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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Remote Sensing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 6 - Dec 2008
Volume 24, Issue 5 - Oct 2008
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Aug 2008
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Jun 2008
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Apr 2008
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2008
Selecting the target year
Oceanic Skin-Bulk Temperature Difference through the Comparison of Satellite-Observed Sea Surface Temperature and In-Situ Measurements
Park, Kyung-Ae ; Sakaida, Futoki ; Kawamura, Hiroshi ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 24, issue 4, 2008, Pages 273~287
Characteristics of skin-bulk sea surface temperature (SST) differences in the Northeast Asia seas were analyzed by utilizing 845 collocated matchup data between NOAA/AVHRR data and oceanic in-situ temperature measurements for selected months from 1994 to 2003. In order to understand diurnal variation of SST within a few meters of the upper ocean, the matchup database were classified into four categories according to day-night and drifter-shipboard measurements. Temperature measurements from daytime drifters showed a good agreement with satellite MCSST (Multi-Channel Sea Surface Temperature) with an RMS error of about
. Poor accuracy of SST with an rrns error of
was found in the case of daytime shipboard CTD (Conductivity, Temperature, Depth) measurements. SST differences between MCSST and in-situ measurements are caused by various errors coming from atmospheric moist effect, coastal effect, and others. Most of the remarkable errors were resulted from the diurnal variation of vertical temperature structure within a few meters as well as in-situ oceanic temperatures at different depth, about 20 cm for a satellite-tracked drifting buoy and a few meters for shipboard CTD or moored buoy. This study suggests that satellite-derived SST shows significant errors of about
in some cases and therefore it should be carefully used for one's purpose on the base of in-depth understanding of skin-bulk SST difference and vertical temperature structure in regional sea.
MODIS-estimated Microphysical Properties of Clouds Developed in the Presence of Biomass Burning Aerosols
Kim, Shin-Young ; Sohn, Byung-Ju ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 24, issue 4, 2008, Pages 289~298
An algorithm was developed to retrieve both cloud optical thickness and effective particle radius considered the aerosol effect on clouds. This study apply the algorithm of Nakajima and Nakajima (1995) that is used to retrieve cloud optical thickness and effective particle radius from visible, near infrared satellite spectral measurements. To retrieve cloud properties, Look-up table (LUT) was made under different atmospheric conditions by using a radiative transfer model. Especially the vertical distribution of aerosol is based on a tropospheric aerosol profile in radiative transfer model. In the case study, we selected the extensive forest fire occurred in Russia in May 2003. The aerosol released from this fire may be transported to Korea. Cloud properties obtained from these distinct atmospheric situations are analysed in terms of their possible changes due to the interactions of the clouds with the aerosol particle plumes. Cloud properties over the East sea at this time was retrieved using new algorithm. The algorithm is applied to measurements from the MODerate Resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) onboard the Terra spacecrafts. As a result, cloud effective particle radius was decreased and cloud optical thickness was increased during aerosol event. Specially, cloud effective particle radius is hardly greater than
when aerosol particles were present over the East Sea. Clouds developing in the aerosol event tend to have more numerous but smaller droplets.
Extraction of Ground Control Points from TerraSAR-X Data
Park, Jeong-Won ; Hong, Sang-Hoon ; Won, Joong-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 24, issue 4, 2008, Pages 299~307
It is possible to extract qualified ground control points (GCPs) from SAR data itself without published maps. TerraSAR-X data that are one of highest spatial resolution among civilian SAR systems is now available. In this study, a sophisticated method for GCP extraction from TerraSAR-X data was tested and the quality of the extracted GCPs was evaluated. Mean values of the distance errors were 0.11m and -3.96 m with standard deviations of 6.52 m and 5.11 m in easting and northing, respectively. The result is one of the best among GCPs possibly extracted from any civilian remote sensing systems. The extracted GCPs were used for geo-rectification of IKONOS image. The method used in this study can be applied to KOMPSAT-5 for geo-rectification of high-resolution optic images acquired by KOMPSAT-2 or follow-up missions.
