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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Remote Sensing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 1999
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 1999
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
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GIS-based Spatial Integration and Statistical Analysis using Multiple Geoscience Data Sets : A Case Study for Mineral Potential Mapping
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 15, issue 2, 1999, Pages 91~105
Spatial data integration using multiple geo-based data sets has been regarded as one of the primary GIS application issues. As for this issue, several integration schemes have been developed as the perspectives of mathematical geology or geo-mathematics. However, research-based approaches for statistical/quantitative assessments between integrated layer and input layers are not fully considered yet. Related to this niche point, in this study, spatial data integration using multiple geoscientific data sets by known integration algorithms was primarily performed. For spatial integration by using raster-based GIS functionality, geological, geochemical, geophysical data sets, DEM-driven data sets and remotely sensed imagery data sets from the Ogdong area were utilized for geological thematic mapping related by mineral potential mapping. In addition, statistical/quantitative information extraction with respective to relationships among used data sets and/or between each data set and integrated layer was carried out, with the scope of multiple data fusion and schematic statistical assessment methodology. As for the spatial integration scheme, certainty factor (CF) estimation and principal component analysis (PCA) were applied. However, this study was not aimed at direct comparison of both methodologies; whereas, for the statistical/quantitative assessment between integrated layer and input layers, some statistical methodologies based on contingency table were focused. Especially, for the bias reduction, jackknife technique was also applied in PCA-based spatial integration. Through the statistic analyses with respect to the integration information in this case study, new information for relationships of integrated layer and input layers was extracted. In addition, influence effects of input data sets with respect to integrated layer were assessed. This kind of approach provides a decision-making information in the viewpoint of GIS and is also exploratory data analysis in conjunction with GIS and geoscientific application, especially handing spatial integration or data fusion with complex variable data sets.
Comparison between Neural Network and Conventional Statistical Analysis Methods for Estimation of Water Quality Using Remote Sensing
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 15, issue 2, 1999, Pages 107~117
A comparison of a neural network approach with the conventional statistical methods, multiple regression and band ratio analyses, for the estimation of water quality parameters in presented in this paper. The Landsat TM image of Lake Daechung acquired on March 18, 1996 and the thirty in-situ sampling data sets measured during the satellite overpass were used for the comparison. We employed a three-layered and feedforward network trained by backpropagation algorithm. A cross validation was applied because of the small number of training pairs available for this study. The neural network showed much more successful performance than the conventional statistical analyses, although the results of the conventional statistical analyses were significant. The superiority of a neural network to statistical methods in estimating water quality parameters is strictly because the neural network modeled non-linear behaviors of data sets much better.
Feasibility of Using Norad Orbital Elements for Pass Programming and Catalog Generation for High Resolution Satellite Images
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 15, issue 2, 1999, Pages 119~130
At present, many ground stations all over the world are using NORAD orbit element data in order to track and communicate with Earth orbiting satellites. The North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) observes thousands of Earth orbiting objects on daily basis and provides their orbital information via internet. The orbital data provided by NORAD, which is also called two line element (TLE) sets, allows ground stations to predict the time-varying positions of satellites accurately enough to communicate with the satellites. In order to complete the mission of a high resolution remote sensing satellite which requires very high positional determination and control accuracy, however, a mission control and tracking ground station is dedicated for the observation and positional determination of the satellite rather than using NORAD orbital sets. In the case of KITSAT-3, NORAD orbital elements are currently used for image acquisition planning and for the processing of acquired images due to the absence of a dedicated KITSAT-3 tracking ground system. In this paper, we tested and analyzed the accuracy of NORAD orbital elements and the appropriate prediction model to determine how accurately a satellite acquisites an image of the location of interest and how accurately a ground processing system can generate the catalog of the images.
