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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Remote Sensing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 1999
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 1999
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
Selecting the target year
A Perspective on the Electromagnetic Imaging of Aircrafts
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 15, issue 3, 1999, Pages 167~175
So far, the remote sensing technology has widely been used in a variety of application areas such as military, medical imaging, environment, geology and so forth. The microwave remote sensing uses the wavelengths ranging from around one centimeter up to a few tens of centimeters and is known to be very effective regardless of the weather conditions and the day/night time as compared with the reflective InfraRed (IR) remote sensing or the thermal IR remote sensing. There are three generic modes of synthetic aperture radar imaging systems depending on its application, that is, stripmap mode, spotlight mode, or inverse mode. In this article we focus on the issue of imaging of flying aircrafts for the inverse mode of a ground - based, fixed radar with moving objects. The imaging of flying aircrafts is considered to be an important step for the automatic target recognition systems, and therefore a great deal of efforts have recently been made on the subject. Here we review the three representative methods including the Fourier transform processing, the time - frequency processing, and the reconstruction from the projection. Some relative merits and drawbacks are also discussed.
Satellite Image Classification Based on Color and Texture Feature Vectors
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 15, issue 3, 1999, Pages 183~194
The Brightness, color and texture included in a multispectral satellite data are used as important factors to analyze and to apply the image data for a proper use. One of the most significant process in the satellite data analysis using texture or color information is to extract features effectively expressing the information of original image. It was described in this paper that six features were introduced to extract useful features from the analysis of the satellite data, and also a classification network using the back-propagation neural network was constructed to evaluate the classification ability of each vector feature in SPOT imagery. The vector features were adopted from the training set selection for the interesting region, and applied to the classification process. The classification results showed that each vector feature contained many merits and demerits depending on each vector's characteristics, and each vector had compatible classification ability. Therefore, it is expected that the color and texture features are effectively used not only in the classification process of satellite imagery, but in various image classification and application fields.
A Study on the Training Optimization Using Genetic Algorithm -In case of Statistical Classification considering Normal Distribution-
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 15, issue 3, 1999, Pages 195~208
In the classification of satellite images, the representative of training of classes is very important factor that affects the classification accuracy. Hence, in order to improve the classification accuracy, it is required to optimize pre-classification stage which determines classification parameters rather than to develop classifiers alone. In this study, the normality of training are calculated at the preclassification stage using SPOT XS and LANDSAT TM. A correlation coefficient of multivariate Q-Q plot with 5% significance level and a variance of initial training are considered as an object function of genetic algorithm in the training normalization process. As a result of normalization of training using the genetic algorithm, it was proved that, for the study area, the mean and variance of each class shifted to the population, and the result showed the possibility of prediction of the distribution of each class.
Image Data Transmission and Receiving System of KITSAT-3-Performance of initial operation
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 15, issue 3, 1999, Pages 209~216
KITSAT-3, the third satellite of KITSAT series which has been developed for the last four and half years with purely Korean design and implementation technology, was launched successfully at last. All subsystems were tested and validated during the initial operation of the satellite. During the initaial operation phase, the Earth imaging camera on board KITSAT-3 acquisited several tens of scenes all over the world and transmitted the image data to ground station. The quality of images and the reliability of data transmission-reception system were tested qualititively and quantititively, respectively. In this paper, we summarize the camera, data handling, on-board memory, and image data transmission system of KITSAT-3 as well as the image receiving and archiving system in ground station. The error rate of image data transmission and reception was tested during the initial operation phase. The average data transmission error rate satisfied the initial requirement of less than 1%. The error rate will be reduced through the continuous work of test and stabilization of the ground system hardware.
Micro-Landform Classification and Topographic Property of Tidal Flat in Julpo-Bay Using Satellite Image
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 15, issue 3, 1999, Pages 217~225
Through the ISODATA method of unsupervised classification, the micro-landform of Julpo-Bay tidal flat was classified into mudflat, mixedflat, and sandflat using Landsat TM image. Each showed an apparent differences in its topographical characteristics and grain size composition. Mudflat occupied innermost part of the tidal flat, sandflat located closest to the entrance of the bay and mixed flat in the center is. For example, mudlflats are formed with flat faces and tidal channel. Topographically, mudflat consist of tidal channels and flat intermediate surface. Its average relief of them is about 2 meter. Meanwhile, sandflat comprised very flat landform with well-developed ripple marks of less than 10cm average relief. And Mixed flat stood in between. In addition, Out of 7 bands of Landsat TM images, band 5 and 7 provided the highest power level for discrimination between micro-landforms of the tidal flat. Band 4 showed a clear boundary between the land and tidal flat, and band 3 did its share by showing well a boundary between the sea surface and the tidal flat.
