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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Remote Sensing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Estimation of Forest Biomass based upon Satellite Data and National Forest Inventory Data
Yim, Jong-Su ; Han, Won-Sung ; Hwang, Joo-Ho ; Chung, Sang-Young ; Cho, Hyun-Kook ; Shin, Man-Yong ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 25, issue 4, 2009, Pages 311~320
This study was carried out to estimate forest biomass and to produce forest biomass thematic map for Muju county by combining field data from the 5
National Forest Inventory (2006-2007) and satellite data. For estimating forest biomass, two methods were examined using a Landsat TM-5(taken on April 28th, 2005) and field data: multi-variant regression modeling and t-Nearest Neighbor (k-NN) technique. Estimates of forest biomass by the two methods were compared by a cross-validation technique. The results showed that the two methods provide comparatively accurate estimation with similar RMSE (63.75
67.26ton/ha) and mean bias (
1ton/ha). However, it is concluded that the k-NN method for estimating forest biomass is superior in terms of estimation efficiency to the regression model. The total forest biomass of the study site is estimated 8.4 million ton, or 149 ton/ha by the k-NN technique.
Comparison of Univariate Kriging Algorithms for GIS-based Thematic Mapping with Ground Survey Data
Park, No-Wook ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 25, issue 4, 2009, Pages 321~338
The objective of this paper is to compare spatial prediction capabilities of univariate kriging algorithms for generating GIS-based thematic maps from ground survey data with asymmetric distributions. Four univariate kriging algorithms including traditional ordinary kriging, three non-linear transform-based kriging algorithms such as log-normal kriging, multi-Gaussian kriging and indicator kriging are applied for spatial interpolation of geochemical As and Pb elements. Cross validation based on a leave-one-out approach is applied and then prediction errors are computed. The impact of the sampling density of the ground survey data on the prediction errors are also investigated. Through the case study, indicator kriging showed the smallest prediction errors and superior prediction capabilities of very low and very high values. Other non-linear transform based kriging algorithms yielded better prediction capabilities than traditional ordinary kriging. Log-normal kriging which has been widely applied, however, produced biased estimation results (overall, overestimation). It is expected that such quantitative comparison results would be effectively used for the selection of an optimal kriging algorithm for spatial interpolation of ground survey data with asymmetric distributions.
Monitoring of the Sea Surface Temperature in the Saemangeum Sea Area Using the Thermal Infrared Satellite Data
Yoon, Suk ; Ryu, Joo-Hyung ; Min, Jee-Eun ; Ahn, Yu-Hwan ; Lee, Seok ; Won, Joong-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 25, issue 4, 2009, Pages 339~357
The Saemangeum Reclamation Project was launched as a national project in 1991 to reclaim a large coastal area of 401 km
by constructing a 33-km long dyke. The final dyke enclosure in April 2006 has transformed the tidal flat into lake and land. The dyke construction has abruptly changed not only the estuarine tidal system inside the dyke, but also the coastal marine environment outside the dyke. In this study, we investigated the spatial change of SST distribution using the Landsat-5/7 and NOAA data before and after the dyke completion in the Saemangeum area. Satellite-induced SST was verified by compared with the various in situ measurements such as tower, buoy, and water sample. The correlation coefficient resulted in above 0.96 and RMSE was about 1
in all data. 38 Landsat satellite images from 1985 to 2007 were analyzed to estimate the temporal and spatial change of SST distribution from the beginning to the completion of the Samangeum dyke's construction. The seasonal change in detailed spatial distribution of SST was measured, however, the estimation of change during the Saemangeum dyke's construction was hard to figure out owing to the various environmental conditions. Monthly averaged SST induced from NOAA data from 1998 to 2007 has been analyzed for a complement of Landsat's temporal resolution. At the inside of the dyke, the change of SST from summer to winter was large due to the relatively high temperature in summer. In this study, multi-sensor thermal remote sensing is an efficient tool for monitoring the temporal and spatial distribution of SST in coastal area.
