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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Remote Sensing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
Local Validation of MODIS Global Leaf Area Index (LAI) Product over Temperate Forest
Kim, Sun-Hwa ; Lee, Kyu-Sung ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 19, issue 1, 2003, Pages 1~9
MODIS LAI product has been one of key variable for analyzing the quantitative aspects of terrestrial ecology at global scale. This study was designed to validate MODIS global LAI product for regional application. To examine the quality of MODIS LAI data, we developed a reference LAI surface that was derived by relating the ground LAI measurements to Landsat ETM+ reflectance. The study area, the Kwangneung Experiment Forest in Korea, covers mixed deciduous and coniferous species of temperate forest. Ground measurements of LAI were conducted at 30 sample plots by using a photo-optical instrument during the growing season of 2002. Ground measured LAI data were then related to the ETM+ reflectance to produce a continuous map of LAI surface over the study area. From the comparison between the MODIS LAI and the reference LAI, it was found that the MODIS LAI values were slightly higher at the forestland. Considering the limitations of producing the reference LAI surface and the uncertainty of the input variable for the MODIS LAI algorithm, such small discrepancy mal not be significant.
Tropospheric Ozone Retrieval Algorithm Based on the TOMS Scanning Geometry
Kim, Jae-Hwan ; Na, Sun-Mi ; Newchurch, M.J. ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 19, issue 1, 2003, Pages 11~19
This paper applies the Scan-Angle Method (SAM) to the Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer (TOMS) aboard Earth Probe (EP) satellite for determining tropospheric ozone based on TOMS scan geometry. In the northern tropical Africa burning season, the distribution of the SAM-derived tropospheric ozone presents a tropospheric ozone enhancement related to biomass burning. This distribution is consistent with that of fire counts observed from Along Track Scanning Radiometer (ATSR) and that of carbon monoxide, the tropospheric ozone precursor, observed from Measurements of Pollution In The Troposphere (MOPITI). However, this feature is not shown in the distribution of tropospheric ozone derived from other TOMS-based algorithms for the northern burning season. In the high latitudes, the influence of pollution in the SAM results is seen over the northern continents in agreement with carbon monoxide for northern summer when the dynamical activity is weak in the northern hemisphere.
Satellite Monitoring and Prediction for the Occurrence of the Red Tide in the Middle Coastal Area in the South Sea of Korea
Yoon, Hong-Joo ; Kim, Young-Seup ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 19, issue 1, 2003, Pages 21~30
It was studied the relationship between the red tide occurrence and the meteorological and oceanographic factors, the choice of potential area for red tide occurrence, and the satellite monitoring for red tide. From 1990 through 2001, the red tide continuously appeared and the number of red tide occurrence increased every year. Then, the red tide bloomed during the periods of July and August. An important meteorological factor governing the mechanisms of the increasing in number of red tide occurrence was heavy precipitation. Oceanographic factors of favorable marine environmental conditions for the red tide formation included warm water temperature, low salinity, high suspended solid, low phosphorus, low nitrogen. A common condition for the red tide occurrence was heavy precipitation 2∼4 days earlier, and the favorable conditions for the red tide formation were high air temperature, proper sunshine and light winds for the day in red tide occurrence. From satellite images, it was possible to monitor the spatial distributions and concentrations of red tide. It was founded the potential areas for red tide occurrence in August 2000 by CIS conception: Yeosu∼Dolsan coast, Gamak bay, Namhae coast, Marado coast, Goheung coast, Deukryang bay, respectively.
Wave Height from Satellite Altimetry and Its Comparison with a Model Product
Kim, Seung-Bum ; Kang, Sok-Kuh ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 19, issue 1, 2003, Pages 31~36
We extracted significant wave height (SWH) using several altimeter missions from 1987-1995 over the Northwest Pacific ocean and compared with ECMWF (European Center for Medium- Range Forecast) reanalysis (ERA) products. For large wave heights the ERA wave heights are smaller than the altimetric ones, while for small wave heights the ERA wave heights are larger Comparison in SWH between altimetric derivations and ERA model products shows the discrepancy of 0.46-0.21
SWH (m). Methods for propagating this differences into ERA wind error are presented.
NASA EOS DB Receiving System Development by KARI
Ahn, Sang-Il ; Koo, In-Hoi ; Yang, Hyung-Mo ; Hyun, Dae-Hwan ; Choi, Hae-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 19, issue 1, 2003, Pages 37~42
Recently, KARI implemented the receiving and processing system for MODIS sensor data from NASA EOS satellites (TERRA and AQUA). This paper shows the development strategy considered, system requirement derived, system design, characteristic and test results of processing system. System operation concept and sample image are also provided. Implemented system was proven to be fully operational through lots of pass operations activities from RF signal reception to level-1 processing.
Effect of the Signal-to-Noise Power Spectra Ratio on MTF Compensated EOC Images
Kang, Chi-Ho ; Choi, Hae-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 19, issue 1, 2003, Pages 43~52
EOC (Electro-Optical Camera) of KOMPSAT-1 (Korea Multi-Purpose SATellite) has been producing land imageries of the world since January 2000. After image data are acquired by EOC, they are transmitted from satellite to ground via X-band RF signal. Then, EOC image data are retrieved and pass through radiometric and geometric corrections to generate standard products of EOC images. After radiometric correction on EOC image data, Modulation Transfer Function (MTF) compensation is applicable on EOC images with user's request for better image quality. MTF compensation is concerned with filtering EOC images to minimize the effect of degradations. For Image Receiving and Processing System (IRPE) at KOMPSAT Ground Station (KGS), Wiener filter is used for MTF compensation of EOC images. If the Pointing Spread Function (PSF) of EOC system is known, signal-to-noise (SNR) power spectra ratio is the only variable which determines the shape of Wiener filter In this paper, MTF compensation in IRPE at KGS is briefly addressed, and MTF compensated EOC images are generated using Wiener filters with various SNR power spectra ratios. MTF compensated EOC images are compared with original EOC 1R images to observe correlations between them. As a result, the effect of SNR power spectra ratio on MTF compensated EOC images is shown.
