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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 36, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 36, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 36, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 36, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 36, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 36, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
Factors Related to Quality in Child Care Services and Their Effects on User Satisfaction and Intentions of Users to Reuse Such Services
Lee, Bbeun Sae ; Park, Hyun Sun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 5, 2015, Pages 1~18
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.5.1
The purpose of this study is to understand how the factors related to quality in child care services effect decision making of parents to use such services again, using the parameter of parental satisfaction as a measure. In order to support the researcher's hypothesis, data was gathered from 566 households who send their children to one of the child care facilities in Goyang-Shi, Gyeonggi-Do. The collected data was then analyzed by means of structural equation modeling. The results of the analysis showed that the higher the level of assurance, service tangibility and empathy were, the more the parents were satisfied with the service. The more they were satisfied, the possibility of using the service again increased relatively. In conclusion, various political and practical implications were also addressed and discussed on the basis of these results, with the aim to improve the factors of quality in child care services and parental satisfaction.
The Roles of Maternal Responsiveness in the Relationship between Infants' Communicative Gestures and Play
Lee, Jiyoung ; Sung, Jihyun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 5, 2015, Pages 19~36
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.5.19
The purpose of this study was to firstly, investigate the relationship between infants' communicative gestures, play and maternal responsiveness and secondly, to examine the role of maternal responsiveness in the associations between infants' communicative gestures and play. The subjects comprised 42 infants (21 boys and 21 girls) and their mothers. The infants' communicative gestures, the infants' play and maternal responsiveness were observed during free play sessions lasting 20 minutes. The results are as follows. Mothers of girls showed higher levels of responsiveness than the mothers of boys. In addition, here were positive correlations between infants' communicative gestures, play and maternal responsiveness. Maternal responsiveness was observed to moderate the effects of infants' communicative gestures on the infants' average level of play. These results indicate that it is important for caregivers to interpret infants' communicative intentions appropriately and respond promptly and adequately in play situations.
The Process of Understanding the Psyche of an Elementary School-Aged Boy Who is Mentally Handicapped through Sandplay Therapy
Sim, Hee-og ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 5, 2015, Pages 37~58
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.5.37
This study explored the sandplay therapy case of an elementary school-aged boy who was mentally handicapped for the purposes of understanding his psyche. The goal of the therapy was to help him to adjust more appropriately to situations he commonly encountered within the free and protected space made possible during sandplay therapy. Fifty-five therapy sessions were held. The client showed a lack of fundamental care, which was accompanied with regression in the initial phase of therapy (1~14, my situations & regression). In the intermediate phase of therapy (15~52, rebirth), he experienced rebirth and grew psychologically with the death of both a spider and a king snake. In the final phase of therapy (53~55, the acquisition of treasure), he finished his journey with the acquisition of treasure in a free and protected space. By exhibiting a similar psyche with non-handicapped boys, this study confirmed an archetypal pattern existing even in a boy who was mentally handicapped.
The Effects of Self-Control and Social Support on Bullying Victimization and Perpetration among Early Adolescents
Baek, Ji-Eun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 5, 2015, Pages 59~74
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.5.59
The purpose of this study was to examine effects of self-control and social support (e.g., parents, peer, teachers) on bullying victimization and perpetration among early adolescents. 377 youths (11-14 years of age) from elementary and middle schools participated in the study. The data from these subjects were analyzed using the SPSS 18.0. The results of this study may be summarized as follows. There were differences by gender on bullying victimization and perpetration. Among boys, the factors influencing bullying victimization were social support from close friends and self-control. Among girls, the factors influencing bullying victimization were social support from parents and self-control. The factor influencing bullying perpetration was self-control for both boys and girls.
