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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Remote Sensing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 6 - Dec 2007
Volume 23, Issue 5 - Oct 2007
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Aug 2007
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Jun 2007
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Apr 2007
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 2007
Selecting the target year
Improvement and Application for Environmental Conservation Value Assessment Map(ECVAM) of Nationwide Land in Korea
Lee, Moung-Jin ; Jeon, Seong-Woo ; Jo, Min-Jeong ; Song, Won-Kyong ; Kang, Byung-Jin ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 23, issue 5, 2007, Pages 335~346
This study is aiming at improving the Environmental Conservation Value Assessment Map(ECVAM) of National Land in Korea. The ECVAM items are composed of legal and environmental/ecological assessments. A popular method applied to ECVAM is an overlay environmental/ecological assessment items. The purpose of this study is to offer complementary items of the ECVAM by examining assessment items. In this study we assessed the ECVAM by five methods. Method 1 is Grade 1 areas of each administrative district; Method 2 is comparing overlapped areas of each assessment items Grade 1, 2 and permission of each assessment items duplication; Method 3 is Grade 1, 2 areas by only singular assessment items; Method 4 is Grade 1 areas only of Method 2; and Method 5 is Grade 2 areas only of Method 2. Method 1 showed Seoul and other metropolitan cities revealed a large proportion of Grade I regions by the legal assessment items. Gang won-Do, showed a large proportion of Grade I regions by the environmental/ecological assessment item. Method 2 showed 93.4% of diameter Grade II(standard for stability); forest diameter item accounted for 99.9% by Method 3, Method 4 showed 95.7% of forest diameter, and forest density accounted for 66.4% by Method 5. This study contributes to reduce the complexity in the process of manufacturing ECVAM of National Land, and to raise the flexibility in the process of managing and updating this map.
Introduction of a Fast Substitute Wavelet Intensity Method to Pan-sharpening Technique
Choi, Myung-Jin ; Song, Jeong-Heon ; Seo, Du-Chun ; Lee, Dong-Han ; Lim, Hyo-Suk ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 23, issue 5, 2007, Pages 347~353
et al. proposed the substitute wavelet intensity(SWI) method which provided a solution based on the intensity-hue-saturation(IHS) method for the fusing of panchromatic(PAN) and multispectral(MS) images. Although the spectral quality of the fused MS images is enhanced, this method is not efficient enough to quickly merge massive volumes of data from satellite. To overcome this problem, we introduce a new SWI method based on a fast IHS transform to implement efficiently as an alternative procedure. In addition, we show that the method is well applicable for fusing IKONOS PAN with MS images.
Application of the 3D Discrete Wavelet Transformation Scheme to Remotely Sensed Image Classification
Yoo, Hee-Young ; Lee, Ki-Won ; Kwon, Byung-Doo ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 23, issue 5, 2007, Pages 355~363
The 3D DWT(The Three Dimensional Discrete Wavelet Transform) scheme is potentially regarded as useful one on analyzing both spatial and spectral information. Nevertheless, few researchers have attempted to process or classified remotely sensed images using the 3D DWT. This study aims to apply the 3D DWT to the land cover classification of optical and SAR(Synthetic Aperture Radar) images. Then, their results are evaluated quantitatively and compared with the results of traditional classification technique. As the experimental results, the 3D DWT shows superior classification results to conventional techniques, especially dealing with the high-resolution imagery and SAR imagery. It is thought that the 3D DWT scheme can be extended to multi-temporal or multi-sensor image classification.
Representing Navigation Information on Real-time Video in Visual Car Navigation System
Joo, In-Hak ; Lee, Seung-Yong ; Cho, Seong-Ik ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 23, issue 5, 2007, Pages 365~373
Car navigation system is a key application in geographic information system and telematics. A recent trend of car navigation system is using real video captured by camera equipped on the vehicle, because video has more representation power about real world than conventional map. In this paper, we suggest a visual car navigation system that visually represents route guidance. It can improve drivers' understanding about real world by capturing real-time video and displaying navigation information overlaid directly on the video. The system integrates real-time data acquisition, conventional route finding and guidance, computer vision, and augmented reality display. We also designed visual navigation controller, which controls other modules and dynamically determines visual representation methods of navigation information according to current location and driving circumstances. We briefly show implementation of the system.
