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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Remote Sensing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 28, Issue 6 - Dec 2012
Volume 28, Issue 5 - Oct 2012
Volume 28, Issue 4 - Aug 2012
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Jun 2012
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Apr 2012
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Feb 2012
Selecting the target year
Comparing LAI Estimates of Corn and Soybean from Vegetation Indices of Multi-resolution Satellite Images
Kim, Sun-Hwa ; Hong, Suk Young ; Sudduth, Kenneth A. ; Kim, Yihyun ; Lee, Kyungdo ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 28, issue 6, 2012, Pages 597~609
DOI : 10.7780/kjrs.2012.28.6.1
Leaf area index (LAI) is important in explaining the ability of the crop to intercept solar energy for biomass production and in understanding the impact of crop management practices. This paper describes a procedure for estimating LAI as a function of image-derived vegetation indices from temporal series of IKONOS, Landsat TM, and MODIS satellite images using empirical models and demonstrates its use with data collected at Missouri field sites. LAI data were obtained several times during the 2002 growing season at monitoring sites established in two central Missouri experimental fields, one planted to soybean (Glycine max L.) and the other planted to corn (Zea mays L.). Satellite images at varying spatial and spectral resolutions were acquired and the data were extracted to calculate normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) after geometric and atmospheric correction. Linear, exponential, and expolinear models were developed to relate temporal NDVI to measured LAI data. Models using IKONOS NDVI estimated LAI of both soybean and corn better than those using Landsat TM or MODIS NDVI. Expolinear models provided more accurate results than linear or exponential models.
Segment-based Image Classification of Multisensor Images
Lee, Sang-Hoon ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 28, issue 6, 2012, Pages 611~622
DOI : 10.7780/kjrs.2012.28.6.2
This study proposed two multisensor fusion methods for segment-based image classification utilizing a region-growing segmentation. The proposed algorithms employ a Gaussian-PDF measure and an evidential measure respectively. In remote sensing application, segment-based approaches are used to extract more explicit information on spatial structure compared to pixel-based methods. Data from a single sensor may be insufficient to provide accurate description of a ground scene in image classification. Due to the redundant and complementary nature of multisensor data, a combination of information from multiple sensors can make reduce classification error rate. The Gaussian-PDF method defines a regional measure as the PDF average of pixels belonging to the region, and assigns a region into a class associated with the maximum of regional measure. The evidential fusion method uses two measures of plausibility and belief, which are derived from a mass function of the Beta distribution for the basic probability assignment of every hypothesis about region classes. The proposed methods were applied to the SPOT XS and ENVISAT data, which were acquired over Iksan area of of Korean peninsula. The experiment results showed that the segment-based method of evidential measure is greatly effective on improving the classification via multisensor fusion.
The Impacts of Decomposition Levels in Wavelet Transform on Anomaly Detection from Hyperspectral Imagery
Yoo, Hee Young ; Park, No-Wook ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 28, issue 6, 2012, Pages 623~632
DOI : 10.7780/kjrs.2012.28.6.3
In this paper, we analyzed the effect of wavelet decomposition levels in feature extraction for anomaly detection from hyperspectral imagery. After wavelet analysis, anomaly detection was experimentally performed using the RX detector algorithm to analyze the detecting capabilities. From the experiment for anomaly detection using CASI imagery, the characteristics of extracted features and the changes of their patterns showed that radiance curves were simplified as wavelet transform progresses and H bands did not show significant differences between target anomaly and background in the previous levels. The results of anomaly detection and their ROC curves showed the best performance when using the appropriate sub-band decided from the visual interpretation of wavelet analysis which was L band at the decomposition level where the overall shape of profile was preserved. The results of this study would be used as fundamental information or guidelines when applying wavelet transform to feature extraction and selection from hyperspectral imagery. However, further researches for various anomaly targets and the quantitative selection of optimal decomposition levels are needed for generalization.
Comparison of Composite Methods of Satellite Chlorophyll-a Concentration Data in the East Sea
Park, Kyung-Ae ; Park, Ji-Eun ; Lee, Min-Sun ; Kang, Chang-Keun ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 28, issue 6, 2012, Pages 635~651
DOI : 10.7780/kjrs.2012.28.6.4
To produce a level-3 monthly composite image from daily level-2 Sea-viewing Wide Field-of-view Sensor (SeaWiFS) chlorophyll-a concentration data set in the East Sea, we applied four average methods such as the simple average method, the geometric mean method, the maximum likelihood average method, and the weighted averaging method. Prior to performing each averaging method, we classified all pixels into normal pixels and abnormal speckles with anomalously high chlorophyll-a concentrations to eliminate speckles from the following procedure for composite methods. As a result, all composite maps did not contain the erratic effect of speckles. The geometric mean method tended to underestimate chlorophyll-a concentration values all the time as compared with other methods. The weighted averaging method was quite similar to the simple average method, however, it had a tendency to be overestimated at high-value range of chlorophyll-a concentration. Maximum likelihood method was almost similar to the simple average method by demonstrating small variance and high correlation (r=0.9962) of the differences between the two. However, it still had the disadvantage that it was very sensitive in the presence of speckles within a bin. The geometric mean was most significantly deviated from the remaining methods regardless of the magnitude of chlorophyll-a concentration values. Its bias error tended to be large when the standard deviation within a bin increased with less uniformity. It was more biased when data uniformity became small. All the methods exhibited large errors as chlorophyll-a concentration values dominantly scatter in terms of time and space. This study emphasizes the importance of the speckle removal process and proper selection of average methods to reduce composite errors for diverse scientific applications of satellite-derived chlorophyll-a concentration data.
