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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
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Volume & Issues
Volume 36, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 36, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 36, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 36, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 36, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 36, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
Bidirectional Associations between the Negative Emotionality of 0-to 3-year-old Children and Maternal Warmth / Reactivity
Kim, Soo Jung ; Chung, Ick-Joong ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 4, 2015, Pages 1~16
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.4.1
The purpose of this study was to examine the bidirectional relationship between the negative emotionality of 0-to 3-year-old and maternal parenting styles, focusing on warmth and reactivity. Four waves of panel data from the Korean Children Panel Study(KCPS) were analyzed in this study by means of autoregressive cross-lagged modeling. The results of this study were as follows. First, negative emotionality and maternal parenting styles were consistently stable for 0-to 3-year-old. Second, a bidirectional relationship between negative emotionality and maternal warmth parenting styles was confirmed according to the appearance of both parent and child effects. In other words, higher levels of negative emotionality was associated with lower maternal warmth parenting styles across time and in both directions. Additionally, the relationship between negative emotionality and maternal reactivity parenting styles were partially identified as being bidirectional in nature, whilst also being related to age. These findings suggested that parent education aimed at strengthening parenting skills, and programs designed to relieve negative emotionality of 0-to 3-year-olds are clearly needed.
Stability & Changes of Participant Roles in Bullying and Associated Environmental Characteristics : With a Focus on Peer Bystanders
Seo, Mijung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 4, 2015, Pages 17~32
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.4.17
The purpose of the present study was to explore the stability and changes of participant roles in the bullying process, namely, bullies, victims, followers, outsiders, and defenders. In addition, this study examined associated environmental characteristics of both followers and defenders in sixth graders among peer bystanders in the fifth grade. The participants consisted of 461 children from grades 5 to 6(male: 239, female: 222). Data were collected at one year intervals for two data points. The results indicated a moderate consistency in the participant roles the children take across time. Followers and outsiders tended to change differently in their roles one year later. On the other hand, defenders, bullies, and victims tended to keep the same role. The defenders group generally had higher levels of peer attachment, teacher attachment and community`s supervision than the followers group. The implications for future research and intervention in bullying were also discussed.
A Qualitative Case Study on the Discrepancy between Children`s Gender Schema and Gender Role Acceptability: With a Focus on the Intersexual Role Playing of Two Brothers`
Lee, Eun-Ji ; Kang, Hyoun-Gu ; Pack, Yun-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 4, 2015, Pages 33~48
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.4.33
It is generally known that children`s development of `gender schema` and `gender role stereotype` has a positive relationship with the notion of `gender role preference`. This study analyzed an unusual case focusing on the role playing of two brothers`. The elder brother, Hyoung-Gyoo, always preferred to take the female role, and he had a preference for feminine names like "Cordelia" whilst engaging in role playing situations. The brothers can be said to have crossed the border into the realm of intersexual role playing. The results revealed Hyoung-Gyoo`s clear discrepancy between gender-related perceptions and reality, and showed his younger sibling Je-Gyoo`s high level of acceptance towards his brother`s extraordinary gender role preference. The results of this study can serve as a useful reference point for detailing unusual development from early childhood regarding `opposite-gender-role seeking` characteristics.
An Analysis on the Status and Early Childhood Teachers` Awareness of Body Education
Jung, Kyoung-Su ; Jung, Jin-Sung ; Lim, Boo-Yeon ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 4, 2015, Pages 49~69
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.4.49
This study is mainly concerned with researching the perception and the actual conditions of the body education in the kindergarten. For the purpose of this study, the research was carried out using 150 early childhood teachers located in Pusan. Data were collected from survey and interview with early childhood teachers June 2014 to March 2015. Interview proceeded total 5 sessions by study participant and that was required about 1 hours. Questionnaire extracts basis category that analyzes literatures and researches related to body systematically and arranged question category and contents according to investigator`s study objective. The results of the study were, first, There is need for deterritorialization and reterritorialization in perception of the teachers of the children`s body. second, we need learning and teaching based on children body in teaching and learning activities. It begins with perception change of teacher. And these activity in the classroom are required accordingly. Third, the method for reducing the gap between teacher`s perception of body and teaching activities have to be provided.
The Effects of Child Maltreatment on Reactive Aggression Amongst Middle-School Students and the Moderating Role of Self-Control
Kwon, Min Jung ; Park, Ju Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 4, 2015, Pages 71~89
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.4.71
The present study examined the effects of child maltreatment and self-control on reactive aggression amongst middle-school students and investigated whether students` self-control had any form of moderating effect on the relationship between child maltreatment and reactive aggression. The participants of this study consisted of 482 students (204 boys and 278 girls) from four middle schools located in Seoul and Gyoung-gi province. The Peer Conflict Scale (Marsee, Kimonis, & Frick, 2004) was used to measure the level of reactive aggression. The level of child maltreatment was assessed by means of the Child Trauma Questionnaire (Bernstein & Fink, 1998). Self-control was measured by the Self-Control Scale (Nam, 1999). Statistical analyses of data used for this study comprised the following methods; frequency, mean, standard deviation, and hierarchical regression. The moderating effect of self-control was analyzed by using the procedures proposed by Baron and Kenny (1986). The results indicated that the level of child maltreatment increased the level of reactive aggression whereas the level of self-control decreased the level of reactive aggression. In addition, self-control moderated the influence of child maltreatment on student`s reactive aggression. As a result, the influence of child maltreatment upon reactive aggression was greater when the level of self-control was low, compared to when it was high.
