Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Remote Sensing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 6 - Dec 2006
Volume 22, Issue 5 - Oct 2006
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Aug 2006
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Jun 2006
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Apr 2006
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Feb 2006
Selecting the target year
Spectal Characteristics of Dry-Vegetation Cover Types Observed by Hyperspectral Data
Lee Kyu-Sung ; Kim Sun-Hwa ; Ma Jeong-Rim ; Kook Min-Jung ; Shin Jung-Il ; Eo Yang-Dam ; Lee Yong-Woong ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 22, issue 3, 2006, Pages 175~182
Because of the phenological variation of vegetation growth in temperate region, it is often difficult to accurately assess the surface conditions of agricultural croplands, grasslands, and disturbed forests by multi-spectral remote sensor data. In particular, the spectral similarity between soil and dry vegetation has been a primary problem to correctly appraise the surface conditions during the non-growing seasons in temperature region. This study analyzes the spectral characteristics of the mixture of dry vegetation and soil. The reflectance spectra were obtained from laboratory spectroradiometer measurement (GER-2600) and from EO-1 Hyperion image data. The reflectance spectra of several samples having different level of dry vegetation fractions show similar pattern from both lab measurement and hyperspectral image. Red-edge near 700nm and shortwave IR near 2,200nm are more sensitive to the fraction of dry vegetation. The use of hyperspectral data would allow us for better separation between bare soils and other surfaces covered by dry vegetation during the leaf-off season.
Relating Hyperspectral Image Bands and Vegetation Indices to Corn and Soybean Yield
Jang Gab-Sue ; Sudduth Kenneth A. ; Hong Suk-Young ; Kitchen Newell R. ; Palm Harlan L. ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 22, issue 3, 2006, Pages 183~197
Combinations of visible and near-infrared (NIR) bands in an image are widely used for estimating vegetation vigor and productivity. Using this approach to understand within-field grain crop variability could allow pre-harvest estimates of yield, and might enable mapping of yield variations without use of a combine yield monitor. The objective of this study was to estimate within-field variations in crop yield using vegetation indices derived from hyperspectral images. Hyperspectral images were acquired using an aerial sensor on multiple dates during the 2003 and 2004 cropping seasons for corn and soybean fields in central Missouri. Vegetation indices, including intensity normalized red (NR), intensity normalized green (NG), normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI), green NDVI (gNDVI), and soil-adjusted vegetation index (SAVI), were derived from the images using wavelengths from 440 nm to 850 nm, with bands selected using an iterative procedure. Accuracy of yield estimation models based on these vegetation indices was assessed by comparison with combine yield monitor data. In 2003, late-season NG provided the best estimation of both corn
yields. Stepwise multiple linear regression using multiple hyperspectral bands was also used to estimate yield, and explained similar amounts of yield variation. Corn yield variability was better modeled than was soybean yield variability. Remote sensing was better able to estimate yields in the 2003 season when crop growth was limited by water availability, especially on drought-prone portions of the fields. In 2004, when timely rains during the growing season provided adequate moisture across entire fields and yield variability was less, remote sensing estimates of yield were much poorer $(r^2<0.3)$.
An Adjustment for a Regional Incongruity in Global land Cover Map: case of Korea
Park Youn-Young ; Han Kyung-Soo ; Yeom Jong-Min ; Suh Yong-Cheol ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 22, issue 3, 2006, Pages 199~209
The Global Land Cover 2000 (GLC 200) project, as a most recent issue, is to provide for the year 2000 a harmonized land cover database over the whole globe. The classifications were performed according to continental or regional scales by corresponding organization using the data of VEGETATION sensor onboard the SPOT4 Satellite. Even if the global land cover classification for Asia provided by Chiba University showed a good accuracy in whole Asian area, some problems were detected in Korean region. Therefore, the construction of new land cover database over Korea is strongly required using more recent data set. The present study focuses on the development of a new upgraded land cover map at 1 km resolution over Korea considering the widely used K-means clustering, which is one of unsupervised classification technique using distance function for land surface pattern classification, and the principal components transformation. It is based on data sets from the Earth observing system SPOT4/VEGETATION. Newly classified land cover was compared with GLC 2000 for Korean peninsula to access how well classification performed using confusion matrix.
Application of Random Forests to Assessment of Importance of Variables in Multi-sensor Data Fusion for Land-cover Classification
Park No-Wook ; Chi kwang-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 22, issue 3, 2006, Pages 211~219
A random forests classifier is applied to multi-sensor data fusion for supervised land-cover classification in order to account for the importance of variable. The random forests approach is a non-parametric ensemble classifier based on CART-like trees. The distinguished feature is that the importance of variable can be estimated by randomly permuting the variable of interest in all the out-of-bag samples for each classifier. Two different multi-sensor data sets for supervised classification were used to illustrate the applicability of random forests: one with optical and polarimetric SAR data and the other with multi-temporal Radarsat-l and ENVISAT ASAR data sets. From the experimental results, the random forests approach could extract important variables or bands for land-cover discrimination and showed reasonably good performance in terms of classification accuracy.
Development of Mobile 3D Urban Landscape Authoring and Rendering System
Lee Ki-Won ; Kim Seung-Yub ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 22, issue 3, 2006, Pages 221~228
In this study, an integrated 3D modeling and rendering system dealing with 3D urban landscape features such as terrain, building, road and user-defined geometric ones was designed and implemented using
(Embedded System) API for mobile devices of PDA. In this system, the authoring functions are composed of several parts handling urban landscape features: vertex-based geometry modeling, editing and manipulating 3D landscape objects, generating geometrically complex type features with attributes for 3D objects, and texture mapping of complex types using image library. It is a kind of feature-based system, linked with 3D geo-based spatial feature attributes. As for the rendering process, some functions are provided: optimizing of integrated multiple 3D landscape objects, and rendering of texture-mapped 3D landscape objects. By the active-synchronized process among desktop system, OPENGL-based 3D visualization system, and mobile system, it is possible to transfer and disseminate 3D feature models through both systems. In this mobile 3D urban processing system, the main graphical user interface and core components is implemented under EVC 4.0 MFC and tested at PDA running on windows mobile and Pocket Pc. It is expected that the mobile 3D geo-spatial information systems supporting registration, modeling, and rendering functions can be effectively utilized for real time 3D urban planning and 3D mobile mapping on the site.
Omni Scanning DPCA using Two Passive Antennas with Vertical Separation
Kim Man-Jo ; Kho Bo-Yeon ; Yoon Sang-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 22, issue 3, 2006, Pages 229~234
In tactical theater, it is crucial to detect ground moving targets and to locate them precisely. This problem can be resolved by using SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) sensors providing GMTI (Ground Moving Target Indication) capability. In general, to implement a robust GMTI sensor is not simple because of the strong competitions between target signals and clutter signals from the ground, and low speed of moving targets. Contrary to the case that a delay canceller is mostly suitable for ground surveillance radars, DPCA (Displaced Phase Centered Antenna) or STAP (Space Time Adaptive Processing) techniques have been widely adapted for GMTI function of modern airborne radars. In this paper, a new scheme of DPCA using two passive antennas with vertical separation is proposed, which also provides good clutter cancellation performance. The proposed scheme realizes full azimuth coverage for DPCA operation on an airborne platform, which is impossible with classical DPCA configuration. Simulations using various conditions have been performed to validate the proposed scheme, and the results are acceptable.