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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ergonomics Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Dec 1997
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Aug 1997
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Apr 1997
Selecting the target year
The estimation of 3D image using EOG
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 1997, Pages 1~13
In this research, and investigation of the eye movement was performend when the objects perceived by the eye are three-dimensional objects, two dimensional images, and trhee dimensional images. This investigation was done by observing the EQG(Electro- oculogram) waves which were obtained from experiments. The observed waves were categorized into several groups. Differences among the waves were analyzed for each object and image perceived by the eye. In order to obtain waves for analysis, two kinds of experiments were performen. In each experiment, the saccadic eye movement and the smooth pursuit eye movement were considered as an independent variables. Waves obtained from the experiments were categorized into 4 types (Wave-1, Wave-2, Wave-3, Wave-4) depending on their characteristics. Unlike the other images, three dimensional image was revealed as a key factor for the active movement of the eye. Futhermore, a unique eye movement was observed in the case of three dimensional images where the focus of the eye was achieved through three steps.
A study on the determination of an optimal handle diameter for a signal billy
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 1997, Pages 15~27
The objectives of this study were twofold; (1) to determine an optimal handle size of a signal billy, based on the subjective assessment of grip comfort and (2) to investigate the relationship between hand anthropometry and the optimal handle size. Thirty-seven university male students were asked to rate seven cylindrical handles of different diameters in barehanded and gloved conditions, respectively. Among these handles, 3.5cm diameter of the handle size was found to be the most comfortable, in both bardhanded and gloved conditionsl. However, no statistically significant reduction in grip comfort occurred within handle diameter ranging from 2.5cm to 4.0cm. As the handle diameter was deivated from the range, grip discomfort in creased significantly. A Spearman rank correlation coefficient test revealed that hand anthropometries such as finger lengths, hand circumference, and hand thickness were statistically significant factors on the determination of the optimal handle size. The implications of these findings were discussed. The results of this study can be used as guidelines in designing the hand tools for power grip.
Ergonomic studies of arm shapes and sleeve: Classification of arm shapes
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 1997, Pages 29~45
This study aims at designing sleeves which are suitable for arm shapes and arm movements. With the samples of of ordinary 24 women aged from 20 to 22, the arm shapes and movements were measured 3-dimensionally using a motion analyzer and a sonic digitizer, and then clasified into three characteristic types (A, B, and C). Our analysis leads to the following conclusion. The factors classifying arm shapes are the length from acromion to posterior armpit point, arm hole length, the cap height, difference in height between anterior and posterior armpit points, armhole circumference, upper arm circumferemce, armhole depth, and underarm circumference. The characteristics of arm type A is that the armhole depth and the length from acromion to posterior armpit point are the largest, while the circumference inbe- tween upper arm and elbow is the smallest among the three arm types. Thus, the large circumference difference between upper and lower arms is the most notable in arm type A. The factors classifying arm shapes for arm type B are the smallest except for the circumference inbetween upper arm and elbow which is larger than that for arm type A. The circumference difference betweemn upper and lower arms is small for arm type B. Arm type C has the smallest armhole depth, while other factors are similar to those for arm type B. In type C, the size of upper arm is comparatively small on the frontal plane, while it is the largest on the sagital plane.
치수체계의 신체 적합도를 개선하기 위한 수리적 방법 연구: -미국 해군 여성의 신체측정치를 중심으로-
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 1997, Pages 47~61
A statistical method was developed to examine the US navy women's sizing system. Subjects including 906 navy female personnels were classified into seven groups based on the body type. Regression analyses were performed within seven groups to determine the sizing system maximizing the fitness of clothing in each group. New parameters were developed and used to statistically investigate the fitness level based upon boty navy sizing system and regression based system in this study. A customizef SAS program was used to compute the fitness levels. Results indicated that the navy sizing system showed lower fitness level in most groups except Juniour than the regression based system. It was concluded that the current method with new parameters could be used as an objective tool to evaluate the existing or new sizing system. This method can be further validated in other sample populations.
Eye-hand coordination in press task
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 1997, Pages 63~71
This paper presented an experiment which examined eye and hand movement characteristics of novice and experienced workers in the press operation. Continuous recordings of eye and hand movements were made on five novice operators and five experienced operators in press operation. Significant difference between the novice and the experienced operators was observed in eye fixation time, eye movement patterns, hand dwell time, and eye-hand coordination. Also, differences were observed in spatial distribution of eye fixations during the die-closing portion of a stroke. There were no significant differences between the novice and the experiencedoperators in the eye and the hand movement time. The results could be used to establish a guide determining the method and training period to train the novice operators.
