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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Remote Sensing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 1999
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 1999
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
Selecting the target year
Calibration of HEPD on KOMPSAT-1 Using the KCCH Cyclotron
Shin, Young-Hoon ; Rhee, Jin-Geun ; Min, Kyoung-Wook ; Lee, Chun-Sik ; Lee, Ju-Hahn ; Kwon, Young-Kwan ; Kim, Jong-Chan ; Ha, Jang-Ho ; Park, Se-Hwan ; Lee, Chang-Hack ; Park, H.S. ; Kim, Young-Kyun ; Chai, Jong-Seo ; Kim, Yu-Seong ; Lee, Hye-Young ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 15, issue 4, 1999, Pages 289~295
Space Physics Sensor (SPS) on-board the KOMPSAT-1 consists of the High Energy Particle Detector (HEPD) and the Ionospheric Measurement Sensor (IMS). The HEPD is to characterize the low altitude high energy particle environment and the effects on the microelectronics due to these high energy particles. It is composed of four sensors: Proton and Electron Spectrometer(PES), Linear Energy Transfer Spectrometer (LET), Total Dose Monitor (TDM), and Single Event Monitor (SEM). 35 MeV proton beam from the medical KCCH cyclotron, at Korea Cancer Center Hospital in Seoul, is used to calibrate the PES. Primary proton beam of 35MeV scattered by polypropylene target is converted to various energy protons according to the elastic collision kinematics. In this calibration, the threshold level of the proton in the PES can be determined and the energy ranges of PES channels are also calibrated.
The Ground Checkout Test of OSMI on KOMPSAT-1
Yong, Sang-Soon ; Shim, Hyung-Sik ; Heo, Haeng-Pal ; Cho, Young-Min ; Oh, Kyoung-Hwan ; Woo, Sun-Hee ; Paik, Hong-Yul ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 15, issue 4, 1999, Pages 297~305
Ocean Scanning Multispectral Imager (OSMI) is a payload on the KOMPSAT satellite to perform global ocean color monitoring for the study of biological oceanography. The instrument images the ocean surface using a wisk-broom motion with a swath width of 800km and a ground sample distance (GSD) of < 1km over the entire field of view (FOV). The instrument is designed to have an on-orbit operation duty cycle of 20% over the mission lifetime of 3 years with the functions of programmable gain/offset and on-board image data compression/storage. The instrument also performs sun and dark calibration for on-board instrument calibration. The OSMI instrument is a multi-spectral imager covering the spectral range from 400nm to 900nm using CCD Focal Plane Array (FPA). The ocean colors are monitored using 6 spectral channels that can be selected via ground commands. KOMPSAT satellite with OSMI was integrated and the satellite level environment tests including instrument aliveness/functional test, such as launch environment, on-orbit environment (Thermal/Vacuum) and EMI/EMC test were performed at KARl. Test results met the requirements and the OSMI data were collected and analyzed during each test phase. The instrument is launched on the KOMPSAT satellite on December 21,1999 and is scheduled to start collecting ocean color data in the early 2000 upon completion of on-orbit instrument checkout.
A Field Experiment Study on the Use of OSMI Wave Bands for Agricultural Applications
Hong, Suk-Young ; Rim, Sang-Kyu ; Jung, Won-Kyo ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 15, issue 4, 1999, Pages 307~319
The aim of this study is to assess the OSMI (Ocean Scanning Multi-spectral Imager), whose central bands are 443nm, 490nm, 510nm, 555nm, 670nm, and 865nm, for agricultural applications. Radiance measurements, used to determine per cent reflectance of canopies and soils, were acquired with spectro-radiometers (Li-1800;330∼1,100nm, GER-SFOV;350∼2,500nm, and MSR-7000; 300∼2,500nm) in situ for crops and indoors for soils. OSMI equivalent bands and their ratio values were prepared(20nm interval for bands 1∼5; 40nm interval for band 6) by averaging spectral reflectance values to the real OSMI bands and analyzed as to crop growth parameters, leaf area index (LAI), total dry matter, and growth index in crops and physiochemical properties in soils. Spectral variations for each growth stage in rice and for crop discrimination in upland crops were significant statistically. In soils, clay and water content, CEC (Cation Exchange Capacity), free iron oxide, and some cation content were correlated with the OSMI equivalent bands. The result of this study shows OSMI wave bands would be promising for agricultural application in terms of spectral information and resolution.
