Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 36, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 36, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 36, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 36, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 36, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 36, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
The Mediating Effect of Mothers' Emotional Expressiveness in the Relationship between Their Beliefs about Children's Emotion and the Children's Emotional Regulation as it is Perceived by Their Mothers
Choi, Hye Jeong ; Lee, Dong-gwi ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 3, 2015, Pages 1~18
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.3.1
This study tested the relationship between mothers' beliefs about their children's emotions and the children's emotional regulation, using the mothers' positive and negative emotional expressiveness as mediators. The participants comprised 511 mothers with children whose ages ranged from 3 to 5 years, from 11 early childhood educational institutions located in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. The survey data were analyzed using the SPSS 21.0, AMOS 21.0 and Mplus 6.12 programs. The main results were as follows. First, there were significant correlations among the three variables (i.e., mothers' beliefs about their children's emotions, the children's emotional regulation, and the mothers' emotional expressiveness). Second, both the mothers' beliefs about their children's emotions and the mothers' emotional expressiveness predicted in a significant manner the children's degree of emotional regulation. Third, the mediating effects of the mothers' emotional expressiveness were found to be significant. This indicated that the mothers' emotional expressiveness can be one means by which their children's emotional regulation can be increased, and this needs to be taken into account when designing educational and counseling programs.
The Mediating Effect of Parenting Competency on the Relationship between Marital Satisfaction and Depression of Adoptive Mother and Problem Behavior of Adopted Child
Ahn, Jae-Jin ; Byun, Mi-Hee ; Kwon, Ji-Sung ; Choi, Woon-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 3, 2015, Pages 19~34
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.3.19
The purpose of this study was to explore the influence of marital satisfaction and depression of adoptive mother on the problem behaviors of adopted children and the mediating effects of parenting competency between them. Contextual variables such as family background and adoption-related characteristics were also included as control variables. The results of multiple regression analysis showed marital satisfaction had significant influence on the problem behavior of adopted child through flexibility of parenting competency, while depression was not significantly related to parenting competency of adoptive mother. Yet, maternal depression had direct influence on the problem behavior of adopted child. Based on the limitations of the study, suggestions for further study were made.
The Effectiveness of the Respected Parents & Respected Children Parent Education Program for Mothers of Early School-age Children
Kim, Min-Jung ; Doh, Hyun-Sim ; Shin, Nana ; Kim, Soo Jee ; Song, Seung-Min ; Shin, Jung-Hui ; Kang, Hara ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 3, 2015, Pages 35~57
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.3.35
The present study employed a pretest-posttest quasi-experimental design model in order to evaluate the effectiveness of the Respected Parents & Respected Children (RPRC) parent education program for mothers of early school-age children. Ninety mothers were randomly assigned to an intervention (n=45) group or a control group (n=45). Mothers in the intervention group participated in 8 weekly sessions of the parent education program. After the termination of the program, the differences between pretest and posttest were analyzed in terms of both maternal parenting characteristics (i.e., parenting behavior, parenting efficacy, parenting stress, and co-parenting) and children's social competence. The results indicated that only in the intervention group, self-reported positive parenting characteristics were significantly improved and negative parenting characteristics were significantly decreased. There were no significant effects of the program on children's social competence as rated by the mothers. These findings suggest that the RPRC parent education program is effective in changing parenting characteristics known as crucial predictors of child outcomes.
The Relationship between a Child's Affective Empathy, a Mother's Empathy, and the Child's Prosocial Behavior
Song, Seung Hee ; Jahng, Kyung Eun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 3, 2015, Pages 59~75
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.3.59
The purpose of this research is to understand the relationship between children's affective empathy, their mother's cognitive and affective empathy, and children's prosocial behavior; as well as to examine ways of enhancing children's prosocial behavior by analyzing the factors affecting its development. The results of this study may be summarized as follows. First, girls generally had higher levels of empathetic ability and pro-social behavior than boys. Secondly, there was not to be no significant correlation between the children's affective empathetic ability and the mothers' cognitive and affective empathetic abilities. However, there was a significant association between the affective empathy of the children and the mothers' cognitive empathetic abilities with the children's prosocial behavior. Thirdly, both the affective empathy of the children and the mothers' cognitive empathy predicted the level of the children's prosocial behavior.
The Trajectories and Predictors of Maternal Post Natal Depressive Symptoms in a High Risk Group, Based on Latent Growth Modeling
Lee, Wanjeong ; Kim, Gyunhee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 3, 2015, Pages 77~92
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.3.77
The purpose of this study was to employ the Latent Growth Curve Model to investigate the developmental trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms and to identify predictors that might have an effect on change and the level of developmental trajectories. The results of this study indicated that the maternal depressive levels of a high risk group had increased significantly over the past 5 years. The predictors for these developmental trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms were as follows; birth order, maternal prenatal depressive levels, self-esteem, marital satisfaction, parenting stress and the level of family crisis experienced by the high risk group.
Exposure to Internet Pornography and the Effect upon Levels of Sexual Knowledge and Sexual Attitudes in Children
Oh, Eun-Seon ; Choi, Jin-Ah ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 3, 2015, Pages 93~113
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.3.93
The purpose of this study was to explore the currents status of exposure to internet pornography on the part of elementary students and to analyze the impact upon levels of sexual knowledge or sexual attitudes in such children. The participants in this study comprised 536 6th grade elementary school students. The data was analyzed by means of T-tests, F-tests, Pearson's correlation and regression analysis. The results were as follows. First, 32.5% of the subjects had experienced some degree of exposure to internet pornography. Second, sexual attitudes and sexual knowledge were found to be higher in accordance with the general characteristics exhibited by the girls, these same sexual attitudes and sexual knowledge amongst girls were observed to be even higher when they were exposed to internet pornography. Third, the characteristics of this exposure to internet pornography did not significantly impact on levels of sex knowledge. However, the characteristics of exposure to internet pornography did significantly impact upon sexual attitudes. In particular, gender permissiveness, attitudes regarding pornography, and attitudes towards physical contact did have a significant impact.
