Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 35, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 35, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
A Meta-Analysis on the Predictor Variables of the School Adjustment of Youth
Lee, Ji Yeon ; Chung, Ick Joong ; Back, Jong Leem ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 2, 2014, Pages 1~23
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.2.1
The purpose of this research was to investigate the most critical variables in the school adjustment of youth. In addition, this research assessed the impact of variables according to the categorization of individual, family, and school domains. To acquire the effect sizes, published studies between 1990 and 2012 were reviewed systematically and synthesized by meta-analysis. The major findings were as follows. First, this study identified a total of 34 variables which can have an influence on the school adjustment of youth and confirmed that 24 of those variables are significant. The most crucial variable that can influence school adjustment is that of a teacher`s support. The next most important variables are self-resilience, relationships with friends, and self-efficiency. Focusing on the categorized elements, self-resilience is the most critical variable in the individual domain, the parent-child relation is the most crucial variable in the family domain, and a teacher`s support is the most powerful variable in the school domain. Based on these results, this study suggested a number of the indispensable components in interventions to improve the youth`s adjustment in school.
The Relationships among Play Space, Play Behaviors and Playfulness of 4-Year Old Children in Childcare Centers
Nam, Jin Kyung ; Kim, Myoung Soon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 2, 2014, Pages 25~41
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.2.25
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships between play behaviors and young children`s playfulness in a variety of play space environments. The subjects were 150 4-year old children of 29 mixed-age classes in childcare centers of Seoul and Gyeonggi area. The results were as follows; (1) Their play behaviors differed according to their play environment in terms of classroom spaces. Solitary-active play behaviors were more frequently observed in large play spaces than small. (2) Leading participation, cognitive flexibility, voluntary full immersion, and total playfulness scores correlated negatively with reticent behavior. Leading participation, voluntary full immersion, and total playfulness scores, on the other hand, correlated positively with group play behavior. (3) In small play spaces, leading participation, voluntary full immersion correlated negatively with reticent behavior, but leading participation correlated positively with group play. In middle play spaces, cognitive flexibility correlated negatively with reticent behavior. In large play spaces, voluntary full immersion correlated negatively with parallel play, but leading participation, cognitive flexibility, expressions of joy, voluntary full immersion, and total playfulness score correlated positively with group play.
The Effects of Cumulative Family Risk Factors on Infants` Development : The Mediation of Mothers` Parenting
Chang, Young Eun ; Kwon, Yun Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 2, 2014, Pages 43~61
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.2.43
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the paths from the cumulative risk factors to infant`s development at 24 months of age via the mediation of maternal parenting behaviors. The data consisted of 3 year`s worth of data harvested from 1802 families participating in the Panel Study on Korean Children (PSKC). The results revealed that cumulative family risk factors tended to stay in the family in relatively stable ways. Early risk factors significantly predicted later risk factors. Cumulative risk factors were negatively associated with the parenting styles of mothers, which in turn, significantly predicted the development of the infants concerned. Statistical tests supported the notion that mothers` parenting behavior is the mediator of the relation between family risk factors and infant`s developmental outcomes.
The Effects of Parental Differential Treatment and Social Support on the Self-esteem and Internalized Problems among Adolescents with Siblings with Special Needs
Lee, Seon Yeong ; Lim, Ji Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 2, 2014, Pages 63~84
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.2.63
The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of parental differential treatment and social support perceived by adolescents with siblings with special needs on their self-esteem and internalized problems. The subjects comprised one hundred 12- to 18-year-old adolescents with siblings with special needs. The major results of this study were as follows. First, there were significant differences in adolescents` self-esteem by participation in support programs for siblings of children with special needs. Second, there was no significant effect of parental differential treatment on adolescents` self-esteem. Third, there was a significant effect of social support (family, friends, and teachers) on adolescents` self-esteem. Fourth, there was no effects of paternal differential parenting on adolescents` internalized problems. However, there was a significant effect of differential maternal affection on adolescents` internalized problems. Fifth, there was a significant effect of social support, especially in terms of support provided by friends, on adolescents` internalized problems. In conclusion, social support and differential maternal affection both have an important role in adolescents` self-esteem and internalized problems.
Children`s Awareness of Racial Features, Racial In-Group Classification and Racial Preference According to Visual and Language Features
Lee, Jungmin ; Lee, Kangyi ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 2, 2014, Pages 85~102
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.2.85
The purpose of this study was to examine the awareness of racial features, racial in-group classification and preference by Korean children. The study participants comprised 89 children aged 3-5 years. The children performed photograph description and choice tasks. The major findings were as follows: First, older children were significantly more likely than younger children to use racial feature and less likely to use general physical feature to describe the stimuli. Second, children tended to select the South-Asian person speaking in Korean language as a Korean, rather than the Korean person speaking in English. Third, children tended to select the person of Korean appearance speaking in English as a playmate. The result revealed the developmental features of racial awareness. Furthermore the correspondence of language plays an important role on the children`s in-group classification whereas the correspondence of appearance plays an important role on the children`s preference.
An Analysis of Children`s Creative Thinking Styles According to Cluster Analysis
Kim, Kyoung Eu ; Kim, Eun A ; Kim, Seong Hui ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 2, 2014, Pages 103~115
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.2.103
This study explored the creative thinking styles of children according to cluster analysis and examined group differences in the gender of children. The participants consisted of 250 elementary school students living in Seoul, Korea. Data were analyzed by means of cluster analysis and
test. The results from the cluster analysis based on the scores on the sub-factors of TTCT(Torrance Test of Creative Thinking) suggested the existence of four clusters(`Non-creative`, `Divergent creative`, `Elaborate creative, `Multiple creative`). Additionally, four clusters were found to be differentiated according to gender.
