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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Remote Sensing
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 30, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
Ground Subsidence Measurements of Noksan National Industrial Complex using C-band Multi-temporal SAR images
Cho, Minji ; Lee, Chang-Wook ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 161~172
DOI : 10.7780/kjrs.2014.30.2.1
Established in the lower reaches of the Nakdong river in Busan, the Noksan national industrial complex is one of the deepest soft ground areas in Korea. In case of the costal landfill having deep soft ground, there is a significant residual settlement over a long period of time. In this study, there was observed ground subsidence occurred in the Noksan national industrial complex from September 2002 to April 2007 by applying DInSAR and SBAS time series method using RADARSAT-1 and Envisat SAR datasets. As a result, it was calculated that ground subsidence developed at the velocity of about maximum 10 cm/yr and mean 6 cm/yr at the eastern center, west, western center and southern area contiguous on the coastline of the study area during the period from September 2002 to April 2007. In addition, the RADARSAT-1 average displacement map has been compared with the total displacement map observed by accurate magnetic probe extensometer during the period from 2001 to 2002. Since the time series displacement has shown a linear trend mostly, we consider that continuous monitoring should be needed until the ground subsidence of the study area has been stabilized.
Analysis of Optical Satellite Images and Pyroclastic Flow Inundation Model for Monitoring of Pyroclastic Flow Deposit Area
Cho, Minji ; Lee, Saro ; Lee, Chang-Wook ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 173~183
DOI : 10.7780/kjrs.2014.30.2.2
Field survey research on damages caused by volcanic activities has plenty of difficulties due to human resources, safety and costs issues. Remote sensing application using satellite image is one of very useful tools to overcome those issues. In this study, we monitored the volcanic activities of Sinabung volcano in 2010, which is located in Sumatra island, Indonesia by using Landsat 7 ETM+ satellite images acquired on 17 April, 2009 and 30 July, 2012. We found that the area of pyroclastic flow inundation after 2010 has been tripled roughly, since extracting the pyroclastic flow inundation before and after 2010 eruption from classification. The result from modeling of pyroclastic flow inundation has been compared with the extracted pyroclastic flow inundation from Landsat 7 ETM+ images. As a result, we confirmed that the length of inundation area from the modeling was calculated to 92% accurate, but the width of inundation area was somewhat imprecisely estimated in the volcanic area having the sharp slope and only calculated to 17% accurate.
A Quick-and-dirty Method for Detection of Ground Moving Targets in Single-Channel SAR Single-Look Complex (SLC) Images by Differentiation
Won, Joong-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 185~205
DOI : 10.7780/kjrs.2014.30.2.3
SAR ground moving target indicator (GMTI) has long been an important issue for SAR advanced applications. As spatial resolution of space-borne SAR system has been significantly improved recently, the GMTI becomes a very useful tool. Various GMTI techniques have been developed particularly using multi-channel SAR systems. It is, however, still problematic to detect ground moving targets within single channel SAR images while it is not practical to access high resolution multi-channel space-borne SAR systems. Once a ground moving target is detected, it is possible to retrieve twodimensional velocities of the target from single channel space-borne SAR with an accuracy of about 5 % if moving faster than 3 m/s. This paper presents a quick-and-dirty method for detecting ground moving targets from single channel SAR single-look complex (SLC) images by differentiation. Since the signal powers of derivatives present Doppler centroid and rate, it is very efficient and effective for detection of non-stationary targets. The derivatives correlate well with velocities retrieved by a precise method with a correlation coefficient
of 0.62, which is well enough to detect the ground moving targets. While the approach is theoretically straightforward, it is necessary to remove the effects of residual Doppler rate before finalizing the ground moving target candidates. The confidence level of results largely depends on the efficiency and effectiveness of the residual Doppler rate removal method. Application results using TerraSAR-X and truck-mounted corner reflectors validated the efficiency of the method. While the derivatives of moving targets remain easily detectable, the signal energy of stationary corner reflectors was suppressed by about 18.5 dB. It results in an easy detection of ground targets moving faster than 8.8 km/h. The proposed method is applicable to any high resolution single channel SAR systems including KOMPSAT-5.
