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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 36, Issue 6 - Dec 2015
Volume 36, Issue 5 - Oct 2015
Volume 36, Issue 4 - Aug 2015
Volume 36, Issue 3 - Jun 2015
Volume 36, Issue 2 - Apr 2015
Volume 36, Issue 1 - Feb 2015
Selecting the target year
The Effects of Parental Socioeconomic Status on Preschoolers' Social Competence and Cognitive Development : The Role of Parental Warmth and Home Learning Environment
Chang, Young Eun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 6, 2015, Pages 1~21
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.6.1
This study was aimed at examining the paths through which family socioeconomic status as indicated by family income and parental education influenced preschool-aged children's socioemotional and cognitive development through the mediating role of parental warmth and the home learning environment. The study made use of data from 1,080 families who participated in the 5th wave of the Panel Study on Korean Children, when their children were approximately 4 years of age. Structural equation modeling analysis revealed that the models, including both parental warmth and the home learning environment did not fit the data well. The effects of warmth on social competence and cognitive development were not statistically significant. The modified models, using the home learning environment as a mediator between family SES and child's developmental outcomes showed that higher level of family income and parental education predicted a more cognitively stimulating home environment, which in turn, predicted a child's greater levels of social competence and positive cognitive development. The social competence of preschool-aged children again significantly predicted their cognitive development. The mediating effects of the home learning environment were statistically supported.
Differences in the Multicultural Perceptions of Elementary School Students and the Relationships between the Related Variables
Lee, Soo-Jae ; Chae, Jin-Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 6, 2015, Pages 23~38
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.6.23
The purpose of this study was to investigate and compare the multicultural perceptions (multicultural acceptability, multicultural sensitivity and judging multicultural children) of elementary school students. The subjects comprised 1,252 students (583 third graders and 669 sixth graders), promoted from 20 elementary school in J province. The findings are as follows. First, the independent t-test showed that the lower graders had higher scores in cultural openness and national identity of multicultural acceptability, as well as the cognitive element of multicultural sensitivity than upper graders. In addition, the upper graders had higher scores in unilateral expectations for assimilation of multicultural acceptability, as well as the cognitive element of judging multicultural children. Second, all subscales were found to be interrelated, except for unilateral expectations for assimilation and two subscales (cognitive and righteous) in judging multicultural children. These results imply that in order to help have more positive perceptions of multiculturalism, it is necessary to develop more diverse multicultural education programs for elementary school students which take into consideration their grade levels.
The Effects of a 『Traditional Play Program』 on a Child's Self-Esteem and Social Competency in a Community Child Center
Kim, Min-Seok ; Choi, Jin-Ah ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 6, 2015, Pages 39~57
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.6.39
This study aimed to confirm the usefulness of a "Traditional Play Program" in a self-esteem and social competency enrichment program at a Community Child Center. The subjects of this research comprised 12 children attending L Community Child Center in M city and participated in a "Traditional Play Program" for each 70minutes every week through total 10 sessions running from July 28th to September 29th in 2014. The collected data were analyzed by the Mann-Whitney & Wilcoxon test as non-parametric test, in addition to the progressive recording method for behavior observation. The results of this study indicate that a "Traditional Play Program" enriches the self-esteem and social competence of children who gets more vigorous activity sociality initiative respectively, and proves the usefulness for a Community Child Center.
The Effects of Maternal Parenting Behavior, Relationships with Friends, and Relationships with Teachers on the Subjective Well-being of Children in Late Childhood
Bea, Ju Yeong ; Doh, Hyun-Sim ; Rhee, Sun Hee ; Shin, Jung Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 6, 2015, Pages 59~83
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.6.59
This study examined the effects of maternal parenting behavior, relationships with friends, and relationships with teachers on the subjective well-being of children in late childhood. A total of 299 fifth and sixth grade students at elementary school (141 boys and 158 girls) participated in this study. The subjects completed questionnaires on maternal parenting behavior, relationships with friends, relationships with teachers, and their subjective well-being. The data were analyzed by means of Structural Equation Modeling (SEM). The results are as follows. First, maternal parenting behavior was found to have a direct effect on children's subjective well-being. Second, maternal parenting behavior was seen to have an indirect effect on children's subjective well-being through their relationships with friends. Third, maternal parenting behavior was found to have an indirect effect on children's subjective well-being through their relationships with their teachers. The findings from this study suggest that relationships factors established in both family and school need to be considered together in order to explain children's subjective well-being. In addition, this study emphasizes the relative importance of maternal parenting behavior in improving the subjective well-being of school-aged children, as compared to the relationships with both their friends and their teachers at school.