Reciprocal Relations between Maternal Parenting Behavior and Preschoolers' Compliance/Noncompliance during Mother-child Interactions : A Short-term Longitudinal Study
Shin, Nana ; Park, Bokyung ; Kim, Soyoung ; Doh, Hyun-Sim ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 5, 2015, Pages 75~94
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.5.75
This study examined short-term longitudinal reciprocal relationships between maternal parenting behavior and preschoolers' compliance/noncompliance, as well as stability in both maternal parenting behavior and preschoolers' compliance/noncompliance over time. The sample which was used for this study was taken from a two-wave (one year apart) longitudinal study of preschool-aged children and their mothers (N = 53 dyads). At both times, mothers and their children were invited to a laboratory and engaged in 25 minutes of play involving three episodes of mother-child interaction. Maternal parenting behavior and preschoolers' compliance/noncompliance during play were coded using the Dyadic Parent-Child Interaction Coding System-III (DPICS-III). Maternal codes included positive, neutral, and negative parenting behaviors and child codes were comprised of compliance and noncompliance. The results revealed that during the play session, maternal neutral and negative parenting behavior and preschoolers' compliance were stable over time. In addition, T1 maternal negative parenting behavior was significantly related to T2 child compliance/noncompliance. However, T1 child compliance/noncompliance were not significantly associated with T2 maternal parenting behavior. These findings suggest that during the preschool period, there are unidirectional effects from mothers to children.
The Development and Validation of a Scale to Measure the Mathematical Interaction of Young Children's Parents
Kim, Jihyun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 5, 2015, Pages 95~113
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.5.95
This study aimed to develop and validate a scale which could be used to evaluate mathematical interactions of parents with their young children. The subjects comprised 408 mothers of 4-6-year-old children. Means, standard deviation,
, Cramer's V, exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, Pearson correlations, and Cronbach's
were calculated. First, 49 items were developed through a review of relevant research, parent interviews, confirmation of item adequacy and content validity. These items were then edited down to a final list of 24 items representing 4 factors identified by exploratory factor analysis. Second, this 24-item. 4-factor scale was shown to have adequate construct validity, norm validity, and reliability by confirmatory factor analysis, Pearson correlation analysis, Cronbach's
. In conclusion, the final mathematical interaction scale for young children's parents was composed of 24 items with 4 factors: "interaction regarding numbers and operations, measurements, and patterns", "interaction regarding data collection and result presentation", "interaction with picture books", and "interaction regarding shapes and figures"
Longitudinal Study of Depression·Anxiety and Aggression in Children with Specific Profiles of Child Maltreatment
Kim, Se-Won ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 5, 2015, Pages 115~134
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.5.115
The main purpose of this study is to explore the relationship between latent classes of childhood maltreatment and depression anxiety and aggression from childhood to adolescence. 1,785 participants in a sample form Seoul Panel Study of Children were used in this study. Using latent class analysis, three classes of child maltreatment were identified: 'low maltreatment'(89.2%), 'physical+emotional abuse+neglect'(1.9%), 'physical+emotional abuse'(8.9%). Three developmental trajectories of depression anxiety were classified: 'low depression anxiety'(72.3%), 'moderate depression anxiety'(23.3%), 'high depression anxiety'(4.4%). Two developmental trajectories of aggression were revealed: 'low aggression'(89.3%), 'high aggression'(10.7%). As estimated by latent transition probability, the multiple maltreatment classes were more likely to have higher levels of depression anxiety or aggression than the no maltreatment class. There appeared to be distinct profiles of maltreatment among adolescents that had differential associations to measures of internal and external problems. The implications for both practice and policy implications are also discussed.
False Belief Understanding and Justification Reasoning according to Information of Reality amongst Children Aged 3, 4 and 5
Kim, Yumi ; Yi, Soon Hyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 5, 2015, Pages 135~153
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.5.135
The purpose of this study was to investigate false belief understanding and justification reasoning according to information of reality amongst children aged 3, 4 and 5. Children aged 3 to 5 years (N = 176) participated in this study. Each child was interviewed individually and responded to questions designed to measure his/her false belief understanding. Every child responded to the false belief task under two different information conditions of reality(reality known vs reality unknown). For more specific analysis, children's reasoning responses were also recorded. The major findings of this study are as follows. Children could understand false belief more easily under reality unknown conditions. Specifically, the influences of information conditions were crucial to 3-year-olds but not to 4- and 5-year-olds. Although 3 year olds were able to avoid the systematical errors inherent in the false belief task, they still did not understand the false belief itself. This study provides specific aspects of false belief understanding and its relevance to general changes in cognitive development.