A study of Landcover Classification Methods Using Airborne Digital Ortho Imagery in Stream Corridor
Kim, Young-Jin ; Cha, Su-Young ; Cho, Yong-Hyeon ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 207~218
DOI : 10.7780/kjrs.2014.30.2.4
The information on the land cover along stream corridor is important for stream restoration and maintenance activities. This study aims to review the different classification methods for mapping the status of stream corridors in Seom River using airborne RGB and CIR digital ortho imagery with a ground pixel resolution of 0.2m. The maximum likelihood classification, minimum distance classification, parallelepiped classification, mahalanobis distance classification algorithms were performed with regard to the improvement methods, the skewed data for training classifiers and filtering technique. From these results follows that, in aerial image classification, Maximum likelihood classification gave results the highest classification accuracy and the CIR image showed comparatively high precision.
Spectral Mixture Analysis Using Modified IEA Algorithm for Forest Classification
Song, Ahram ; Han, Youkyung ; Kim, Younghyun ; Kim, Yongil ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 219~226
DOI : 10.7780/kjrs.2014.30.2.5
Fractional values resulted from the spectral mixture analysis could be used to classify not only urban area with various materials but also forest area in more detailed spatial scale. Especially South Korea is largely consist of mixed forest, so the spectral mixture analysis is suitable as a classification method. For the successful classification using spectral mixture analysis, extraction of optimal endmembers is prerequisite process. Though geometric endmember selection has been widely used, it is barely suitable for forest area. Therefore, in this study, we modified Iterative Error Analysis (IEA), one of the most famous algorithms of image endmember selection which extracts pure pixel directly from the image. The endmembers which represent deciduous and coniferous trees are automatically extracted. The experiments were implemented on two sites of Compact Airborne Spectrographic Imager (CASI) and classified forest area into two types. Accuracies of each classification results were 86% and 90%, which mean proposed algorithm effectively extracted proper endmembers. For the more accurate classification, another substances like forest gap should be considered.
Comparative Analysis of Image Fusion Methods According to Spectral Responses of High-Resolution Optical Sensors
Lee, Ha-Seong ; Oh, Kwan-Young ; Jung, Hyung-Sup ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 227~239
DOI : 10.7780/kjrs.2014.30.2.6
This study aims to evaluate performance of various image fusion methods based on the spectral responses of high-resolution optical satellite sensors such as KOMPSAT-2, QuickBird and WorldView-2. The image fusion methods used in this study are GIHS, GIHSA, GS1 and AIHS. A quality evaluation of each image fusion method was performed with both quantitative and visual analysis. The quantitative analysis was carried out using spectral angle mapper index (SAM), relative global dimensional error (spectral ERGAS) and image quality index (Q4). The results indicates that the GIHSA method is slightly better than other methods for KOMPSAT-2 images. On the other hand, the GS1 method is suitable for Quickbird and WorldView-2 images.
Study on the Variation of Optical Properties of Asian Dust Plumes according to their Transport Routes and Source Regions using Multi-wavelength Raman LIDAR System
Shin, Sung-Kyun ; Noh, Youngmin ; Lee, Kwonho ; Shin, Dongho ; Kim, KwanChul ; Kim, Young J. ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 241~249
DOI : 10.7780/kjrs.2014.30.2.7
The continuous observations for atmospheric aerosol were carried out during 3 years (2009-2011) by using a multi-wavelength Raman lidar at the Gwangju Institute of Science and Technology (GIST), Korea (
). The particle depolarization ratios were retrieved from the observations in order to distinguish the Asian dust layer. The vertical information of Asian dust layers were used as input parameter for the Hybrid Single Particle Lagrangian Integrated Trajectory (HYSPLIT) model for analysis of its backward trajectories. The source regions and transport pathways of the Asian dust layer were identified. The most frequent source region of Asian dust in Korea was Gobi desert during observation period in this study. The statistical analysis on the particle depolarization ratio of Asian dust was conducted according to their transport route in order to retrieve the variation of optical properties of Asian dust during long-range transport. The transport routes were classified into the Asian dust which was transported to observation site directly from the source regions, and the Asian dust which was passed over pollution regions of China. The particle depolarization ratios of Asian dust which were transported via industrial regions of China was ranged 0.07-0.1, whereas, the particle depolarization ratio of Asian dust which was transported directly from the source regions to observation site were comparably higher and ranged 0.11-0.15. It is considered that the pure Asian dust particle from source regions were mixed with pollution particles, which is likely to spherical particle, during transportation so that the values of particle depolarization of Asian dust mixed with pollution was decreased.
