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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Remote Sensing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 19, Issue 6 - Dec 2003
Volume 19, Issue 5 - Oct 2003
Volume 19, Issue 4 - Aug 2003
Volume 19, Issue 3 - Jun 2003
Volume 19, Issue 2 - Apr 2003
Volume 19, Issue 1 - Feb 2003
Selecting the target year
Extension Test of Midday Apparent Evapotranspiration toward Daily Value Using a Complete Remotely-Sensed Input
Han, Kyung-Soo ; Kim, Young-Seup ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 19, issue 5, 2003, Pages 341~349
The so-called B-method, a simplified surface energy budget, permits calculation of daily actual evapotranspiration (ET) using remotely sensed data, such as NOAA-AVHRR. Even if the use of satellite data allows estimation of the albedo and surface temperature, this model requires meteorological data measured at ground-level to obtain the other inputs. In addition, a difficulty may be occurred by the difference of temporal scales between the net radiation in daily scale and instantaneous measurement at midday of the surface and air temperatures because the data covered whole day are necessary to obtain accumulated daily net radiation. In order to solve these problems, this study attempted a modification of B-method through an extension of hourly ET value calculated using a complete instantaneous inputs. The estimation of the daily apparent ET from newly proposed system showed a root mean square error of 0.26 mm/day as compared the output obtained from the classical model. It is evident that this may offer more rapid estimation and reduced data volume.
Integration of ERS-2 SAR and IRS-1 D LISS-III Image Data for Improved Coastal Wetland Mapping of southern India
Shanmugam, P. ; Ahn, Yu-Hwan ; Sanjeevi, S. ; Manjunath, A.S. ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 19, issue 5, 2003, Pages 351~361
As the launches of a series of remote sensing satellites, there are various multiresolution and multi-spectral images available nowadays. This diversity in remotely sensed image data has created a need to be able to integrate data from different sources. The C-band imaging radar of ERS-2 due to its high sensitivity to coastal wetlands holds tremendous potential in mapping and monitoring coastal wetland features. This paper investigates the advantages of using ERS-2 SAR data combined with IRS-ID LISS-3 data for mapping complex coastal wetland features of Tamil Nadu, southern India. We present a methodology in this paper that highlights the mapping potential of different combinations of filtering and integration techniques. The methodology adopted here consists of three major steps as following: (i) speckle noise reduction by comparative performance of different filtering algorithms, (ii) geometric rectification and coregistration, and (iii) application of different integration techniques. The results obtained from the analysis of optical and microwave image data have proved their potential use in improving interpretability of different coastal wetland features of southern India. Based visual and statistical analyzes, this study suggests that brovey transform will perform well in terms of preserving spatial and spectral content of the original image data. It was also realized that speckle filtering is very important before fusing optical and microwave data for mapping coastal mangrove wetland ecosystem.
An Efficient Rectification Algorithm for Spaceborne SAR Imagery Using Polynomial Model
Kim, Man-Jo ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 19, issue 5, 2003, Pages 363~370
This paper describes a rectification procedure that relies on a polynomial model derived from the imaging geometry without loss of accuracy. By using polynomial model, one can effectively eliminate the iterative process to find an image pixel corresponding to each output grid point. With the imaging geometry and ephemeris data, a geo-location polynomial can be constructed from grid points that are produced by solving three equations simultaneously. And, in order to correct the local distortions induced by the geometry and terrain height, a distortion model has been incorporated in the procedure, which is a function of incidence angle and height at each pixel position. With this function, it is straightforward to calculate the pixel displacement due to distortions and then pixels are assigned to the output grid by re-sampling the displaced pixels. Most of the necessary information for the construction of polynomial model is available in the leader file and some can be derived from others. For validation, sample images of ERS-l PRI and Radarsat-l SGF have been processed by the proposed method and evaluated against ground truth acquired from 1:25,000 topography maps.
