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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ergonomics Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 32, Issue 6 - Dec 2013
Volume 32, Issue 5 - Oct 2013
Volume 32, Issue 4 - Aug 2013
Volume 32, Issue 3 - Jun 2013
Volume 32, Issue 2 - Apr 2013
Volume 32, Issue 1 - Feb 2013
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Comparison of Biomechanical Stress on Low Back(L5/S1) for One-hand and Two-hands Lowering Activity
Kim, Hong-Ki ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 32, issue 5, 2013, Pages 413~420
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2013.32.5.413
Objective: The objective of this study was to compare one-hand and two-hands lowering activity in terms of biomechanical stress for the range of lowering heights from knuckle height to 10cm above floor level. Background: Even though two-hands lifting/lowering activity of manual materials handling tasks are prevalent at the industrial site, many manual materials handling tasks which require the worker to perform one-hand lifting/lowering are also very common at the industrial site and forestry and farming. Method: Eight male subjects were asked to perform lowering tasks using both a one-handed as well as a two-handed lowering technique. Trunk muscle electromyographic activity was recorded while the subjects performed the lowering tasks. This information was used as input to an EMG-assisted free-dynamic biomechanical model that predicted spinal loading in three dimensions. Results: It was shown that for the left-hand lowering tasks, the values of moment, lateral shear force, A-P shear force, and compressive force were increased by the average 6%, as the workload was increased twice from 7.5kg to 15kg. For the right-hand lowering task, these were increased by the average 17%. For the two-hands lowering tasks, these were increased by the average 14%. Conclusion: Even though the effect of workload on the biomechanical stress for both one-hand and two-hands lowering tasks is not so significant for the workload less than 15kg, it can be claimed that the biomechanical stress for one-hand lowering is greater than for two-hands lowering tasks. Therefore, it can be concluded that asymmetrical lowering posture would give greater influence on the biomechanical stress than the workload effect for one-hand lowering activity. Application: The result of this study may be used to provide guidelines of recommended safe weights for tasks involved in one-hand lowering activity.
Comparative Study using EEG between Music Major Group and Non-major Group
Jeong, Su-Yeon ; Lee, Hyeseung ; Lee, Naesun ; Choi, Doo-Hyun ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 32, issue 5, 2013, Pages 421~427
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2013.32.5.421
Objective: This paper is to analyze the impact of musical training to the fast
wave activation of the EEG. Background: EEG is neurological research method that can observe the brain function in real time. EEG can be used to determine the nervousness and relaxedness of a person who receives stimuli in a structured environment. Therefore, it is possible to interpret the functional state of human brain by the analysis of EEG. Method: The brain activities of two groups of university students in the point of RFA(Relative Fast Alpha) caused by different music are analyzed in this paper. One is the group of music majors and the other is the group of non-majors. Results: Music major and non-major groups show meaningful differences in RFA during exposed to classic and metal music. Conclusion: Learning experience on music affects RFA increment of music majors. Application: The result of this study will be used as basic data to evaluate the learning effects of students who want to study music.
Effect of Job Rotation on Job Satisfaction, Occupational Safety and Health
Jeon, In Sik ; Jeong, Byung Yong ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 32, issue 5, 2013, Pages 429~435
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2013.32.5.429
Objective: This study aims to analyze job satisfaction and accident prevention according to job rotation system types in a motor company. Background: The study of a motor company's job rotation system has come to attention with enhancing productivity, preventing musculoskeletal disorders, and improving quality. Method: In this study, a survey was conducted to show job satisfaction rates according to job rotation systems. Also an investigation was done regarding industrial accidents and previous workers who are receiving treatment for musculoskeletal disorder over the last five years. Results: The job rotation system in this study has been carried out by voluntary decision of workers. Out of the job rotation types, the medium rotation complexity type had high job satisfaction whereas in a high or low rotation complexity type, which many workers prefer, led to less number of accidents and days of sick leave. Application: The results of this study are expected to be a fundamental data to job design.
Analysis on Muscle Activities in the Upper Body of Caregivers according to Drive-Assisting Speeds of a Shower Carrier
Ko, Cheol Woong ; Cho, Deok Yeon ; Bae, Tae Soo ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 32, issue 5, 2013, Pages 437~442
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2013.32.5.437
Objective: The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of drive-assisting system in a shower carrier on the upper body muscle activities of caregivers through drivability tests. Background: In care facilities, one of the major ADL (Activities of Daily Living) factors is bathing/showering. Recently, bath/shower-assisting equipment is actively being introduced in care facilities to reduce caregivers' muscle burden. In particular, it is desirable to utilize a shower carrier equipped with drive-assisting system to effectively care for the elderly. However, there were few systematic studies on the relationship between muscle activities and drive-assisting speeds. Method: For the drivability tests to study the effects on the muscle activities according to the drive-assisting speeds(corresponding drive-voltages: 0.0V, 2.0V, 2.1V, 2.3V), 6 females in their 40s(
) were selected. To measure muscle activities of caregivers through drivability tests, 7 muscles in the upper body(TM/Trapezius Muscle, DM/Deltoid Muscle, BBM/Biceps Brachii Muscle, TBM/Triceps Brachii Muscle, ECRLM/Extensor Carpi Radialis Longus Muscle, FCUM/Flexor Carpi Ulnaris Muscle, and ESM/Erector Spinae Muscle) were selected. Results: In the TM, muscle activities were decreased as 21% compared to 0.0V, when drive-voltage 2.0V was applied, as 57% by 2.1V, and 62% by 2.3V(p<0.05), whereas 40%, 56%, and 69% of muscles activities were decreased respectively from the DM(p<0.05). Also, from the UL(BBM+TBM+ECRLM+FCUM), muscle activities were decreased by 17% with 2.0V as against 0.0V, by 47% with 2.1V, and 52% with 2.3V, whereas decreases in muscle activities from the ESM were found by 20%, 34%, and 42% respectively by 2.0V, 2.1V, and 2.3V(p<0.05). Conclusion: The muscle activities were decreased in the order of the DM, TM, ESM, and UL. As muscle activities were remarkably reduced as drive voltage were increased, it was expected to reduce the upper body muscle burden on the caregivers when using shower carriers equipped with driving-assist system. Applications: The results from this study can be applied for the development of a shower carrier including other equipment to possibly reduce the muscle burden of the caregivers.