An Experimental Study of Preschoolers' Strategies for Emotional Regulation and Their Mothers' Responses
Yun, Geum Suk ; Lee, Jin Suk ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 5, 2015, Pages 155~171
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.5.155
The purposes of this study were firstly, to examine the emergence of complex strategies for emotional regulation in 3 and 4 years old children, and secondly, to analyze the corresponding relationship of the preschoolers' strategies for emotional regulation and their mothers' responses. The subjects comprised 66 preschoolers(33 boys, 33 girls) and their mothers in J city. The results were as follows. First, the preschoolers' strategies for emotional regulation in frustrating episodes occurred in the following order; instrumental behaviors, cognitive reappraisal, distraction behaviors, and comforting behaviors. Second, the mother's responses to frustrating episodes occurred in the following order; cognitive reappraisal, instrumental behaviors, comforting behaviors, and distraction behaviors. Third, the corresponding relationship of the preschooler's strategies for emotional regulation and the mothers' responses to frustrating episodes were found to be of a similar patterns (e.g. preschoolers' cognitive reappraisal strategy and mothers' cognitive reappraisal response).
The Effects of a Mother's Big Five Personality Factors and Playfulness on Maternal Parenting Behavior
Han, Ji Hyeon ; Lee, Jin Suk ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 5, 2015, Pages 173~188
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.5.173
The main purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a mother's big five personality factors and playfulness on maternal parenting behavior. The participants consisted of 270 mothers with young children, aged 3-6 years old. The subjects completed questionnaires on IPIP(International Personality Item Pool), PAS(Playfulness Scale for Adults) and Parenting Behavior. The results were as follows. First, regarding the relationships of the mother'personality and parenting behavior, higher levels of neuroticism(N) in the mothers resulted in lower levels of warmth acceptance(W A) in parenting behavior. Higher levels of extroversion(E), openness(O), agreeableness(A), and conscientiousness(C) resulted in higher levels of W A. In terms of the relationships of the mother's playfulness and parenting behavior, higher levels of playfulness resulted in higher levels of W A. and lower levels of permissiveness nonintervention(P N) and rejection restriction(R R). Second, N, E, C, and a maternal sense of humor had an effect in W A. C was found to have an effect in P N and N was observed to have an effect in R R.
The Severity of Behavior Problems of Children with ASD and Their Mothers' Stress Coping Styles and the Impact upon Maternal Parenting Stress
Shin, Go Eun ; Park, Ju Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 5, 2015, Pages 189~208
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.5.189
The purposes of this study were twofold. Firstly, we sought to examine the effects of the severity of behavior problems of children with autism spectrum disorders and maternal stress coping styles on maternal parenting stress. Secondly, we investigated whether maternal stress coping styles moderate the relationship between the severity of children's behavior problems on parenting stress. The participants of this study comprised 106 mothers of children with ASD who were aged 6 to 18. In order to measure the research variables, the Parenting Stress Scale(Hwang, 2002), the Korean version of Child Behavior Checklist for Ages 6-18(Oh, Kim, Ha, Lee, & Hong, 2010), the Ways of Coping Checklist(Kim, 1987) were used. The data were analyzed by means of descriptive statistics and hierarchical multiple regression analyses. The results indicated that both the severity of externalizing behavior problems and the emotion-focused stress coping styles had significant and positive effects on parenting stress. Second, the stress coping styles had no moderating effect on the relationship between the severity of behavior problems(externalizing behavior problems, internalizing behavior problems) and maternal parenting stress.