Detecting red tides in turbid waters
Yoo, Sin-Jae ; Jeong, Jong-Chul ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 15, issue 4, 1999, Pages 321~327
As an example of many possible applications of OSMI data, we present a method to detect red tides. In Korean waters, red tides usually occur in the South Sea where the turbidity is usually high due to strong tidal mixing in the shallow sea. The conventional case 1 chlorophyll algorithm cannot be applied since it cannot distinguish chlorophyll from SS (suspended sediments). In October 1998, a red tide outbreak occurred off the coast of KunSan. We analyzed the SeaWiFS data of the outbreak. The standard SeaWiFS chlorophyll algorithm OC-2 was poor in identifying the red tides. However, comparison of spectra of normalized water-leaving radiance indicates that red tide pixels can be distinguished from sediment-laden pixels. Channel 443 and 555 were effective in showing the spectral characteristics. We suggest K490 algorithm as an example in summarizing the information of the spectra and thereby in distinguishing the red tide pixels. Further development is desirable.
Policy Direction for Promoting the Satellite Data Use in Public Sector
Kim, Young-Pyo ; Sakong, Ho-Sang ; Park, Sung-Mi ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 15, issue 4, 1999, Pages 329~337
With the ready access to the high resolution satellite image data, users of and areas covered by satellite image data are constantly on the rise world-widely. Korea will also be able to take full advantage of the satellite data once the Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite 1 (KOMPSAT-l) is successfully launched. Harmonizing satellite data production and application technology and users' needs, along with the guiding policy is essential for promoting satellite data use. Up to now, the Korean government has mainly concentrated on developing production technology for the satellite instruments. However, the imminent task of independent satellite data production demands a promotion policy for satellite data use. In this context, the policy is defined as an important medium for identifying the role and status of satellite image information at the national level and also preparing the legal as well as systematic foundation for producing, building, distributing, and packaging satellite data. The present paper aims to examine the role and status of the satellite data as well as their current status and problems in Korea in reference to the National Spatial Data Infrastructure, and finally to provide the policy directions to promote the satellite data use in public sector on the basis of the preceding analyses.
Satellite Image Processing Software for Value-Added Products
Lee, Hae-Yeoun ; Park, Won-Kyu ; Kim, Seung-Bum ; Kim, Tae-Jung ; Yoon, Tae-Hun ; Shin, Dong-Seok ; Lee, Heung-Kyu ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 15, issue 4, 1999, Pages 339~348
To extract value-added products which are important in scientific area and practical life, e.g. digital elevation models, ortho-rectified images and geometric corrected images, Satellite Technology Research Center at Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology has developed a satellite image processing software called "Valadd-Pro". In this paper, "Valadd-Pro" software is briefly introduced and its main components such as precise geometric correction, ortho-rectification and digital elevation model extraction component are described. The performance of "Valadd-Pro" software was assessed on 10m resolution 6000
6000 SPOT panchromatic images (60km
60km) using ground control points from GPS measurements. The height accuracy was measured by comparing our results with 100m resolution
produced by USGS and 60m resolution DEMs generated from digitized contours produced by National Geography Institute. Also, to show the superior performance of "Valadd-Pro" software, we compared the performance with that of commonly used PCI
commercial software. Based on the results, the geometric correction of "Valadd-Pro" software needs fewer ground control points than that of PCI
software and the ortho-rectification of "Valadd-Pro" software shows similar performance to that of PCI
software. In the digital elevation model extraction, "Valadd-Pro" software is two times more accurate and four times faster than PCI
software.ccurate and four times faster than PCI
Establishing Application System of KOMPSAT-1
Choi, Gi-Hyuk ; Lee, Joo-Hee ; Paik, Hong-Yul ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 15, issue 4, 1999, Pages 349~356
Korea Multi-Purpose Satellite-l (KOMPSAT-l) has been developed by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute (KARI) with the aid of TRW and will be launched on the December 21, 1999 at the Vandenberg Air Base in CA, U.S. Now, the satellite application group in KARI is preparing for the service with the KOMPSAT-l satellite data. For the purpose of supplying good service to the users, data application planning has to be established before launching satellite. To use satellite data effectively, KARI makes a plan for data policy, data price, mission planning, and commercializing strategy. This study was carried out with the purpose of effective use of satellite data. For this purpose, KARI, first, made 60 user groups to use KOMPSAT-l data for public welfare and research sectors. These user groups include government, public corporations, institutes, and universities. KARI will offer the service to users through online using Internet. Secondly, KARI made a policy for the priority of KOMPSAT-l missions. These are classified by the mission priority, payloads, and operational states etc. Thirdly, KARI will make data policy and data price of KOMPSAT-l based on the basic master plan. Especially, data price will be determined at the KOMPSAT-l committee including Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST). KARI is also trying to commercialize the data with the domestic and foreign companies to expand the use of KOMPSAT-l data in the industries sector. Afterward in this study, KARI will continue the improvement for the effective distribution of KOMPSAT-l data for all users.
