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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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Journal DOI :
The Ergonomics Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Aug 1992
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Apr 1992
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An egornomic study on visual accomodation and pupil functions during the observation of binocular 3-D images
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 11, issue 1, 1992, Pages 3~12
To put the binocular 3-D images system into practical use, it is required to investigate the relationship between the system and men and to make ergonomic evaluation of the system. In this study, we perform a comparative analysis of the changes in the accommodation and pupil functions before and afer observing binocular 3-D images a sthe visual distance varies. From the experiment, we obtained the following results: (1) The discordance in the distance informatioons on the accommodation and pupil functions when obwerving 3-D images is compensated by the miosis and altering the focal depth. (2) From the consideration of the effect of the visual distance condition on the visual functions, it is thoughth that the visual functions are stabilized at the dark focus in the sense that the changes in the tension and relazation afer observing the 3-D images are minimized.
A study on the legibility of korean characters on car license plate: -Proper height/Width ratio-
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 11, issue 1, 1992, Pages 13~19
This paper deals with the legibility of Korean characters(Hangeul) on car number licence plates. We focus of the height-width ratio as key factor affecting the legibility in experimental procedures. The results of experiments are; i) For vertica characters, the vest height-width ratio was 1:1 for 3 throuth 5 stroke characters, and 4:5 for 6 and 7 stroke characters. ii) For horizontal characters, the best height-width ratio was 1:1 for 3 through 5 stroke charcters, and 5:4 for 6 and 7 stoke characters
Effect of positive and negative contrast for user performance on the VDT tasks: text typing, editing, and searching task
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 11, issue 1, 1992, Pages 21~29
A study on analyze the effect of positive and negative contrast for user performance on the VDT tasks);text typing, text deiting, and searching task) has been performed. The performances were measured in terms of the completion time and the number of errors. The results of each VDT task are followings. In the text typing task and the searching task, the performances measured by the number of errors were better at the condition of negative contrast than at that of positive contrast. In the text deiting task, the performance showed a reverse tendency.
Evaluation of labor adaptation of middle and old aged by finger reaction
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 11, issue 1, 1992, Pages 31~38
The population of aged people in industries has been increased remarkably due to the decline of birth rates and the increase of average life span. Also, the current automation trends makes aged people to work easy in industries since automation technologies help them to avoid physically hard tasks. Therefore the evaluation of aged workers' adaptability would be an important research topic. In the study, the mean and standard deviation of the reaction time are calculated to see the differences with four lamps's types and ages. It is found that the mean reaction time and the standard deviation are increased with the the increase of age. The quantitative approach provides an important information to be used not only for the adaptability estimation of aged workers but also for the working capability qualification for re-employment.
On the determination of optimal sizes
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 11, issue 1, 1992, Pages 39~47
This paper considers the problem of determining standard product sizes. A customer, who does not find his size, may purchase rather larger or smaller one, but the purchasing desire decreases as the difference between the required and the prepared increases. Introducing a potential demand distribution and a loss function, which reflects how much the purchasing desire chantes according to the difference, we sormulate the problem and suggest a procedure to determine the optimal standard sizes minimizing the loss. Numerical examples are presented to explain the result.
A study on the fit of the ready-made-garments for middle aged women
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 11, issue 1, 1992, Pages 49~65
The study has been carried out in four ways to find out the fit of the present size speces of the garments for middle aged woman. For this purpose, surveys, classifying the trunk form of middle aged woman by factor analysis and clustering, calculating coverage rate of one garment item(suit) has been used. The results are as follows: (1) In case of the survey for middle aged women, the problems concerning the length of sleeves or trousers and hip girth are found. The former too long and the latter too tight. (2) The size classification and the standard deviation for each sizes are very diffenent between 9 ready-made-garment makers. (3) In classifying the trunk forms of the middle aged women, the diversity of the trunk forms are examined. (4) In calculating coverage rates of the 5 maker's size spece, those similar to KS sizing system are the highest. The coverage rate of the smallest size is the higest, while that of the biggest is 0%.