DEM Generation from Kompsat-2 Images and Accuracy Comparison by Using Common Software
Rhee, Soo-Ahm ; Jeong, Jae-Hoon ; Kim, Tae-Jung ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 25, issue 4, 2009, Pages 359~366
Research of accurate DEM generation using images of Kompsat-2 is not enough. This paper focused on generation of accurate Kompsat-2 DEM and comparison with DEM from common software like PCI Geomatica and ENVI. For Kompsat-2 DEM generation, we applied orbit-attitude sensor modeling technique and matching method based on epipolarity and image geometry. The comparison of performance with each commercial programs made a qualitative experiment through naked eyes and a quantitative experiment with USGS DTED. The accuracy was judged by the average absolute error and RMS error with DIED. The result of comparison experiment, we could confirm that the method used in the experiment showed much better performance than DEM made from other commercial programs in most of images.
Application of Deegree of Open Source Middleware to Geo-Portal Implementation
Park, Yong-Jae ; Lee, Ki-Won ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 25, issue 4, 2009, Pages 367~374
Recently, new GIS applications such as gee portal and spatial data infrastructure are emerging. These are related to web computing techniques or methodologies based on web 2.0 paradigm, open API of portal, open source GIS, and international GIS standards which are independently on developing. The product of these applications can be realized in the linkage of those components. In this study, a case implementation concerning linkage with Google maps API and open source middleware named Deegree is carried out, and the results are discussed for open source uses in geo portal. Open source middleware supports various levels and types of OGC standards, so that it enables web publishing in the several web standard formats and data exchanges and interoperable uses between external database servers. Also the (unction extensions and the multi tier-based architecture within geo portal for specific purpose are possible.
SAR Clutter Image Generation Based on Measured Speckles and Textures
Kwon, Soon-Gu ; Oh, Yi-Sok ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 25, issue 4, 2009, Pages 375~381
In this paper, synthetic aperture radar (SAR) clutter images are simulated based on the extensive analyses for radar backscatter characteristics of various earth surfaces, and the simulated images are compared with measured SAR images. At first, the surface parameters including soil moisture content and surface roughness parameters and other parameters for vegetation canopies are measured for various surfaces. The backscattering coefficients for the surfaces are computed using theoretical and empirical models for surface scattering and the radiative transfer for vegetation-canopy scattering. Then, the digital elevation map (DEM) and land cover map (LCM) are used for the SAR image generation. The SAR impulse response (correlation function) is also employed to simulated reliable SAR images. Finally, the appropriate speckle and texture parameters for various earth surfaces are used for generating the SAR clutter images.
Investigation of Intertidal Zone using TerraSAR-X
Park, Jeong-Won ; Lee, Yoon-Kyung ; Won, Joong-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 25, issue 4, 2009, Pages 383~389
The main objective of the research is a feasibility study on the intertidal zone using a X-band radar satellite, TerraSAR-X. The TerraSAR-X data have been acquired in the west coast of Korea where large tidal flats, Ganghwa and Yeongjong tidal flats, are developed. Investigations include: 1) waterline and backscattering characteristics of the high resolution X-band images in tidal flats; 2) polarimetric signature of halophytes (or salt marsh plants), specifically Suaeda japonica; and 3) phase and coherence of interferometric pairs. Waterlines from TerraSAR-X data satisfy the requirement of horizontal accuracy of 60 m that corresponds to 20 cm in average height difference while current other spaceborne SAR systems could not meet the requirement. HH-polarization was the best for extraction of waterline, and its geometric position is reliable due to the short wavelength and accurate orbit control of the TerraSAR-X. A halophyte or salt marsh plant, Suaeda japonica, is an indicator of local sea level change. From X-band ground radar measurements, a dual polarization of VV/VH-pol. is anticipated to be the best for detection of the plant with about 9 dB difference at 35 degree incidence angle. However, TerraSAR-X HH/TV dual polarization was turned to be more effective for salt marsh monitoring. The HH-HV value was the maximum of about 7.9 dB at 31.6 degree incidence angle, which is fairly consistent with the results of X-band ground radar measurement. The boundary of salt marsh is effectively traceable specifically by TerraSAR-X cross-polarization data. While interferometric phase is not coherent within normal tidal flat, areas of salt marsh where the landization is preceded show coherent interferometric phases regardless of seasons or tide conditions. Although TerraSAR-X interferometry may not be effective to directly measure height or changes in tidal flat surface, TanDEM-X or other future X-band SAR tandem missions within one-day interval would be useful for mapping tidal flat topography.