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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 35, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 35, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
Job Satisfaction among Korean Child Care Teachers : The Effects of Background Characteristics, Self-efficacy and Job Stress
Kim, Youn A ; Park, Youn Jung ; Kim, Kyoung Eun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 4, 2014, Pages 1~15
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.4.1
This study examined how child care teachers' background characteristics, self-efficacy and job stress relate to their job satisfaction. Participants were 400 child care teachers in Seoul and Gyeonggi, Korea. Structural equation models were developed based on the authors' hypothesized model, which proposed that teachers' self-efficacy and job stress have a mediating effect in the relationship between teachers' background characteristics and job satisfaction. The results revealed that career directly influenced on self-efficacy and job stress but had no direct effect on job satisfaction. Education level was found to have a direct effect on job stress but had no direct effect on self-efficacy and job satisfaction. Teachers' self-efficacy affected job stress and job satisfaction and job stress affected job satisfaction. Furthermore, self-efficacy mediated the effects of career on job stress and job satisfaction. Additionally, job stress mediated the effects of education level and self-efficacy on job satisfaction. These results suggested that teachers' self-efficacy and job stress were key predictors and mediating variables in the relationship between background characteristics and job satisfaction.
An Analysis of the Research Trends on Children's Media in the Digital Era
Lee, Ran ; Hyun, Eunja ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 4, 2014, Pages 17~40
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.4.17
The aims of this study were three-fold; to analyze the trends of research on children's media, to anticipate any transitions in the direction of the research and finally to provide a guidance for future directions in the research. For this purpose, 55 research papers were chosen. The tool used for this analysis was that developed by Meyrowitz(1998; 1999), which classifies(1998, 1999) three main viewpoints towards media. Based on these three viewpoints, this study found that the most common category is 'media as a vessel.' Furthermore, it was verified that some studies in 'media as a vessel' have a tendency to be mixed with the notion of 'media as a language.' Subsequently, all the research papers in the category of 'media as a language' were subcategorized into 6 digital literacy competencies, in the manner proposed by Hobbs(2010). Consequently, the studies in the category of 'creation' were revealed to be the most common, and it was further confirmed that the research included in the categories of 'reflection' and 'social action' both begins to partially appear. Based on these results, this study speculates on a number of educational points supporting the development of media education in the digital era.
The Effects of Violent Internet Game Usage and Game Overindulgence on Aggressive Behavior in Elementary School-Aged Boys
Jung, Ji Hae ; Park, Ju Hee ; Lim, Yang Mi ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 4, 2014, Pages 41~59
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.4.41
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of the time spent on violent internet games and game overindulgence on aggressive behavior exhibited by elementary school-aged boys and to investigate the mediating effects of self-control on the relationship between children's game overindulgence and their aggressive behavior. The subjects of this study were 118 fourth to sixth grade boys from five elementary schools. The instruments used were the aggression subscale of the Korean-Youth Self Report (Oh, Ha, Lee, & Hong, 2001), a questionnaire of the time spent playing violent internet games developed by the authors, the Internet Game Addiction Scale for Children (Kim, Lee, Kim, Kim, & Kim, 2006) and the Self-Control Scale (Nam, 1999). The data were analyzed by means of a Structural Equation Model (SEM). The results were as follows. First, children's self-control mediated the relationship between game overindulgence and aggressive behavior. Second, the amount of time spent playing violent internet games had no effect on children's aggressive behavior.
The Mediating Effects of Children's Resilience by Gender on the Relationships between Mother's Reactions to Children's Negative Emotions and Children's Emotional Intelligence
Oh, Ji-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 4, 2014, Pages 61~78
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.4.61
The study examined the pathways from maternal reactions to children's negative emotions to children's emotion intelligence through children's resilience by gender. The participants in this study comprised 413 elementary school 4th-6th graders (of which 214 were boys, and 199 were girls). They completed questionnaires on maternal reactions to children's negative emotions, children's resilience and levels of children's emotional intelligence. Data were analyzed by means of T-test and structural equation modeling. In the case of the male group, it was found that maternal emotion coaching, when done indirectly, but not directly, had an influence on their levels of emotional intelligence. On the other hand, in the case of the female group, it was found that emotion coaching, when done indirectly, as well as directly, had an influence on their levels of emotional intelligence. Therefore, these results indicate that children's resilience mediated the effects of maternal emotion coaching on emotional intelligence. It also found that there are distinct pathways from maternal reactions to children's negative emotions to emotion intelligence through resilience by gender.
