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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ergonomics Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Nov 2004
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Aug 2004
Volume 23, Issue 2 - May 2004
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Feb 2004
Selecting the target year
The Analysis of Foot Shape of Elementary School Boys
Seok, Eun-Yeong ; Jeon, Eun-Gyeong ; Park, Sun-Ji ; Gwon, Suk-Hui ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2004, Pages 1~12
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2004.23.2.001
The purposes of this study were to investigate the relationship between anthropometric data of foot and other body sizes. to categorize the foot shape of elementary school boys and to find out determinant factors related the foot that enable us to deduce the foot shape and size for the design of more comfortable shoes. Subjects of this study were 249 elementary school boys of age ranged from 6 to 11 residing Seoul and lncheon area. Anthropometric sizes were measured with the direct measurement method using Martin scales and the indirect measurement method using digital photos. Pearson`s correlation, factor analysis. cluster analysis. analysis of variance, post-hoc test, and cross tabs were performed for statistical analysis of the data by SPSS program. From the investigation on the relationship between foot-related items and body items, most items of foot measure were significantly related to body size items. However, angle of the foot did not related to other body sizes although other height items and mass items of the foot did have relationships with other body sizes. Results of ANOVA indicated there were significant differences in foot-related items except for items of foot angle and all body anthropometric items by subjects` age. This implicates big toe angle, little toe angle and foot ratio factors are required in sizing shoes besides foot length. On the basis of cluster analysis using factor scores. three different foot shapes were categorized. Type 1 was large and wide foot, Type 2 was small and narrow foot with large toe angle. and Type 3 was medium foot with no deformity on big toe. These three groups show significant differences in almost all measurement items. However, Rorher index and foot angle didn`t show any significant differences among groups. This implicates the foot shape can be a determinant of shoe size.
A Study on Development of an Integration Methodology for Design Guideline of Advanced Information Display
Jeong, Seong-Hae ; Cha, U-Chang ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2004, Pages 13~24
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2004.23.2.013
Human error has brought about accidents more than 50% in system of a large size and complicated expecially in nuclear power plants(NPPs). The technology of Man Machine Interface(MMI) has been changed to the digitalized controls employing computer-based technology. According to this trend. the human factors guidelines are becoming main issue for reliable supports to digitalized information displays. However. the existing human factors guidelines is not enough for advanced information display on NPPs. The purpose of this research is to develop the reliable design and evaluation guidelines for advanced information display in main control room (MCR) of NPPs. In this study. the various general human factors guidelines concerning information display on CRT are integrated on data base management system. unified based on the integration rules. and applied in computer based procedures. The use of the integrated guidelines are expected to evaluate the existing information display on MCR in NPPs from the human factors point of view.
Effects of Tele-Robotic Task Characteristics on the Choice of Visual Display Dimensionality
Park, Seong-Ha ; Gu, Jun-Mo ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2004, Pages 25~36
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2004.23.2.025
The effects of task characteristics on the relative efficiency of visual display dimension were studied using a simulated tele-robotic task. Through a conventional method of task analysis. the tele-robotic task was divided into two categories: the task element requiring focused attention (FA task) and the task element requiring global attention (CA task). Time-ta-completion data were collected for a total of 120 trials involving 10 participants. For the CA task. there was no significant difference between the multiple two-dimensional (20) display and the three-dimensional (3D) monocular display. For the FA task. however. the multiple 20 display was superior to the 3D monocular display. The results suggest that the characteristics of a given task have a considerable effect on the choice of display dimensionality and the multiple 3D display is better for human operators to effectively judge depth if the task requires frequent use of focused attention.
Development of Fuzzy Membership Function for Emotional Satisfaction Quantification
Park, Jun-Seok ; Myeong, No-Hae ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2004, Pages 37~54
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2004.23.2.037
Fuzzy theory provides an intelligence treatment model for judgement about information when it needs a solution or a decision making about vague problems. Therefore, fuzzy theory is used for appropriate evaluation and decision on obscure information as human`s emotion in human factors, In previous study, fuzzy membership function is defined for judgement infOlmation as human`s emotion then ultimate results are deducted through fuzzy inference model. This method uses general CWTent through literature review or max, min and average as representative statics value about considering variables. But, this method makes away with nonlinear`s or inegular`s factors of human sensibility. Accordingly, application of this method leads to considerable loss of information in the ultimate evaluation. For that reason, this method has a limitation in objective evaluation of human factors. So, this study focuses on development of fuzzy membership function, which evaluates human`s emotion or feeling accurately and objectively. We used the regression analysis and reasoned a fuzzy membership function about the relation of the variables. Then we verified the adequacy with the reliability through the experiment after this.