3-Dimensional Tiling Technique to Process Huge Size High Resolution Satellite Image Seamlessly and Rapidly
Kim, Jun-Chul ; Jung, Chan-Gyu ; Kim, Moon-Gyu ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 23, issue 5, 2007, Pages 375~383
This paper presents the method to provide a fast service for user in image manipulation such as zooming and panning of huge size high resolution satellite image(e.g. Giga bytes per scene). The proposed technique is based on the hierarchical structure that has 3D-Tiling in horizontal and vertical direction to provide the image service more effectively than 2D-Tiling technique in the past does. The essence of the proposed technique is to create tiles of optimum level in real time on the basis of current displaying area, which change as user manipulates huge image. Consequently, this technique provides seamless service, and will be very powerful and useful for manipulation of images of huge size without data conversion.
Evolution of Internal Waves Near a Turning Point in the South China Sea using SAR Imagery and Numerical Models
Kim, Duk-Jin ; Lyzenga, David R. ; Choi, Woo-Young ; Kim, Youn-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 23, issue 5, 2007, Pages 385~391
Subsurface Internal Waves(IWs) can be detected in satellite images as periodic alternating brighter/darker stripes. It is known that there are two types of IWs-depression type and elevation type-depending on the water depth in stratified oceans. In this study, we have quantitatively verified the process of converting polarity from depression waves to elevation waves using ERS-2 SAR image acquired over the northern South China Sea. We simulated the evolution of IWs near a turning point with a numerical model for internal wave propagation. The simulation results near the turning point clearly showed us not only a conversion process of IWs from depression to elevation waves, but also a similar wave pattern with the observed SAR image. We also simulated SAR intensity variation near the turning point. The upper layer currents were computed at regular intervals using the numerical model, as the IWs were passing through the turning point. Then, an integrated hydrodynamic-electromagnetic model was used for simulating SAR intensity profiles from the upper layer currents. The simulated SAR intensity profiles were compared with the observed SAR intensities.
Temporal Classification Method for Forecasting Power Load Patterns From AMR Data
Lee, Heon-Gyu ; Shin, Jin-Ho ; Park, Hong-Kyu ; Kim, Young-Il ; Lee, Bong-Jae ; Ryu, Keun-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 23, issue 5, 2007, Pages 393~400
We present in this paper a novel power load prediction method using temporal pattern mining from AMR(Automatic Meter Reading) data. Since the power load patterns have time-varying characteristic and very different patterns according to the hour, time, day and week and so on, it gives rise to the uninformative results if only traditional data mining is used. Also, research on data mining for analyzing electric load patterns focused on cluster analysis and classification methods. However despite the usefulness of rules that include temporal dimension and the fact that the AMR data has temporal attribute, the above methods were limited in static pattern extraction and did not consider temporal attributes. Therefore, we propose a new classification method for predicting power load patterns. The main tasks include clustering method and temporal classification method. Cluster analysis is used to create load pattern classes and the representative load profiles for each class. Next, the classification method uses representative load profiles to build a classifier able to assign different load patterns to the existing classes. The proposed classification method is the Calendar-based temporal mining and it discovers electric load patterns in multiple time granularities. Lastly, we show that the proposed method used AMR data and discovered more interest patterns.
