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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Remote Sensing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
Velocity Estimation of Moving Targets by Azimuth Differentials of SAR Images
Park, Jeong-Won ; Jung, Hyung-Sup ; Won, Joong-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 91~98
We present an efficient and robust technique to estimate the velocity of moving targets from a single SAR image. In SAR images, azimuth image shift is a well blown phenomenon, which is observed in moving targets having slant-range velocity. Most methods estimated the velocity of moving targets from the distance difference between the road and moving targets or between ship and the ship wake. However, the methods could not be always applied to moving targets because it is difficult to find the road and the ship wake. We propose a method for estimating the velocity of moving targets from azimuth differentials of range-compressed image. This method is based on a phenomenon that Doppler center frequency shift of moving target causes a phase difference in azimuth differential values. The phase difference is linearly distorted by Doppler rate due to the geometry of SAR image. The linear distortion is eliminated from phase removal procedure, and then the constant phase difference is estimated. Finally, range velocity estimates for moving targets are retrieved from the constant phase difference. This technique was tested using an ENVISAT ASAR image in which several unknown ships are presented. In the case of a isolated target, the result was nearly coincident with the result from conventional method. However, in the case of a target which is located near non-target material, the difference of the result between from our algorithm and from conventional method was more than 1m/s.
SAR Image Impulse Response Analysis in Real Clutter Background
Jung, Chul-Ho ; Jung, Jae-Hoon ; Oh, Tae-Bong ; Kwang, Young-Kil ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 99~106
A synthetic aperture radar (SAR) system is of great interest in many fields of civil and military applications because of all-weather and luminance free imaging capability. SAR image quality parameters such as spatial resolution, peak to sidelobe ratio (PSLR), and integrated sidelobe ratio (ISLR) can be normally estimated by modeling of impulse response function (IRF) which is obtained from various system design parameters such as altitude, operational frequency, PRF, etc. In modeling of IRF, however, background clutter environment surrounding the IRF is generally neglected. In this paper, analysis method for SAR mage quality is proposed in the real background clutter environment. First of all, SAR raw data of a point scatterer is generated based on various system parameters. Secondly, the generated raw data can be focused to ideal IRF by range Doppler algorithm (RDA). Finally, background clutter obtained from image of currently operating SAR system is applied to IRF. In addition, image quality is precisely analyzed by zooming and interpolation method for effective extraction of IRF, and then the effect of proposed methodology is presented with several simulation results under the assumption of estimation error of Doppler rate.
The Optimized Analysis Zone Districting Using Variogram in Urban Remote Sensing
Yoo, Hee-Young ; Lee, Ki-Won ; Kwon, Byung-Doo ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 107~115
Recently, a considerable number of studies have been conducted on the high resolution imagery showing the boundaries of objects clearly. When urban areas are analyzed in detail using the high resolution imagery, the size of analyzed zone is apt to be decided arbitrarily. Sufficient prior information about study area makes the decision of analysis zone possible; otherwise, it is difficult to determine the optimized analysis zone using only satellite imagery. In this study, the variograms of artificial simple images are analyzed before applying to the real satellite images. As a result of the analysis of simple images, the sill has an effect on the density of objects and also the size of objects and spacing influence the range. The variograms of real satellite images are analyzed with reference to the result of model test and are applied to determining the optimized analysis zone. This study shows that variogram can be applied to determining effectively the optimized analysis zone in case of no prior information on study area; moreover it will be expected to be used for an index to express the characteristics of urban imagery as well as conventional kriging and simulation.
Automated Vinyl Green House Identification Method Using Spatial Pattern in High Spatial Resolution Imagery
Lee, Jong-Yeol ; Kim, Byoung-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 117~124
This paper introduces a novel approach for automated mapping of a map feature that is vinyl green house in high spatial resolution imagery Some map features have their unique spatial patterns. These patterns are normally detected in high spatial resolution remotely sensed data by human recognition system. When spatial patterns can be applied to map feature identification, it will improve image classification accuracy and will be contributed a lot to feature identification. In this study, an automated feature identification approach using spatial aucorrelation is developed, specifically for the vinyl green house that has distinctive spatial pattern in its array. The algorithm aimed to develop the method without any human intervention such as digitizing. The method can investigate the characteristics of repeated spatial pattern of vinyl green house. The repeated spatial pattern comes from the orderly array of vinyl green house. For this, object-based approaches are essential because the pattern is recognized when the shapes that are consists of the groups of pixels are involved. The experimental result shows very effective vinyl house extraction. The targeted three vinyl green houses were exactly identified in the IKONOS image for a part of Jeju area.
