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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ergonomics Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 27, Issue 4 - Nov 2008
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
Selecting the target year
Regression Models Predicting Trunk Muscles` PCSAs of Korean People
Kim, Ji-Hyun ; Song, Young-Woong ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 27, issue 2, 2008, Pages 1~7
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2008.27.2.001
This study quantified 7 trunk muscles` physiological cross-sectional areas (PCSAs) and developed prediction equations for the physiological cross-sectional area as a function of anthropometic variables for Korean people. Nine females and nine males were participated in the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans approximately from S1 through T8. Muscle fiber angle corrected cross-sectional areas (anatomical cross sectional areas: ACSAs) were recorded at each vertebral level and maximum value of ACSAs were determined as physiological cross sectional area (PCSA). There was a significant gender difference in PCSAs of all muscles (p<0.05). Stepwise linear regression techniques using anthropometric measures (e.g., height, weight, trunk depths and widths) as independent variables were conducted to develop prediction equations for the PCSA for each muscle. For males, six muscles` significant prediction equations (p<0.05) were developed except quadratus lumborum. For females, three prediction equations were developed for psoas, quadratus lumborum, and erector spinae muscles (p<0.05).
A Research on BCI using Coherence between EEG and EMG
Kim, Young-Joo ; Whang, Min-Cheol ; Kang, Hee ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 27, issue 2, 2008, Pages 9~14
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2008.27.2.009
Coherence can be used to evaluate the functional cortical connections between the motor cortex and muscle. This study is to find coherence between EEG (electroencephalogram) and EMG (electromyogram) evoked by movement of a hand. Seven healthy participants were asked to perform thirty repetitive movement of right hand for ten seconds with rest for ten seconds. Specific feature of EEG components has been extracted by ICA (independent component analysis) and coherence between EEG and EMG was analyzed from data measured EEG in five local areas around central part of head and EMG in flexer carpri radialis muscle during grabbing movement. Coherence between EEG and EMG was successfully obtained at 0.025 confidence limit during hand movement and showed significant difference between rest and movement at 13-18Hz.
A Safety Evaluation Method for a Product Design Planning Stage: Application of AHP and Fuzzy
Park, Ji-Young ; Cho, Am ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 27, issue 2, 2008, Pages 15~24
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2008.27.2.015
As users increasingly recognize the importance of safety and the Product Liability comes into effect, a company should take responsibility of protecting the users who use its product. In order to produce a safe product and satisfy the needs of users, it is critical for develope opriately and understand the characteristics of the product accurately. Furthermore, a safe product can be realized by considering a safety level of the product in a whole product development process. However, in general, product development projects hardly evaluate the safety of a product in the product planning step. In addition, most of safety evaluation methods which are applied in the product planning step have a tendency to be qualitative because a detailed product design step. Therefore, this research aims at enhancing the performance of the safety evaluation process by applying quantitative methods such as `AHP` and `Fuzzy`. AHP can help analysts derive the weight of safety factors. Fuzzy is applied to evaluate the degree of safety of product elements in this paper. The proposed method will be able to improve the safety level of a product by using the quantitative methods in the product planning step.
A Study on the Somatotype Classification of Muscular Men - Focused on the Upper Body-
Jeong, Hye-Jin ; Kim, So-Ra ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 27, issue 2, 2008, Pages 25~37
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2008.27.2.025
The purpose of this research is to understand the physiological characteristics of muscular men between the ages of 20 and 34 years who are distinct from the general population due to their muscular development, and to categorize them according to upper body somatotypes. This research was conducted in order to provide basic data necessary for developing clothing products for muscular men. The research method and results were as follows: the "Sheldon`s" and "Heath-Carter" somatotype classification methods were carried out at sports centers, the Athletic College, and military bases in Seoul and Gyeonggi province. Excluding the 32 subjects that did not have a balanced mesomorph, ectomorphic mesomorph or mesomorph-ectomorph, research on the remaining 168 subjects was used in the data analysis. 2. We used the following factor analysis: factor 1 for torso size; factor 2 for upper-arm, armpit, and chest breath size; and 3. The upper body was categorized into four (4) types, and their individual characteristics were as follows: Type 1 had the most developed arms, shoulders, chest muscles, and the shortest height. These subjects had an average of 191 somatotype points and could be classified as a balanced mesomorph. The heights and the lengths of Type 2 were short. They had slim physical structures, averaged 182 somatype points, and could be classified as an ectomorphic mesomorph. somatotype points and were classified as a balanced mesomorph. The heights and the lengths of Type 4 were long. They had slim physical structures, averaged 164 somatotype points, and were classified as a balanced mesomorph-ectomorph. 4. After carrying out a discriminant analysis to validate the categories of muscular men`s upper bodies, we concluded that our model had an accuracy rating of 98.1%.