A Prototype Implementation for 3D Animated Anaglyph Rendering of Multi-typed Urban Features using Standard OpenGL API
Lee, Ki-Won ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 23, issue 5, 2007, Pages 401~408
Animated anaglyph is the most cost-effective method for 3D stereo visualization of virtual or actual 3D geo-based data model. Unlike 3D anaglyph scene generation using paired epipolar images, the main data sets of this study is the multi-typed 3D feature model containing 3D shaped objects, DEM and satellite imagery. For this purpose, a prototype implementation for 3D animated anaglyph using OpenGL API is carried out, and virtual 3D feature modeling is performed to demonstrate the applicability of this anaglyph approach. Although 3D features are not real objects in this stage, these can be substituted with actual 3D feature model with full texture images along all facades. Currently, it is regarded as the special viewing effect within 3D GIS application domains, because just stereo 3D viewing is a part of lots of GIS functionalities or remote sensing image processing modules. Animated anaglyph process can be linked with real-time manipulation process of 3D feature model and its database attributes in real world problem. As well, this approach of feature-based 3D animated anaglyph scheme is a bridging technology to further image-based 3D animated anaglyph rendering system, portable mobile 3D stereo viewing system or auto-stereo viewing system without glasses for multi-viewers.
Detection of The Pine Trees Damaged by Pine Wilt Disease using High Resolution Satellite and Airborne Optical Imagery
Lee, Seung-Ho ; Cho, Hyun-Kook ; Lee, Woo-Kyun ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 23, issue 5, 2007, Pages 409~420
Since 1988, pine wilt disease has spread over rapidly in Korea. It is not easy to detect the damaged pine trees by pine wilt disease from conventional remote sensing skills. Thus, many possibilities were investigated to detect the damaged pines using various kinds of remote sensing data including high spatial resolution satellite image of 2000/2003 IKONOS and 2005 QuickBird, aerial photos, and digital airborne data, too. Time series of B&W aerial photos at the scale of 1:6,000 were used to validate the results. A local maximum filtering was adapted to determine whether the damaged pines could be detected or not at the tree level from high resolution satellite images, and to locate the damaged trees. Several enhancement methods such as NDVI and image transformations were examined to find out the optimal detection method. Considering the mean crown radius of pine trees, local maximum filter with 3 pixels in radius was adapted to detect the damaged trees on IKONOS image. CIR images of 50 cm resolution were taken by PKNU-3(REDLAKE MS4000) sensor. The simulated CIR images with resolutions of 1 m, 2 m, and 4 m were generated to test the possibility of tree detection both in a stereo and a single mode. In conclusion, in order to detect the pine tree damaged by pine wilt disease at a tree level from satellite image, a spatial resolution might be less than 1 m in a single mode and/or 1 m in a stereo mode.
Estimation of Ocean Current Velocity near Incheon using Radarsat-1 SAR and HF-radar Data
Kang, Moon-Kyung ; Lee, Hoon-Yol ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 23, issue 5, 2007, Pages 421~430
This paper presents the results of the ocean surface current velocity estimation using 6 Radarsat-1 SAR images acquired in west coastal area near Incheon. We extracted the surface velocity from SAR images based on the Doppler shift approach in which the azimuth frequency shift is related to the motion of surface target in the radar direction. The Doppler shift was measured by the difference between the Doppler centroid estimated in the range-compressed, azimuth-frequency domain and the nominal Doppler centroid used during the SAR focusing process. The extracted SAR current velocities were statistically compared with the current velocities from the high frequency(HF) radar in terms of averages, standard deviations, and root mean square errors. The problem of the unreliable nominal Doppler centroid for the estimation of the SAR current velocity was corrected by subtracting the difference of averages between SAR and HF-radar current velocities from the SAR current velocity. The corrected SAR current velocity inherits the average of HF-radar data while maintaining high-resolution nature of the original SAR data.