A Study on Validating the Korean Version of the Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scale-2(K-PKBS-2)
Yoo, Soo Ok ; Lee, Gi Sung ; Ha, Seung Min ; Park, Soo Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 4, 2014, Pages 79~101
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.4.79
The purpose of this study was validate the Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scale-2(PKBS-2) and develop the Korean version PKBS-2(K-PKBS-2) through the phases of concept and statistical review. For this purpose, this study conducted PKBS-2 for teachers with 1,119 young children in Jeonbuk province. During the factor structure review, according to the results of exploratory factor analysis, 30 items and 4 factors(social interaction, social cooperation, social compliance, and social independence) in social skills scale and 40 items and 4 sub-factors of 3 factors(internalizing behavior, externalizing behavior, and interpersonal emotional behavior) in problem behavior scale were extracted. In addition, confirmatory factor analysis, the model fits of social skills and problem behavior scales were higher than the original test and very high reliability and internal consistency were produced. During external factor review, convergent validity and discriminant validity were verified. After cultural specificity and cultural universality between PKBS-2 and K-PKBS-2 were discussed, K-PKBS-2 was presented as e scale which is very useful for the screening, prevention, and intervention program plan of challenging behavior behaviors in young children in Korea.
A Study on the Variables Affecting Parenting Efficacy of North Korean Refugee Mothers : With a Focus on Marital Satisfaction, Social Support, and Acculturation
Park, Su Kyung ; Ahn, Sun Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 4, 2014, Pages 103~122
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.4.103
The purpose of this study was to identify the variables affecting parenting efficacy of North Korean refugee mothers. The selected variables were marital satisfaction, social support, and acculturation. The participants consisted of 105 mothers who had defected from North Korea with preschool children living in Seoul, Gwangmyeong-si, and Gyeongsangnam-do provinces. The data thus collected were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-tests, correlation, and multiple regression analysis. The results indicated that the marital satisfaction and social support had meaningfully positive effects on the parenting efficacy of North Korean refugee mothers. However, marginalization was found to be a predictor of competence-anxiety in parenting. The selected variables derived from the environmental systems in maternal parenting were significant factors in the parenting efficacy of North Korean refugee mothers and furthermore, their sociocultural environments were also important in parenting. These findings clearly showed that marital satisfaction and social support were the most significant variables of parenting efficacy of North Korean refugee mothers. The results of this study appear to have a great deal of utility as preliminary data to improve the parenting efficacy of North Korean refugee mothers.
Types of Motivation in Young Children : Associations with Young Children's Temperament and Their Mothers' Interactions
Kim, Yoo Jung ; Ahn, Sun Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 4, 2014, Pages 123~143
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.4.123
This research was based on achievement goal theory which categorizes young children's motivation into three types: mastery, the performance-approach, and performance-avoidance motivation. The participants consisted of forty-eight pairs of children aged 3-4 and their mothers. The participants completed two tasks in order to indentify their motivational types. The short form of the Child Behaviour Questionnaire(CBQ-SF), modified scales from Kim and Kim(2001), and the GIPEPS were also employed. The major findings of the research are as follows: First, in terms of the motivational types of the given sample, performance-approach motivation was ranked first followed by mastery motivation. Second, it was found that the temperament of young children was not related with their motivational types. Third, there were some differences in mother-child interaction between groups based on the frequency of feedback, questions, and the percentage of commands. Fourth, the mood of the relationship appeared to be the only factor of maternal interaction quality which related to children's mastery motivation.
