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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Child Studies
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
Korean Association of Child Studies
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 37, Issue 4 - Aug 2016
Volume 37, Issue 3 - Jun 2016
Volume 37, Issue 2 - Apr 2016
Volume 37, Issue 1 - Feb 2016
Selecting the target year
The Relation Between Temperament and Accumulated Cortisol Levels Among Toddlers Following Childcare Use
Song, Ji-Na ; Yi, Soon-Hyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 37, issue 3, 2016, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.5723/kjcs.2016.37.3.1
Objective: This study aimed to examine the difference in toddlers` accumulated cortisol levels based on childcare experience in toddlerhood and the relationship between temperament and accumulated cortisol levels. Methods: Hair sample were collected for measure accumulated cortisol level in 87 toddlers. The Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire (ECBQ) was used to measure temperament. Results: First, toddlers in childcare showed higher accumulated cortisol levels than in-home toddlers. Second, toddlers in childcare, exhibited a significant correlation between accumulated cortisol levels and surgency. Third, the accumulated cortisol levels of in-home toddlers exhibited a significant correlation with negative affect. In this research, there was significant range in the accumulated cortisol level according to childcare use, and the factors related to accumulated cortisol levels were different in each context. Conclusion: The results of this research support the "susceptibility to context of HPA axis" and imply a needed discussion about the effect of childcare experiences in toddlerhood.
The Effect of Sleep Duration on Youth School Adjustment Mediated by Parenting Behavior
Kim, Soo Jung ; Chung, Ick-Joong ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 37, issue 3, 2016, Pages 13~26
DOI : 10.5723/kjcs.2016.37.3.13
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between sleep duration and school adjustment of elementary-, middle-, high-school youth and to verify the mediating effects of parenting behavior. Methods: We analyzed the data from Wave 4 of the first-grade panel of elementary school and Waves 1 and 4 of the first-grade panel of middle school in Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey (KCYPS), including 1,703 fourth graders, 2,119 seventh graders, and 2,108 tenth graders. Multiple regression was used for the data analyses. Results: The results of this study were as follows. First, longer sleep duration was associated with a higher level of school adjustment in fourth grade. In contrast, longer sleep duration was associated with a lower level of school adjustment in seventh and tenth grades. Second, longer sleep duration was related to a higher level of discipline through reasoning in fourth grade. However, longer sleep duration was related to a lower level of parental monitoring in seventh and tenth grades. Third, the relationship between sleep duration and school adjustment was mediated by parenting behavior. Discipline through reasoning had a mediating effect in fourth grade, but the mediating effect of parental monitoring was found in seventh and tenth grades. Conclusion: These results suggest a differentiated approach on sleep duration in accordance with developmental stage and the need for parent education.
Influence of Maternal Attachment on Adolescents` Adjustment as Perceived by Middle School Students: The Moderation Effect of Paternal Attachment
Choi, Kyuha ; Kim, Min-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 37, issue 3, 2016, Pages 27~38
DOI : 10.5723/kjcs.2016.37.3.27
Objective: This study examined the influence of maternal attachment on adjustment in adolescence and investigated whether paternal attachment had any moderating effects on the relationship between maternal attachment and adjustment in adolescence. Methods: The participants of this study were 300 second graders from two middle schools in Seoul. We measured paternal and maternal attachment as perceived by the participants, adjustment in adolescence through school life adjustment, depression, and relational aggression. The study applied correlation analysis and hierarchical regression analysis suggested by Baron and Kenny (1986). Results: First, participants with high parental attachment showed high levels of school life adjustment, low level of depression, and low levels of relational aggression, demonstrating healthy psycho-social adjustment in adolescence. Second, paternal attachment played a facilitating role in the process of high maternal attachment`s positive influence on school life adjustment. Third, paternal attachment mitigated the process of low maternal attachment`s negative influence on depression. Conclusion: Our findings highlight the importance of emotional communication, support, and intimacy between parents and children in middle school. Furthermore, it emphasized the importance of the paternal role and involvement in the mother-child relationship.
The Effects of School Violence Victimization on Cyberbullying Perpetration in Middle School Students and the Moderating Role of Self-Control
Park, Ye Seul ; Park, Ju Hee ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 37, issue 3, 2016, Pages 39~51
DOI : 10.5723/kjcs.2016.37.3.39
Objective: The present study examined the effects of school violence victimization and self-control on cyberbullying perpetration in middle school students and investigated whether self-control moderated the relationship between school violence victimization and cyberbullying perpetration. Methods: The participants of this study were 315 middle school students (172 boys; 143 girls) from three middle schools in Seoul and Incheon. To measure the level of cyberbullying perpetration, the Bullying/Victimization Questionnaire was used. School violence victimization and self-control were measured via the School Violence Victimization Scale and the Self-Control Scale, respectively. The data were analyzed by means of descriptive statistics and hierarchical regressions. Results and Conclusion: The results indicated that school bullying victimization level increased cyberbullying perpetration level whereas self-control level decreased cyberbullying perpetration. In addition, self-control moderated the effect of school violence victimization on cyberbullying perpetration. That is, the influence of school bullying victimization on cyberbullying perpetration was greater when self-control was low, compared to when it was high.
