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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ergonomics Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 24, Issue 4 - Nov 2005
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Aug 2005
Volume 24, Issue 2 - May 2005
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Feb 2005
Selecting the target year
Relationship between Scene Movements and Cybersickness
Park, Kyung-Soo ; Choi, Jeong-A ; Kim, Kyoung-Taek ; Kim, Sang-Soo ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 24, issue 1, 2005, Pages 1~7
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2005.24.1.001
This paper investigates the effects of scene movements on cybersickness to develop the guidelines of scene movements in virtual environments. The types of scene movements were made for both scene navigations(through the axes of X: lateral, Y: fore & after, and Z: vertical) and scene rotations(by pitch, roll and yaw). And there were each three levels of speed; 2.7, 4.5 and 6.3 /s(for navigation), and 10, 20 and 30 /s(for rotation) were conducted. Twelve participants were exposed to each scene for 15 minutes, and three tests were performed to measure the degree of sickness. Before and after subjects were exposed to virtual environments, they were requested to describe their sickness symptoms by means of answering the Simulator Sickness Questionnaire(SSQ). And the postural stability tests, in which the Center of Pressure(COP) of subjects were traced and recorded by a 'force platform', were conducted. During the exposure on virtual environments, the subjects were requested to rate the degree of nausea. For both navigation and rotation, the effects of speeds and axes were significant in the SSQ scores and the nausea ratings, while it was not in the COP. The correlation between the SSQ scores and the COP data was not found. Therefore, it was inappropriate to use COP as a measure of cybersickness. The degree of sickness increased, except for the case of the yaw, as the speed increased. The sickness was most severe in the scene navigation through the axis X and in the scene rotation by the yaw.
Mathematical Approach to Determine the Level of Demand/Effort Model
Chung, Bong-Jo ; Jang, Myung-Soon ; Kim, Jung-Young ; Park, Jae-Wan ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 24, issue 1, 2005, Pages 9~17
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2005.24.1.009
81.1% of traffic accidents is attributed to the drivers. In this regard, D/E model is a practical and effective method in terms of the cost and time in evaluating the road hazardousness. To examine the validity of the threshold values by the levels of demand We selected 10 subjects and collected their physiological signals while they were driving on Honam Highway (Jeonju
Hoideog section). Based on the collected data, the hazardous road condition was evaluated using the new threshold values of the effort level determined by cluster analysis. In applying the D/E model, a decision method based on the demand level was suggested, using a traffic accident prediction model. Additionally, the limit value of the effort level was determined using the drivers' physiological signal data collected at the highway. A comparison analysis of the two D/E models revealed no significant difference: The existing method and the clustering method determined 9 and 7 hazardous road zones, respectively, while actual traffic accidents were reported in 6 and 4 zones, respectively among the predicted road hazardous zones. However, the latter method suggested a more scientific and rational basis in determining the limit value of the Effort level. In conclusion, although D/E model has a great merit as a pioneering method to reflect human factors in evaluating the road hazardousness, it is believed that this method could be improved by a more dynamic method that considers the traffic conditions and the individual physiological signal of the drivers simultaneously in determining a better limit.
Ergonomic Design and Evaluation of Scroll and Information Presentation Methods on a PDA
Beck, Jong-Min ; Han, Sung-H ; Choi, Hoon-Woo ; Jung, Kee-hyo ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 24, issue 1, 2005, Pages 19~26
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2005.24.1.019
Mobile internet access using such devices as PDAs and cellular phones becomes popular as mobile technologies grow. However, the characteristics of small screen devices such as small screen size and pen-based input cause many usability problems. In this study, a human factors experiment was conducted to identify the factors affecting the usability of information search on a PDA. Factors manipulated in the experiment included use of wheel equipment, scroll dimension, and screen orientation. Task completion time, error frequency, and subjective satisfaction level were measured. In addition, various users' behavioral patterns such as scanning routes and mainly used scrolling methods were analyzed. Scroll dimension has a significant effect on task completion time. Scroll equipment and screen orientation affect subjective satisfaction level. The results could be applied to designing information structure of web sites for mobile use by providing vertical scroll and using external scroll equipments.
Risk Factor Analysis and Ergonomics Improvements in a Shipbuilding Industry
Oh, Soon-Yong ; Jeong, Byung-Yong ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 24, issue 1, 2005, Pages 27~35
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2005.24.1.027
This paper describes a practical ergonomic approach for the shipbuilding industry that occupies the highest rate of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD) in Korea. Typical work processes within a shipbuilding operation were surveyed to determine the presence of risk factors associated with musculoskeletal disorders. We used interviews, document analysis, video analysis, and OWAS postural analysis to identify and quantify ergonomic risk factors that workers may be exposed to in the course of their normal work duties. Some ergonomics actions were performed to solve the problems identified in the risk factor analysis. The practical ergonomic approach has resulted in decreases in workers' accident, and increases in productivity. The ergonomic solutions developed in this study could be applied to other sectors of industry that share common features of work with shipbuilding industry.
Ergonomic Evaluation of The Hazardous Jobs in Squatting Work Posture
Kim, Yu-Chang ; Ryu, Young-Soo ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 24, issue 1, 2005, Pages 37~41
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2005.24.1.037
Work related musculoskeletal disorders became a hot issue in Korea since many workers reported musculoskeletal disorder problems. Korean government enacted a law to require companies to take measures to prevent musculoskeletal disorders at work. This study found workers' WMSDs symptoms in squatting work posture which the rate of the occurrence was relatively high among work types to bring about WMSDs in railroad cars maintenance works and analyzed to compare the hazardous jobs in the industrial safety health law in South Korea with the caution jobs in Washington State in U.S. The hazardous jobs in South Korea were more effective in squatting work posture from this study result and this study data will be a great help to plan and carry out an effective prevention program about WMSDs.
Service Infrastructure of Wearable Computing
Han, Dong-Won ; Park, Jun-Seok ; Cho, Il-Yeon ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 24, issue 1, 2005, Pages 43~46
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2005.24.1.043
The future information technologies and service paradigm will move from PC, the general purpose desktop computing environment, to the next-generation PC that provides information any where, any time, and any device. The next-generation PC such as wearable computers are specialized to the human-centric functionalities and always-on connected services. In this study, service infrastructure of wearable computing with WBAN(Wearable Body Area Network) was suggested for the ubiquitous computing environment.
Usability Analysis for Designing Mobile Phones Based on Universal Design for the Elderly
Yim, Jang-Bin ; Park, Min-Yong ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 24, issue 1, 2005, Pages 47~53
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2005.24.1.047
The purpose of this study was to evaluate performance and subjective satisfaction of mobile phone's interface elements considering the elderly users. First, mobile phone's interface elements were outlined recent foreign and domestic studies. Then, final three mobile phone's interface elements were determined by expert rating, AHP analysis, and questionnaire analysis. Objective and subjective measures were then used to determine the effects of several specific design parameters and aging differences on performance of mobile phones. In this experiment, 38 subjects and 4 independent variables were used to measure task completion time and user's subjective satisfaction. The statistical analyses indicated significant aging differences between older people and younger people in terms of keypad type and bell sound level in performance. Significant aging differences were also found for user subjective satisfaction. It is suggested that some major results from this study be used to develop mobile phone design guidelines that are more usable and accessible for most users, particularly for older users.