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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 37, Issue 3 - Jun 2016
Volume 37, Issue 2 - Apr 2016
Volume 37, Issue 1 - Feb 2016
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Child Care Teachers' Playfulness and Teaching Intention: Focusing on the Mediating Effects of Recognition of Music and Movement Activities
Lee, Ina ; Lee, Wanjeong ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 37, issue 2, 2016, Pages 1~11
DOI : 10.5723/kjcs.2016.37.2.1
Objective: This study examined how child care teachers' playfulness and recognition of music and movement relate to their teaching intention of music and movement. Methods: Participants were 200 child care teachers in Seoul, Incheon and Gyeonggi areas. The data were analyzed for descriptive statistics, pearson's correlation analysis, hierarchical multiple regression analysis, and sobel test. Results: The main results were as follows: First, child care teachers' playfulness, teaching intention of music and movement and their recognition of music and movement were positively correlated. Second, child care teachers' playfulness influenced on their teaching intention of music and movement. Finally, teachers' recognition of music and movement mediated the relationship between teachers' playfulness and their teaching intention of music and movement. Conclusion: This study showed that teachers' playfulness influenced on their positive recognition of music and movement activities, which was the variable that caused mediation in the teachers' playfulness and their teaching attention.
The Effects of Ego Strength, Failure Tolerance, and Performance Anxiety on School-Age Children's School Class Adjustment: A Focus on Gender Differences
Kim, Se Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 37, issue 2, 2016, Pages 13~25
DOI : 10.5723/kjcs.2016.37.2.13
Objective: The purposes of this study were to examine the effects of school-age children's ego strength, failure tolerance, and performance anxiety on their school class adjustment, and to model the relation structure of the variables. Method: For these purposes, a questionnaire survey was conducted with 562 6th graders. Results and Conclusion: The results of this study are summarized as follows. First, ego strength, failure tolerance, and performance anxiety were significantly different according to gender. Second, in male students, ego strength, failure tolerance, and performance anxiety had a significant direct effect on school class adjustment. In addition, ego strength and failure tolerance had a significant indirect effect on school class adjustment. Third, female students' paths to school class adjustment were similar to male students' but the effect of failure tolerance on performance anxiety and the effect of performance anxiety on school class adjustment were not significant. Fourth, in the results of multi-group analysis, the effect path from ego strength to school class adjustment was different between male and female students, and the effect was higher in female students than in male students.
Changes in Preschool Childcare and Private Education Expenses of Different Income Groups Caused by the Expansion of the Childcare Subsidy Recipients: A Focus on Universal Childcare Policy
Jung, Su-Ji ; Pack, Yun-Hyun ; Song, Ji-Na ; Kim, Daewoong ; Yi, Soon-Hyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 37, issue 2, 2016, Pages 27~42
DOI : 10.5723/kjcs.2016.37.2.27
Objective: The purpose of this study was to examine the changes of childcare expenses and private education expenses caused by target expanding the childcare subsidy policy and its relationship to household income. Methods: The study analyzed data of the Korean Welfare Panel Study from 2009, before the universal childcare policy was enforced, to 2013, when the universal childcare policy was enforced. Results and Conclusion: The results of analysis were as follows. First, while childcare expenses, private education expenses, and their ratios to household income showed a tendency of gradual decline, the graphs of childcare and private education expenses were symmetric. Second, there were differences in childcare and private education expenses among income classes. Third, in 2009, before the universal childcare policy was enforced, household income affected childcare and private expenses. Lastly, in 2013, after the universal childcare policy was implemented, household income had a greater effect on private education expenses, while the effect of household income on childcare expenses became insignificant.
Effects of Nursing Teacher's Efficacy and Professionalism on Childhood Curriculum Performance
Kim, Myoung Soon ; Shin, Yoon Seung ; Chae, Eun Wha ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 37, issue 2, 2016, Pages 43~56
DOI : 10.5723/kjcs.2016.37.2.43
Objective: This study examined the effect of early childhood teachers' perceptions of teacher efficacy and professionalism, which are personal traits, when administering the National Childcare Curriculum. Methods: Using snowball sampling, data were collected from 266 childcare center teachers in the nation and were analyzed using one-way analyses of variance and multiple regression using SPSS 14.0. Results and Conclusion: The findings are as the following: First, teacher efficacy was not significantly different among teachers by age, teaching experience, education, and childcare center type. Second, teacher efficacy was significantly related to the perception of their professionalism. Lastly, teachers' perceptions of teacher efficacy and professionalism explained significantly the variance in teachers' performance when administering the National Childcare Curriculum.