The Effects of Parenting Practice on the Trajectories of Change in the School Adjustment of Upper Elementary Students
Lee, Jungmin ; Kang, Sujeong ; Lee, Kangyi ; Yi, Soonhyeong ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 4, 2015, Pages 91~110
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.4.91
In upper elementary period school adjustment and the effect of parenting face a new set of dynamics. We assumed that parental supervision, affection, incoherence, over-expectation, over-interruption and logical explanation would have an effect on individual trajectories in the development of school adjustment. Additionally, we hypothesized that this model would be different among boys and girls. In this study we analyzed three waves of data collected from 2,378 children nationwide in South Korea. This data was gathered from the Panel Study of Korean Youth and Adolescents conducted by the National Youth Policy Institute(NYPI). Growth-curve longitudinal analysis was conducted and the results indicate that levels of school adjustment had decreased through the
grade. Parents` supervision, affection and logical explanation significantly predict children`s initial school adjustment as well as their rate of decrease in their levels of school adjustment. Parents` supervision had a positive effect on girls` school adjustment. Parents` over-expectation had negative effect on boys` school adjustment levels. Policy implications and future directions for research were also discussed.
The Effect of Ego Strength and School Adjustment on the Life Satisfaction of School-Aged Children
Kim, Se Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 4, 2015, Pages 111~127
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.4.111
This study was conducted in order to model the relationship between children`s ego strength and their school adjustment and life satisfaction levels. For this purpose, 4,765 4th-6th grade elementary school children were surveyed by means of a questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed by means of structural equation modeling. The results of this study may be summarized as follows. First, in all the grades, a significant and positive correlation was observed between the children`s ego strength and their school adjustment and life satisfaction levels. Second, ego strength was found to be a variable that had a significant effect on life satisfaction indirectly through the medium of school adjustment. Third, the relation model between the variables differed according to grade. That is, the direct effect of ego strength on life satisfaction was stronger in the high grades, and the level of school relationship adjustment was found to have a significant effect on family relationship satisfaction as a factor of life satisfaction in 4th graders, whereas it did not in the case of 5th and 6th graders.
The Effects of Parental Attachment, Peer Attachment, and Teacher Attachment on Children`s Happiness in Elementary School Students in Higher Grades : With a Focusing on the Mediating Effect of Self-Regulation Abilities
Seong, Da Gyeom ; Kim, Choon Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 4, 2015, Pages 129~142
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.4.129
The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating effects of self-regulation abilities on the relationships between parental attachment, peer attachment, teacher attachment and children`s happiness in elementary school students in higher grades. The subjects of this study were selected from 4th-6th grade students residing in Dae-gu and Kyung-buk using questionnaires from May 1st to July 1st in 2014. The statistical analysis program(SPSS) was used for analyzing the collected data from the research in correlation analysis. To examine the mediating effects of self-regulation abilities on the relationship between parental attachment, peer attachment and teacher attachment and children`s happiness, the Baron and Kenny(1986) model was used.. The results are as follows. First, in the case of father attachment, mother attachment, peer attachment, and teacher attachment, self-regulation abilities and children`s happiness, as perceived by higher grade elementary school children positive correlations were observed. Second, in terms of relative effects of father attachment, mother attachment, peer attachment and teacher attachment on children`s happiness, mother attachment was observed to have the most effect on children`s happiness. Third, self-regulation abilities, as perceived by the children, mediated the effect of father attachment, mother attachment, peer attachment, and teacher attachment amongst higher grade elementary school students and the subsequent affect on children`s happiness.
The Relationship between Mothers` Attachment Levels, Types of Verbal Control, and Infants` Language Development
Nam, Hyo Jung ; Jahng, Kyung Eun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 4, 2015, Pages 143~161
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.4.143
This study aims to examine the relationship between mothers` attachment levels, types of verbal control, and infants` language development. The selected participants comprised 224 infants, aged 24-35 months and their mothers (224) at 25 long day care centers located Goyang-si, Gimpo-si in Gyeonggi-do, Incheon and Seoul. The major findings of this study were as follows. First, there were significant differences in mothers` attachment levels, types of verbal control, and infants` language development depending on the mothers` employment status. Secondly, to assess the relative influences of two variables which were significantly associated with infants` language development, the sociodemographic variables of mothers and infants, including infants` age and mothers` employment status, were controlled in order to conduct hierarchical regression analysis. The results revealed that imperative-oriented verbal controls, person-oriented verbal controls, and contact seeking all influenced infants` overall language development.
