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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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The Ergonomics Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Aug 1996
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Apr 1996
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Design of the menu on a multi-line display
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 15, issue 1, 1996, Pages 1~14
Menu-driven interfaces are frequently employed for user interfaces on many electronic products. Due to space constraint, a single or multi-line display is popularly used to show menu items unlike the software interfaces. Single or multi-line display present 8 .approx. 21. characters on an LCD screen and the user selects items using a series of button pushes. Multi-line displays are different from the single-line ones in the following aspects. First, they can present multiple line of information at the same time. Second, they can present menu items in a various way compared to single-line ones. However, due to their space constraint multi-line displays have many limitations compared to ordinary displays which usually use 14" screens. Therefore, guidelines are necessary for designing efficent multi-line display menus interfaces. In this study, a human factors experiment was conducted to examine the effects of three design variables which might affect the usability of a multi-line display menus. Factors investigated include menu structure, number of lines on the display, and item presentation method. Usability of the multi-line display menus was measured quantitatively in terms of four different aspects: speed, accuracy, inefficiency and preference. The analysis of variance was used not only to analyze the main effects of the factors and their interactions but also to see the differences between the single-line display menus and multi-line display ones. A set of design guidelines drawn from this study can be applied to the design of the user interfaces of a various types of electronic consumer products.
Product image evaluation technique using fuzzy-weighted checklist
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 15, issue 1, 1996, Pages 15~26
When a product is designed, it is important to consider its image on consumers. In this study, we developed a technique to measure product image. Because human image of a product is very subjective and fuzzy, it is difficult to measure easily. To deal with this difficulty effectively, we used fuzzy- weighted checklist. The fuzzy-weighted checklist presents a fuzzy version of the weighted checklist technique for evaluating or comparing complex systems or subjects. In this technique, we used a pairwise comparison method to obtain the relative importance weights of image factors. Also, we used linguistic ratings to obtain the scores of image factors for a product. Then, we synthesized the scores of image factors to obtain a fuzzy composite score and its linguistic approximation. The entire procedure of this technique was written in quick Basic. As an example, this techinque is applied to car evaluation. The results show that this technique can be effectively used to the quqntitative evaluation of huamn image.
Analysis of human errors involved in Korean nuclear power plant trips
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 15, issue 1, 1996, Pages 27~38
A total of 77 unanticipated trip cases induced by human errors in Korean nuclear power plants were collected from the nuclear power plant trip event reports and analyzed to investigate the areas of high priority for human error reduction. Prior to this analysis, a classification system was made on the four task-related categories including plant systems, work situations, task types, and error types. The erroneous actions affecting the unanticipated plant trips were indentified by reviewing carefully the description of trip events. Then, the events with erroneous action were analyzed by using the classification system. Based on the results for the individual cases, human error occurrences were counted for each of the four categories, also for the selected pairs of categories, to find out the relationships between the two categories in aspects of human errors. As a result, the plant systems, work situations, and task types, and error types which are dominant in human error occurrences were identified.
A study of measurement on range of arm joint motion of Korean male in twenties
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 15, issue 1, 1996, Pages 39~52
This paper measured the range of arm joint motion for Korean 54 males in twenties. The range of the arm joint motion of the subjects was measured directly using Goniometer and protractor. The number of the static and the dynamic anthropometric variables are seven and thirteen, respectively. The anthropometric data are analyzed by basic statistical analysis (four group), correlation analysis and regression analysis using commercial SAS program. The results of analysis are compared with American students anthropometric data by Laubach(1978). Thin subjects have larger movement angle as wrist flexion, wrist abduction, elbow flexion, and elbow wupination and have smaller as wrist adduction and shoulder flexion. Fat subjects have larger movement angle as shoulder flexion and are smaller wrist abduction, elbow flexion, pronation, shoulder extension, shoulder adduction, shoulder abduction, and shoulder medial rotation Korean are more flexible than American in wrist and ranges of elbow flexion and elbow rotation. The shoulder movement is similar to that of American, but shoulder flexion is less flexible.
Identification of postural steadiness and stability: state-of-the-art
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 15, issue 1, 1996, Pages 53~67
Since Romberg's test in 1953, the analysis of postural sway during upright stance has been widely used as a tool for evaluating balance and disorders of the postural control system. This review describes the methods that have been used to evaluste the static and dynamic performance of the postural control system. Various identification methods of postural control system based on standing balance are discussed and measures of postural sway are described. The application areas of standign balance research, with an emphasis on postural control evaluations, are also briefly described. This review can be used to gain an understanding of the dynamics of human standing balance.