The Effects of Childhood Attachment on the Parenting Practices of Working Mothers : The Mediating Role of Parental Satisfaction
Won, Su-Youn ; Choi, Mi-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 3, 2015, Pages 115~138
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.3.115
The main purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between childhood attachment, parental satisfaction and the parenting practices of working mothers with young children. The participants were composed of 221 working mothers with young children attending day care centers and kindergartens in Seoul and Gyeonggi Province. The subjects completed questionnaires on childhood attachment, parental satisfaction and parenting practices. The data were analyzed by means of Pearson's correlation coefficients and multiple regression analysis. It was observed that childhood attachment had an effect on parenting practices. Parental satisfaction was also found to have an effect on parenting practices. In addition, childhood attachment had an effect on parental satisfaction. It was further found that parental satisfaction mediated the relationship between childhood attachment and parenting practices very well. These results clearly indicate that parental satisfaction plays an important role in childhood attachment and parenting practices.
An Exploration into the Process of Scientific Thinking on the part of Young Children as seen through Constructive Play : Focusing on the Cases of the Jaemi Class
Baik, Eunyoung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 3, 2015, Pages 139~154
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.3.139
The purpose of this study was to explore the process of scientific thinking as it is revealed through the cases of constructive play for young children. For this purpose, the researcher observed and interviewed six four-year-olds in the Jaemi Class while recording them with a camcorder during a free choice activity class in the morning from April 23 to June 25, 2012. The observations were analyzed in chronological order according to the changes of theories and structure as presented by the children themselves. The process of scientific thinking in constructive play for young children can be divided into presentation of naive theories, the abandonment of naive theories according to repetitive experiences and the discovery of inconsistency, the representation of alternative theories, and the abandonment of alternative theories according to repetitive experiences and the discovery of contradictions. On the basis of the results, constructive play has proved to serve a valuable educational function by inducing scientific thinking processes in children. On the basis of this finding, the researcher suggests the need to provide appropriate educational support to teachers.
Structural Relationships Among Playfulness, Self-regulation and Ego-resilience of Child
Kang, Su Kyoung ; Kim, Minjeong ; Chung, Mi Ra ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 3, 2015, Pages 155~174
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.3.155
This study examined the structural relationships among the child's playfulness, self-regulation, and ego-resilience. Through an examination of these relationship, this research aimed to analyze the direct and indirect influences of the child's playfulness on self-regulation and ego-resilience. The participants of this study consisted of 359 children attending kindergartens in the Seoul and Gyeonggi-do area. The sample was analyzed using the SPSS 21.0, AMOS 21.0, and Maximum Likelihood method (ML). The significance of the indirect effects was tested by means of bootstrapping. The results of this study were as follows: (i) the child's playfulness had a direct influence on relational ego-resilience; (ii) the child's playfulness directly affected self-regulation; (iii) the child's self-regulation directly affected relational and aptitudinal ego-resilience; and (iv) the child's playfulness was indirectly influential to relational resilience and resilient competency through self-regulation. The discussion also took into account the specific methods which can be used to enhance the child's playfulness and self-regulation.
A Preliminary Study to the Validity of 'Attachment Q-set' as a Measuring Tool for 5 Years' Attachment
Seo, Seon Ok ; Shim, Mi Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 3, 2015, Pages 175~194
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.3.175
The purpose of this preliminary study was to investigate the validity of the 'Attachment Q-set' as a measuring tool for 5 years attachment stability. The subjects comprised 18 boys and 15 girls aged 5 in a daycare center in G city, in Kyongnam. The instruments used in this study were 'Attachment Q-set', ASCT, and IPPA-R. Based on experts' rating, the Q-set was modified, reducing it from 90 to 75 items, and used a Likert 5-points scale. ASCT scores as well as types were compared with the scores of the Q-set and IPPA-R. The attachment type was classified into either secure or insecure. The IPPA-R score of the secure infants was significantly higher than the insecure, and correlated with the ASCT score. However, there was no significant correlation between the Q-set score with the attachment types or the ASCT scores. The Q-set scores were partially correlated with the IPPA-R. This results were discussed in terms of the Q-set's invalidity for rating attachment levels of 5 years as well as the limitations imposed by the subjects' restrictive numbers.
A Study of Developing Key Contents for Self Directed Teacher Education Program with Project : Focused on Project-implementing
Yun, Eunju ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 3, 2015, Pages 195~213
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.3.195
This study aims to uncover what kinds of difficulties preschool teachers are now confronted with when they begin to implement project based learning with young children, in order to develop contents for teacher education programs. From July 2012 to February, 2013, 9 teachers participated in implementing projects in preschool classrooms. For data generation and interpretation, observations of class projects, tape-recordings of teacher conferences, and interviews with the teachers were made. The findings were as follows: teachers' uncertainty regarding project itself, teachers themselves, child competence, and its sustainableness were the most critical obstacle to hinder the teachers in implementing self directed projects with young children. The results imply that the teachers' belief in child competence in doing projects is of great significance; their view that it is very difficult for them to do projects without viewing young children a co-constructor of knowledge. Therefore, the key element in developing contents for teacher education programs should include a richer understanding of young children' competence.