The Relationships Between Negative Affect, Social Support, and Career Maturity Among Adolescents
Choi, Mi-Kyung ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 37, issue 3, 2016, Pages 53~68
DOI : 10.5723/kjcs.2016.37.3.53
Objective: This study examined the relationships between negative affect, social support, and career maturity among adolescents. Methods: The participants in this study comprised 260
junior high school students in a Seoul metropolitan area. They completed questionnaires on level of negative affect, social support, and career maturity. Data were analyzed by means of basic descriptive statistics, Pearson`s correlations, and multiple and hierarchical regression analyses. Aiken and West`s method was used to determine the interactive model`s modality. Results: The major findings were as follows: First, negative affect was negatively correlated with social support and career maturity. Social support was positively correlated with career maturity. Second, significant interaction effects were found between negative affect and social support on career maturity; that is, for male students, significant interaction effects were found between negative affect and social support (parent support) on career maturity (career determinacy/career independence). For female students, significant interaction effects were found between negative affect and social support (peer support) on career maturity (career confidence/career readiness/career determinacy/career independence). Conclusion: These results suggest the need to intervene in relation to social support (parent support/peer support) and to improve career maturity among adolescents.
Exploring Science Education Anxiety Among Early Childhood Teachers Using Q-Methodology
Kim, Ja Eun ; Kim, Yeon Ha ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 37, issue 3, 2016, Pages 69~82
DOI : 10.5723/kjcs.2016.37.3.69
Objective: This study aimed to explore early childhood educators` anxiety regarding science education via Q-methodology. Methods: As the first step, 268 Q samples were collected from resources such as books and research papers related to science education for young children. Through five stages of excluding and modifying, a set of 33 Q statements was finalized. The P sample consisted of 40 early childhood educators and was based on educational levels, years of teaching experiences and types of centers. The collected data were analyzed using QUANL statistical program. Results: The results of this study indicate that science anxiety among early childhood educators are classified into four types, explaining 45.13% of the total variance. Conclusion: We conclude that early childhood educators` science anxiety stems from "preparing educational environment and materials," "instructional methods focused on process and scientific inquiry skills," "lack of understanding regarding early childhood science education," and "simple science avoidance."
The Influence of General Characteristics, Temperament, and Attachment on the Development of Young Children in Institutional Care
Yang, Sim Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 37, issue 3, 2016, Pages 83~93
DOI : 10.5723/kjcs.2016.37.3.83
Objective: This study examined that general characteristics such as gender, age, period of stay at an institution, size of facility, and temperament and attachment affect young children`s development under institutional care. Methods: A total of 94 young children (ages 2-4years), who live in 32 institutions in Seoul were assessed on their development using the Korean-Age & Stage Questionnaire. Pearson productmoment correlation analysis, and multiple regression analyses were used for data analysis. Results: The major findings of this study were as follows: first, a longer period of stay at an institution had more positive effects on the development of communication. Facilities with more than 60 children had lower communication, gross motor, and fine motor development compared to facilities with less than 60 children. Second, social temperament had positive effects on communication, problem solving, and personal-social development. Emotional temperament had no effects on all development areas. Third, attachment had positive effects on all development areas. Lastly, social temperament and attachment had interactive effects on communication, gross motor, problem solving, and personal-social development. Conclusion: These results imply that caretakers in institutions should give developmental mediation services for considering temperament and facilitation of attachment.
The Development of a Client Satisfaction Questionnaire on Multicultural Family Support Services
Kim, Kyoung Eun ; Lim, Jung Ha ; Kang, Bogchong ; Jo, Eun Young ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 37, issue 3, 2016, Pages 95~110
DOI : 10.5723/kjcs.2016.37.3.95
Objective: The purpose of this study was to develop and examine the psychometric properties of the Client Satisfaction Questionnaire on multicultural family support services. Methods: The Client Satisfaction Questionnaire was designed to address key elements of the client`s satisfaction with the services (i.e., family education, gender equality education, human right education, and social integration education) provided for multicultural families. The nationwide data were collected from 5,335 clients who participated in family education, 4,582 clients who participated in gender equality education, 4,777 clients who participated in human right education, and 5,547 clients who participated in social integration education at the multicultural family support center. Results: In general, the psychometric properties of the Client Satisfaction Questionnaire were satisfactory. Specifically, social validity was supported by 13 professors and local multicultural service center professionals and construct validity was tested and confirmed using a series of exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses. The split-half reliability and internal consistency of the questionnaire were also highly acceptable. Conclusion: The sound psychometric properties of the Client Satisfaction Questionnaire indicates that the it can be a useful tool for evaluating client satisfaction with the services provided by multicultural family support centers.