The effects of high sustained +Gz under different seat back angles
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 15, issue 1, 1996, Pages 69~78
Current fighter pilots, flying new generation aircrafts with high performance, are under severe stress during aerial combat maneuvering when they are exposed to high sustained +Gz(Head-to-foot) acceleration stress. Two major factor limiting performance during high sustaied +Gz acceleration stress are loss of vision-greyout or blackout, and loss of consciousness (LOC). These symptoms are believed to occur as a result of insuff- icient blood flow to the retina and the brain. This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of high sustained +Gz stress under different seat back angle. The results. obtained by the biodvanmic computer simulations using the ATB(articulated total body) model, are represented with respect to three variables, such as HIC(head injury criterion) value, average G, and maximum G. The results demonstrate that the seat back angle(over
) had a significant effect to decrease +Gz stress on the head segment and had no significant effect on HIC.
Erogonomic assessment of "Noraebang" noise and potential hearing-loss and hearing protection strategies
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 15, issue 1, 1996, Pages 79~90
A research project was conducted to assess the levels of noise exposed to "Noraebang" users and potential hazards to noise-induced hearing loss due to commercial Noraebang noise. A two-way, mixed-factors factorial design was employed for the experiment using independent variables of "noise source" (no- singer, 1-singer, and 2-singer conditions) and "music type" (Trot, Ballad, and Rock music) with 18 normal hearing subjects. Each singer group sang 5 popular songs of each music type in each signing condition, whereas background music was just played for the no-singer condition. For each music played/sung, equivalent continuous sound pressure levels and maximum sound pressure levels were measured for data analysis purposes. Pure-tone audiometry was applied for measuring subjects' hearing threshold levels before and after exposure to Noraebgang noise. The statistical analyses indicate that average continuous noise levels due to Noraebang leisure environment were very serious, especially when two people were singing (higher than 95 dBA). Furthermore, maximum noise levels often exceeded the OSHA's non-premissible 115 dBA level. Worse yet, hearing loss assessment implies that Noraebang facilities may pose a serious threat to noise-induced hearing loss, based on 6-8 dB loss at 125 Hz and 8 dB loss at 4000 Hz after about 1-hour Noraebang noise exposure.
Determining thermal comfort properties of coverall worn in the atomic power plant using a sweating thermal manikin and ISO 7730
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 15, issue 1, 1996, Pages 91~103
For determining thermal comfort properties of work suit in an atomic power plant, three different coverall ensembles (PVE, PET/Rayon, PP Nonwoven) were selected and the resistance to dry and evaporative heat transfer were measured for each ensemble by using a sweating thermal manikin. Also, PMV (Predicted Mean Vote) and PPD(Predicted Percentage of Dissatisfied) indices were predicted according to ISO 7730. As a result, ideal environmental conditions in an atomic power plant were suggested to make workers feel thermally comfortable. In addition, ideal intrinsic insulation values of coverall ensembles as a work suit under the present environmental conditions in the at6omic power plant were provided. The information given in this paper can be used to control environmental conditions in the atomic power plant thermally comfortable and to select a proper work suit for providing thermal comfort to the workers.
A study on consumer's preference for size labeling system of womens's ready-to-wear garments
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 15, issue 1, 1996, Pages 105~117
This study was initiated to investigate (1) whether consumers preferred a specific garment size labeling system and (2) whether consumer's demographic characteristics, clothing behavior, and body size affect their preference of size labeling systems. The survey of consumer's preferences for five size labeling systems included 443 women with 20 to 64 years of age. The result of the survey showed that the subjects' preferences of five size labeling sysems were different significantly. Subjects strongly preferred the old system rather than the revised systems. The subjects least preferred the system with pictogram(system D) and the system with description of the measuring methods of te control dimensions (system E). The subjects/ preference for various garment size labeling systems was different depending on their resident area, educational level, and body size. The garment size labeling system with more information on body measurements (system C) was preferred by the subjects living in the metro city area or subjects having difficulties on purchasing ready-to-wear garments giving reasonable fit. The simplest size labeling system (system A) was strongly preferred by the subjects of low educational level, or the subjects living in the small city.
Anthropometric measurements for clothing of the handicapped
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 15, issue 1, 1996, Pages 119~132
The objectives of this study are to investigate the measurements of clothing for the handicapped compared to that of the normal, and to present the basic data to make clothing for the handicapped who has specific needs. Questionnaires were administered to 927 Cerebral Palsies on height, weight, chest circumference, sitting height, and to 70 handicapped people using a supporting parasite on 18 measurement items. The results show that height, weight , and sitting height of the handicapped are smaller than those of the normal of equal age except for chest circumference. And, the values of the items for the lower half are smaller than the normal of equal age and those for the upper half, especially the items for the shoulder and arm, are greater. Compared to the values of the normal in the three standad size charts, the size charts using height and chest circumference are unsuitable to the handicapped, and the size chart using hip circumference is approximately suitable.