The Effect Analysis of Compression Method on KOMPSAT Image Chain
Yong, Sang-Soon ; Ra, Sung-Woong ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 23, issue 5, 2007, Pages 431~437
Multi-Spectral Camera(MSC) on the KOMPSAT-2 satellite was developed and launched as a main payload to provide 1m of GSD(Ground Sampling Distance) for one(1) channel panchromatic imaging and 4m of GSD for four(4) channel multi-spectral imaging at 685km altitude covering l5km of swath width. Since the compression on MSC image chain was required to overcome the mismatch between input data rate and output date rate JPEG-like method was selected and analyzed to check the influence on the performance. In normal operation the MSC data is being acquired and transmitted with lossy compression ratio to cover whole image channel and full swath width in real-time. In the other hand the MSC performance have carefully been handled to avoid or minimize any degradation so that it was analyzed and restored in KGS(KOMPSAT Ground Station) during LEOP(Launch and Early Operation Phase). While KOMPSAT-2 had been developed, new compression method based upon wavelet for space application was introduced and available for next satellite. The study on improvement of image chain including new compression method is asked for next KOMPSAT which requires better GSD and larger swath width In this paper, satellite image chain which consists of on-board image chain and on-ground image chain including general MSC description is briefly described. The performance influences on the image chain between two on-board compression methods which are or will be used for KOMPSAT are analyzed. The differences on performance between two methods are compared and the better solution for the performance improvement of image chain on KOMPSAT is suggested.
Occlusion Restoration of Synthetic Stereomate for Remote Sensing Imagery
Kim, Hye-Jin ; Choi, Jae-Wan ; Chang, Ho-Wook ; Ryu, Ki-Yun ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 23, issue 5, 2007, Pages 439~445
Stereoscopic viewing is an efficient technique for not only computer vision but also remote sensing applications. Generally, stereo pair obtained at the same time is necessary for 3D viewing, but it is possible to synthesize a stereomate suitable for stereo view with a single image and disparity-map. There have been researches concerning the generation of the synthetic stereomate from remote sensing imagery. However it is hard to find researches concerning the restoration of occlusion in stereomate. In this paper, we generated synthetic stereomates from remote sensing images, focused on the occlusion restoration. In order to figure out proper restoration methods depending on the spatial resolution of remote sensing imagery, we tested several methods including general interpolation and inpainting technique, then evaluated the results.
Building Extraction and 3D Modeling from Airborne Laser Scanning Data
Lee, Jeong-Ho ; Han, Soo-Hee ; Byun, Young-Gi ; Yu, Ki-Yun ; Kim, Yong-Il ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 23, issue 5, 2007, Pages 447~453
The demand for more accurate and realistic 3D urban models has been increasing more and more. Many studies have been conducted to extract 3D features from remote sensing data such as satellite images, aerial photos, and airborne laser scanning data. In this paper a technique is presented to extract and reconstruct 3D buildings in urban areas using airborne laser scanning data. Firstly all points in a building were divided into some groups by height difference. From segmented laser scanning data of irregularly distributed points we generalized and regularized building boundaries which better approximate the real boundaries. Then the roof points which are subject to the same groups were classified using pre-defined models by least squares fitting. Finally all parameters of the roof surfaces were determined and 3D building models were constructed. Some buildings with complex shapes were selected to test our presented algorithms. The results showed that proposed approach has good potential for reconstructing complex buildings in detail using only airborne laser scanning data.
Adaptive Iterative Depeckling of SAR Imagery
Lee, Sang-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 23, issue 5, 2007, Pages 455~464
Lee(2007) suggested the Point-Jacobian iteration MAP estimation(PJIMAP) for noise removal of the images that are corrupted by multiplicative speckle noise. It is to find a MAP estimation of noisy-free imagery based on a Bayesian model using the lognormal distribution for image intensity and an MRF for image texture. When the image intensity is logarithmically transformed, the speckle noise is approximately Gaussian additive noise, and it tends to a normal probability much faster than the intensity distribution. The MRF is incorporated into digital image analysis by viewing pixel types as states of molecules in a lattice-like physical system. In this study, the MAP estimation is computed by the Point-Jacobian iteration using adaptive parameters. At each iteration, the parameters related to the Bayesian model are adaptively estimated using the updated information. The results of the proposed scheme were compared to them of PJIMAP with SAR simulation data generated by the Monte Carlo method. The experiments demonstrated an improvement in relaxing speckle noise and estimating noise-free intensity by using the adaptive parameters for the Ponit-Jacobian iteration.