Development of lidar detection system for improvement of measurement range (Combined photon counting detection and analog-to-digital signal)
Shin, Dong Ho ; Noh, Young Min ; Shin, Sung Kyun ; Kim, Young J. ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 251~258
DOI : 10.7780/kjrs.2014.30.2.8
We upgraded to utilize a novel method for combining the analog to digital converter and photon-counting measurements for backscatter photon signal of lidar. We have and improve the standard combining method for determination of those conversion factors between analog to digital converter data and photon-counting data measurement which is conducted dead time correction. The combining method and dead time correction method presented here has been successfully applied to experimental data obtained in Gwangju, Korea.
Sakurajima volcano eruption detected by GOCI and geomagnetic variation analysis - A case study of the 18 Aug, 2013 eruption -
Kim, Kiyeon ; Hwang, Eui-Hong ; Lee, Yoon-Kyung ; Lee, Chang-Wook ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 259~274
DOI : 10.7780/kjrs.2014.30.2.9
On Aug 18, 2013, Sakurajima volcano in Japan erupted on a relatively large-scale. Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI) had used to detect volcanic ash in the surrounding area on the next day of this eruption. The geomagnetic variation has been analyzed using geomagnetic data from Cheongyang observatory in Korea and several geomagnetic observatories in Japan. First, we reconstruct geomagnetic data by principal component analysis and conduct semblance analysis by wavelet transform. Secondly, we minimize the error of solar effect by using wavelet based semblance filtering with Kp index. As a result of this study, we could confirm that the geomagnetic variation usually occur at the moment of Sakurajima volcano eruption. However, we cannot rule out the possibilities that it could have been impacted by other factors besides volcanic eruption in other variation's cases. This research is an exceptional study to analyze geomagnetic variation related with abroad volcanic eruption uncommonly in Korea. Moreover, we expect that it can help to develop further study of geomagnetic variation involved in earthquake and volcanic eruption.
A Study of Tasseled Cap Transformation Coefficient for the Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI)
Shin, Ji-Sun ; Park, Wook ; Won, Joong-Sun ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 275~292
DOI : 10.7780/kjrs.2014.30.2.10
The objective of this study is to determine Tasseled Cap Transformation (TCT) coefficients for the Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI). TCT is traditional method of analyzing the characteristics of the land area from multi spectral sensor data. TCT coefficients for a new sensor must be estimated individually because of different sensor characteristics of each sensor. Although the primary objective of the GOCI is for ocean color study, one half of the scene covers land area with typical land observing channels in Visible-Near InfraRed (VNIR). The GOCI has a unique capability to acquire eight scenes per day. This advantage of high temporal resolution can be utilized for detecting daily variation of land surface. The GOCI TCT offers a great potential for application in near-real time analysis and interpretation of land cover characteristics. TCT generally represents information of "Brightness", "Greenness" and "Wetness". However, in the case of the GOCI is not able to provide "Wetness" due to lack of ShortWave InfraRed (SWIR) band. To maximize the utilization of high temporal resolution, "Wetness" should be provided. In order to obtain "Wetness", the linear regression method was used to align the GOCI Principal Component Analysis (PCA) space with the MODIS TCT space. The GOCI TCT coefficients obtained by this method have different values according to observation time due to the characteristics of geostationary earth orbit. To examine these differences, the correlation between the GOCI TCT and the MODIS TCT were compared. As a result, while the GOCI TCT coefficients of "Brightness" and "Greenness" were selected at 4h, the GOCI TCT coefficient of "Wetness" was selected at 2h. To assess the adequacy of the resulting GOCI TCT coefficients, the GOCI TCT data were compared to the MODIS TCT image and several land parameters. The land cover classification of the GOCI TCT image was expressed more precisely than the MODIS TCT image. The distribution of land cover classification of the GOCI TCT space showed meaningful results. Also, "Brightness", "Greenness", and "Wetness" of the GOCI TCT data showed a relatively high correlation with Albedo (
= 0.75), Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) (
= 0.97), and Normalized Difference Moisture Index (NDMI) (
= 0.77), respectively. These results indicate the suitability of the GOCI TCT coefficients.
Construction and Experiment of an Educational Radar System
Ji, Younghun ; Lee, Hoonyol ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 293~302
DOI : 10.7780/kjrs.2014.30.2.11
Radar systems are used in remote sensing mainly as space-borne, airborne and ground-based Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), scatterometer and Doppler radar. Those systems are composed of expensive equipments and require expertise and professional skills for operation. Because of the limitation in getting experiences of the radar and SAR systems and its operations in ordinary universities and institutions, it is difficult to learn and exercise essential principles of radar hardware which are essential to understand and develop new application fields. To overcome those difficulties, in this paper, we present the construction and experiment of a low-cost educational radar system based on the blueprints of the MIT Cantenna system. The radar system was operated in three modes. Firstly, the velocity of moving cars was measured in Doppler radar mode. Secondly, the range of two moving targets were measured in radar mode with range resolution. Lastly, 2D images were constructed in GB-SAR mode to enhance the azimuth resolution. Additionally, we simulated the SAR raw data to compare Deramp-FFT and
algorithms and to analyze the effect of antenna positional error for SAR focusing. We expect the system can be further developed into a light-weight SAR system onboard a unmanned aerial vehicle by improving the system with higher sampling frequency, I/Q acquisition, and more stable circuit design.