The Effects of Maternal Grandmothers` Positive Parenting Behavior, Mothers` Emotion Regulation and Positive Parenting Behavior on Children`s Emotion Regulation
Park, Soo-Yeon ; Doh, Hyun-Sim ; Kim, Min-Jung ; Song, Seung-Min ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 2, 2014, Pages 117~136
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.2.117
This study examined the effects of maternal grandmothers` positive parenting behavior, mothers` emotion regulation, and positive parenting behavior on children`s emotion regulation. A total of 348 mothers of fourth and fifth graders responded to questionnaires, which included items related to their mothers` positive parenting behavior, their own emotion regulation and positive parenting behavior, and their children`s emotion regulation. The data were analyzed by means of correlations and Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). First, maternal grandmothers` positive parenting behavior significantly affected mothers` emotion regulation, but mothers` emotion regulation did not directly affect their children`s emotion regulation. Second, maternal grandmothers` positive parenting behavior had an effect on mothers` positive parenting behavior, which led to a high level of their children`s emotion regulation. Lastly, maternal grandmothers` positive parenting behavior indirectly influenced children`s emotion regulation through mothers` emotion regulation and positive parenting behavior. This study emphasizes the intergenerational transmission of positive parenting, as well as a crucial influence of mothers` positive parenting behavior on children`s emotion regulation.
An Analysis of Activities and Contents in Nuri Curriculum Teaching Guidebooks for Mathematical Education for Three to Five
Cho, Boo Wall ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 2, 2014, Pages 137~156
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.2.137
The purpose of this study was to better understand the tendencies and general distributive features of mathematical educational activities which are presented in the Nuri Curriculum Teaching Guidebooks. This was done by analysis of 628 mathematical activities suggested in those guidebooks, the total number of which was thirty-two. The results of this study can be summarized as follows: First, the number of activities for mathematical education was 204 for the age of three, 223 for the age of four, and 201 for the age of five. Second, these mathematical educational activities are aimed mainly for developing positive attitudes toward mathematics rather than the delivery of mathematical knowledge and skills. Third, the number of activities for developing mathematical inquiry skills was greater than that of activities for developing of inquiry attitudes. Furthermore, the characteristic of understanding the basic concepts of space and figures can be found most frequently in five kinds of activities for mathematical inquiry. Last, the activities for mathematical education are more frequently found in free choice activities rather than group activities. The results of this study also suggest that checking the current status of mathematical education for young children and the Nuri Curriculum Teaching Guidebooks can be utilized for creating teachers` manuals.
An Analysis of the Differences between English and Translated Picture Books in Korean in Predictable Pattern Books
Lee, Myoung Shin ; Kim, Ji Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 2, 2014, Pages 157~169
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.2.157
This study sought to explore the types of predictable pattern books are suitable for reading aloud, the differences between English and translated Korean picture books in terms of their characteristics of speakability and the meaning of sentences. This study investigated a total of 112 picture books. The predictable pattern types were analyzed specifically, compared with onomatopoeia, mimetic words, repetition, rhyme, the shift of sentence and style types. The results indicated that predictable pattern books could be classified into eight types and the number of sentences in translated books increased owing to the difference of sentence structure. In terms of speakability, words in repetition, onomatopoeia and mimetic words represented higher frequency except rhyme because of the difference of characteristics of the two languages. Furthermore, translations used strategies of the shift in sentence and style types for speakability. These findings demonstrate that predictable pattern books can serve as good materials to read aloud for young children not only in terms of English picture books but also translated books regardless of concerns regarding their speakability.
The Effects of Parent-Child Conflict on Behavior Problems in Early Adolescent Boys and Girls : The Moderating Role of Conflict Resolution
Jang, Hye In ; Park, Ju Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 2, 2014, Pages 171~189
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.2.171
This study examined the influences of parent-child conflict and conflict resolution on behavior problems experienced in early adolescence by both boys and girls, and investigated whether conflict resolution had any moderating effects upon the relation between parent-child conflict and these behavior problems. The participants of this study were 397 first and second graders (193 boys and 204 girls) from three middle schools located in Seoul and Gyoung-gi province. To measure the research variables, the Korean-Youth Self Report by Oh et al. (2010), the short version of Conflict Behavior Questionnaire (Homes, 2012), and the Thomas Kilman Conflict Mode Instrument (Cha & Cheon, 2011) were used. The data were analyzed by means of descriptive statistics, t-test, multiple regression analysis, and hierarchical regression analysis. The results indicated that both for boys and girls, the level of parent-child conflict increased the levels of both externalizing and internalizing behavior problems whereas conflict resolution had no significant effect on behavior problems. In addition, in the case of boys only, conflict resolution moderated the effect of father-child conflict on internalizing behavior problems.
The Effects of Teacher`s Self-efficacy on Children`s Sociality : The Serial Multiple Mediating Effects of Job-satisfaction and The Quality of Teacher-Child Interaction
Son, Heejin ; Sung, Jihyun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 2, 2014, Pages 191~209
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.2.191
This study examined the effects of teacher`s self-efficacy on children`s sociality through the mediating effects of job-satisfaction and the quality of teacher-child interaction. The participants in this study consisted of 27 teachers working at child care centers and 71 children(4-5 years old) in their charge in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do province, Korea. Data were analyzed by means of a Hayes`s PROCESS(2012) program to identify the serial multiple mediating effects and the relationships which exist among the various factors. The present study found that teacher`s self-efficacy had significant indirect effects on children`s sociality through job-satisfaction and the quality of teacher-child interaction. These results suggest that a higher level of teacher`s self-efficacy leads to greater job-satisfaction and better quality of teacher-child interaction and this in turn has an influence on children`s sociality.