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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Remote Sensing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 25, Issue 6 - Dec 2009
Volume 25, Issue 5 - Oct 2009
Volume 25, Issue 4 - Aug 2009
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Jun 2009
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Apr 2009
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Feb 2009
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Ionospheric Spatial Gradient Over Korea Using GPS Measurements
Jeong, Myeong-Sook ; Kim, Jeong-Rae ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 25, issue 5, 2009, Pages 391~398
Variations of mean ionospheric spatial gradient over Korea are analyzed in order to support GNSS (Global Navigation Satellite System) augmentation systems and integrity monitering systems. A software for analyzing the ionospheric spatial gradient is developed using an ionospheric plate model. Daily and annual variations of ionospheric delay and spatial gradient are analyzed using GPS data in 2003 and 2005 respectively. The ionospheric delays and spatial gradients in 2003 were larger than 2005. Also, the south-north gradient, about -1.0mm/km, is nearly two times larger than the east-west gradient. The annual ionospheric spatial gradients over Korea is varied within 2mm/km.
Monitoring Vegetation Phenology Using MODIS in Northern Plateau Region, North Korea
Cha, Su-Young ; Seo, Dong-Jo ; Park, Chong-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 25, issue 5, 2009, Pages 399~409
Many researches have shown that NDVI provides a potential methods to derive meaningful metrics that describe ecosystem functions. In this paper we investigated the use of the MODIS NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) to monitor vegetation phenology dynamics of Northern plateau region, North Korea, during last 9-years (2000~2008). The findings of this paper can be summarized as follows. First, the length of growing season ranged from a low of 128 days in 2003 to a high of 176 days in 2000 and 2005. On the average of the last 9 years, the highest NDVI of 0.86 was marked on 28 July. Greenup onset occurs at the start of May, while the senescence begins between late September and October. Second, these annual vegetation cycles were compared with Seorak and Jiri Mountain regions of South Korea which have similar vegetation condition. Greenup onsets in South Korea were observed earlier than those of North Korea and the average time lag between the South and North Korea in Greenup was about 16 days which is a time-resolution of remotely sensed data. Sub-alpine conifers of such areas may be severely affected by the large of phenological characteristics due to the global warming trend.
Extraction of Agricultural Land Use and Crop Growth Information using KOMPSAT-3 Resolution Satellite Image
Lee, Mi-Seon ; Kim, Seong-Joon ; Shin, Hyoung-Sub ; Park, Jin-Ki ; Park, Jong-Hwa ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 25, issue 5, 2009, Pages 411~421
This study refers to develop a semi-automatic extraction of agricultural land use and vegetation information using high resolution satellite images. Data of IKONOS-2 satellite images (May 25 of 2001, December 25 of 2001, and October 23 of 2003), QuickBird-2 satellite images (May 1 of 2006 and November 17 of 2004) and KOMPSAT-2 satellite image (September 17 of 2007) which resemble with the spatial resolution and spectral characteristics of KOMPSAT-3 were used. The precise agricultural land use classification was tried using ISODATA unsupervised classification technique, and the result was compared with on-screen digitizing land use accompanying with field investigation. For the extraction of crop growth information, three crops of paddy, com and red pepper were selected, and the spectral characteristics were collected during each growing period using ground spectroradiometer. The vegetation indices viz. RVI, NDVI, ARVI, and SAVI for the crops were evaluated. The evaluation process was developed using the ERDAS IMAGINE Spatial Modeler Tool.
Seasonal and Inter-annual Variations of Sea Ice Distribution in the Arctic Using AMSR-E Data: July 2002 to May 2009
Yang, Chan-Su ; Na, Jae-Ho ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 25, issue 5, 2009, Pages 423~434
The Arctic environment is sensitive to change of sea-ice distribution. The increase and decrease of sea ice work to an index of globe warming progress. In order to predict the progress of hereafter earth global warming, continuous monitoring regarding a change of the sea ice area in the Arctic should be performed. The remote sensing based on an artificial satellite is most effective on the North Pole. The sea ice observation using a passive microwave sensor has been continued from 1970's. The determination of sea ice extent and ice type is one of the great successes of the passive microwave imagers. In this paper, to investigate the seasonal and inter-annual variation of sea-ice distribution we used here the sea ice data from July 2002 to May 2009 around the Arctic within
for the AMSR-E 12.5km sea-ice concentration, a passive microwave sensor. From an early analysis of these data, the arctic sea-ice extent has been steadily decreasing at a rate of about 3.1%, accounting for about
, which was calculated for the sea-ice cover reaching its minimum extent at the end of each summer. It is also revealed that this trend corresponds to a decline in the multi-year ice that is affected mainly by summer sea surface and air temperature increases. The extent of younger and thinner (first-year) ice decreased to the 2007 minimum, but rapidly recovered in 2008 and 2009 due to the dramatic loss in 2007. Seasonal variations of the sea-ice extent show significant year-to-year variation in the seasons of January-March in the Barents and Labrador seas and August-October in the region from the East Siberian and Chukchi seas to the North Pole. The spatial distribution of multi-year ice (7-year old) indicates that the perennial ice fraction has rapidly shrunk recently out of the East Siberian, Laptev, and Kara seas to the high region of the Arctic within the last seven years and the Northeast Passage could become open year-round in near future.