The Effects of Marital Conflict on Children's Depression : The Mediating Role of Parental Control
Cho, A-Ram ; Choi, Mi-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 4, 2014, Pages 145~165
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.4.145
The main purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between marital conflict, parental control and children's depression. The participants were composed of 243 elementary school 5th and 6th graders (of which 121 were boys and 122 were girls) from Gyeonggi-do province. They completed questionnaires on marital conflict, parental control and children's depression. The data were analyzed by means of Pearson's correlation coefficients and multiple regression analysis. It was observed that marital conflict (content) had an effect on children's depression. Parental psychological control was also found to have an effect on children's depression. However, parental behavioral control did not appear to have an effect on children's depression. In addition marital conflict (frequency/content) had an effect on parental psychological control. Additionally, marital conflict (resolution) had an effect on parental behavioral control. It was further found that paternal psychological control and maternal psychological control partially mediated the relationship between marital conflict and children's depression. These results clearly indicate that parental psychological control plays an important role in marital conflict and children's depression.
The Effects of Age, Empathy, and Perspective Taking Ability on Altruistic Lying of Young Children
Lee, Ji-Hye ; Song, Hana ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 4, 2014, Pages 167~177
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.4.167
The study examined the influences of age, empathy and perspective taking ability on altruistic lying in 5 and 6 year old children. Eighty three children answered a question as to whether a protagonist would lie after listening to three vignettes involving altruistic lies. Korean versions of the Affective Situation Test(AST) and cognitive perspective taking task were used to measure children's empathy and perspective taking respectively. The results of the study showed that there were significant differences in altruistic lying by age. Altruistic lie by children was positively related with their age, empathy and perspective taking ability. In particular, age and perspective taking ability are important factors influencing children's altruistic lie in young children in Korea.
The Effects of Mothers' Depression and Parenting Behavior on Preschoolers' Externalizing Problem Behaviors
Doh, Hyun-Sim ; Shin, Nana ; Park, Bo-Kyung ; Kim, Min-Jung ; Kim, Hye-In ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 4, 2014, Pages 179~198
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.4.179
The main purpose of this study was to examine direct and indirect effects of mothers' depression on preschoolers' externalizing problem behaviors. A total of 155 mothers with preschoolers aged 3 and 4 years (83 boys and 72 girls) living in Seoul participated in this study. Mothers completed questionnaires on mothers' depression, parenting behavior, and preschoolers' externalizing problem behaviors. Direct and indirect pathways from mothers' depression to preschoolers' externalizing problem behaviors were analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). First, it was revealed that mothers' depression did not directly affect preschoolers' externalizing problem behaviors. Second, mothers' depression indirectly influenced preschoolers' externalizing problem behaviors through mothers' parenting behavior. Mothers who reported higher levels of depression showed less warmth/acceptance and more rejection/restriction towards their children, which led to higher levels of preschoolers' externalizing problem behaviors. These findings emphasize the importance of positive parenting by mothers in reducing preschoolers' problem behaviors.
The Effects of Mothers' Parenting Efficacy on Children's Emotional Regulation : The Role of Mothers' Perception of Fathers' Involvement in Child Care
Yoon, Seohee ; Sung, Jihyun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 4, 2014, Pages 199~222
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.4.199
This study sought to illuminate a moderating effect of mother's perception of father's involvement on the associations between mother's parenting efficacy and child's emotional regulation. The participants in this study comprised 292 mothers whose children were aged between 4 and 5. The children were attending child care centers or kindergartens located in Seoul or Gyeonggi-do province in Korea. The questionnaires on mother's parental efficacy, father's parental involvement, and their children's emotional regulation were distributed to mothers through their child care centers or kindergartens. The results indicated a significant correlation among the variables. Although mothers' parenting efficacy had relatively higher effects upon their children's emotional regulation than their fathers' involvement, the effect of a fathers' involvement was still significant. In particular, the fathers' involvement in leisure activities moderated the effects of the mothers' parenting efficacy on children's emotional comprehension and regulation(one of the sub-factors of emotional regulation).
