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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Remote Sensing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 2000
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 2000
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2000
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 2000
Selecting the target year
Characteristics of Typhoon Jelawat Observed by OSMI, TRMM/PR and QuikSCAT
Lim, Hyo-Suk ; Choi, Gi-Hyuk ; Kim, Han-Dol ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 16, issue 4, 2000, Pages 293~303
The typhoon Jelawat, which was formed over the tropical Pacific ocean on August 1, 2000 and made a landfall over China on August 10, 2000, was observed by Korea Multi-purpose Satellite (KOMPSAT-1) Ocean Scanning Multispectral Imager (OSMI), Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM)/Precipitation Radar(PR) and Quick Scatterometer (QuikSCAT). In spite of discontinuous observation, important mesoscale features of typhoon depending on life cycle were detected prominently. It is possible to distinguish on the OSMI photograph between the eye-wall convection and the stratiform and other convective clouds near the center of typhoon Jelawat. The TRMM/PR observations show quite clearly the eye-wall convection, stratiform regions, and convective bands. Vertical cross section of rainfall in the genesis stage of typhoon Jelawat exhibits circular ring of intense convection surrounding the eye. The mature stage of typhoon Jelawat consists of a strong rotational circulation with clouds which are well organized about a center of low pressure. The OSMI, TRMM/PR and QuikSCAT measurements presented here agree qualitatively with each other and provide a wealth of information on the structure of typhoon Jelawat.
Examining a Vicarious Calibration Method for the TOA Radiance Initialization of KOMPSAT OSMI
Sohn, Byung-Ju ; Yoo, Sin-Jae ; Kim, Yong-Seung ; Kim, Do-hyeong ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 16, issue 4, 2000, Pages 305~313
A vicarious calibration method was developed for the OSMI sensor calibration. Employing measured aerosol optical thickness by a sunphotometer and a sky radiometer and water leaving radiance by ship measurements as inputs, TOA (top of the atmosphere) radiance at each OSMI band was simulated in conjunction with a radiative transfer model (Rstar5b) by Nakajima and Tanaka (1988). As a case of examining the accuracy of this method, we simulated TOA radiance based on water leaving radiance measured at NASA/MOBY site and aerosol optical thickness estimated nearby at Lanai, and compared simulated results with SeaWiFS-estimated TOA radiances. The difference falls within about
5%, suggesting that OMSI sensor can be calibrated with the suggested accuracy. In order to apply this method for the OSMI sensor calibration, ground-based sun photometry and ship measurements were carried out off the east coast of Korean peninsula on May 31, 2000. Simulations of TOA radiance by using these measured data as input to the radiative transfer model show that there are substantial differences between simulated and OSMI-estimated radiances. Such a discrepancy appears to be mainly due to the cloud contamination because satellite image indicates optically thin clouds over the experimental area. Nevertheless results suggest that sensor calibration can be achieved within 5% uncertainty range if there are ground-based measurements of aerosol optical thickness, and water leaving radiances under clear-sky and optically thin atmospheric conditions.
Validation of Ocean Color Algorithms in the Ulleung Basin, East/Japan Sea
Yoo, Sin-Jae ; Park, Ji-Soo ; Kim, Hyun-Cheol ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 16, issue 4, 2000, Pages 315~325
Observations were made to validate ocean color algorithms in the Ulleung Basin, East Sea in May 2000. Small scale and meso-scale surveys were conducted for the validation of ocean color products (nLw: normalized water-leaving radiance and chlorophyll concentration). There were discrepancies between SeaWiFS and in situ nLw showing the current aerosol models of standard SeaWiFS processing software are less than adequate (Gordon and Wang, 1994). Applying the standard SeaWiFS in-water algorithm resulted in an overestimation of chlorophyll concentration. This is because that CDOM absorption was higher than the estimated chlorophyll absorption. TSS concentration was also high. Therefore, the study region deviated from Case 1 waters. The source of these materials seems to be the entrainment of coastal water by the Tsushima Warm Current. Study of the bio-optical properties in other season is desirable.
Change Analysis of Forest Area and Canopy Conditions in Kaesung, North Korea Using Landsat, SPOT and KOMPSAT Data
Lee, Kyu-Sung ; Kim, Jeong-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 16, issue 4, 2000, Pages 327~338
The forest conditions of North Korea has been a great concern since it was known to be closely related to many environmental problems of the disastrous flooding, soil erosion, and food shortage. To assess the long-term changes of forest area as well as the canopy conditions, several sources of multitemporal satellite data were applied to the study area near Kaesung. KOMPSAT-1 EOC data were overlaid with 1981 topographic map showing the boundaries of forest to assess the deforestation area. Delineation of the cleared forest was performed by both visual interpretation and unsupervised classification. For analyzing the change of forest canopy condition, multiple scenes of Landsat and SPOT data were selected. After preprocessing of the multitemporal satellite data, such as image registration and normalization, the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) was derived as a representation of forest canopy conditions. Although the panchromatic EOC data had radiometric limitation to classify diverse cover types, they can be effectively used t detect and delineate the deforested area. The results showed that a large portion of forest land has been cleared for the urban and agricultural uses during the last twenty years. It was also found that the canopy condition of remaining forests has not been improved for the last twenty years. It was also found that the canopy condition of remaining forests has not been improved for the last twenty years. Possible causes of the deforestation and the temporal pattern of canopy conditions are discussed.