Study on Improvement of Oil Spill Prediction Using Satellite Data and Oil-spill Model: Hebei Spirit Oil Spill
Yang, Chan-Su ; Kim, Do-Youn ; Oh, Jeong-Hwan ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 25, issue 5, 2009, Pages 435~444
In the case of oil spill accident at sea, information concerning the movement of spilled oil is important in making response strategies. Aircrafts and the satellites have been utilized for monitoring of spilled oil. In these days, numerical models are using to predict the movement of the spilled oil. In the future a coupling method of modeling and remote sensing data should be needed to predict more correctly the spilled oil. The purpose of this paper is to present an application of satellite image data to an oil spill prediction model as an initial condition. Environmental Fluid Dynamics Computer Code (EFDC) was used to predict the movement of the oil spilled from Hebei Spirit incident occurred in Taean coastal area on December 7,2007. In order to make the model initial condition and to compare the model results, two satellite images, KOMPSAT-2 MSC and ENVISAT ASAR obtained on December 8 and 11, were used during the period of the oil spill incident. The model results showed an improvement for the prediction of the spilled oil by using the initial condition deduced from satellite image data than the initial condition specified at the oil spill incident site in the respects of the distributed spilled area.
Analysis of Landslide Characteristics of Inje Area Using SPOT5 Images and GIS Analysis
Oh, Che-Young ; Kim, Kyung-Tag ; Choi, Chul-Uong ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 25, issue 5, 2009, Pages 445~454
Localized unprecedented torrential rain and heavy rainfall cause repeated damages and make it difficult to detect and predict the landslide caused by heavy rainfall. To analyze the landslide characteristics of Inje area this study used satellite images photographed after the occurrence of landslide caused by the typhoon Ewiniar occurred in July, 2006, and for GIS analysis purpose, interpreted the satellite images (SPOT5) visually to digitize into developing parts, water traveling parts and sediment parts. For analysis of spatial characteristics, landslide areas obtained from visual interpretation of digital map, 3rd & 4th forest vegetation maps and detailed soil map and grids were overlaid and analyzed. As a result, in regard to topographic features, landslide occurred at places, of which average slope is
, had south, south-east, south-west aspects and average altitude of 627m. From hydrological analysis, it was found out that water traveling area rapidly spread approaching water traveling area and sediment area. From forest type analysis, it was found out that landslide occurrence was high in pine woods, and in terms of girth class attribute, landslide occurred in small-sized woods, in which the crown occupancy of trees that have the diameter at breast height, 6~16cm, was greater than 50%. From the analysis of soil series, landslide areas constitute 37.85% of OdF and 37.35% of SmF, which had sandy loam soil and excellent drainage capacity. Through this study, landslides in Inje area were characterized and SPOT5 images of 2.5m resolution could be used. But there was a difficulty in determining water traveling parts adjacent to urban area.
Despeckling and Classification of High Resolution SAR Imagery
Lee, Sang-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 25, issue 5, 2009, Pages 455~464
Lee(2009) proposed the boundary-adaptive despeckling method using a Bayesian model which is based on the lognormal distribution for image intensity and a Markov random field(MRF) for image texture. This method employs the Point-Jacobian iteration to obtain a maximum a posteriori(MAP) estimate of despeckled imagery. The boundary-adaptive algorithm is designed to use less information from more distant neighbors as the pixel is closer to boundary. It can reduce the possibility to involve the pixel values of adjacent region with different characteristics. The boundary-adaptive scheme was comprehensively evaluated using simulation data and the effectiveness of boundary adaption was proved in Lee(2009). This study, as an extension of Lee(2009), has suggested a modified iteration algorithm of MAP estimation to enhance computational efficiency and to combine classification. The experiment of simulation data shows that the boundary-adaption results in yielding clear boundary as well as reducing error in classification. The boundary-adaptive scheme has also been applied to high resolution Terra-SAR data acquired from the west coast of Youngjong-do, and the results imply that it can improve analytical accuracy in SAR application.