A Study on the Positive Effects of Forest Activities for Children from Economically Underprivileged Households on Their Emotional State, Life Satisfaction, and Ego-resilience
Kim, Min Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 4, 2014, Pages 223~247
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.4.223
This study aimed to verify the positive effects of forest activities for children from economically underprivileged households in local children's centers and the effect of such activities on the protective factors of their development. One hundred and eighty five children participated in the Forest Activities Program, which conducted over a total 8 sessions. Pre-post tests of the subjective well-being scale, DAS, multiple life satisfaction scale, ego-resilience scale were conducted and the children then made picture stories during the program itself. The results of the analysis of differences between pre-post tests were as follows: first, the negative emotions of participating children decreased significantly. Second, the school-satisfaction and self-satisfaction levels of the participating children increased. Third the participating children's positive perceptions of self and interpersonal relationships also increased through the forest activities. Finally, there were differences of the change types of picture stories that children created while they were participating in the program; and these divergences were related to the effectiveness of the program. These forest activities had positive effects upon the economically disadvantaged children who participated in this study. However, in order to increase the effects of such forest activities qualitatively, greater support for the active involvement of children is required.
The Differences in Children's Story Comprehension According to the Types of Reading Media : Paperback Books vs. Electronic Books
Kim, Tae-Yeon ; Yi, Soon-Hyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 4, 2014, Pages 249~262
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.4.249
This study investigated differences in children's story comprehension as they related to the types of reading media. The participants comprised 62 four-years-olds from two child-care centers located in a middle-income region of Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. In order to control the experience effect, newly developed stories published into two formats of reading media (paperback books and electronic books) were provided to the participants. The results indicated that there were no significant differences in children's story comprehension depending on the types of reading media. Paperback book readers and electronic book readers did not show any significant difference in story comprehension, which consists of recall, recognition and reasoning tasks. As literature pertaining to children's usage of electronic books is limited, the present study offers guidelines for the development of children's reading media and may serve as a useful resource for future studies.
The Meaning and Use of Modified Songs by Teachers in Early Childhood Classrooms
Jung, Kyoung-Su ; Son, Sung-Haak ; Lim, Boo-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 4, 2014, Pages 263~279
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.4.263
The purpose of this paper is to explore the role of the variation of songs by teachers in early childhood classrooms where songs play an important role in managing the daily activities for young children. Early childhood teachers have demonstrated a high degree of competency to transform and modify a variety of songs that fit into children's developmental levels. The use of such songs enable both teachers and young learners to fully enjoy such classroom activities and are an important means for establishing rapport. The data were collected from direct observation and video recording in three early childhood classrooms, as well as through interviews with the teachers, and through the researcher's journals. The results of the study revealed that the teachers exhibit a high degree of professionalism in creating variations of the kind of songs that children seem to enjoy, and thereby creating high levels of classroom enjoyment generally. This study also showed that using a good variety of songs in early childhood classroom can facilitate understanding of the content in the curriculum Finally, this study also suggests that the teachers' skills in designing variations of songs can make early childhood education classrooms culturally attractive and aesthetically more creative.
The Effects of Family Friendliness and Diversity of Support Services for Child Development and Parenting on Parental Satisfaction with Services
Park, Ju Hee ; Choi, Hye Yeong ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 4, 2014, Pages 281~297
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.4.281
The present study aimed to examine the influences of four aspects of family friendliness (i. e., safety, accessibility, convenience, and amenity) and diversity of services designed to support children's development and parenting on parental satisfaction with services. The participants of this study comprised 259 parents (214 mothers and 45 fathers) who had at least one child aged 0 to 11 and lived in Seoul, Gyeonggi-do, Chungcheong-do, or Gyeongsang-do Provinces. The data were analyzed by means of descriptive statistics and multiple regression analyses. Our results indicated that the effects of family friendliness and diversity of services on parental service satisfaction differed by children's developmental level. For parents of elementary school-aged children, the safer the services and the more services they used, the more they were likely to be satisfied with the services provided. In contrast, the safety and the amenity of services had positive influences on parental satisfaction with support services for parents with toddlers while the safety had a significant effect for those who had preschoolers.