Estimation of Total Precipitable Water from MODIS Infrared Measurements over East Asia
Park, Ho-Sun ; Sohn, Byung-Ju ; Chung, Eui-Seok ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 24, issue 4, 2008, Pages 309~324
In this study the retrieval algorithms have been developed to retrieve total precipitable water (TPW) from Terra/Aqua Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) infrared measurements using a physical iterative retrieval method and a split-window technique over East Asia. Retrieved results from these algorithms were validated against Defense Meteorological Satellite Program (DMSP) Special Sensor Microwave/Imager (SSM/I) over ocean and radiosonde observation over land and were analyzed for investigating the key factors affecting the accuracy of results and physical processes of retrieval methods. Atmospheric profiles from Regional Data Assimilation and Prediction System (RDAPS), which produces analysis and prediction field of atmospheric variables over East Asia, were used as first-guess profiles for the physical retrieval algorithm. We used RTTOV-7 radiative transfer model to calculate the upwelling radiance at the top of the atmosphere. For the split-window technique, regression coefficients were obtained by relating the calculated brightness temperature to the paired radiosonde-estimated TPW. Physically retrieved TPWs were validated against SSM/I and radiosonde observations for 14 cases in August and December 2004 and results showed that the physical method improves the accuracy of TPW with smaller bias in comparison to TPWs of RDAPS data, MODIS products, and TPWs from split-window technique. Although physical iterative retrieval can reduce the bias of first-guess profiles and bring in more accurate TPWs, the retrieved results show the dependency upon initial guess fields. It is thought that the dependency is due to the fact that the water vapor absorption channels used in this study may not reflect moisture features in particular near surface.
A Study on Red Tide Detection Algorithm Based on Two Stage filtering - Application to MODIS Chlorophyll Information -
Kim, Yong-Min ; Kim, Hyung-Tae ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 24, issue 4, 2008, Pages 325~331
We propose an algorithm to detect large Cochlodinium polykrikoides red tide event that was appeared in Korean coastal waters. This algorithm is based on two-stage filtering using MODIS chlorophyll information. Most of the red tide detection studies generally use assumption that sea water having high chlorophyll concentration is red tide events because of high correlation and red tide. However, these methods generate many commission errors such as turbid water by detecting inactive sea water of red tide. Therefore, we eliminated commission errors by applying two stage filtering and verified the algorithm's effectiveness by detecting large Cochlodinium polykrikoides red tide event that was appeared in Korean coastal waters.
The Analysis of Accuracy in According to the Registration Methods of Terrestrial LiDAR Data for Indoor Spatial Modeling
Kim, Hyung-Tae ; Pyeon, Mu-Wook ; Park, Jae-Sun ; Kang, Min-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 24, issue 4, 2008, Pages 333~340
For the indoor spatial modeling by terrestrial LiDAR and the analyzing its positional accuracy result, two terrestrial LiDARs which have different specification each other were used at test site. This paper shows disparity of accuracy between (1) the structural coordinate transformation by point cloud unit using control points and (2) the relative registration among all point cloud units then structural coordinate transformation in bulk, under condition of limited number of control points. As results, the latter had smaller size and distribution of errors than the former although different specifications and acquistion methods are used.
Automatic Thresholding Method using Cumulative Similarity Measurement for Unsupervised Change Detection of Multispectral and Hyperspectral Images
Kim, Dae-Sung ; Kim, Hyung-Tae ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 24, issue 4, 2008, Pages 341~349
This study proposes new automatic thresholding method, which is important step for detecting binary change/non-change information using satellite images. Result value through pixel-based similarity measurement is calculated cumulatively with regular interval, and thresholding is pointed at the steep slope position. The proposed method is assessed in comparison with expectation-maximization algorithm and coner method using synthetic images, ALI images, and Hyperion images. Throughout the results, we validated that our method can guarantee the similar accuracy with previous algorithms. It is simpler than EM algorithm, and can be applied to the binormal histogram unlike the coner method.
Analysis of KOMPSAT-5 Orbit for Radargrammetry
Lee, Hoon-Yol ; Jang, So-Young ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 24, issue 4, 2008, Pages 351~358
KOMPSAT-5 will be launched in 2010 carrying a SAR (Synthetic Aperture Radar) system to obtain high resolution images of the earth surface regardless of weather or solar condition. In this paper, the orbits of KOMPSAT-5 and the imaging modes of SAR were analyzed for radargrammetry, and the best image pairs were suggested. We set the pass number from the nearest orbit to a given ground point and selected image pairs for radargrarnmetry, with height sensitivity of parallax higher than 0.5 to achieve enough height resolution and with the value lower than 0.8 to avoid errors from geometric distortion. On the equator, for example, where the distance between two adjacent passes is fixed to 95 km, we solved the orbit geometry and found that the image pairs with the pass numbers of 3-2 and 5-3 are suitable for radargrarnmetry. As the examples with arbitrary latitude, we selected Daejeon and Sejong Antarctic stations and calculated the orbital elements by using STK software. Three image pairs (5-4, 7-5 and 8-5) were found suitable for radargrammetry at Daejeon while 10 pairs (8-6, 9-7, 10-7, 11-8, 12-8, 13-9, 14-9, 15-9, 15-10 and 15-11) at Sejong Antarctic station.