Mapping Paddy Rice Varieties Using Multi-temporal RADARSAT SAR Images
Jang, Min-Won ; Kim, Yi-Hyun ; Park, No-Wook ; Hong, Suk-Young ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 28, issue 6, 2012, Pages 653~660
DOI : 10.7780/kjrs.2012.28.6.5
This study classified paddy fields according to rice varieties and monitored temporal changes in rice growth using SAR backscatter coefficients (
). A growing period time-series of backscatter coefficients was set up for nine fine-beam mode RADARSAT-1 SAR images from April to October 2005. The images were compared with field-measured rice growth parameters such as leaf area index (LAI), plant height, fresh and dry biomass, and water content in grain and plants for 45 parcels in Dangjin-gun, Chungnam Province, South Korea. The average backscatter coefficients for early-maturing rice varieties (13 parcels) ranged from -18.17 dB to -6.06 dB and were lower than those for medium-late maturing rice varieties during most of the growing season. Both crops showed the highest backscatter coefficient values at the heading stage (late July) for early-maturing rice, and the difference was greatest before harvest for early-maturing rice. The temporal difference in backscatter coefficients between rice varieties may play a key role in identifying early-maturing rice fields. On the other hand, comparisons with field-measured parameters of rice growth showed that backscatter coefficients decreased or remained on a plateau after the heading stage, even though the growth of the rice canopy had advanced.
Mapping Vegetation Volume in Urban Environments by Fusing LiDAR and Multispectral Data
Jung, Jinha ; Pijanowski, Bryan ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 28, issue 6, 2012, Pages 661~670
DOI : 10.7780/kjrs.2012.28.6.6
Urban forests provide great ecosystem services to population in metropolitan areas even though they occupy little green space in a huge gray landscape. Unfortunately, urbanization inherently results in threatening the green infrastructure, and the recent urbanization trends drew great attention of scientists and policy makers on how to preserve or restore green infrastructure in metropolitan area. For this reason, mapping the spatial distribution of the green infrastructure is important in urban environments since the resulting map helps us identify hot green spots and set up long term plan on how to preserve or restore green infrastructure in urban environments. As a preliminary step for mapping green infrastructure utilizing multi-source remote sensing data in urban environments, the objective of this study is to map vegetation volume by fusing LiDAR and multispectral data in urban environments. Multispectral imageries are used to identify the two dimensional distribution of green infrastructure, while LiDAR data are utilized to characterize the vertical structure of the identified green structure. Vegetation volume was calculated over the metropolitan Chicago city area, and the vegetation volume was summarized over 16 NLCD classes. The experimental results indicated that vegetation volume varies greatly even in the same land cover class, and traditional land cover map based above ground biomass estimation approach may introduce bias in the estimation results.
Classification of Fused SAR/EO Images Using Transformation of Fusion Classification Class Label
Ye, Chul-Soo ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 28, issue 6, 2012, Pages 671~682
DOI : 10.7780/kjrs.2012.28.6.7
Strong backscattering features from high-resolution Synthetic Aperture Rader (SAR) image provide useful information to analyze earth surface characteristics such as man-made objects in urban areas. The SAR image has, however, some limitations on description of detail information in urban areas compared to optical images. In this paper, we propose a new classification method using a fused SAR and Electro-Optical (EO) image, which provides more informative classification result than that of a single-sensor SAR image classification. The experimental results showed that the proposed method achieved successful results in combination of the SAR image classification and EO image characteristics.
Performance Study of Satellite Image Processing on Graphics Processors Unit Using CUDA
Jeong, In-Kyu ; Hong, Min-Gee ; Hahn, Kwang-Soo ; Choi, Joonsoo ; Kim, Choen ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 28, issue 6, 2012, Pages 683~691
DOI : 10.7780/kjrs.2012.28.6.8
High resolution satellite images are now widely used for a variety of mapping applications including photogrammetry, GIS data acquisition and visualization. As the spectral and spatial data size of satellite images increases, a greater processing power is needed to process the images. The solution of these problems is parallel systems. Parallel processing techniques have been developed for improving the performance of image processing along with the development of the computational power. However, conventional CPU-based parallel computing is often not good enough for the demand for computational speed to process the images. The GPU is a good candidate to achieve this goal. Recently GPUs are used in the field of highly complex processing including many loop operations such as mathematical transforms, ray tracing. In this study we proposed a technique for parallel processing of high resolution satellite images using GPU. We implemented a spectral radiometric processing algorithm on Landsat-7 ETM+ imagery using CUDA, a parallel computing architecture developed by NVIDIA for GPU. Also performance of the algorithm on GPU and CPU is compared.
Design & Test of Stereo Camera Ground Model for Lunar Exploration
Heo, Haeng-Pal ; Park, Jong-Euk ; Shin, Sang-Youn ; Yong, Sang-Soon ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 28, issue 6, 2012, Pages 693~704
DOI : 10.7780/kjrs.2012.28.6.9
Space-born remote sensing camera systems tend to be developed to have very high performances. They are developed to provide extremely small ground sample distance, wide swath width, and good MTF (Modulation Transfer Function) at the expense of big volume, massive weight, and big power consumption. Therefore, the camera system occupies relatively big portion of the satellite bus from the point of mass and volume. However, the camera systems for lunar exploration don't need to have such high performances. Instead, it should be versatile for various usages under various operating environments. It should be light and small and should consume small power. In order to be used for national program of lunar exploration, electro-optical versatile camera system, called MAEPLE (Multi-Application Electro-Optical Payload for Lunar Exploration), has been designed after the derivation of camera system requirements. A ground model of the camera system has been manufactured to identify and secure relevant key technologies. The ground model was mounted on an aircraft and checked if the basic design concept would be valid and versatile functions implemented on the camera system would worked properly. In this paper, results of design and functional test performed with the field campaigns and air-born imaging are introduced.