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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 35, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 35, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
The Determinants of Smartphone Addiction among Mothers of Infants, Focusing on Their Socio-Demographic Characteristics, Parental Stress, and Parental Knowledge
Seo, Hye Seong ; Kim, Yeon Ha ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 5, 2014, Pages 1~14
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.5.1
This study explored the determinants of smartphone addiction among mothers of infants, focusing on their socio-demographic characteristics, parental stress, and parental knowledge. A total 220 mothers of infants were surveyed and the collected data were analyzed by binary logistic regression. A considerable percentage (16%) of mothers of infants were observed to be at a risk of smartphone addiction, which was significantly higher than the percentage (8%) of adult population at risk of smartphone addiction reported by the Korean government. Parental stress from dysfunctional parent-child relationships was a risk factor and parental knowledge about infant development was observed to be a protective factor when it came to the smartphone addiction of mothers' with infants. However, socio-demographic characteristics (number of children, age, education, family income, and job) did not have statistically significant associations with their smartphone addiction.
Parenting Stress Changes in Both of Continuous Working and Non-Working Mothers After the Birth of Their First Child : A Focus on the Effects of the Values, Knowledge and Expectations about Their Children
Song, Young Joo ; Lee, Mi Ran ; Chun, Hui Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 5, 2014, Pages 15~35
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.5.15
The purpose of this study was to investigate parenting stress changes in both continuous working and continuous non-working mothers after the birth of their first child and their relationships with the cognitive variables about child-rearing, using the 3rd Panel Study on Korean Children(PSKC) by the Korea Institute of Child Care and Education(KICCE). The results revealed that the parenting stress of the non-working mothers was higher than the stress experienced by the working mothers. The increase in stress was only found both groups between the second year and the third year of childbirth. The total explanatory power of the knowledge, values and expectations regarding their children saw stress increase for the working mothers, but saw it decrease for the non-working mothers. Finally, the emotional value surrounding parenthood was the most powerful variable for both groups, with the exception of the non-working mothers' stress, as experienced in the first year.
A Preliminary Study for Standardizing the Fine Motor Scale of the Korean-Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition
Lee, Soon Hang ; Ahn, So Hyun ; Lee, Eun Ji ; Bang, Hee Jeong ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 5, 2014, Pages 37~61
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.5.37
The purpose of the present study was to conduct a preliminary study for developing a Korean version of the Fine Motor Scale of the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development,
Edition(Bayley-III). The subjects for this study included 313 Korean infants and toddlers aged from 16 days to 42 months and 15 days. The results of this study were as follows. Firstly, the analysis of the degree of item difficulty indicated that the arrangement of the items corresponded with child development by age. Secondly, the analysis of the inter-item consistency, the test-retest reliability and the inter-rater reliability revealed a high degree of reliability of the scale. Thirdly, the Fine Motor Scale of K-Bayley-III score showed a significant high correlation with the Motor composite score but a significant moderate correlation with the Language composite score, providing evidence of its convergent and discriminant validity. This study demonstrated that the preliminary version of the K-Bayley-III Fine Motor Scales can be applied to assess the development of fine motor skills of Korean infants and toddlers.
The Process of Understanding Force As Used among Two Young Children in Rough-and-Tumble Play When Using Combative Objects
Baik, Eunyoung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 5, 2014, Pages 63~82
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.5.63
The purpose of this study is to elucidate how two young children understand force in rough-and-tumble play. For this purpose, a form of microanalysis(Forman, 2006) was used. They regarded black as the strongest color due to their daily experiences. They assumed that a structure made of black Lego-color-bricks would be strongest and made an experiment of beating it against blocks of other colors. Such repetitive behavior ultimately led them to realize that color had no correlation with strength. They also understood mechanical energy by which a boy's pushing power moves against an object. They tried to strike a bigger or protruding structure and understood that parts might be broken more easily by striking. This experience enabled the boys to realize the principle of resistance. That is to say, in the process of rough-and-tumble play, their misconceptions were gradually removed and they obtained scientific knowledge, including understanding of mechanical energy and the principle of resistance. This study found that two young children constructed knowledge together through the process of tool making and in contending for victory in rough-and-tumble play.