Relationship between Tropical Cyclone Intensity and Physical Parameters Derived from TRMM TMI Data Sets
Byon, Jae-Young ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 24, issue 4, 2008, Pages 359~367
TRMM TMI data were used to investigate a relationship between physical parameters from microwave sensor and typhoon intensities from June to September, 2004. Several data such as 85GHz brightness temperature (TB), polarization corrected temperature (PCT), precipitable water, ice content, rain rate, and latent heat release retrieved from the TMI observation were correlated to the maximum wind speeds in the best-track database by RSMC-Tokyo. Correlation coefficient between TB and typhoon intensity was -0.2 - -0.4 with a maximum value in the 2.5 degree radius circle from the center of tropical cyclone. The value of correlation between in precipitable water, rain, latent heat, and typhoon intensity is in the range of 0.2-0.4. Correlation analysis with respect to storm intensity showed that maximum correlation is observed at 1.0-1.5 degree radius circle from the center of tropical cyclone in the initial stage of tropical cyclone, while maximum correlation is shown in 0.5 degree radius in typhoon stage. Correlation coefficient was used to produce regressed intensities and adopted for typhoon Rusa (2002) and Maemi (2003). Multiple regression with 85GHz TB and precipitable water was found to provide an improved typhoon intensity when taking into account the storm size. The results indicate that it may be possible to use TB and precipitable water from satellite observation as a predictor to estimate the intensity of a tropical cyclone.
Difference between Collection 4 and 5 MODIS Aerosol Products and Comparison with Ground based Measurements
Lee, Kwon-Ho ; Kim, Young-Joon ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 24, issue 4, 2008, Pages 369~379
The aerosol retrieval algorithm for the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) measurements was updated recently. This paper reports on the comparison and validation of two latest versions (Collection 4 and 5, shortly C004 and C005) of the MODIS aerosol product over northeast Asian region. The differences between the aerosol optical thickness (AOT) from the C004 and C005 retrieval algorithms and the correlation with ground based AERONET sunphotometer observations are investigated. Over the study region, spatially averaged annual mean AOT retrieved from C005 algorithm
is about 0.035 AOT (5%) less than the C004 counterparts. The linear correlations between MODIS and AERONET AOT also are R=0.89 (slope=0.86) for the C004 and R=0.95 (slope=1.00) for the C005. Moreover, the magnitude of the mean error in
, difference between MODIS AOT and AERONET AOT, is 40% less than that in
Reference Station of Aerial Photogrammetry with GPS/INS by VRS
Song, Tae-Min ; Kwon, Jay-Hyoun ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 24, issue 4, 2008, Pages 381~388
In the common practice of air-photographing measurement aerial-photogrammetric, the location of camera at the time of photographing is identified by performing aerotriangulation. However, installing ground-base station to enable aerotriangulation takes majority portion of a map making cost. Aerial-photogrammetric has shown a great improvement helped by steady upgrading in equipment and development in quantitative study. Aerotriangulation can be replaced by Direct Georeferencing, which uses GPS/INS to identify a camera location and to produce detailed information. An innovative technique replacing aerotriangulation, it has a disadvantage that base station has to be available in the area of photographing. The study intends to suggest a method applying VRS in GPS/INS aerotriangulation. Despite the fact that Direct Georeferencing is the innovated technique which substitutes existing aerotriangulation, it still need to install the ground-base station in GPS/INS aerotriangulation. GPS/INS data was analyzed with 4 different cases in order to accomplish the purpose of this study. In addition, in the thesis, it was approved that VRS can be utilized to make small-scale map as accurate as base station. This study is expected to improve the efficiency of work by showing that VRS can be used not only in base station but also enabling base station in the ground-access challenging area.