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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 35, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 35, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
The Effects of Parents' Neglect and Abuse on the School Adjustment in Adolescents : The Mediating Effects of Social Withdrawal
Park, Ki-Won ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 1, 2014, Pages 1~15
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.1.1
In this paper, the effects of parental neglect and abuse on school adjustment mediated by social withdrawal in adolescents were examined using a sample of 2,163 second grade middle school students(1,096 boys and 1,067 girls) from the Korean Child and Youth Panel Survey(KCYPS) data set. All research variables were measured using self-reported questionnaires. They were analyzed by means of Structural Equation Modeling. The results indicated that parents' abuse had no direct effect, but there was an indirect effect on adolescents' school adjustment mediated by adolescents' social withdrawal. Parental neglect had a direct effect on adolescents' school adjustment and also had an indirect effect on adolescents' school adjustment mediated by social withdrawal. The results indicate that parental neglect is a more significant contributor than adolescents' social withdrawal on adolescents' school adjustment. The results of this study show that parenting attitude, more specifically parental neglect, tend to be more important factors on school adjustment compared to adolescents' psychological problems, such as social withdrawal in adolescence. Taken together, these findings suggest that interventions aimed at improving parental neglect and adolescents' social withdrawal need to be emphasized if adolescents are to better adjust to school life.
A Case Study of Sandplay Therapy for an Elementary School Boy Living in a Small Income Fatherless Family Who Exhibits Maladjustments in Both School and Home
Sim, Hee-Og ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 1, 2014, Pages 17~41
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.1.17
This study explored the sandplay therapy case of a 5th grade boy who was living in a small income fatherless family from the viewpoints of both sandplay theory and related literatures. The goal of the therapy was to lessen his difficulties under the free and protected space of sandplay therapy. This study comprised 59 sessions of sandplay therapy. The subject exhibited his situations in the initial parts of therapy(1~5, the preparation for war against enemies) by putting miniatures related to Egypt and by placing Indians who were keeping the house from enemies. In the intermediate sessions(6~47, holding a ceremony), he repeated burning rituals, played finding treasures, and exhibited both struggle and construction. In the final parts(48~59, integration), he showed integration by expressing the adaptation to the collective. This study indicated the effectiveness of sandplay therapy, because his maladjustments in both school and home were reduced.
The Effect of Ego-Related Variables and School Adjustment on Children's Life Satisfaction*
Kim, Se Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 1, 2014, Pages 43~60
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.1.43
This study examined the influence of children's self-concept, self-efficacy, self-resiliency and school adjustment on life satisfaction. Data were collected from 582 fifth and sixth graders in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do. The results of this study are as follows. First, self-concept, self-efficacy, and school adjustment were all confirmed as variables that had direct or indirect influence on life satisfaction. Of these, it was found that school adjustment and self-resiliency turned out to have a more direct influence on children's life satisfaction. Second, as for the greatness of direct influence on school adjustment, which mediates the ego-related variables and life satisfaction, self-efficacy, self-resilience, and self-concept proved to be greater in that order. Third, self-concept turned out to be the variable that had the greatest influence on school adjustment and life satisfaction when taking into consideration of both the direct and indirect influence. It was confirmed that it could be more effective to compose an intervention method for the promotion of life satisfaction case by case for short term goals.
The Effects of Perfectionism and Cognitive-Emotion Regulation Strategies on Test Anxiety
Jung, A-Hyun ; Kang, Min Ju ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 1, 2014, Pages 61~76
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.1.61
This study examined the effects of perfectionism and cognitive-emotion regulation strategies on the test anxiety. The participants in this study were 423(227 boys, 196 girls) 6th graders recruited from four elementary schools in Seoul, Korea. The participants completed the Test Anxiety Inventory-Korea(Kim, 1991), the Child and Adolescent Perfectionism Scale(CAPS; Flett at al, 2000), and the Cognitive-Emotion Regulation Questionnaire(CERQ; Garnefski, 2001). The results of this study were as follows. First, self-oriented perfectionism and socially prescribed perfectionism were both positively associated with test anxiety. Additionally, the children who used more adaptive cognitive-emotion regulation strategies reported lower test anxiety, whereas the children who used more maladaptive cognitive-emotion regulation strategies reported higher test anxiety. Secondly, there was an interactional effect between self-oriented perfectionism and maladaptive cognitive-emotion regulation strategies on test anxiety. Lastly, socially prescribed perfectionism and cognitive-emotion regulation strategies had a significant effect on children's test anxiety. However, there were no interactional effects observed between socially prescribed perfectionism and cognitive-emotion regulation strategies on test anxiety.