KOMPSAT Data Processing System： An Overview and Preliminary Acceptance Test Results
Kim, Yong-Seung ; Kim, Youn-Soo ; Lim, Hyo-Suk ; Lee, Dong-Han ; Kang, Chi-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 15, issue 4, 1999, Pages 357~365
The optical sensors of Electro-Optical Camera (EOC) and Ocean Scanning Multi-spectral Imager (OSMI) aboard the KOrea Multi-Purpose SATellite (KOMPSAT) will be placed in a sun synchronous orbit in late 1999. The EOC and OSMI sensors are expected to produce the land mapping imagery of Korean territory and the ocean color imagery of world oceans, respectively. Utilization of the EOC and OSMI data would encompass the various fields of science and technology such as land mapping, land use and development, flood monitoring, biological oceanography, fishery, and environmental monitoring. Readiness of data support for user community is thus essential to the success of the KOMPSAT program. As a part of testing such readiness prior to the KOMPSAT launch, we have performed the preliminary acceptance test for the KOMPSAT data processing system using the simulated EOC and OSMI data sets. The purpose of this paper is to demonstrate the readiness of the KOMPSAT data processing system, and to help data users understand how the KOMPSAT EOC and OSMI data are processed, archived, and provided. Test results demonstrate that all requirements described in the data processing specification have been met, and that the image integrity is maintained for all products. It is however noted that since the product accuracy is limited by the simulated sensor data, any quantitative assessment of image products can not be made until actual KOMPSAT images will be acquired.
OCI and ROCSAT-1 Development, Operations, and Applications
Chen, Paul ; Lee, L.S. ; Lin, Shin-Fa ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 15, issue 4, 1999, Pages 367~375
This paper describes the development, operations, and applications of ROCSAT-l and its Ocean Color Imager (OCI) remote-sensing payload. It is the first satellite program of NSPO. The satellite was successfully launched by Lockheed Martin's Athena on January 26, 1999 from Cape Canaveral, Florida. ROCSAT-l is a Low Earth Orbit (LEO) experimental satellite. Its circular orbit has an altitude of 600km and an inclination angle of 35 degrees. The satellite is designed to carry out scientific research missions, including ocean color imaging, experiments on ionospheric plasma and electrodynamics, and experiments using Ka-band (20∼30GHz) communication payloads. The OCI payload is utilized to observe the ocean color in 7 bands (including one redundant band) of Visible and Near-Infrared (434nm∼889nm) range with the resolution of 800m at nadir and the swath of 702km. It employs high performance telecentric optics, push-broom scanning method using Charge Coupled Devices (CCD) and large-scale integrated circuit chips. The water leaving radiance is estimated from the total inputs to the OCI, including the atmospheric scattering. The post-process estimates the water leaving radiance and generates different end products. The OCI has taken images since February 1999 after completing the early orbit checkout. Analyses have been performed to evaluate the performances of the instrument in orbit and to compare them with the pre-launch test results. This paper also briefly describes the ROCSAT-l mission operations. The spacecraft operating modes and ROCSAT Ground Segment operations are delineated, and the overall initial operations of ROCSAT-l are summarized.