Inverse Brightness Temperature Estimation for Microwave Scanning Radiometer
Park, Hyuk ; Katkovnik, Vladimir ; Kang, Gum-Sil ; Kim, Sung-Hyun ; Choi, Jun-Ho ; Choi, Se-Hwan ; Jiang, Jing-Shan ; Kim, Yong-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 19, issue 1, 2003, Pages 53~59
The passive microwave remote sensing has progressed considerably in recent years Important earth surface parameters are detected and monitored by airborne and space born radiometers. However the spatial resolution of real aperture measurements is constrained by the antenna aperture size available on orbiting platforms and on the ground. The inverse problem technique is researched in order to improve the spatial resolution of microwave scanning radiometer. We solve a two-dimensional (surface) temperature-imaging problem with a major intention to develop high-resolution methods. In this paper, the scenario for estimation of both radiometer point spread function (PSF) and target configuration is explained. The PSF of the radiometer is assumed to be unknown and estimated from the observations. The configuration and brightness temperature of targets are also estimated. To do this, we deal with the parametric modeling of observation scenario. The performance of developed algorithms is illustrated on two-dimensional experimental data obtained by the water vapor radiometer.
Automatic Identification of Fiducial Marks Based on Weak Constraints
Cho, Seong-Ik ; Kim, Kyoung-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 19, issue 1, 2003, Pages 61~70
This paper proposes an autonomous approach to localize the center of fiducial marks included in aerial photographs without precise geometric information and human interactions. For this localization, we present a conceptual model based on two assumptions representing symmetric characteristics of fiducial area and fiducial mark. The model makes it possible to locate exact center of a fiducial mark by checking the symmetric characteristics of pixel value distribution around the mark. The proposed approach is composed of three steps: (a) determining the symmetric center of fiducial area, (b) finding the center of a fiducial mark with unit pixel accuracy, and finally (c) localizing the exact center up to sub-pixel accuracy. The symmetric center of the mark is calculated tv successively applying three geometric filters: simplified
G (Laplacian of Gaussian) filter, symmetry enhancement filter, and high pass filter. By introducing a self-diagnosis function based on the self-similarity measurement, a way of rejecting unreliable cases of center calculation is proposed, as well. The experiments were done with respect to 284 samples of fiducial marks composed of RMK- and RC-style ones extracted from 51 scanned aerial photographs. It was evaluated in the visual inspection that the proposed approach had resulted the erroneous identification with respect to only one mark. Although the proposed approach is based on weak constraints, being free from the exact geometric model of the fiducial marks, experimental results showed that the proposed approach is sufficiently robust and reliable.
Web-Based Media GIS Architecture Using the Virtual World Mapping Technique
Kim, Sung-Soo ; Kim, Kyong-Ho ; Kim, Kyoung-Ok ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 19, issue 1, 2003, Pages 71~80
In this Paper, we Propose web-based Media GIS architecture using 3D geographical database and GPS-related data resulted from 45-Van. We introduce a novel interoperable geographical data service concept; so-called, Virtual World Mapping (VWM) that can map 3D graphic world with real-world video. Our proposed method can easily retrieve geographical information and attributes to reconstruct 3D virtual space according to certain frame in video sequences. Our proposed system architecture also has an advantage that can provide geographical information service with video stream without any image processing procedures. In addition to, describing the details of our components, we present a Media GIS web service system by using GeoVideoServer, which performs VWM technique.
A 4S Design on Mobile Ad hoc Networks
Lee, Eun-Kyu ; Kim, Mi-Jeong ; Oh, Byoung-Woo ; Kim, Min-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 19, issue 1, 2003, Pages 81~89
A provision of spatial information is expected to make a market explosion in various fields. A distribution of spatial data on wireless mobile environments indicates a huge expansion of mobile technology as well as a spread of geospatial applications. For high-qualified spatial information, the 4S technology Project that is integrating four kinds of spatial systems is currently being executed with the goal of nationwide integration of spatial data and spatial information systems. In terms of network environments, a mobile ad hoc network where mobile terminals communicate with each other without any infrastructures has been standardized for the next generation mobile wireless network. With respect to the future technologies for spatial information, it is necessary to design 4S applications on mobile ad hoc networks. This paper addresses the issue, which is proposing design concepts for distributing 4S spatial data on mobile ad hoc networks and for ad hoc styled 4S applications.
4S-Van: A Prototype Mobile Mapping System for GIS
Lee, Seung-Yong ; Kim, Seong-Baek ; Choi, Ji-Hoon ; Lee, Jong-Hun ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 19, issue 1, 2003, Pages 91~97
The design of Graphic Information System(GIS) in various applications is suffering from the difficulty of data acquisition, which is labor-intensive and time consuming. In order to provide the spatial data rapidly and accurately, 4S-Van, a prototype mobile mapping system, has been developed. The 4S-Van consists of 1)Global Positioning System(GPS), Inertial Navigation System(INS) for estimating the geographic position and attitude of the moving van, i.e.,(x, y, z) and the direction of the Van, 2) Charge Coupled Device(CCD) camera and laser scanner for capturing images and for measuring depth from geographic objects, and 3) External Synchronization Device(ESD) and industrial PC for synchronizing data from GPS/INS/CCD camera and for storing the data. In this paper, we present the design and implementation of the proto-Dpe 4S-Van system for spatial data acquisition for various GIS applications.