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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Remote Sensing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 17, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 17, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 17, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 17, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
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Land Cover Classification of a Wide Area through Multi-Scene Landsat Processing
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 17, issue 3, 2001, Pages 189~197
Generally, remote sensing is useful to obtain the quantitative and qualitative information of a wide area. For monitoring earth resources and environment, land cover classification of remotely sensed data are needed over increasingly larger area. The objective this study is to propose the process for land cover classification method over a wide area using multi-scene satellite data. Land cover of Korean peninsula was extracted from a Landsat TM and ETM+ mosaic created from 23 scenes at 100-meter resolution. Well-known techniques that used to general image processing and classification are applied to this wide area classification. It is expected that these process is very useful to promptly and efficiently grasp of small scale spatial information such as national territorial information.
Quantitative Analysis of GIS-based Landslide Prediction Models Using Prediction Rate Curve
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 17, issue 3, 2001, Pages 199~210
The purpose of this study is to compare the landslide prediction models quantitatively using prediction rate curve. A case study from the Jangheung area was used to illustrate the methodologies. The landslide locations were detected from remote sensing data and field survey, and geospatial information related to landslide occurrences were built as a spatial database in GIS. As prediction models, joint conditional probability model and certainty factor model were applied. For cross-validation approach, landslide locations were partitioned into two groups randomly. One group was used to construct prediction models, and the other group was used to validate prediction results. From the cross-validation analysis, it is possible to compare two models to each other in this study area. It is expected that these approaches will be used effectively to compare other prediction models and to analyze the causal factors in prediction models.
Model Calculation of Total Radiances for KOMPSAT-2 MSC
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 17, issue 3, 2001, Pages 211~218
We have performed the calculation of total radiances for the KOMPSAT-2 Multispectral Camera (MSC) using a radiative transfer model of MODTRAN and examined its results. To simulate four seasonal conditions in the model calculation, we used model atmospheres of mid-latitude winter and summer for calculations of January 15 and July 15, and US standard for April 15 and October 15, respectively. Orbital parameters of KOMPSAT-2 and the seasonal solar zenith angles were taken into account. We assumed that the meteorological range is the tropospheric aerosol extinction of 50 km and surface albedo is the global average of clear-sky albedo of 0.135. MSC contract values are found to be considerably greater in the MSC spectral range than the total radiances calculated with the above general conditions. It is also shown that the spectral behavior of model results with the constant surface albedo differs from the pattern of MSC contract values. From these results, it can be inferred that the forthcoming MSC images would be somewhat dark.
Temporal and Spatial Variation of the Sea Surface Temperature Differences Derived from Argos Drifter Between Daytime and Nighttime in the Whole East Sea
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 17, issue 3, 2001, Pages 219~230
The daytime and nighttime sea surface temperature (SST) differences and their seasonal variabilities in the East Sea were studied using Argos drifters data during 1996~1999. The SST differences for 1,438 data set were derived from 30 Argos drifters related to the NOAA satellite-based location and data collection system. The horizontal variation of SST differences in summer in the East Sea were higher than those in winter. The relationship between the SST differences and the half day moving distances of Argos drifters was studied. Monthly SST difference in the northern and southern part of 38
N in the East Sea was considered. The SST differences derived from NOAA-14 satellite were compared with those from Argos drifter between daytime and nighttime in the turbulent eddy off Wonsan coast of Korea.
Application of 2-pass DInSAR to Improve DEM Precision
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 17, issue 3, 2001, Pages 231~242
In 2-pass differential SAR interferometry(DInSAR), the topographic phase signature can be removed by using a digital elevation model(DEM) to isolate the contribution of deformation from interferometric phase. This method has an advantage of no unwrapping process, but applicability is limited by precision of the DEM used. The residual phase in 2-pass differential interferogram accounts for error of DEM used in the processing provided that no actual deformation exits. The objective of this paper is a preliminary study to improve DEM precision using low precision DEM and 2-pass DInSAR technique, and we applied the 2-pass DInSAR technique to Asan area. ERS-1/2 tandem complex images and DTED level 0 DEM were used for DInSAR, and the precision of resulting DEM was estimated by a 1:25,000 digital map. The input DEM can be improved by simply adding the DInSAR output to the original low precision DEM. The absolute altitude error of the improved DEM is 9.7m, which is about the half to that of the original DTED level 0 data. And absolute altitude error of the improved DEM is better than that from InSAR technique, 15.8m. This approach has an advantage over the InSAR technique in efficiently reducing layover effects over steep slope region. This study demonstrates that 2-pass DInSAR can also be used to improve DEM precision.
Realtime Long-Distance Transmission Method of DGPS Error Correction Signal
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 17, issue 3, 2001, Pages 243~251
GPS is one of today's most widely used surveying techniques. But, users can't acquire an enough accuracy in applications of the navigation or geodesy by the GPS positioning technique because of the effects of the ionosphere and troposphere. The solution of these restrictions in the DGPS technique that is to eliminate the common errors and can achieve a high accuracy. Although of sufficient density for good DGPS, accuracy of positioning is just not dense enough to provide complete coverage for real-time positioning, because distances between base and rover is short. In this paper, we suggest Realtime Long-Distance Transmission Method of DGPS Error Correction Signal, which consist of TCP, UDP and IP, which allows a user to increase the distance at which the rover receiver is located from the base, due to radio modem.
Technology Tree and Domestic Research Status of Satellite Remote-Sensing of the Earth
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 17, issue 3, 2001, Pages 253~273
In this review article, we produce a technology tree in the earth observation by remote sensing, which is the Level I technology in the tree. To define Level II technologies, we create a two-dimensional matrix of technologies viewed from methodology and application viewpoints. Consequently the following fields are selected: reception-archiving, atmosphere, ocean, land, GIS, and common technology. For each Level II technology, we extract half a dozen Level III and about 20-30 Level IV technologies. For each Level IV technology, we review the status of domestic research and the approaches for acquiring deficient technology in Korea. Also we survey foreign institutions specializing in the deficient technologies and the time when the deficient technologies are needed. Furthermore we assign priority technologies from the viewpoints of public need and economic benefits. The information given in this article would help understand and collaborate among different disciplines, be a useful guide to a beginner to remote sensing, and assist policy making.
Classification of Forest Type Using High Resolution Imagery of Satellite IKONOS
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 17, issue 3, 2001, Pages 275~284
This study was carried out to evaluate high resolution satellite imagery of IKONOS for classifying the land cover, especially forest type. The IKONOS imagery of 11km
11km size was taken on April 24, 2000 in Bong-pyoung Myun Pyungchang-Gun, Kangwon Province. Land cover classes were water, coniferous evergreen, Larix leptolepis, broad-leaved tree, bare land, farm land, grassland, sandy soil and asphalted area. Supervised classification method with algorithm of maximum likelihood was applied for classification. The terrestrial survey was also carried out to collect the reference data in this area. The accuracy of the classification was analyzed with the items of overall accuracy, producer's accuracy, user's accuracy and k for test area through the error matrix. In the accuracy analysis of the test area, overall accuracy was 94.3%, producer's accuracy was 77.0-99.9%, user's accuracy was 71.9-100% and k and 0.93. Classes of bare land, sandy soil and farm land were less clear than other classes, whereas classification result of IKONOS in forest area showed higher performance than that of other resolution(5-30m) satellite data.