The Characteristics and Relationships of Learning Abilities by Brain Preference and EEG According to Elementary School Students Academic Achievement Level
Kim, Jin Seon ; Shim, Jun Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 6, 2015, Pages 85~100
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.6.85
This study divided elementary school 6th graders of into a higher academic achievement group (n=19) and a lower academic achievement group (n=19) in order to examine the tendency of left and right hemisphere preferences, characteristics and relationships of learning ability factors by means of EEG. For this purpose, brain waves in performing higher cognitive tasks for 5 min. were measured with a two-channel (Fp1, Fp2) EEG measurement system and hemisphere preference was measured by means of a questionnaire. Our results were as follows. First, hemisphere preference indicated that the higher group showed a left hemisphere tendency and the lower group indicated a right hemisphere tendency. Second, the first learning ability test found that the higher group performed its task rapidly with higher levels of concentration and cognitive strength and lower loading and the lower group conducted its task more slowly with lower levels of concentration and cognitive strength and higher loading. The second test showed that the higher group performed its task rapidly with lower levels of concentration.
An Analysis of the Musical Works of the Music Activities in Nuri Curriculum Guidebooks for Teachers of 3 to 5 Year Olds
Sung, Inji ; Chung, Shunah ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 6, 2015, Pages 101~123
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.6.101
The purpose of this study was to examine how musical pieces were presented in music activities on the Teacher's Guidebooks in order for young children to experience the aesthetics of music. For the purposes of this research, the ways to address musical elements and the music activities of 100 musical works in the Teacher's Guidebooks were analyzed. In addition, the aesthetic qualities of the same musical pieces presented by the sound sources were examined. Following this, an analysis of the relationship between the elements used and the aesthetic qualities of the music was carried out by comparing the previous analysis. The results were as follows. First, melody (38.1%), rhythm (29.0%), and timbre (20.5%) were the most utilized elements of musical works in such activities. Secondly, the most utilized method to present music activities was singing. Among 100 musical pieces, 74 pieces used singing activities. Next, the most audible aesthetic quality from sound sources was that of the melody, presented in 69 pieces (46.6%) among 100 musical works. Lastly, among 100 musical works, at least 64 pieces were matched with more than one, whereas 34 did not.
The Effects of Early Childhood Teachers' Emotional Intelligence on Young Children's Happiness : Based on Mediating Effects of Teachers' Job Satisfaction
Jeon, Hyo Jeong ; Lee, Kyung Nim ; Goh, Eun Kyoung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 6, 2015, Pages 125~146
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.6.125
The purpose of this study was to examine the mediating effects of early childhood teachers' job satisfaction on the relationship between teacher's emotional intelligence and young children's happiness. The subjects in this study comprised 294 young children and 24 early childhood teachers in Busan, Gyeongsangnam-do. The findings of study were as follow: the job satisfaction of the early childhood teachers was found to have a mediating effect on the relationship between their emotional intelligence and young children's happiness. These findings suggest that in order to promote young children's happiness, it is necessary to strengthen teachers' emotional abilities and to support strategies which enhance and build up their job satisfaction.
The Effects of Negative Emotionality and Mother's Social Parenting during Infancy on Peer Interaction at Age 3 : A Longitudinal Study Using Latent Growth Modeling
Choi, Insuk ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 6, 2015, Pages 147~164
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.6.147
The purpose of the present study was to examine the trajectories of children's negative emotionality and mother's social parenting over a 3-year period (for children at ages 1-3) and to then analyze the bidirectional effects between the two variables. The longitudinal casual relationship among children's negative emotionality, mother's social parenting and peer interaction at age 3 was also examined. The data, taken from the Panel Study on Korean Children, were analyzed using latent growth modeling. The results were as follows. First, the level of negative emotionality was seen to have increased by 2 years of age, whereas the level of mother's social parenting decreased by this point. Second, higher initial negative emotionality predicted decreases in mother's social parenting, However, higher initial mother's social parenting predicted increases in children's negative emotionality. The initial level and slope of mothers' positive parenting predicted peer interaction at age 3, while only the slope of negative emotionality predicted peer interaction. These findings suggest that temperament and parenting predict changes in each other and peer interaction.
The Relationships Among Early Adolescents' Perceived Negative Parenting Practices Trajectories of Mobile Phone Dependency, and Self-Regulated Learning : With a Focus on Gender Differences
Hong, Yea-Ji ; Yi, Soon-Hyung ; Lee, Suhyun ; Cho, Hyerhim ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 36, issue 6, 2015, Pages 165~188
DOI : 10.5723/KJCS.2015.36.6.165
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among Korean early adolescents' perceived negative parenting practices, trajectories of mobile phone dependency(MPD), and self-regulated learning(SRL), while taking into account gender differences. Early adolescents are required to acquire self-regulation in Korean cultural contexts of a strong emphasis on academic achievement and recent technological advancements. The study made use of data from the Korean Children and Youth Panel Study(KCYPS), and three waves of data collected from 1,953 adolescents in
grade were analyzed. The results can be summarized as follows. Growth-curve longitudinal analysis indicates that their initial value of MPD through
grade had increased, but the initial value and rate of change were significantly different according to gender. Furthermore, the results of multiple group analysis revealed that some path weights appeared different according to gender. For male students, the rate of change in MPD did not have a significant effect on either SRL in
grade, whereas for female students, it predicted the existence of significant relationships with them. The implications of these findings were also discussed.