The Effects of Temperament, Social Support and Emotion Regulation on the Positive Psychological Capital of Middle School Students
Choi, Ara ; Lee, Sook ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 37, issue 2, 2016, Pages 57~77
DOI : 10.5723/kjcs.2016.37.2.57
Objective: This study examined the influences of general characteristics, temperament, social support, and emotional regulation on the positive psychological capital of adolescents. The data were collected from 672 middle school students living in Gwangju. Methods: Data were analyzed using Pearson correlation analyses and hierarchical regression analyses. Results: Temperament best explained positive psychological capital. In terms of individual factors, self-emotion regulation had the greatest effect on positive psychological capital, followed by friend support, persistence temperament, others emotion regulation, academic achievement, harm avoidance temperament, gender, and family support, in that order. Conclusion: The results for the effects of temperament, social support and emotion regulation on adolescent's positive psychological capital highlights the important roles played by the temperament, social support, and emotion regulation in improving an adolescent's positive psychological capital. The study contributes to the literature by proving fundamental insights into an adolescent's psychological strengths and higher quality of life.
Clusters of Preschoolers' Play Behaviors
Shin, Nary ; Lee, Hyungmin ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 37, issue 2, 2016, Pages 79~94
DOI : 10.5723/kjcs.2016.37.2.79
Objective: This study aimed to examine the predictors of indoor play behaviors using cluster analyses. Methods: Data from 963 children (age 4 years) who participated in the
phase of the Panel Study of Korean Children, their parents, and their teachers were analyzed using K-means clustering analyses, F-tests and multinomial logistic regression analyses. Results: The clustering analyses revealed three distinctive profiles: positive-theme oriented, general-exploratory/manipulative, and negative-exploratory/manipulative groups. Child characteristics, including cognition, language, and social level, and teachers' age were significantly associated with the groups in a different way; the clusters were partially different in the gender and creativity of children, interaction level of teachers' interaction, classroom environment, and program types that children attended. Conclusion: Findings revealed three clusters of play behaviors and highlighted the importance of the ecological variables that determined the clusters.
The Effectiveness of the Respected Parents and Respected Children Parent Education Program for Mothers of Toddlers
Rhee, Sun Hee ; Doh, Hyun-Sim ; Lee, Woon Kyung ; Oh, Hye Jin ; Shin, Jung Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 37, issue 2, 2016, Pages 95~109
DOI : 10.5723/kjcs.2016.37.2.95
Objective: This study used a pre-test and post-test quasi-experimental design to evaluate the effectiveness of the Respected Parents & Respected Children parent education program developed for mothers of toddlers. Methods: A total of 40 mothers were assigned to two groups, an intervention group (n = 20) and a waiting group (n = 20). Mothers in the intervention group participated in six weekly sessions of the parent education program. After the termination of the program, differences between the preand post-test in terms of mothers' parenting characteristics (i.e., parenting behaviors, parenting efficacy, and parenting stress) and toddlers' social and emotional characteristics were compared in both groups. Results: Mothers in the intervention group showed significant improvement in their parenting behaviors and parenting efficacy and decreased parenting stress, whereas mothers in the waiting group did not show any significant differences between pre- and post-test scores. Mothers in the intervention group also reported a significant improvement in their toddlers' level of imitation/play. Conclusion: These findings indicate that the Respected Parents & Respected Children parent education program is effective in bringing about positive changes in both mothers' and toddlers' characteristics, which can be crucial for the future developmental outcomes of children.
The Effects of Attachment and Shared Time Between Mother and Child and Self-Esteem on Subjective Well-Being in Late Childhood
Bae, Ji-A ; Doh, Hyun-Sim ; Park, Bokyung ; Kim, Min-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 37, issue 2, 2016, Pages 111~125
DOI : 10.5723/kjcs.2016.37.2.111
Objective: This study aimed to examine the effects of attachment and shared time between mother and child and self-esteem on subjective well-being in late childhood. Methods: A total of 329 fifth and sixth graders in elementary school (183 boys and 146 girls) participated in the study. They responded to questionnaires regarding attachment and shared time between mother and child and the self-esteem and subjective well-being of children. The data were analyzed using SEM. Results: Attachment and shared time between mother and child had an indirect effect through self-esteem as well as a direct effect on the subjective well-being of children. Children who formed secure attachments and spent more time with their mothers showed a higher level of subjective well-being. In addition, when children kept a good relationship with their mother quantitatively as well as qualitatively, they acknowledged their own capability and value positively, which led to higher subjective well-being. Conclusion: Findings emphasize that mother-child relationships play significant roles in predicting both the subjective well-being and self-esteem of children. The importance of self-esteem was identified in late childhood based on its relative influence on subjective well-being compared to mother-child relationships.