Predicting the extent of the volcanic ash dispersion using GOCI image and HYSPLIT model - A case study of the 17 Sep, 2013 eruption in SAKURAJIMA volcano -
Lee, Seul-Ki ; Ryu, Geun-Hyeok ; Hwang, Eui-Hong ; Choi, Jong-Kuk ; Lee, Chang-Wook ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 303~314
DOI : 10.7780/kjrs.2014.30.2.12
Mt. SAKRAJIMA in southern Kagosima, japan is one of the most active volcanoes in the world. On 18 August 2013, the SAKRAJIMA volcano recently went into the largest scaled eruption with a huge plume of volcanic ash. Therefore, the concern arises if this considerable amount of ashes might flow into the Korea peninsula as well as Japan. In this paper, we performed numeric experiment to analyze how volcanic product resulted from the SAKRAJIMA volcano has impacted on Korea. In order to predict the spread pathway of ash, HYSPLIT model and UM data has been used and 17th September 2013 has been selected as observation date since it is expected that the volcanic ash would flow into the South Korea. In addition, we have detected ash dispersion by using optical Communication, Ocean and Meteorological Satellite- Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (COMS-GOCI) images. As the results, we come to a very satisfactory conclusion that the spread pathway of volcanoes based on HYSPLIT model are matched 63.52 % with ash dispersion area detected from GOCI satellites image.
Analysis of Land Surface Temperature from MODIS and Landsat Satellites using by AWS Temperature in Capital Area
Jee, Joon-Bum ; Lee, Kyu-Tae ; Choi, Young-Jean ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 315~329
DOI : 10.7780/kjrs.2014.30.2.13
In order to analyze the Land Surface Temperature (LST) in metropolitan area including Seoul, Landsat and MODIS land surface temperature, Automatic Weather Station (AWS) temperature, digital elevation model and landuse are used. Analysis method among the Landsat and MODIS LST and AWS temperature is basic statistics using by correlation coefficient, root-mean-square error and linear regression etc. Statistics of Landsat and MODIS LST are a correlation coefficient of 0.32 and Root Mean Squared Error (RMSE) of 4.61 K, respectively. And statistics of Landsat and MODIS LST and AWS temperature have the correlations of 0.83 and 0.96 and the RMSE of 3.28 K and 2.25 K, respectively. Landsat and MODIS LST have relatively high correlation with AWS temperature, and the slope of the linear regression function have 0.45 (Landsat) and 1.02 (MODIS), respectively. Especially, Landsat 5 has lower correlation about 0.5 or less in entire station, but Landsat 8 have a higher correlation of 0.5 or more despite of lower match point than other satellites. Landsat 7 have highly correlation of more than 0.8 in the center of Seoul. Correlation between satellite LSTs and AWS temperature with landuse (urban and rural) have 0.8 or higher. Landsat LST have correlation of 0.84 and RMSE of more than 3.1 K, while MODIS LST have correlation of more than 0.96 and RMSE of 2.6 K. Consequently, the difference between the LSTs by two satellites have due to the difference in the optical observation and detection the radiation generated by the difference in the area resolution.
Determination of Ionospheric Delay Scale Factor for Low Earth Orbit using the International Reference Ionosphere Model
Kim, Jeongrae ; Kim, Mingyu ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 30, issue 2, 2014, Pages 331~339
DOI : 10.7780/kjrs.2014.30.2.14
Determination of an ionospheric delay scale factor, which converts ground-based ionospheric delay into low Earth orbit ionospheric delay, using the international reference ionosphere model is proposed. Ionospheric delay from international GNSS service model combined with IRI-derived scale factor is evaluated with NASA GRACE satellite data. At approximately 480km altitude, mean and standard deviation of the scale factor are 0.25 and 0.01 in 2004. The scale factor reaches high in night time and Spring and Fall seasons. Ionospheric delay error by the proposed method has a mean of 3.50 TECU in 2004.