Noise Band Elemination of Hyperion Image using Fractal Dimension and Continuum Removal Method
Chang, An-Jin ; Kim, Yong-Il ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 125~131
Hyperspectral imaging is used in a wide variety of research since the image is obtained with a wider wavelength range and more bands than multispectral imaging. However, there are limitations, namely that each band has a shorter wavelength range, the computation cost is increased in the case of numerous bands, and a high correlation between each band and noise bands exists. The previous analysis method does not produce ideal results due to these limitations. Therefore, in the case of using the hyperspectral image, image analysis after eliminating noise bands is more accurate and efficient. In this study, noise band elimination of the hyperspectral image preprocessing is highlighted, and we use fractal dimension for noise band elimination. The Triangular Prism Method is used, being the typical fractal dimension method of the curved surface. The fractal dimension of each band is calculated. We then apply the Continuum Removal method to normalize. A total of 35 bands are estimated by noise band with a threshold value that is obtained empirically. The hyperion hyperstpectral image collected on the EO-1 satellite is used in this study. The result delineates that noise bands of the hyperion image are able to be eliminated with the fractal dimension and Continuum Removal method.
Accuracy Analysis of the Orbit Modeling with Various GCP Configurations and Unknown Parameter Sets
Kim, Dong-Wook ; Kim, Hyun-Suk ; Kim, Tae-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 133~140
In this paper, we analyzed the accuracy of orbit modeling with various control point configurations and adjustment unknown parameter sets. We used 152 GCP points acquired from GPS surveying, which were distributed from Choon-chun to Nha-ju along 420km in distance. For orbit modeling, seven adjustment parameter sets were chosen to include parameters for satellite position, velocity and attitude angles at different degree of freedom. Firstly we determined the location of model point in seven configurations. Secondly we estimated model parameters for each parameter set and for each GCP configurations. Finally we applied the model to reference check points and analyzed its accuracy. We were able to find the unknown parameter set that produce best orbit modeling performance regardless of the configuration of model points.
3D Building Modeling Using Aerial LiDAR Data
Cho, Hong-Beom ; Cho, Woo-Sug ; Park, Jun-Ku ; Song, Nak-Hyun ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 141~152
The 3D building modeling is one of crucial components in constructing 3D geospatial information. The existing methods for 3D building modeling depend mainly on manual photogrammetric processes, which indeed take great amount of time and efforts. In recent years, many researches on 3D building modeling using aerial LiDAR data have been actively performed to aim at overcoming the limitations of existing 3D building modeling methods. Either techniques with interpolated grid data or data fusion with digital map and images have been investigated in most of existing researches on 3D building modeling with aerial LiDAR data. The paper proposed a method of 3D building modeling with LiDAR data only. Firstly, octree-based segmentation is applied recursively to LiDAR data classified as buildings in 3D space until there are no more LiDAR points to be segmented. Once octree-based segmentation is completed, each segmented patch is thereafter merged together based on its geometric spatial characteristics. Secondly, building model components are created with merged patches. Finally, a 3D building model is generated and composed with building model components. The experimental results with real LiDAR data showed that the proposed method was capable of modeling various types of 3D buildings.
Application of Mobile Mapping System for Effective Road Facility Maintenance and Management
Kim, Moon-Gie ; Sung, Jung-Gon ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 153~164
According to the economic growth, many highways are constructed for increasing need of better life style. Especially roads and roadside facilities are used for accident prevention and offering mobility for drivers. For these purpose, roads and roadside facilities should be well maintained and managed. Now, many roads and roadside facilities are constructed in many areas. Because of traditional surveying method requires much time and surveying efforts, we designed and developed mobile mapping system for highway maintenance and management purpose using multi sensors. We tested our mobile mapping system and data management process. Using developed database, road managers can easily check the information of facility conditions, positions, and attributes. We are expecting low cost and efficient road maintenance process by using our system.
Improvement of Small Baseline Subset (SBAS) Algorithm for Measuring Time-series Surface Deformations from Differential SAR Interferograms
Jung, Hyung-Sup ; Lee, Chang-Wook ; Park, Jung-Won ; Kim, Ki-Dong ; Won, Joong-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 165~177
Small baseline subset (SBAS) algorithm has been recently developed using an appropriate combination of differential interferograms, which are characterized by a small baseline in order to minimize the spatial decorrelation. This algorithm uses the singular value decomposition (SVD) to measure the time-series surface deformation from the differential interferograms which are not temporally connected. And it mitigates the atmospheric effect in the time-series surface deformation by using spatially low-pass and temporally high-pass filter. Nevertheless, it is not easy to correct the phase unwrapping error of each interferogram and to mitigate the time-varying noise component of the surface deformation from this algorithm due to the assumption of the linear surface deformation in the beginning of the observation. In this paper, we present an improved SBAS technique to complement these problems. Our improved SBAS algorithm uses an iterative approach to minimize the phase unwrapping error of each differential interferogram. This algorithm also uses finite difference method to suppress the time-varying noise component of the surface deformation. We tested our improved SBAS algorithm and evaluated its performance using 26 images of ERS-1/2 data and 21 images of RADARSAT-1 fine beam (F5) data at each different locations. Maximum deformation amount of 40cm in the radar line of sight (LOS) was estimated from ERS-l/2 datasets during about 13 years, whereas 3 cm deformation was estimated from RADARSAT-1 ones during about two years.