Estimation of Simulated Radiances of the OSMI over the Oceans
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 15, issue 3, 1999, Pages 227~238
In advance of launch, simulated radiances of the Ocean Scanning Multispectral Imager (OSMI) will be very useful to guess the real imagery of OSMI and to prepare for data processing of OSMI. The data processing system for OSMI which is one of sensors aboard Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite (KOMPSAT) scheduled for launch in 1999 is developed based on the SeaWiFS Data Analysis System (SeaDAS). Simulation of radiances requires information on the spectral band, orbital and scanning characteristics of the OSMI and KOMPSAT spacecraft. This paper also describes a method to create simulated radiances of the OSMI over the oceans. Our method for constructing a simulated OSMI imagery is to propagate a KOMPSAT orbit over a field of Coastal Zone Color Scanner (CZCS) pigment concentrations and to use the values and atmospheric components for calculation of total radiances. A modified Brouwer-Lyddane model with drag was used for the realistic orbit prediction, the CZCS pigment concentrations were used to compute water-leaving radiances, and a variety of radiative transfer models were used to calculate atmospheric contributions to total radiances detected by OSMI. Imagery of the simulated OSMI radiances for 412, 443, 490, 555, 765, 865nm was obtained. As expected, water-leaving radiances were only a small fraction (below 10%) of total radiances and sun glint contaminations were observed near the solar declination. Therefore, atmospheric correction is critical in the calculation of pigment concentration from total radiances. Because the imagery near the sun's glitter pattern is virtually useless and must be discarded, more advanced data collection planning will be required to succeed in the mission of OSMI which is consistent monitoring of global oceans during three year mission lifetime.
Development of Cloud Detection Algorithm for Extracting the Cloud-free Land Surface from Daytime NOAA/AVHRR Data
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 15, issue 3, 1999, Pages 239~251
The elimination process of cloud-contaminated pixels is one of important steps before obtaining the accurate parameters of land and ocean surface from AVHRR imagery. We developed a 6step threshold method to detect the cloud-contaminated pixels from NOAA-14/AVHRR datime imagery over land using different combination of channels. This algorithm has two phases : the first is to make a cloud-free characteristic data of land surface using compositing techniques from channel 1 and 5 imagery and a dynamic threshold of brightness temperature, and the second is to identify the each pixel as a cloud-free or cloudy one through 4-step threshold tests. The merits of this method are its simplicity in input data and automation in determining threshold values. The threshold of infrared data is calculated through the combination of brightness temperature of land surface obtained from AVHRR imagery, spatial variance of them and temporal variance of observed land surface temperature. The method detected the could-comtaminated pixels successfully embedded inthe NOAA-14/AVHRR daytime imagery for the August 1 to November 30, 1996 and March 1 to July 30, 1997. This method was evaluated through the comparison with ground-based cloud observations and with the enhanced visible and infrared imagery.
Intercomparisons of ADEOS/IMG Measurements with the Sonde Observations over Korea
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 15, issue 3, 1999, Pages 253~266
ADEOS(Advanced Earth Observing Satellite)/IMG(Interferometric Monitor for Greenhouse Gases) measurements - temperature, water vapor(
) have been compared with the radio sonde and ozone sonde observations at Osan and Pohang stations for the 4 cases on 10 Jan.(a), 28 Jan.(b), 2 Apr.(c), and 19 Jun.(d) 1997 to detect the error ranges of the IMG data. It showed that the IMG data of the cases (b), (d) when the ADEOS passed over the central part of Korea were quite stable with the good agreement with the sonde observations, however, that of (a),(c) when the ADEOS passed over south- east coastal area were unstable with the larger differences from the sonde-observations. The RMSE and bias analyses of temperature for the stable cases (b),(d) showed that the differences between the IMG data and the sonde observations were about 1~4 K at the 700~300 hPa level and about 4~5 K or more at the higher level, and the IMG measurements tended to be larger than the sonde observations at the higher level above 200 hPa, while no typical bias was seen at the lower level. The RMSE and bias analysis for the version of level 2 5_6_4_4 of ozone showed that the RMSE of ozone were quite small, in general, except at the higher level above 50~60 hPa in the all 4 cases, however the bias was generally big with the positive value in the troposphere and the negative in the stratosphere. An example of vertical profile of trace gases such as
, CO measured by IMG was also presented and it showed that the IMG data had large differences between the 5 different observation points.
A Perspective on the Electromagnetic Imaging of Aircrafts
Yun, Yong Su ; Lee, Jae Cheon ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 15, issue 3, 1999, Pages 267~267
So far, the remote sensing technology has widely been used in a variety of application areas such as military, medical imaging, environment, geology and so forth. The microwave remote sensing uses the wavelengths ranging from around one centimeter up to a few tens of centimeters and is known to be very effective regardless of the weather conditions and the day/night time as compared with the reflective InfraRed (IR) remote sensing or the thermal IR remote sensing. There are three generic modes of synthetic aperture radar imaging systems depending on its application, that is, stripmap mode, spotlight mode, or inverse mode. In this article we focus on the issue of imaging of flying aircrafts for the inverse mode of a ground-based, fixed radar with moving objects. The imaging of flying aircrafts is considered to be an important step for the automatic target recognition systems, and therefore a great deal of efforts have recently been made on the subject. Here we review the three representative methods including the Fourier transform processing, the time-frequency processing, and the reconstruction from the projection. Some relative merits and drawbacks are also discussed.
Perspectives on the Applicatio of Remote Sensing for Observation of Ocean Environments
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 15, issue 3, 1999, Pages 277~288
The aim of this review is to provide perspectives on the application of remote sensing techniques for observation of marine environmental changes on various spatio-temporal scales. Currently available remote sensing technologies are reviewed and future direction is suggested. For better utilization of remote sensing, a comprehensive plan should be developed by a demand-side and problem-solving approach. Marine environmental changes should be observed on proper spatio-temporal scales where the processes occur. For appropriate observation and monitoring of various environmental changes in coastal regions, more sensors must be utilized. Platforms other than satellites should also be utilized to expand the spatio-temporal scales of observation. Calibration/validation activities, required for accurate interpretation of remotely sensed data, could utilize buoys and ship-of-opportunity sensors. It is desirable that such systems by developed as a part of an integrated monitoring network.