The Influence of Eye-Contact between Mothers and Preschool Children upon the Relationship between Mothers' Control Behaviors and Children's Emotions
Song, Hana ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 5, 2014, Pages 83~98
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.5.83
This study examined the influences of eye-contact upon the relationship between mothers' control behaviors and emotions of preschool children. The participants of this study were 66 children aged 6, and their mothers. The children and mothers were observed taking part in a writing task for 15 minutes, and two coders analyzed the amount of eye-contact between children and mothers, mothers' verbal and nonverbal support and coercive control, and children's emotions in the task setting. The results showed that mothers' coercive control and nonverbal support significantly accounted for children's negative and positive emotions, respectively. In addition, the interaction between eye-contact and mothers' verbal support was significant. In particular, mothers' behaviors significantly affected children's emotions only when eye-contact occurred. Mothers' behaviors in the absence of eye-contact did not affect children's emotions. The discussion section included an analysis of the social function of eye-contact on the verbal and nonverbal communication between mothers and children, and suggestions for future study were also presented.
The Effect of Sex Role Stereotypes on Juvenile Delinquency Mediated by Stigma : Focusing on Gender Difference
Yang, Eun Byeor ; Jin, Mi Seon ; Oh, Su Kyung ; Park, Si Ha ; Chung, Ick Joong ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 5, 2014, Pages 99~111
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.5.99
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between sex role stereotypes and delinquency, and determine if it is mediated by stigma. The data was taken from the fourth wave of the 2010 Korea Youth Panel Survey(KYPS), which was administered by the Korea Youth Policy Institute. The major findings are as follows: First, sex role stereotypes were found to increase stigma and delinquency. Second, the relationship between sex role stereotypes and delinquency is mediated by stigma. Third, the results revealed that there was a significant gender difference in mediating models. As for the female participants, stigma had a mediating effect in the relationship between sex role stereotyping and delinquency. In contrast, for the male participants, the mediating effect of stigma was found to be insignificant. Based on these results, this research suggested that delinquency prevention programs need improvement considering gender difference and sex role stereotypes.
Development of Meaning of Parenting Scale for Mothers : Focusing on Mothers of Infants and Toddlers
Kim, Yeonsook ; Lee, Jonghee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 5, 2014, Pages 113~134
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.5.113
This study sought to develop a 'Meaning of Parenting Scale for Mothers(MPS-M)' in order to measure how Korean mothers perceive the meaning of parenting. To this end, in Study I, a preliminary scale was designed, based firstly on socio-cultural and evolutionary psychological perspectives and secondly on the responses from 118 mothers concerning meaning of parenting. This was followed up by the collection of 887 mothers' responses to the preliminary scale, which then underwent exploratory factor analysis for scale revision. In Study 2, confirmatory factor analysis was conducted on a collection of responses from 548 mothers using the revised scale. Concurrent validity was tested using a parenting stress scale, and reliability was then checked by conducting calculations for internal consistency. As a result, the MPS-M was finally developed, consisting of 25 items under six factors: 'Internal Maturity', 'Restoration of Naturality', 'Familial Union', 'Physical Burden', 'Affective Disorientation', and 'Comprehensive Loss'. Accordingly, the meaning of parenting was statistically confirmed as a hierarchical two-sided concept possessing six factors under positive and negative meaning categories.
The Causal Relationship between Maternal Parenting Stress and Self-Efficacy by Employment Status
Shin, Nary ; Ahn, Jaejin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 5, 2014, Pages 135~154
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.5.135
This study examined the causal relationships between parenting stress and self-efficacy of Korean mothers with an infant according to employment status using the second through fourth wave data of the Panel Study of Korean Children (PSKC). Autoregressive cross-lagged modeling was performed to test the longitudinal reciprocal relationships between the two constructs. Our results indicated that both maternal parenting stress and self-efficacy were consistent over time. The results also indicated that there was a significant cross-lagged effect of maternal parenting stress on their self-efficacy, rather than vice versa. No differences between working and non-working mothers were found in the relationship between the two constructs.