Generation of a City Spatial Model using a Digital Map and Draft Maps for a 3D Noise Map
Oh, So-Jung ; Lee, Im-Pyeong ; Kim, Seong-Joon ; Choi, Kyoung-Ah ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 179~188
This study aims for generating a city spatial model required for the creation of a 3D noise map. In this study, we propose an efficient method to generate 3D models of the terrain and buildings using only a digital map and draft maps previously established without using any sensory data. The terrain model is generated by interpolating into a grid the elevation values derived from both the contour lines and the elevation point of the digital map. Building model is generated by combining the 2D building boundaries and the building elevations extracted from the digital map and the draft map, respectively. This method has been then applied to a digital map and three sets of draft maps created in the different times. covering the entire area of Yeongdeungpo-gu. The generated city spatial model has been successfully utilized for the noise analysis and the 3D visualization of the analysis results.
A Basic Study for the Retrieval of Surface Temperature from Single Channel Middle-infrared Images
Park, Wook ; Lee, Yoon-Kyung ; Won, Joong-Sun ; Lee, Seung-Geun ; Kim, Jong-Min ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 189~194
Middle-infrared (MIR) spectral region between 3.0 and
in wavelength is useful for observing high temperature events such as volcanic activities and forest fire. However, atmospheric effects and sun irradiance in day time has not been well studied for this MIR spectral band. The objectives of this basic study is to evaluate atmospheric effects and eventually to estimate surface temperature from a single channel MIR image, although a typical approach utilize split-window method using more than two channels. Several parameters are involved for the correction including various atmospheric data and sun-irradiance at the area of interest. To evaluate the effect of sun irradiance, MODIS MIR images acquired in day and night times were used for comparison. Atmospheric parameters were modeled by MODTRAN, and applied to a radiative transfer model for estimating the sea surface temperature. MODIS Sea Surface Temperature algorithm based upon multi-channel observation was performed in comparison with results from the radiative transfer model from a single channel. Temperature difference of the two methods was
from the day-time and night-time images, respectively. It is also shown that the emissivity effect has by more largely influenced on the estimated temperature than atmospheric effects. Although the test results encourage using a single channel MR observation, it must be noted that the results were obtained from water body not from land surface. Because emissivity greatly varies on land, it is very difficult to retrieval land surface temperature from a single channel MIR data.
Evaluation of the Normalized Burn Ratio (NBR) for Mapping Burn Severity Base on IKONOS-Images
Kim, Choen ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 195~203
Burn severity is an important role for rehabilitation of burned forest area. This factor led to the pilot study to determine if high resolution IKONOS images could be used to classify and delinenate the bum severity over burned areas of Samchock Fire and Cheongyang-Yesan Fire. The results of this study can be summarized as follows: 1. The modified Normalized Bum Ratio (NBR) for IKONOS imagery can be evaluated using burn severity mapping. 2. IKONOS-derived NBR imagery could provide fire scar and detail mapping of burned areas at Samchock fire and Cheongyang-Yesan Burns.
Utilization Plan Research of High Resolution Images for Efficient River Zone Management
Park, Hyeon-Cheol ; Kim, Hyoung-Sub ; Jo, Yun-Won ; Jo, Myung-Hee ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 205~211
The river management in Korea had been focused on line based 2D spatial data for the developing river management application system. In this study, the polygon based 3D spatial data such as aerial photos and satellite images were selected and used through comparing their resolution levels for the river environment management. In addition, 1m detailed DEM (Digital Elevation Model) was constructed to implement the real topography information around river so that the damage area scale could be extracted for flood disaster. Also, the social environment thematic maps such as a cadastral map or land cover map could be used to verify the real damage area scale by overlay analysis on aerial photos or satellite images. The construction of these spatial data makes possible to present the real surface information and extract quantitative analysis to support the scientific decision making for establishing the river management policy. For the further study, the lidar surveying data will be considered as the very useful data by offering the real height information of riverbed as the depth of river so that flood simulation can give more reality.
Vicarious Radiometric Calibration of the Ground-based Hyperspectral Camera Image
Shin, Jung-Il ; Maghsoudi, Yasser ; Kim, Sun-Hwa ; Kang, Sung-Jin ; Lee, Kyu-Sung ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 24, issue 2, 2008, Pages 213~222
Although hyperspectral sensing data have shown great potential to derive various surface information that is not usually available from conventional multispectral image, the acquisition of proper hyperspectral image data are often limited. To use ground-based hyperspectral camera image for remote sensing studies, radiometric calibration should be prerequisite. The objective of this study is to develop radiometric calibration procedure to convert image digital number (DN) value to surface reflectance for the 120 bands ground-based hyperspectral camera. Hyperspectral image and spectral measurements were simultaneously obtained from the experimental target that includes 22 different surface materials of diverse spectral characteristics at wavelength range between 400 to 900 nm. Calibration coefficients to convert image DN value to at-sensor radiance were initially derived from the regression equations between the sample image and spectral measurements using ASD spectroradiometer. Assuming that there is no atmospheric effects when the image acquisition and spectral measurements were made at very close distance in ground, we were also able to derive calibration coefficients that directly transform DN value to surface reflectance. However, these coefficients for deriving reflectance values should not be applied when the camera is used for aerial image that contains significant effect from atmosphere and further atmospheric correction procedure is required in such case.