The Causal Relationships between Parenting Stress and the Parenting Attitudes of Infant Mothers
Hwang, Sungon ; Hwang, Zion ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 4, 2015, Pages 163~176
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.4.163
The purpose of this study is to examine the longitudinal causal relationships between maternal parenting stress and parenting attitudes. Relevant data from mothers with infants aged from 2 to 4 years of age was gathered from the Panel Study of Korean Children were analyzed by means of Latent Growth Modeling. The findings are as follows, First, levels of parenting stress increased whereas the extent of positive parenting attitudes decreased as children grow older. Second, the initial value of parenting stress was observed to have a negative effect on the initial value of positive parenting attitudes. Third, those mothers who generally have faster speeds of increasing parenting stress tend to have faster speeds of decreases in positive parenting attitudes. What this study clearly revealed is that the positive parenting attitudes of mothers with infants tend to improve when the mothers try to efficiently deal with their parenting stress by either acquiring appropriate parenting knowledge or receiving support from their families and communities.
The Developmental Trajectory of the Value of Children of Primiparous Mothers During the First Four Years
Lee, Jungmin ; Kim, Seri ; Lee, Kangyi ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 4, 2015, Pages 177~192
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.4.177
This paper examined the longitudinal changes observed in the emotional and instrumental values of children of primiparous mothers during the first to fourth year of childhood. Using latent growth modeling, the authors analyzed the four waves of data collected from 937 mothers and their firstborn babies nationwide in South Korea. This data was harvested from the Panel Study on Korean Children conducted by the Korea Institute of Child Care and Education. The results indicate that emotional and instrumental values of children showed decreasing patterns. When each year`s parenting stress was controlled, the emotional value of children tended to increase, whereas the instrumental value of children showed no significant change. Generally, it was found that the higher the parenting stress of each year, the corresponding year`s value of the children tended to be lower, except in the case of the first year`s emotional value of children. How these results can be best interpreted as well as the implication of these results is also discussed.
The Effects of Self-Efficacy on Adolescents` School Adjustment : The Mediating Effects of Depression and Aggression
Kim, Soyoun ; Chun, JongSerl ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 4, 2015, Pages 193~208
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.4.193
The aims of this study were to investigate the effects of self-efficacy on adolescents` school adjustments and to identify mediating effects of depression and aggression. To this end, we conducted descriptive analysis, correlation analysis, and path analysis, using data from the 2008 Korean Youth Panel Survey undertaken by the National Youth Policy Institute. Our analysis shows that self-efficacy has positive effects on adolescents` school adjustments, while both depression and aggression have negative effects on adolescents` school adjustments. Moreover, both depression and aggression have a mediating effect when it comes to self-efficacy and school adjustments. These results imply that schools should consider developing a service delivery system by providing students with professional services that enhance self-efficacy. Moreover, such services will be more effective when they are combined with a program that reduces students` depression and aggression.
The Predictive Factors of Maternal Parenting Stress and Longitudinal Trajectories : With a Focuse on the Effects of Maternal Parenting Styles and Toddlers` Peer Interruptive Behaviors
Lee, Hee-jung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 4, 2015, Pages 209~227
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.4.209
The present study investigated maternal parenting stress trajectories, using data gathered from the Korean Children Panel Survey. Four factors-monthly income, maternal depression levels, infants` negative emotionality, marital conflict-which were taken from reports made by the mothers` used in this study, were examined as predictors of maternal parenting stress trajectories. The effects of maternal parenting stress trajectories, parenting styles and toddlers` peer interruptive behaviors were also examined. The findings were as follows: First, maternal parenting stress trajectories somewhat increased from the 1st year period to the 4th year period. Second, infants` negative emotionality and marital conflict within the first year were observed to have a connection to the initial level and slope of maternal parenting stress trajectories. Third, maternal parenting stress trajectories predicted positive parenting styles, and parenting styles had a longitudinal impact on toddlers` peer interruptive behaviors at the 5th year period.
An Investigation into 2, 4 Year Old Children`s Nonsymbolic Arithmetic Ability According to Task Difficulty
Cho, Woo Mi ; Yi, Soon-Hyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 4, 2015, Pages 229~242
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.4.229
The purpose of this study was to investigate young children`s nonsymbolic arithmetic ability according to task difficulty. The participants in this study comprised 43 2-year-old children and 48 4-year-old children recruited from 5 childcare centers located in Seoul, Korea. All tasks were composed of comparison, addition, subtraction, multiplication and division tasks. In addition, each arithmetic task varied with the ratio of the two quantities; low level(1:2), middle level(2:3), high level(4:5). The results revealed that 2 & 4-year-old children could perform a large numerical range of nonsymbolic arithmetic tasks without influences from previously learned mathematics. This finding suggests that children have a degree of numerical capacity prior to symbolic mathematics instruction. Furthermore, children`s performance on nonsymbolic arithmetic tasks indicated the ratio signature of large approximate numerical representation. This result implies that large approximate numerical representation can be used in arithmetical manipulations.