An analysis of grip strength for Korean adults
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 1997, Pages 73~83
It is improtant to get accurate information about the grip strength for designing ergonomic grips and handles. It has been known that the excessive and repetitive use of grip force and unnatural posture of the wrist may cause cumulative trauma disorders (CTDs) such as carpal tunnel syndrome, tendrome, tendonitis, DeQuervan's disease, etc. In this paper we have measured the grip strength for sitting and standing posture for Korean adults ; 114 males and 105 females aged from the 20's to above the 50's. And this paper performed statistical analysis for deriving characteristics between grip strength and anthropometric data. The results are as follows ; (1) The maximum grip strength posture is exerted under standing posture with the elbow in full extension (180 .deg. ) for both males and females (2) There is significant difference among posture, sex and right and/or left handedness (3) Grip strength decreases with age for male, but it traces an inverted U curve for female (4) Grip strength has corre- lations with the age, weight, height, BSA, forearm length, hand length, thickness of wrist, circumference of wrist, and breadth of wrist for males.
An evaluation of the effects of VDT tasks on multiple resources processing in working menory using MD, PD method
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 1997, Pages 85~96
This article reviews the effects of VDT tasks on multiple resources for processing and storage in short-term working memory. MD and PD method were introduced toevaluate the modalities (auditory-visual) in the multiple resources model. The subjects conducted 2 sessions of 50 minites VDT tasks. Before, between and after VDT tasks, MD, PD task performance scores and CFF(critical flicker frequency0 values were measured. The review suggested that the modalities of human information processing in working memory were affected by VDT tasks with different task contents.
Aircraft flight simulator development for ergonomics test
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 1997, Pages 97~105
An aircraft simulator for ergonomics testing and pilot training was developed from the joint work Agency for Defense Development(ADD) and Daewoo Heavy Industry, LTD, in Korea at first time. It is basically to satisfy the requirements established by FAA-AC-120-40C ( 1995-JAN-26). The aircraft simulator will be used mainly for ergonomics testing and pilot training for basic trainer on ADD and Korea Air Force in near futrue. This simulator reproduces faithfully the cockpit and flight characteristics of the KTX-1 aircraft. It is one of the latest full flight simulators that have the CGI(computer graphic image) visual system and six degree of freedom motions system. Development efforts focused on user-oriented design approach for ergonomics testing and flight training of pilots. Main characteristics of each subsystem are described such as cockpit, instruments, control loading system, motion system, visual system, aural system, instructor operation station and aircraft simulation softwear.
Development of integrated test facility for human factors experiments in nuclear power plant
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 1997, Pages 107~117
It is necessary to evaluate HMI inaspects of human factors in the design stage of MMIS(man machine interface system) and feedback the result of evaluation because operators performance is mainly influenced by the HMI. Therefore, the MMIS design should be reflected the operators psychological, behavioral and physiological characteristics in the interaction with human machine interface(HMI) in order to improve the safety and availability of the MMIS of a nuclear power plant(NPP) by reduction of human error. The development of human factors experimental evaluation techniques and integrated test facility(ITF) for the human factors evaluation become an important research field to resolve hi,am factors issues on the design of an advanced control room(ACR). We developed am ITF, which is aimed to experiment with the design of the ACR and the human machine interaction as it relates to the control of NPP. This paper presents the development of an ITF that consists of three rooms such as main test room(MTR), supporting test room(STR) and experiment control room(ECR). And, the ITF has a various facilities such as a human machine simulator(HMS), experimental measurement systems and data analysis and experiment evaluation supporting system(DAEXESS). The HMS consists of full-scope simulation model of Korean standard NPP and advanced HMI based on visual display nits (VDUS) such as touch color CRT, large scale display panel(LSDP), flat panel display unit and so on.
Development of data analysis and experiment evaluation supporting system(DAEXESS)
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 16, issue 1, 1997, Pages 119~126
Most of human factors experiments in nuclear industry domain produe lots of experimental data, thus much time is reauired to analyze the data. DAEXESS was developed to reduce resource demands necessary for the analysis work through systematic data analysis requirements and automated data processing based on computer technology. Physilolgical data, human behavior recording data, system log data and verbal protocl can be collected, synthesized and easily analyzed with with respect to time domain in DAEXESS so that analyser is able to look into inte- grated information on operating context. DAEXESS assists analyser to carry out qualitative and quantitative data analysis easily.