The Effects of Father Marital Satisfaction on Young Child Emotion Regulation: Mediating Effects of Father Parenting Participation
Yoon, Mi Sun ; Kim, Misuk ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 37, issue 3, 2016, Pages 111~122
DOI : 10.5723/kjcs.2016.37.3.111
Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between father marital satisfaction and parenting participation and young child emotion regulation to determine the mediating effects of father marital satisfaction and parenting participation on young child emotion regulation. Methods: This study was conducted with 249 3-, 4-, and 5-year-olds and their fathers at nurseries in Seoul and Gyeonggi. The collected data were analyzed via frequency, average, standard deviation, Pearson`s correlation analysis, Baron and Kenny`s hierarchical regression analysis, and the Sobel test. Results: First, father marital satisfaction, parenting participation and young child emotion regulation, including the sub-factors of each variable, were all significantly correlated. Second, father parenting participation was found to have a full-mediating effect emotion regulation of the young child. Meanwhile, father parenting participation was found to have a full mediating effect others-regulation of the young child. In addition, father parenting participation was found to have a partial mediating effect on young child self-regulation. Conclusion: These results suggests the need to provide more practical family programs and realistic governmental support to promote father parenting participation.
A Study on Childcare Teachers` Cooperation Experiences with Nuri Curriculum Teaching Assistants
Cho, Jooyeon ; Yang, Sungeun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 37, issue 3, 2016, Pages 123~133
DOI : 10.5723/kjcs.2016.37.3.123
Objective: The aim of this study was to achieve a qualitative understanding of childcare teachers` cooperation experiences with Nuri curriculum teaching assistants. Methods: The study adopted a qualitative research design. Participants comprised 23 childcare teachers working with Nuri curriculum teaching assistants. Focus group interviews were conducted to discuss their cooperation experience with the teaching assistants. Qualitative themes analyses were carried out following individual-level analyses, group-level analyses, and cross-group-comparisons. Results and Conclusion: The results showed that childcare teachers, at first, had low expectation for Nuri curriculum teaching assistants because they have ambiguous job descriptions. However, the teachers` actual interactions exhibited cooperation effects on improving the quality of childcare. Childcare teachers suggested the ways to promote cooperation between childcare teachers and Nuri curriculum teaching assistants at individual and systemic levels.
Preschoolers` Language Ability, Cognitive Ability, and Peer Relationships by Creative Thinking Group
Kim, Seong Hui ; Kim, Mi Young ; Kim, Kyoung Eun ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 37, issue 3, 2016, Pages 135~146
DOI : 10.5723/kjcs.2016.37.3.135
Objective: This study explored the creative thinking styles of children according to cluster analyses and examined group differences in language ability, cognitive ability, and peer relationships. Methods: The study used the data from the 2012 Panel Study of Korean Children by the Korea Institute of Child Care and Education. The participants comprised 1,681 4-year-olds. Data were analyzed via cluster analyses,
distributions, and ANOVA tests. Results and Conclusion: The results from the cluster analyses based on percentiles of the subfactors of K-FCTYC (Korean Figural Creativity Test for Young Children) indicated four clusters: "divergent creative with openness," "non-creative," "divergent creative," and "multiple creative." Additionally, the four clusters differed by gender, language ability, cognitive ability, and peer relationships.
A Qualitative Study on Experiences of Parenthood Among Mothers of Early School-Age Children
Doh, Hyun-Sim ; Song, Seung-Min ; Lee, Woon Kyung ; Kim, Min-Jung ; Shin, Nana ; Kim, Tae Woo ;
Korean Journal of Child Studies, volume 37, issue 3, 2016, Pages 147~166
DOI : 10.5723/kjcs.2016.37.3.147
Objective: The purpose of this study was to gain an understanding of parenthood of mothers of early school-age children, with emphasis on cognitive, behavioral, and emotional aspects of parenthood. Methods: Nineteen mothers whose children were 1st and 2nd grade elementary school children participated in this study. Data were collected through individual in-depth interviews. During the interview, mothers were asked to speak freely about their experiences as parents of early-school age children, including parenting beliefs, parenting behaviors, and emotional experiences related to parenting. These interviews were transcribed verbatim and analyzed in a thematic way using MAXQDA. Results: Using qualitative methods, five major themes were emerged: (1) Recognizing the role of parents as a supporter of growth; (2) recognizing parenthood of the present generation that imposes expanded roles to mothers; (3) co-parenting of early school-age children and marital relationship; (4) co-existence of different parenting styles based on specific mother-child interaction situations; (5) experiencing a wide spectrum of emotions including anxiety, guilt, and depression, as well as happiness. Conclusion: This study revealed the unique cognitive, behavioral, and emotional aspects of parenthood experienced by mothers with early school-age children. Results of this study can fill a gap in our understanding of parenthood of mothers when their children entered into the new developmental stage of middle childhood. The results could also be used as a basis for developing parent education and family relationship programs.