A Study of Relationships among Situation Awareness, Presence, and Performance on a Handheld Game Console
Jung, Doo-Ho ; Myung, Ro-Hae ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 27, issue 2, 2008, Pages 39~47
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2008.27.2.039
This research was conducted to explore relationships among situation awareness, presence, and performance on a handheld game console. Situation Awareness was measured by SAGAT (Situation Awareness Global Assessment Technique) while presence was measured by PQ (Presence Questionnaire) version 3.0. The performance was measured by the number of aircraft shot down during the flight simulator game. The results show that both situation awareness and presence were positively significantly correlated with performance. In order to investigate the effect of performance level, subjects were divided into two significantly different groups: low and high performance groups. In the low performance group, both situation awareness and presence showed a significantly positive correlation with performance. The correlation between presence and situation awareness also showed a positively significant correlation. However, in the high performance group, there were no significant correlations among them. In conclusion, different performance levels could be said to be an important factor in the study of situation awareness and presence. Furthermore, this study also proved that the domain of research on situation awareness and presence was extended to small displays such as the handheld game console.
Performance, Wrist Motion and Subjective Rating for Handle Angle of Pliers
Kee, Do-Hyung ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 27, issue 2, 2008, Pages 49~57
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2008.27.2.049
This study aims to investigate the effect of handle angles of pliers on performance, wrist motion and subjective rating of satisfaction. An experiment was conducted, in which handle angle of pliers was used as independent variable and 14 subjects participated. Based on the literature survey, plier handles angled at 0
were adopted in the experiment. The subjects were instructed to bend iron plates by 90
and to cut wires as soon as possible. The results revealed that 1) handle angles of pliers have significant effect on wrist motion and satisfaction(p<0.0001); 2) handle angles of pliers did not affect performance of completing tasks irrespective of types of tasks done in the study; 3) in the initial stage of windup, plier with handle angled at 20
produced the least wrist motion of deviation in task of bending iron plates, while plier with handle angled at 40
did in task of cutting wires; 4) degree of satisfaction was maximized when handle of pliers was bent by 20
in both tasks. On the basis of the results, it is recommended that handle of pliers be bent by 20-30
for reducing musculoskeletal disorders related to pliers.
Application of Learning Curve to evaluate Product Learnability
Jung, Kwang-Tae ; Hong, Ja-In ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 27, issue 2, 2008, Pages 59~65
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2008.27.2.059
Product usability consists of many attributes such as learnability, efficiency, memorability, and so on. In particular, learnability is one of the most important attributes in product usability. Therefore, many people consider the primary criterion for a good user interface to be the degree to which it is easy to learn. Learnability represents the degree of how much can easily learn the usage of a product. It concerns the features of the interactive system that allow novice users to understand how to use it initially and then how to attain a maximal level of performance. In this study, we studied on the application of learning curve to evaluate product learnability. In order to validate the applicability, we carried out simple experiment using mobile phone. We got task completion times through the experiment and predicted the times using learning curve model. And then, we compared prediction times to task completion times. Finally, we identified that learning curve could apply to predict and compare product learnability.
A Job Analysis of the Certified Professional Ergonomists
Lee, Dhong-Ha ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 27, issue 2, 2008, Pages 67~72
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2008.27.2.067
The purpose of this study is to describe the precise nature ofergonomists(CPE). CPE job analysis included the tasks performed at present and the tasks which might be performed in the future by CPE. The questions also included which tols, knowledge and academic background are required for the CPE job at present or in the future. The clear job description will help people to understand the business area of CPE and to develope curiculum in job training.
A Study on Lighting Design and Illumination and Luminance of in Advanced type Control Room by the Standard of Ergonomics - Focused on Ling Ao Phase II NPP MCR Environmental Design in Guangdong, China-
Back, Seong-Kyung ; Lee, Seung-Hoon ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 27, issue 2, 2008, Pages 73~82
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2008.27.2.073
Currently an office in information society is advanced to a digitalized VDT office. The VDT office has a natural luminous system prioritizing visual perception and so importance of lighting design by artificial lighting is emphasized in the VDT office. The purpose of the study is to analyze Illumination and Luminance for lighting design by the standard of ergonomics in the VDT office. The study analyzed Illumination and Luminance in the main control room of an nuclear power plant needing a design of ergonomics ACR(Advanced Control Room) type Ling Ao phase II NPP MCR in Guangdong, China. The study examined the relativity of ACR characteristics to its operator`s duties and set up an outline of lighting design, the standard of ergonomics and input data for the analysis. Thus, the study examined appropriateness with the standard of ergonomics setting up the analyzed Illumination and Luminance and drew a conclusion.
Practicability Strength Assessment of a Bone Metallic Plate at the Femur Fixation
Kim, Jeong-Lae ; Ahn, Chang-Sik ; Seo, Byoung-Do ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 27, issue 2, 2008, Pages 83~89
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2008.27.2.083
Study was developed the metallic plate for fixation in the femur fracture and plates has a firm place in fracture treatment. This plates can be stabilized for fracture fixation as well as biological and dynamical device. The device`s designation and sizing has a optimization with bending structural stiffness and strength, known meaning that is reliable regardless of the plate by the short type and long type. The bending strength of the curved metallic long plate has to evaluate a 11,000N and the bending strength of the curved metallic short plate has to evaluate a 6,525N. This see the X-ray image of bending angle made certain of 15
at number 2 and same 82.87
at number 2, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9, 10 by outside angle, and confirmed 25.26
at number 3, 3.68
at number 6, 15.64
at number 9 by inside angle. This study shows that keep up the metallic plate for fixation in the femur fracture through X-ray Image and the device can be used to support Revision case of Hip Implant and to use a case of Hip screw compression of Hip Neck Fracture. Short plate have a wrapping of femur and long plate have to preserve a pole of femur.