Simulation and Evaluation of the KOMPSAT/OSMI Radiance Imagery
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 15, issue 2, 1999, Pages 131~146
The satellite visible data have been successfully applied to study the ocean color. Another ocean color sensor, the Ocean Scanning Multi-spectral Imager (OSMI) on the Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite (KOMPSAT) will be launched in 1999. In order to understand the characteristics of future OSMI images, we have first discussed the simulation models and procedures in detail, and produced typical patterns of radiances at visible bands by using radiative transfer models. The various simulated images of full satellite passes and Korean local areas for different seasons, water types, and the satellite crossing equator time (CET) are presented to illustrate the distribution of each component of radiance (i.e., aerosol scattering, Rayleigh scattering, sun glitter, water-leaving radiance, and total radiance). A method to evaluate the image quality and availability is then developed by using the characteristics of image defined as the Complex Signal Noise Ratio (CSNR). Meanwhile, a series of CSNR images are generated from the simulated radiance components for different cases, which can be used to evaluate the quality and availability of OSMI images before the KOMPSAT will be placed in orbit. Finally, the quality and availability of OSMI images are quantitatively analyzed by the simulated CSNR image. It is hoped that the results would be useful to all scientists who are in charge of OSMI mission and to those who plan to use the data from OSMI.
Efficient Methodology in Markov Random Field Modeling : Multiresolution Structure and Bayesian Approach in Parameter Estimation
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 15, issue 2, 1999, Pages 147~158
Remote sensing technique has offered better understanding of our environment for the decades by providing useful level of information on the landcover. In many applications using the remotely sensed data, digital image processing methodology has been usefully employed to characterize the features in the data and develop the models. Random field models, especially Markov Random Field (MRF) models exploiting spatial relationships, are successfully utilized in many problems such as texture modeling, region labeling and so on. Usually, remotely sensed imagery are very large in nature and the data increase greatly in the problem requiring temporal data over time period. The time required to process increasing larger images is not linear. In this study, the methodology to reduce the computational cost is investigated in the utilization of the Markov Random Field. For this, multiresolution framework is explored which provides convenient and efficient structures for the transition between the local and global features. The computational requirements for parameter estimation of the MRF model also become excessive as image size increases. A Bayesian approach is investigated as an alternative estimation method to reduce the computational burden in estimation of the parameters of large images.
Airborne Video as a Remote Sensor for Linear Target : Academic Research and Field Practices
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 15, issue 2, 1999, Pages 159~174
An important aspect of remote sensing research would be ultimately the production of research output so that operational people can directly use it. However, for the strip target, it is not certain how the research output in remote sensing helps the field user in adopting and utilizing the technology successfully. The relative limitation of traditional remote sensing systems for such a linear application is briefly discussed and the strength of videography are highlighted. Based on the postulated advantages of video as corridor sensor, a careful and extensive investigation has been made of research trends for airborne videography to identify how past research matches to demand of field clients. It is found that while video has been operationally used for strip target in field client communities, much research effort has been directed to area target, and relatively little towards the classification and monitoring of linear target. From this critical review, a very important step has been made concerning the practicality of airborne videography. The value of this paper is warranted in proposing a new concept of video strip monitoring(VSM) as future research direction in recognition of sensor characteristics and limitations. Ultimately, the suggestion in this paper will greatly contribute to opening new possibilities for implementing VSM, proposed as an initial aim of this paper.
A Recurring Eddy off the Korean Northest Coast Captured on Satellite Ocean Color and Sea Surface Temperature Imagery
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 15, issue 2, 1999, Pages 175~181
A recurring eddy which located at the terminal end of the Korean East Warm Current was captured on ocean color and sea surface temperature imagery from satellite in spring and autumn. During late April, 1997 thermal infrared imagery from the NOAA AVHRR sensor and ocean color data from the Japanese ADEOS-I OCTS sensor, revealed this feature. The cold core had elevated chlorophyll concentrations, based on OCTS estimates, of greater than 3 mg/m
while the warmer surrounding waters had chlorophyll concentrations of 1 mg/m
or less. The elevated cholophyll accociated with this eddy has not been previously described. The eddy is also evident in SST images from autumn, but the SST in the core is warmer than in spring, and the warm jet flowing to the west of the eddy is also warmer is autumn compared to spring. A reccurring eddy and the high chlorophyll_a concentration area which surround around the eddy show on NOAA and SeaWiFS images in March 2, 1998. The eddy forms at the northern extent of the Korean East Warm Current as those waters collide with the cold, south-flowing Liman Current over a topographic shelf about 1500 m deep. This region of the eddy formation appears to have a strong connection with the dynamics of the western part of the polar front eddy field that dominates surface mesoscale structure in the central East (Japan) Sea. Interaction of the eddy with ARGOW tracked drifters, and evidence for its persistence are discussed.