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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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Journal DOI :
The Ergonomics Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 10, Issue 2 - Dec 1991
Volume 10, Issue 1 - Jun 1991
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A study on the voice command recognition at the motion control in the industrial robot
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 10, issue 1, 1991, Pages 3~10
The teach pendant and keyboard have been used as an input device of control command in human-robot sustem. But, many problems occur in case that the usef is a novice. So, speech recognition system is required to communicate between a human and the robot. In this study, Korean voice commands, eitht robot commands, and ten digits based on the broad phonetic analysis are described. Applying broad phonetic analysis, phonemes of voice commands are divided into phoneme groups, such as plosive, fricative, affricative, nasal, and glide sound, having similar features. And then, the feature parameters and their ranges to detect phoneme groups are found by minimax method. Classification rules are consisted of combination of the feature parameters, such as zero corssing rate(ZCR), log engery(LE), up and down(UD), formant frequency, and their ranges. Voice commands were recognized by the classification rules. The recognition rate was over 90 percent in this experiment. Also, this experiment showed that the recognition rate about digits was better than that about robot commands.
Visual depth perception of three dimensinal images and two dimensional images
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 10, issue 1, 1991, Pages 11~22
This paper aims to examine experimentally the difference of subjectively measured degree of depth between two dimensional (2D) and three dimensional (3D) images. For this paper, two experiments were conducted; in the first experiment, the subjects were asked to estimate the distance between two objects presented with different depths, while in the second experiment, the subjects' role was to rank three objects in the order of distance from the screen. In both experiments, the objects were presented either in 2D or 3D images. The results of the experiments show that the use of 3D images can induce more accurate and more stable estimates of distance than the use of 2D images. However, it is also noted that the absolute degree of depth is not the unique criteria utilized by the subjects for the distinction of small differences of depth.
Fall arresting system
Leamon, T.S. ; Malone, C. ; Son, D.H. ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 10, issue 1, 1991, Pages 23~28
A major inhibition of past work in a slip/fall accident study has been due to the lack of a facility and a methodology to experimentally investigate such behavior without expowting human subjects to the natural danger of injury resulting from a fall. In order to carry out a slip/fall research, a unique facility must be created specially to investigate falling and slipping behavior. One component of this facility will be used to focus a research towards experimental investigations of the basic mechanisms involved in falls. Especially, this compo- nent must be designed, developed, and fabricated to provide passive, reactive support at the point of loss of ba- lance. This component must allow both normal and reduced friction surfaces to be designated to investigate human falling in the experimental conditions. This study will address how a fall arresting system was designed and it would be implemented in actual case of a slip/fall study.
A study on the effects of colors of teachers' clothes on school children's learning effectiveness
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 10, issue 1, 1991, Pages 29~40
This study deals with a quantitative analysis of the effects of colors on learning effectiveness. First, sensuous or emotional factors that school children feel about colors of teachers' clothes are measured by SD method and analyzed by factor analysis. Second, sensuous or emotional factors to enhance learning effectiveness are measured by SD method from teachers, and principal factors are extracted by factor analysis. Finally, the analysis of interaction between the effects of colors and the learning effectiveness is done using the sensuous or emotional factors found from the previous two analyses. The results are as follows: (1) For in-class concentration, the principal factors are "stable", and "near" feelings. The colors related to these feelings are black, red, and blue. (2) For question inducing, the first principal factors are "soft" and "stable" feelings, and the colors are white and black. The second principal factors are "gentle" and "refined" feelings, and the colors are orange and black. (3) For extra-curricular activity, the principal factors are "artless" and "plain" feelings, and the color is blue.