disengagement, empathy, guilt, and bullying assistant behavior. Second, moral disengagement have not only direct influences but also indirect influences through empathy and guilt on bullying assistant behavior. Moral disengagement was the strongest predictor of bullying assistant behavior. Finally, the implications for future research and intervention in bullying were also discussed.
The Development and the Effects of Verbalization on Representational Redescription in Children's Drawings
Park, Hee Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 6, 2013, Pages 139~158
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.6.139
Karmiloff-Smith was first to propose the 'Representational Redescription model'. It describes a process through which children elaborate their knowledge from the unconscious and implicit levels to the conscious and explicit levels. The model also assumes that children in perfectly explicit levels are able to express their own representation of knowledge verbally. This study was conducted to investigate Karmiloff-Smith's Representational Redescription(RR) model(1990, 1992, 1999) within the drawing domain. Additionally, how verbalization training influences children's development of representational redescription in drawing were also examined. First, 331 children (4- to 6-year-olds and an older comparison group of 7- to 9-year-olds) were asked to create six drawings of both familiar and novel topics. From these drawings, children were measured for procedural rigidity and developmental differences. Thereafter 80 5-year-olds children who were not able to manipulate their drawings with flexibility were selected. They were divided into an experimental group and two control groups. A group of verbalization training was given a session using 5 tasks. Compared to the control groups, children who practiced verbalization in the training group showed more advanced levels of representation than their previous levels in the pretest. The results were interpreted as meaning that verbalization is likely to facilitate children's reorganization of implicit knowledge within the drawing domain and to transfer this toward explicit forms. Further research needs to pay more attention to the educational applications of learning processes based on representational redescription.
A Study on the Factors Influencing the Number of Network Organizations, Network Continuity and Service Continuity of Community Child Centers - Focusing on Chonbuk Province -
Kim, Hyeon Suk ; Seo, Yoon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 34, issue 6, 2013, Pages 159~175
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2013.34.6.159
The purpose of this study was to explore how the number of network organizations, network continuity and service continuity of community child centers were affected by the charge factors, organizational factors and environmental factors of community child centers. To better understand this, we researched 107 community child centers in Chonbuk Province. The key results are as follows. The interpersonal connections of the charge factors had a strong effect on the number of network organizations, but organizational factors and environmental factors appeared to have no effect on the number of network organizations. The operational type(religious group), organizational support level of the organizational factors and public-private cooperation, regular consultative group operation(no) of the environmental factors appeared to have an effect on the level of network continuity. The region(local), regular consultative group operation(yes) and public-private cooperation of the environmental factors appeared to have an effect on the level of service continuity. It was hoped that the results would enable us to explore how factors related to a network had an effect on the service continuity, the number of network organizations and clients referral network continuity, and they appeared to have an effect on the service continuity.