Three Dimensional Positioning Accuracy of KOMPSAT-1 Stereo Imagery
Jeong, Soo ; Kim, Yong-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 16, issue 4, 2000, Pages 339~345
KOMPSAT-1 was launched on 21 December, 1999 and the main mission of the satellite is the cartography to provide the imagery from a remote earth view for the production of maps of Korean territory. For this purpose, the satellite has capability to tilt the spacecraft utmost
45 degrees to acquire stereo satellite imagery in different paths. This study aims to estimate the three dimensional positioning accuracy of stereo satellite imagery from EOC(electro-optical camera), a payload of KOMPSAT-1 satellite. For this purpose, the ground control points and check points were obtained by GPS surveying. The sensor modeling and the adjustment was performed by PCI software installed in KARI (Korea Aerospace Research Institute), which contained mathematical analysis module for KOMPSAT-1 EOC. The study areas were Taejon and Nonsan, placed in the middle part of Korea. As a result of this study, we found that the RMSE(root mean square error) value of three dimensional positioning KOMPST-1 stereo imagery can be less than 1 pixel (6.6 m) if we can use about 10 GCPs(ground control points). Then, a standarrd of FGDC (Federal Geographic Data Committee) of USA was applied to the result to estimate the three dimensional positioning accuracy of KOMPSAT-1 stereo imagery.
Digital Elevation Model Extraction Using KOMPSAT Images
Im, Hyung-Deuk ; Ye, Chul-Soo ; Lee, Kwae-Hi ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 16, issue 4, 2000, Pages 347~353
The purpose of this paper is to extract DEM (Digital Elevation Model) using KOMPSAT images. DEM extraction consists of three parts. First part is the modeling of satellite position and attitude, second part is the matching of two images to find corresponding points of them and third part is to calculate the elevation of each point by using the result of the first and second part. The position and attitude modeling of satellite is processed by using GCPs. Area based matching method is used to find the corresponding points between the stereo satellite images. The elevation of each point is calculated using the exterior orientation information obtained from sensor modeling and the disparity from the stereo matching. In experiment, the KOMPSAT images, 2592
2796 panchromatic images are used to extract DEM. The experiment result show the DEM using KOMPSAT images.
Detection of a Point Target Movement with SAR Interferometry
Jun, Jung-Hee ; Ka, Min-ho ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 16, issue 4, 2000, Pages 355~365
The interferometric correlation, or coherence, is calculated to measure the variance of the interferometric phase and amplitude within the neighbourhood of any location within the image at a result of SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) interferometric process which utilizes the phase information of the images. The coherence contains additional information that is useful for detecting point targets which change their location in an area of interest (AOI). In this research, a RGB colour composite image was generated with a intensity image (master image), a intensity change image as a difference between master image and slave image, and a coherence image generated as a part of SAR interferometric processing. We developed a technique performing detection of a point target movement using SAR interferometry and applied it to suitable tandem pair images of ERS-1 and ERS-2 as test data. The possibility of change detection of a point target in the AOI could be identified with the technique proposed in this research.
Digital Change Detection by Post-classification Comparison of Multitemporal Remotely-Sensed Data
Cho, Seong-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 16, issue 4, 2000, Pages 367~373
Natural and artificial land features are very dynamic, changing somewhat repidly in our lifetime. It is important that such changes are inventoried accurately so that the physical and human processes at work can be more fully understood. Change detection is a technique used to determine the change between two or more time periods of a particular object of study. Change detection is an important process in monitoring and managing natural resources and urban development because it provides quantitative analysis of the spatial distribution in the population of interest. The purpose of this research is to detect environmental changes surrounding an area of Mountain Moscow, Idaho using Landsat Thematic Maper (TM) images of (July 8, 1990 and July 20, 1991). For accurate classification, the Image enhancement process was performed for improving the image quality of each image. A SPOT image (Aug. 14, 1992) was used for image merging in this research. Supervised classification was performed using the maximum likelihood method. Accuracy assessments were done for each classification. Two images were compared on a pixel-by-pixel basis using the post-classification comparison method that is used for detecting the changes of the study area in this research. The 'from-to' change class information can be detected by post classification comparison using this method and we could find which class change to another.