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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society of Remote Sensing
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Dec 1992
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Jun 1992
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Analysis of Forest Stand Structure Using Spaceborne Synthetic Aperture Radar(SAR) Data
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 8, issue 2, 1992, Pages 79~91
With recent development in spaceborne imaging radar system, there are growing interests using satellite synthetic aperture radar(SAR) data in various applications. This study attempted to identify the relationships between several forest stand characteristics and radar backscatter, measured from space altitude altitude at three incidence angles. Shuttle Imaging Radar-B(SIR-B) data were collected over a forested area in northern Florida in October, 1984. By using various sources of reference data (forest type maps, inventory records, aerial photographs, and Landsat Thematic Mapper data), about 400 forest stands of known characteristics were carefully located in the radar data. Relative radar backscatter for the three incidence angles of SIR-B data were compared with known forest stand parameters such as mean tree height, diameter at breast height(DBH), stand density, biomass, and relative amount of understory vegetation. The results show that these stand parameters have statistically significant correlations with the radar backscatter. In addition, the SIR-B radar backscatter from a certain stand parameter turned out differently at the three different incidence angles. Finally, the types and characteristics of currently available satellite SAR data are discussed.
A Cartesian Coordinate System to Cover the Korean Peninsula as a Single Coordinate Zone
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 8, issue 2, 1992, Pages 93~104
Although the Transverse Mercator(TM) coordinate is used on standard topogrphic maps of Korea as a supplement to regular latitude-longitude coordinate, the use of this TM coordinate system is rather limited to a single coordinate zone that spans only two degrees of longitude. With growing applications of a variety of digiral geographic data, such as satellite remote sensor data, a Cartesian or rectangular coordinate system is more effective to deal with such data type than angular coordinate system. An unified rectangular coordinate system based on the Transverse Mercator projection is designed to cover the whole area of the Korea Peninsula as a single coordinate zone. Considering the width of the peninsula and the distribution of scale error, the origin of the coordinate is determined to 127
30' east and 38
north. Coordinate conversion procedure is discussed along with the corresponding scale error term.
A Study on Extraction of Non-metallic Ore Deposits from Remote Sensing Data of the Haenam Area
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 8, issue 2, 1992, Pages 105~123
A study was made on the feature extraction for non-metallic one deposits and their related geology using the Remote Sensing and Airborne Radiometric data. The area chosen is around the Haenam area, where dickite and Quarzite mines are distributed in. The geology of the area consists mainly of Cretaceous volcanics and PreCambrian metamorphic. The methods applied are study on the reflectance characteristics of minerals and rocks sampled in the study area, and the feature extraction extraction of histogram normalized images for Landsat TM and Airborne Radiometric data, and finally evaluation of applicability of some useful pattern recognition techniques for regional lithological mapping. As a result, reflectances of non-metallic minerals are much higher than rock samples in the area. However, low grade dickites are slightly higher than rock samples, probably due to their greyish colour and also their textural features which may scatter the reflectance and may be capable of capturing much hychoryl ions. The reflectances of rock samples may depend on the degree of whiteness of samples. The outcrops or mine dumps in the study area were most effectively extracted on the histogram normalized image of TM Band 1, 2 and 3, due to their high reflectivity. The Masking technique using the above bands may be the most effective and the natural colour composite may provide some success as well. The colour composite image of PCA may also be effective in extracting geological features, and airborne radiometric data may be useful to some degree as an complementary tool.
A Discussion on the Approaches for Interfacing Remote Sensing and Geographic Information Systems
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 8, issue 2, 1992, Pages 125~130
Interconnecting remote sensing systems to geographic information systems is valuable in many different applications. Two common techniques for moving data between these two related kinds of spatial data-processing systems were discussed. Digital classification of remote sensing data for use in natural resource inventory has produced mixed results. In attempts to improve classification, accuracy ancillary data, such as digitized maps and terrain(elevation) data, have been combined with remotely sensed data in various ways. These data have been used commonly in (1) preclassification scene stratification and (2) postclassification class sorting. These two approaches are found to be efficient, but lacking in sophistication due to their reliance on deterministic decision rules.
The Generation of a Digital Elevatio Model in Tidal Flat Using Multitemporal Satellite Data
安忠鉉 ; 梶原康司 ; 建石降太郞 ; 劉洪龍 ;
Korean Journal of Remote Sensing, volume 8, issue 2, 1992, Pages 131~145
A low cost personal computer and image processing S/W were empolyed to derive Digtal Elevation Model(DEM) of tidal flat from multitemporal LANDSAT TM images, and to create three-dimensional(3D) perspective views of the tidel flat on Komso bay in west coasts of Korea. The method for generation of Digital Elevation Model(DEM) in tidal flat was considered by overlapping techniques of multitemporal LANDSAT TM images and interpolations. The boundary maps of tidal flat extracted from multitemporal images with different water high were digitally combined in x, y, z space with tide in formation and used as an inputcontour data to obtain an elevation model by interpolation using spline function. Elevation errors of less than
0.1m were achived using overlapping techniques and a spline interpolation approach, respectively. The derived DEM allows for the generation of a perspective grid and drape on the satellite image values to create a realistic terrain visualization model so that the tidal flat may be viewed from and desired direction. As the result of this study, we obtained elevation model of tidal flats which contribute to characterize of topography and monitoring of morphological evolution of tidal flats. Moreover, the modal generated here can be used for simulation of innudation according to tide and support other studies as a supplementary data set.