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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 35, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 35, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
Effects of Cognitive Spectrum Program on the Development of Children from Low Income Families
Kang, Hanna ; Park, Hyewon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 6, 2014, Pages 1~23
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.6.1
The purpose of this study was to develop the Cognitive Spectrum Program, a cognitive development program designed to increase children's IQ. The effect of this program was verified using a nonequivalent control group design. The subjects were 127 5-8 year old children. 56 children were assigned to the experimental group and 71 children to the control group. The experimental group participated in thirteen 90 min. long sessions. Quantitative analyses using SPSS WIN 18.0 and qualitative analyses were carried out. The results were as follows: First, this Cognitive Spectrum Program was shown to be effective in improving cognitive development. Second, the amount of improvement in cognitive development was found to be predictive of the amount of change in socioemotional development, demonstrating that attention deficits and overall problem behaviors were greatly reduced among the children whose IQ was improved by this program. This finding was also verified through qualitative analyses.
The Effects of an Early Childhood Physical Rhythm Education Program on Rhythm Perception and Rhythm Expression
Suh, Young Meen ; Yi, Soon Hyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 6, 2014, Pages 25~46
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.6.25
The purposes of this study were to demonstrate whether a Physical Rhythm Education Program can alter children's rhythm perception and rhythm expression. To solve the questions posed by this study, 60 5-year-olds and 60 6-year-olds (a total of 120 children) from one child-care center in Kyunggi-province were selected. An experimental group participated in the Physical Rhythm Program which was carried out 10 times over the course of 4 weeks. The results indicated that the Physical Rhythm Program positively improved the children's rhythm perception and rhythm expression. In particular, the Physical Rhythm Program was more effective in producing effects upon six-year-olds' rhythm perception and rhythm expression (verbal, instrumental and physical expression) than five-year-olds' rhythm expression (instrumental and physical expression).
The Effects of Acculturation of Children and Parents from Multicultural Families on the Self-Esteem of Children in Rural Areas
Jung, Jung-Hwa ; Lee, Kang-Yi ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 6, 2014, Pages 47~64
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.6.47
This study was conducted with the aim of examining the acculturation process of children and parents from multicultural families, which can affect the self-esteem of the children concerned. The participants from each family consisted of the fathers, mothers, and school-age children of 179 households. The results of this study reveal the following: (1) First, the multicultural children scored higher than the average in self-esteem in most areas except school life. Furthermore, the children and parents had a comparatively positive attitude toward acculturation (2) Second, the children's level of self-esteem had significant correlations only with the acculturation of mothers as opposed to fathers. (3) Third, the impacts of acculturation of the children and their parents on the children's self-esteem followed different patterns according to the sub-areas of self-esteem. Specifically, the self-esteem for overall self-value and family relations rose when the multicultural acceptance attitude of mothers was high. However, area of peer relations was affected only by the acculturation of children. The area concerning school life was high when the mother-culture propagation attitude of mothers was low.
The Influences of Effortful Control and Working Memory on Emotion Regulation in Preschool Children : The Analysis of Moderating Effect of Child Sex
Choi, Eunah ; Song, Hana ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 6, 2014, Pages 65~78
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.6.65
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between preschooler's sex, effortful control, working memory, and emotion regulation. The moderating effect of sex in the influences of effortful control and working memory on emotion regulation was also investigated. Eighty-eight children from the ages of 3 to 5 years participated in this study. A working memory task of the Korean Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children IV(K-WISC-IV; Kwak, Oh, & Kim, 2011) was administered to the children. Their parents completed a very short form of the Children's Behavior Questionnaire(Putnam & Rothbart, 2006) and Emotion Regulation Checklist(Shields & Cicchetti, 1997). The results indicated that effortful control significantly predicted emotion regulation. Additionally the moderating effect of sex on the relationship between working memory and emotion regulation was significant. Specifically, the influence of working memory on emotion regulation was significant only in boys, but not in girls. This result suggested that effortful control has an effect on emotion regulation in a stable manner whereas working memory has different effects on the influence of emotion regulation according to sex.
The Influences of Narcissism and Emotional Self-Disclosure on the Depression and Happiness Levels of High School Students
Park, Young-Ah ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 6, 2014, Pages 79~92
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.6.79
This study investigates the influences of narcissism and emotional self-disclosure on depression and happiness levels of high school students. The participants comprised of 334 high school 1st-graders. The results indicated that: (1) Girls showed higher levels of both narcissism and emotional self-disclosure than boys, but there was no gender difference evident in the levels of depression and happiness. (2) The more the students felt depressed, the less they experienced happiness. Additionally, the more the students disclosed emotionally about themselves, the less they experienced depression. (3) High levels of narcissism and low levels of emotional self-disclosure increased depression, but the interactional effect between narcissism and emotional self-disclosure on depression was not statistically significant for either gender. Moreover, low levels of narcissism and high levels of emotional self-disclosure tended to see increased levels of happiness for both genders, however the interactional effect between narcissism and emotional self-disclosure on happiness was statistically significant only for boys. That is, for boys, the negative effects of narcissism on happiness can be reduced if the level of emotional self-disclosure is high.