Cardiac systolic time intervals and heather index measured by impedance cardiography during postural changes
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 11, issue 1, 1992, Pages 67~79
Cardiac systolic time intervals (STLs) and Heather index (HI) were used to access changes in left ventricular function of six male subjects exposed to postural changes,
, Significant prolongation of the pre-ejection period (PEP) and PEP/ LVET ratio, shortening of the left ventricular ejection time (LVET), STI, HI and
were observed during exposure to both
But the values measured during
were reversed. Changes in fluid shift, filling volume, preload, after load and sympathetic activities may account for the observed findings. Early response of cardiac foctions was recorded using impedance cardiography. This method is very simple but accurate. Thus it will be useful in this aerospace and work physiology. In conclusion, STIs appear to provide reliable noninvasive method for examining changes of cardiac function during exposure to postural changes.
A biomechanical model of lower extremity for seated operators
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 11, issue 1, 1992, Pages 81~92
A two-dimensional static biochemical model of lower extremity in the seated posture was developed to assess muscular activities of lower extremity required for a variety of foot pedal operations. We found that the double linear optimization method that has been used for modelling articulated body segments does no predict the forces generated by biarticular muscles reasonably, so the revised double linear optimization scheme was used to consider the synergistic effects of biarticular muscles in our model, assuming that the muscle forces are distributed proportionally based on their physiological cross sectional area. The model incorporated three rigid body se- gments with six muscles to represnet lower extremity. For the model validation, three male subjects performed the experiments in which EMG activities of six lower extremity muscles were measured. Predicted muscle forces were compare with the corresponding EMG amplitudes and it showed no statistical difference. The model being developed can be used to design and assess pedal and foot-related tool design.
A study of the effect of walking speed upon gait parameters and foot-ground reaction forces
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 11, issue 1, 1992, Pages 93~101
Gait parameters for the Korean normal adults were compared with sex and age. Time-distance measurements and ground reaction force parameters were studied in relation to walking speed. Regression analysis was performed to establish functional relations between walking speed and various gait parameters. It is found that cardence and stride length varied linearly with walking velocity whereas time of double support was inversely proportional to walking velocity. The amplitude of ground reaction force was increased with increasing velocities of gait due to the greater heel-strike force and toe-off forces associated with these higher velocities. The results of this study can be usefull utilized as basic data to design and evaluate prosthetic devices, and to detect abnormal gait performances.
Evaluating the performance of direct manipulation input devices
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 11, issue 1, 1992, Pages 103~109
Direct manipulations are composed of pointing operations and dragging operations. In order to find the optimum design parameters (such as C/D ratio, moving direction) for the direct manipulation of a GUI(Graphical User Interface), an ergonomic experiment was devised (2*4*3*8 design) to measure the performance of a mouse (Microsoft) and a trackball (Logitech). The results showed that the mouse was more suitable for the direct manipulation (expecially for the dragging operation) than the trackball, and the suitable C/D ratio was 10 (for the mouse) and 16 (for the trackball). Also the movement direction was a determinant factor in trackball performance.
The effect of driver's sex and age on human responsible involvement in two-car crashes
Park, S.G. ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 11, issue 1, 1992, Pages 111~118
Assuming the majority of car accidents are due to driver errors, we due rear-end collisions which occurred in the State of Washington, USA, in 1982, 1983, and 1984, to study human responsible involvement associated with the sex and age of drivers. Rear-end collisions involving two passenger cars are included in this study. The driver of a car which struck the rear end of another car is considered responsible for the accident, and the driver of a car which was struck in the rear end is not considered responsible for the accident. In addition to male and female drivers, we used three different age groups: 16 to 24 years old, 25 to 34 years old, and 35 years or older. Hence, six diferent groups of drivers are considered in this study.