Deriving required functions and developing a working prototype of EPG on digital TV
Park, Ji-Su ; Lee, U-Hun ; Ryu, Dong-Seok ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2004, Pages 55~80
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2004.23.2.055
Multichannel on digital TV not only gave opportunities to the TV audience to view a wide range of programs. but also made it difficult for them to search for the program which they plan to view among over 1000 programs broadcasted on more than 100 channels. In this paper the functions of EPG (Electronic Program Guides) required by the users on digital TV were derived from the systematic analysis of multichannel viewing situations. In the situation analysis the situations where they viewed programs on more than 100 channels were generated systematically and the viewing processes in those situations were analyzed to identify user needs and derive the required functions of EPG. We surveyed the viewing behavior of the audience who subscribed to a digital satellite broadcast. SkyPerfecTV. in Tokyo. Japan. The purpose of the survey was to verify the validity of the functions derived from the situation analysis and to identify hidden user needs which were difficult to in the situation analysis. The functions were implemented on a working prototype of EPG based on a digital TV simulator which broadcasts 500 programs on 100 channels and can be controlled by three working prototypes of personal remote controllers. The working prototype will be used in Participatory Design to make it possible for the users to experience and verify the usefulness of the required functions of EPG and also find problems in user interface design of EPG
A Study of Body Size and Body Cognition of Korean Female College Students
Seong, Min-Jeong ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2004, Pages 81~92
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2004.23.2.081
The purpose of this study was to classify real somatotype of femalecollegy students by their obesity degree and to investigate cognitive somatotype by their level of body consciousness in female college students. The subjects were 172 female college students aged from 19 to 23 living in Daegu city. Average height of the subjects was 161.3cm. weight was 52.5kg. Rohrer Index was 125.3. BMI was 20.2. Vervaeck Index was 84.0. and percentage of body fat was 26.1. In classification of the subjects by 3 body indexes. lean figure took 37.8-50.0%. normal figure took 45.3-54.6%. and obese figure took 4.7-8.1% and in classification of the subjects by percentage of body fat. lean figure took 39.0%, normal figure took 46.5%. and obese figure took 14.5%. In consciousness and satisfaction about body parts. the subjects recognized that their girth items were . thick`. length items were` short`. and weight was `heavy`. Also they generally preferred slender and long body.
A Study on the Classification of Brassiere Cups by Breast Volume Measurement Values on Women in their Twenties
Park, Yu-Sin ; Kim, Seon-Mi ; Kim, Eun-Ran ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2004, Pages 93~104
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2004.23.2.093
The research subjects of this study were 30 unmarried Korean women from 20 to 29 who had never had an operation on their breast. Measurement method using plaster breast mold was used for measuring their volume of breast. The correlation between their breast volume and the methods to set up brassiere cups with the existing method and with their circumference of breast was analyzed using KendalI`s Coefficient. which was to figure out a method which had a bigger correlation with the volume of breast between the method to set up brassiere cups using the existing method and the method using the circumference of breast. The results analyzed showed that the coefficient of correlation between the existing method and the volume of breast was .12 and the significance level was .45. They didn`t have any correlation. On the other hand. the coefficient of correlation between the circumference of breast and the volume of breast was .82. which was very high values and the significance level was very high .0001. Therefore. it turned out that it was difficult to set up brassiere cups by using the existing method and it was easier and more reliable to set up the cups by using the circumference of breast.
A study on mobile phone using behavior by age group
Yun, Hun-Yong ; Yun, U-Sun ; Nam, Chang-Su ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 23, issue 2, 2004, Pages 105~120
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2004.23.2.105
With the new technology and the popularization of mobile phone. the functions and designs of mobile phone have been varied rapidly. However. based on the user`s level of familiarity on mobile phone function and knowledge of information technology. the using behaviors of mobile phone. especially between the young users who are well acquainted with the latest function and technology and the over middle-aged users who are relatively not. would be quite different. A survey was conducted to investigate the various using behaviors of mobile phone in different age groups. The total number of six hundred and sixty-seven people from age seventeen to sixty participated in this study. The participants were divided into young group (age between 17 to 29) and the over middle-aged group (age between 40 to 60) to compare the difference group considered design. price. and function of the mobile phone as three important factors. on the other hand. the over middle-aged group considered quality of communication. price and ease of use as three important factors. All the respondents of the young group know how to use the text messaging function. however for the over middle-aged group. 40% of the respondents knows how to use the text messaging function. The over middle-aged group seemed mainly use the mobile phone for voice communication. however the young group had a tendency to communicate each other with short text message rather than through voice conversation. Twenty percentage of young group responded that they had an experience of pain or discomfort at the thumb. the thenar eminence area. or carpus area during pushing the mobile phone keypad. The excessive frequent use of keypad may cause the risk of repetitive strain injury (RSI). The results of this study could provide important information to understand the way of using mobile phone in different age groups. and also could be used to design and market the mobile phone.