The Effects of Cookbook Making Activities on Young Children's Mathematical Concepts and Writing Development
Park, Mi-Young ; Kim, Min-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 6, 2014, Pages 93~110
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.6.93
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of cookbook making activities on young children's mathematical concept and writing development. The participants were comprised of 50 five-year-old children from two intact classes from a kindergarten in Gyeonggi province, and they were divided into an experimental and a comparison group. The experimental group participated in cooking activities and produced cookbooks as extension activities whereas the comparison group carried out only cooking activities. The results indicated that the children in the experimental group received statistically higher scores in mathematical concept- and writing-tests, suggesting that cookbook making activities are a useful educational tool for enhancing young children's mathematical concepts and facilitating their writing development.
The Development and Validation of a Parenting Behavior Scale for Parents of Early School-Age Children
Rhee, Sun-Hee ; Doh, Hyun-Sim ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 6, 2014, Pages 111~133
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.6.111
This study was conducted in order to develop a parenting behavior scale for parents of school-age children and to analyze the scale in terms of both reliability and validity. Data were collected from a sample of mothers of
to 3rd grade students in four elementary schools located in Seoul. 778 mothers were administered a parenting behavior scale with 123 items, and 779 mothers were asked to verify the validity of the developed scale in which 45 items remained after a series of analyses. Data were analyzed by means of exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and correlation analysis. The results of factor analysis identified five factors, Warmth, Reasoning, Intrusiveness, Coercion, and Neglect. The Cronbach's
of each factor demonstrated results of .82~.86, suggesting that the scale had adequate internal consistency. Concurrent validity was established by using correlations between mothers' parenting behaviors and children's social competence. Moreover, cross-validation was also verified for the five factors. Considering the reliability and validity of this scale, it can clearly serve as a useful tool for assessing parenting behavior which is closely related to child development.
The Mediating Effects of Maternal Control Strategies on the Relationship between Preschoolers' Temperament and Compliance/Noncompliance
Shin, Nana ; Doh, Hyun-Sim ; Kim, Min-Jung ; Song, Seung-Min ; Kim, Soo Jee ; Yun, Ki Bong ; Doo, Jeong Il ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 6, 2014, Pages 135~152
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.6.135
The main purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effects of maternal control strategies on the relationship between preschoolers' temperament and compliance/noncompliance. A total of 125 mothers with preschoolers aged 3 and 4 years participated in this study. Preschoolers' temperament was reported by mothers. Maternal control strategies and preschoolers' compliance/noncompliance were observed in the laboratory using a clean-up task. There were four major findings. First, preschoolers with higher levels of activity exhibited less compliance, and preschoolers with higher levels of adaptability and activity displayed more noncompliance. Second, preschoolers whose mothers used fewer commands and more compliments displayed more compliance and less noncompliance. Third, mothers who rated their children higher in activity level used more commands with their children. Finally, the use of maternal commands mediated the association between preschoolers' activity level and compliance/noncompliance. When preschoolers' activity level and maternal control strategies were considered together to predict preschoolers' compliance/noncompliance, the relationship between activity level and compliance/noncompliance became nonsignificant. These findings suggest that the effects of temperament on compliance/noncompliance are indirect through maternal control strategies.
The Relationships between Maternal Meta-Emotion Philosophy, Adolescent's Psychological Adjustment and Depression : The Moderating Effects of Mother-Adolescent Communication Time
Nahm, Eun Young ; Park, So Eun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 35, issue 6, 2014, Pages 153~170
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2014.35.6.153
The purpose of this study was to examine the moderating effects of mother-adolescent communication time on the relationship between maternal meta-emotion philosophy, adolescent psychological adjustment and depression. The participants for this study comprised 181 first and second grade high school students and their mothers, residing in Seoul. The results of the analyses indicated that, (a) maternal disapproving is negatively correlated to adolescents' positive world views, and that maternal laissez-faire is also negatively correlated to adolescents' emotional responsiveness. However, a positive correlation is revealed between maternal emotion-coaching and adolescents' positive self-esteem. (b) It is evident that adolescents' emotional responsiveness is influenced by maternal laissez-faire, and that adolescents' positive self-esteem is influenced by emotion-coaching. It also indicated that mother-adolescent communication time is influenced by dismissing as well as laissez-faire meta-emotion philosophy. (c) It revealed that mother-adolescent communication time, in part, has a meaningful moderating effect on the relationship between meta-emotion philosophy and adolescent depression. Therefore, the present study indicates that even if maternal disapproving, laissez-faire, or dismissing is practiced, adolescent depression levels decrease as mother-adolescent time lengthens.