Asset Localization in Wireless Sensor Networks
Jo, Jung-Hee ; Kim, Kwang-Soo ; Kim, Sun-Joong ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 23, issue 5, 2007, Pages 465~471
Many hospitals have been considering new technology such as wireless sensor network(WSN). The technology can be used to track the location of medical devices needed for inspections or repairs, and it can also be used to detect of a theft of an asset. In an asset-tracking system using WSN, acquiring the location of moving sensor nodes inherently introduces uncertainty in location determination. In fact, the sensor nodes attached to an asset are prone to failure from lack of energy or from physical destruction. Therefore, even if the asset is located within the predetermined area, the asset-tracking application could "misunderstand" that an asset has escaped from the area. This paper classifies the causes of such unexpected situations into the following five cases: 1) an asset has actually escaped from a predetermined area; 2) a sensor node was broken; 3) the battery for the sensor node was totally discharged; 4) an asset went into a shadow area; 5) a sensor node was stolen. We implemented and installed our asset-tracking system in a hospital and continuously monitored the status of assets such as ventilators, syringe pumps, wheel chairs and IV poles. Based on this real experience, we suggest how to differentiate each case of location uncertainty and propose possible solutions to prevent them.
Site Suitability Assessment for Joint Forest Management(JFM) - a Geospatial Approach
Jayakumar, S. ; Ramachandran, A. ; Bhaskaran, G. ; Heo, Joon ; Kim, Woo-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 23, issue 5, 2007, Pages 473~481
Joint Forest Management(JFM) is a concept of developing partnerships between fringe forest user groups and the Forest Department(FD) on the basis of mutual trust and jointly defined roles and responsibilities with regard to forest protection and development. In India, JFM was started during 1992 and it was implemented in many states. However success rate of JFM activity was not promising. Though there are many factors attributed to the failures, one of the main factors is the JFM site. This paper deals with the significant ground works to be done before planning for JFM using recent technologies such as remote sensing(RS) and Geographic Information System(GIS). Also it deals with the advantages of weighted overlay analysis in selecting suitable sites for JFM taking into consideration the various criteria. As a result of weighted overlay analysis, there were four types of suitability classes viz., less, moderate, highly and un-suitable. The moderately suitable class occupied maximum area(13209.64 ha) than less and highly suitable classes. If JFM is implemented on the suitability area, then the failure could be avoided in the future.
The Utilization of Google Earth Images as Reference Data for The Multitemporal Land Cover Classification with MODIS Data of North Korea
Cha, Su-Young ; Park, Chong-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 23, issue 5, 2007, Pages 483~491
One of the major obstacles to classify and validate Land Cover maps is the high cost of acquiring reference data. In case of inaccessible areas such as North Korea, the high resolution satellite imagery may be used for reference data. The objective of this paper is to investigate the possibility of utilizing QuickBird high resolution imagery of North Korea that can be obtained from Google Earth data via internet for reference data of land cover classification. Monthly MODIS NDVI data of nine months from the summer of 2004 were classified into L=54 cluster using ISODATA algorithm, and these L clusters were assigned to 7 classes - coniferous forest, deciduous forest, mixed forest, paddy field, dry field, water, and built-up areas - by careful use of reference data obtained through visual interpretation of the high resolution imagery. The overall accuracy and Kappa index were 85.98% and 0.82, respectively, which represents about 10% point increase of classification accuracy than our previous study based on GCP point data around North Korea. Thus we can conclude that Google Earth may be used to substitute the traditional reference data collection on the site where the accessibility is severely limited.