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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Remote Sensing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 6 - Dec 2002
Volume 18, Issue 5 - Oct 2002
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Aug 2002
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Jun 2002
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Apr 2002
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Feb 2002
Selecting the target year
Geostrophic Velocities Derived from Satellite Altimetry in the Sea South of Japan
Kim, Seung-Bum ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 18, issue 5, 2002, Pages 243~253
Time-mean and absolute geostrophic velocities of the Kuroshio current south of Japan are derived from TOPEX/Poseidon altimeter data using a Gaussian jet model. When compared with simultaneous measurements from a shipboard acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) at two intersection points, the altimetric and ADCP absolute velocities correlate well with the correlation coefficient of 0.55 to 0.74. The accuracy of time-mean velocity ranges from 1 cm s
to 5 cm s
. The errors in the absolute and the mean velocities are similar to those reported previously for other currents. The comparable performance suggests the Gaussian jet model is a promising methodology for determining absolute geostrophic velocities, noting that in this region the Kuroshio does not meander sufficiently and thus provides unfavorable environment for the performance of the Gaussian jet model.
Estimation of Instantaneous Sea Level Using SAR Interferometry
Kim, Sang-Wan ; Won, Joong-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 18, issue 5, 2002, Pages 255~261
Strong and coherent radar backscattering signals are observed over oyster sea farms that consist of artificial structures installed on the bottom. We successfully obtained 21 coherent interferograms from 11 JERS-1 SAR data sets even though orbital baselines (up to 2 km) or temporal baselines (up to 1 year) were relatively large. The coherent phases preserved in the sea farms are probably formed by double bouncing from sea surface and the sea farming structures, and consequently they are correlated with tide height (or instantaneous sea level). Phase unwrapping is required to restore the absolute sea level. We show that radar backscattering intensity is roughly correlated with the sea surface height, and utilize the fact to determine the wrapping counts. While the SAR image intensity gives a rough range of absolute sea level, the interferometric phases provide the detailed relative height variations within a limit of
(or 15.3 cm) with respect to the sea level at the moment of the master data acquisition. A combined estimation results in an instantaneous sea level. The radar measurements were verified using tide gauge records, and the results yielded a correlation coefficient of 0.96 with an r.m.s. error of 6.0 cm. The results demonstrate that radar interferometry is a promising approach to sea level measurement in the near coastal regions.
Extraction of Some Transportation Reference Planning Indices using High-Resolution Remotely Sensed Imagery
Lee, Ki-Won ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 18, issue 5, 2002, Pages 263~271
Recently, spatial information technologies using remotely sensed imagery and functionality of GIS (Geographic Information Systems) have been widely utilized to various types of transportation-related applications. In this study, extraction programs of some practical indices, to be effectively used in transportation reference planning problem, were designed and implemented as prototyped extensions in GIS development environment: traffic flow estimation (TFL/TFB), urban rural index (URI), and accessibility index (AI). In TFL/TFB, user can obtain quantitative results on traffic flow estimation at link/block using high-resolution satellite imagery. Whereas, URI extension provides urban-rural characteristics related to road system, being considered one of important factors in transportation planning. Lastly, AI extension helps to obtain accessibility index between nodes of road segments and surrounding district areas touched or intersected with the road network system, and it also provides useful information for transportation planning problems. This approach is regarded as one of RS-T (Remote Sensing in Transportation), and it is expected to expand as new application of remotely sensed imagery.
Forward Mapping of Spaceborne SAR Image Coordinates to Earth Surface
Shin, Dong-Seok ; Park, Won-Kyu ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 18, issue 5, 2002, Pages 273~280
This paper describes a mathematical model and its utilization algorithm for calculating the accurate target position on the ellipsoidal earth surface which corresponds to a range-azimuth coordinates of unprocessed synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images. A geometrical model which is a set of coordinate transformations is described. The side-looking directional angle (off-nadir angle) is determined in an iterative fashion by using the model and the accurate slant range which is calculated from the range sampling timing of the instrument. The algorithm can be applied not only for the geolocation of SAR images but also for the high quality SAR image generation by calculating accurate Doppler parameters.
Radiometric Characteristics of KOMPSAT EOC Data Assessed by Simulating the Sensor Received Radiance
Kim, Jeong-Hyun ; Lee, Kyu-Sung ; Kim, Du-Ra ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 18, issue 5, 2002, Pages 281~289
Although EOC data have been frequently used in several applications since the launch of the KOMPSAT-1 satellite in 1999, its radiometric characteristics are not clear due to the inherent limitations of the on-board calibration system. The radiometric characteristics of remotely sensed imagery can be measured by the sensitivity of radiant flux coming from various surface features on the earth. The objective of this study is to analyze the radiometric characteristics of EOC data by simulating the sensor- received radiance. Initially, spectral reflectance values of reference targets were measured on the ground by using a portable spectre-radiometer at the EOC spectrum. A radiative transfer model, LOWTRAN, then simulated the sensor-received radiance values of the same reference target. By correlating the digital number (DN) extracted from the EOC image to the corresponding radiance values simulated from LOWTRAN, we could find the radiometric calibration coefficients for EOC image. The radiometric gain coefficients of EOC are very similar to those of other panchromatic optical sensors.
Minimization of Hidden Area Using Genetic Algorithm in 3D Terrain Viewing
Won, Bo-Hwan ; Koo, Ja-Young ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 18, issue 5, 2002, Pages 291~297
Optimal allocation of viewers on a terrain in such a wav that the hidden area would be minimized has many practical applications. However, it is impossible in practical sense to evaluate all the possible allocations. In this paper, we propose an optimal allocation of viewers based on genetic algorithm that enables probabilistic search of huge solution space. An experiment for one and three viewers was performed. The algorithm converges to good solutions. Especially, in one viewer case, the algorithm found the best solution.
Comparison of CZCS and SeaWiFS Pigments for Merging the Higher Level Ocean Color Data
Jeong, Jong-Chul ; Yoo, Shin-Jae ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 18, issue 5, 2002, Pages 299~303
Many ocean color sensors are being operated at present and will be continued to operatein the coming years. However, these ocean color sensors have different spectral bands locations and higher level product algorithms. Thus the continuity of ocean color data from the satellite with different missions will be important for monitoring of oceanographic variation with long term research. In this study, CZCS band and algorithm are compared with OCTS and SeaWiFS algorithm for estimating chlorophyll. Missing bands of OCTS and CZCS for chlorophyll algorithm are estimated by linear-interpolation using SeaWiFS data. We were able to evaluate the effectiveness of the correction methods using linear interpolation method. Surprisingly, linear interpolation gave a better result than those of other bands.