Relations Between Mothers' and Preschoolers' Use of Mental State Terms During Pretend Play and Preschoolers' Mental State Terms in Hypothetical Narratives
Shin, Nana ; Kim, Soyoung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 37, issue 2, 2016, Pages 127~142
DOI : 10.5723/kjcs.2016.37.2.127
Objective: This research examined mothers' and preschoolers' uses of mental state terms during pretend play and linked such use to children's independent mental state terms used in hypothetical narratives. Methods: Fifty four-year-olds and their mothers were engaged in pretend play and the preschoolers were asked to provide hypothetical narratives. Mothers' and preschoolers' mental state terms were analyzed in terms of types and frequencies. Results: During pretend play, the mothers and preschoolers used desire state terms most variously and frequently, followed by cognitive and emotion state terms. In the hypothetical narratives, the preschoolers used desire state terms most variously and frequently; however they talked about emotion state terms more variously and cognitive state terms more frequently. In addition, the mothers' mental state terms were correlated with the preschoolers' mental state terms during the pretend play, and the mothers' and preschoolers' uses of mental state terms during pretend play were related to the preschoolers' mental state terms in hypothetical narratives. Conclusion: Findings from this study highlight that, during the preschool period, a mothers' mental state language might foster her child's understanding of mental states in himself/herself and in others.
The Effects of Psychological Well-Being of Married Immigrant Women on Parenting Efficacy
Lee, Sung Hee ; Park, Ung Im ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 37, issue 2, 2016, Pages 143~155
DOI : 10.5723/kjcs.2016.37.2.143
Objective: The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of psychological well-being on married immigrant women's parenting efficacy. Methods: The participants consisted of 145 married immigrant mothers who were members of multi-cultural family support centers in Andong, Young-ju, Uiseung, and Munkyung cities in Gyeongsangbuk-do province. Results: The main results are as follows. First, the levels of language competence and education were significantly related to psychological well-being, suggesting that the level of language competence as well as the level of education could be main factors for psychological well-being. Further, numbers of children and monthly household income were significantly related to parenting efficacy. Second, psychological well-being was correlated with parenting efficacy of married immigrant women, demonstrating that psychological well-being was the most effective variable for parenting efficacy. Third, self-acceptance, environmental mastery, and personal growth in the psychological well-being significantly predicted parenting efficacy. Conclusion: These findings suggested that we should reconsider the importance of psychological well-being in supporting programs for parenting.
Factors Influencing Adolescent's Relationship With Non-Custodial Parents
Cho, Sung Hui ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 37, issue 2, 2016, Pages 157~168
DOI : 10.5723/kjcs.2016.37.2.157
Objective: This study examined the facotrs influencing the relationship of adolescents with non-custodial parent. Specifically, this study focused on the comparative influence of the family function as a factor controlling other factors such as socio-demographic characteristics, beliefs about parental divorce, and social support. Methods: Data were collected from 322 adolescents from divorced families using a structured questionnaire. SPSS 22.0, descriptive statistical analysis, correlation analysis, and hierarchical multiple regression were performed to analyze the data. Results and Conclusion: The results revealed that beliefs about parental divorce, social support, and family function affected the relationship with non-custodial parent. After controlling the influence of other factors, family function was found to have a significant influence on the relationship with non-custodial parents. Based on the results, practical suggestions were provided to enhance the relationship between adolescents and non-custodial parents.
Relations Between Goal-Orientation Profiles and Teacher Efficacy, Psychological Well-Being, and Job Satisfaction in Early Childhood and Elementary School Teachers: Using Latent Profile Analysis
Chung, Mira ; Cha, Kijoo ; Shin, Jongho ; Park, Soowon ; Min, Jiyeon ; Kim, Minjeong ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 37, issue 2, 2016, Pages 169~187
DOI : 10.5723/kjcs.2016.37.2.169
Objective: This study aimed to identify profiles based on early childhood and elementary school teachers' goal orientations and to examine differences in teacher efficacy, psychological wellbeing, and job satisfaction among these profile groups. Methods: Data were collected through a teacher questionnaire. The teacher goal-orientation scale consisted of six sub-dimensions: growth, leisure, wealth, relationship, promotion, and social contribution. Data were analyzed using latent profile analyses. Results: Latent profile analyses revealed three distinct profile groups: one group characterized by higher scores across all six dimensions (balanced-goal-orientation group); another characterized by lower scores on all six dimensions, with a relatively higher score on the relationship dimension (relationship-goal-oriented group); another one characterized by lower scores on all dimensions except the leisure goal (leisure-goal-oriented group). MANOVA showed that the balanced-goalorientation group was significantly higher in total years of teaching, educational attainment, and age, compared to the leisure-goal-oriented group. In regression analyses, when controlling for educational attainment, teacher types (kindergarten vs. elementary school) did not significantly predict each of the dummy-coded profile groups (0 = no, 1 = yes). When taking into account teachers' age and educational attainment, belonging to the balanced-goal-orientation group was consistently associated with higher levels of teacher efficacy, job satisfaction, and psychological well-being, whereas the opposite pattern was observed in leisure-goal-oriented group. Conclusion: These findings imply that it is crucial to help pre- and in-service kindergarten and elementary school teachers foster a balance between different types of goals, which would ultimately strengthen and stabilize the supply of a teaching force and the provision of a better education.