A Preliminary Study on the Development and Effects of an Emotional Intervention Program for Maladaptive Preschoolers
Shin, Hyewon ; Song, Hyerin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 1, 2014, Pages 77~93
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.1.77
The purpose of this research is to develop and evaluate an emotional intervention program for maladaptive preschoolers. The emotional intervention program focused on nurturing the ability to express emotions in healthy ways and how to empathize with others while the preschoolers perceives negative emotions. The participants in this study were nineteen preschoolers, residing in S city. Nineteen subjects were assigned to an experimental group practicing an emotional intervention program. The preschoolers participated in 8-session programs once a week over the course of eight weeks. Descriptive statistics, paired t-test and hierarchical cluster analysis were performed. The results of this study were as follows. First, there were significant differences between posttests and pretests results. The results showed a decrease in maladaptive preschooler's problematic behaviors and aggressive strategies. The maladaptive preschoolers showed more representations of anxiety, avoidance/withdrawal, and deregulated/aggression. In addition the results also showed a decrease in preschooler's representations of anxiety, avoidance/withdrawal, and deregulated/aggression.
The Effects of Childcare Center Based Play Therapy on Infant's Problem Behaviors, Self-Concept, Social Interaction and Infant's Response Changes during Play Therapy
Yang, Sun Young ; Han, You Jin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 1, 2014, Pages 95~117
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.1.95
The study was performed at a childcare center based play therapy to help ameliorate the problems of infants in the borderline, self-concept, social interaction, infant's response changes observed during play therapy. The subjects of this study consisted of twenty eight infants between the ages of 4 to 5 years who exhibited behavior problems. All subjects were located in the Seoul. The play therapists were sent to the child care center, and conducted 16 sessions of play therapy to infants exhibiting problem behaviors. In summary, the results indicated the following. First, childcare center based play therapy was effective in improving infants' behavior problems in the borderline areas outlined above. Second, childcare center based play therapy had a positive effect on the self-concept of infants. Third, childcare center based play therapy had a positive effect on the social interaction among the infants. Finally, there was significant difference in the responses of infants during childcare center based play therapy.
The Effect of Adolescents' Time Perspective and Self-Control on Academic Procrastination : The Mediating Effect of Cellular Phone Addiction
Jung, Eun Ji ; Han, You Jin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 1, 2014, Pages 119~133
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.1.119
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of time perspective, self-control and cellular phone addiction on academic procrastination, and to cellular phone addiction has any mediating effects in relation to the effects of adolescents' time perspective and self-control on academic procrastination. For this study, a survey was conducted with total 651 students in middle and high schools. Those who omitted responses or answered in ways which were otherwise invalid were excluded and finally, questionnaires responded to by 558 students were analyzed. Employing SPSS Win 12.0, average value, standard deviation, frequency analysis, Pearson's correlation analysis, stepwise multiple regression analysis, and simple linear regression analysis were used for the purposes of statistical analysis. In conclusion, first, explanations were made in order of future-oriented time perspective which is subordinate domain of view of time perspective, self-control, and cellular phone addiction. Second, it was found that cellular phone addiction has partially mediating effect on the relationships between future-oriented time perspective which is a subordinate area of adolescents' time perspective, and academic procrastination. Third, it was found that cellular phone addiction has partially mediating effect on the relationships between adolescents' self-control and academic procrastination.