Generation of Forest Leaf Area Index (LAI) Map Using Multispectral Satellite Data and Field Measurements
Lee, Kyu-Sung ; Kim, Sun-Hwa ; Park, Yoon-Il ; Jang, Ki-Chang ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 19, issue 5, 2003, Pages 371~380
The primary objective of this study is to develop a suitable methodology to generate forest leaf area index (LAI) map at regional and local scales. To build empirical models, we collected the LAI values at 30 sample plots over the forest within the kyongan watershed area by the field measurements using an optical instrument. Landsat-7 ETM＋ multispectral data obtained at the same growing season with the field LAI measurement were used. Three datasets of remote sensing signal were prepared for analyzing the relationship with the field measured LAI value and they include raw DN, atmospherically corrected reflectance, and topographically corrected reflectance. From the correlation analysis and regression model development, we found that the radiometric correction of topographic effects was very critical step to increase the sensitivity of the multispectral reflectance to LAI. In addition, the empirical model to generate forest LAI map should be separately developed for each of coniferous and deciduous forest.
Classification of Land Cover on Korean Peninsula Using Multi-temporal NOAA AVHRR Imagery
Lee, Sang-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 19, issue 5, 2003, Pages 381~392
Multi-temporal approaches using sequential data acquired over multiple years are essential for satisfactory discrimination between many land-cover classes whose signatures exhibit seasonal trends. At any particular time, the response of several classes may be indistinguishable. A harmonic model that can represent seasonal variability is characterized by four components: mean level, frequency, phase and amplitude. The trigonometric components of the harmonic function inherently contain temporal information about changes in land-cover characteristics. Using the estimates which are obtained from sequential images through spectral analysis, seasonal periodicity can be incorporates into multi-temporal classification. The Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) was computed for one week composites of the Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) imagery over the Korean peninsula for 1996 ～ 2000 using a dynamic technique. Land-cover types were then classified both with the estimated harmonic components using an unsupervised classification approach based on a hierarchical clustering algorithm. The results of the classification using the harmonic components show that the new approach is potentially very effective for identifying land-cover types by the analysis of its multi-temporal behavior.
Automatic Road Extraction by Gradient Direction Profile Algorithm (GDPA) using High-Resolution Satellite Imagery: Experiment Study
Lee, Ki-Won ; Yu, Young-Chul ; Lee, Bong-Gyu ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 19, issue 5, 2003, Pages 393~402
In times of the civil uses of commercialized high-resolution satellite imagery, applications of remote sensing have been widely extended to the new fields or the problem solving beyond traditional application domains. Transportation application of this sensor data, related to the automatic or semiautomatic road extraction, is regarded as one of the important issues in uses of remote sensing imagery. Related to these trends, this study focuses on automatic road extraction using Gradient Direction Profile Algorithm (GDPA) scheme, with IKONOS panchromatic imagery having 1 meter resolution. For this, the GDPA scheme and its main modules were reviewed with processing steps and implemented as a prototype software. Using the extracted bi-level image and ground truth coming from actual GIS layer, overall accuracy evaluation and ranking error-assessment were performed. As the processed results, road information can be automatically extracted; by the way, it is pointed out that some user-defined variables should be carefully determined in using high-resolution satellite imagery in the dense or low contrast areas. While, the GDPA method needs additional processing, because direct results using this method do not produce high overall accuracy or ranking value. The main advantage of the GDPA scheme on road features extraction can be noted as its performance and further applicability. This experiment study can be extended into practical application fields related to remote sensing.
A Defective Detector Suppression in the Short Wave Infrared Band of SPOT/VEGETATION-1
Han, Kyung-Soo ; Kim, Young-Seup ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 19, issue 5, 2003, Pages 403~409
Since SPOT4 satellite contained VEGETATION 1 sensor launched, the noise in VEGETATION data was occasionally arisen a difficulty for the data traitement. Blind line noise types were studied in VEGETATION-l short wave infrared channel(SWIR). In order to provide a precis product, the procedure for removing this noise is strongly recommended. In the case that the blind values are clearly distinguished from contamination-free values a simple threshold method was applied, while a changeable threshold method was used for the blind value mixed with contamination-free values. New algorithm presented in this study is consists of two method for each type of SWIR blind. After removing blind line, there were again some residual pixels of blind, because the threshold is not determinated sufficiently low. Lower threshold could remove the blind line as well as the contamination-free pixels. Nevertheless, the results showed a good qualitative improvement as compared with other algorithm.