Usability Evaluation Criteria for Mobile Navigation Using AHP
Jeong, Ye Seul ; Jeong, Byung Yong ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 32, issue 5, 2013, Pages 443~448
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2013.32.5.443
Objective: Purposes of this study are selecting main factors in evaluating the usability of mobile navigation and comprehending mutual importance among the factors. Background: Mobile navigation services have been more diffused than ever as the number of smartphone users sharply increased. However users are having trouble with the usage of mobile navigation services due to the lack of research in the area. Method: In order to attain results, general research on mobile navigation, 1st general survey, and 2nd comparative survey on navigation UI experts were performed. Empirical studies about the results were performed using AHP method. Results: As the result of AHP analysis, accuracy was drawn out to be the most important factor followed by accessibility and visibility. Regarding the characteristics of navigation system, the provision of accurate POI(Point of Interest) was considered to be the most important factor for the experts. And effectiveness was considered to be the most important, followed by satisfaction and efficiency. Conclusion: When evaluating the usability of mobile navigation, prior factors such as accuracy, visibility, and aesthetics should be considered in advance and general evaluation concentrated on effectiveness must be performed. Application: The results of this study are expected to be a fundamental data to mobile navigation design.
The Effect of Hangul Font on Reading Speed in the Computer Environment
Kim, Sunkyoung ; Lee, Ko Eun ; Lee, Hye-Won ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 32, issue 5, 2013, Pages 449~457
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2013.32.5.449
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of Hangul font on reading speed when texts are displayed on the computer screen. Background: Reading performance is influenced by fonts. However, there are few studies of Hangul font from a cognitive perspective. Fonts could affect reading performance directly and indirectly, interacting with other visual-perceptual factors such as size, word spacing, and line spacing. Method: In experiment 1, two variables were manipulated; a frame condition(square frame non-square frame) and a stroke condition(serif sans-serif). According to each condition, one of the four fonts was applied to the texts. The height of the four fonts was controlled. The participants were asked to read aloud the presented texts. In experiment 2, the non-square frame fonts were adjusted to have approximately the same size, width, letter spacing, and word spacing as the square frame fonts. The experimental design and task used in experiment 2 were identical with experiment 1. Results: In general, reading speed was faster in the square frame fonts than in the non-square frame fonts. The reading speed was not significantly different across stroke conditions. Conclusion: The frame of Hangul font significantly influenced reading speed. These results suggest that the type of Hangul font is a factor to affect reading performance. Application: The frame of fonts should be considered in designing of new fonts. The square frame fonts should be the preferred choice to enhance legibility.
Literature Review on Job Rotation
Yoon, Sang-Young ; Jung, Myung-Chul ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 32, issue 5, 2013, Pages 459~467
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2013.32.5.459
Objective: The aim of this study is to review the studies on job rotation with various points of view and to classify the studies considering the approach methods. Background: Various work interventions were carried in order to prevent the work-related musculoskeletal disorders(WMSDs) and job rotation was considered as one of the simple and effective methods. Method: Previous studies were systematically collected with the combination of keywords such as job, task, rotation, allocation, line balancing, etc. Collected studies were classified into three categories: field study, laboratory study and optimization approach study. Results: Field studies showed that most studies focused on the evaluation of the factors causing the musculoskeletal disorder. Moreover, the effect of job rotation could be hard to identify because it required a long-period close observation. Laboratory studies covered only simple aspects of tasks or movements. Optimization approach studies showed the systematic approach to establish the job rotation scheme though many limitation and assumptions were adopted. Conclusion: This study collected and classified the previous studies on job rotation and presented the different approaches across various research areas. Application: The results of this study could help the practitioner and ergonomist how to establish the job rotation scheme.
A Survey on the Risk Factors Analysis and Evaluation for the types of VDT Work
Kim, Day Sung ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 32, issue 5, 2013, Pages 469~474
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2013.32.5.469
Objective: The purpose of this study was to analyze the risk factors of MSDs for the types of office work. Background: Physical risk factors of VDT(Video Display Terminal) associated with shoulder and neck musculoskeletal disorders(MSDs) include static work postures and workstation status. Method: In this study, office work was divided into data search, data entry and design work(drawings, etc.), and then we were surveyed 7 major work places which was included these works. We recorded working postures and obtained still images, depending on the types of office work. Then, RULA(Rapid Upper Limb Assessment) and ROSA(Rapid Office Strain Assessment) were used to analysis the risk factors. Results: The results of RULA showed that design work was under risk levels and required change, but ROSA showed that data entry and design work were high risk. The RULA is to evaluate the level of risk factors based on the working posture; on the other hand, the ROSA is to consider the use of peripheral, same as chair, keyboard/mouse, monitor and computer workstations. Conclusion: Conclusions of this study, the office work is necessary to identify the risk factors caused by the use of peripheral, as well as working posture.
Application of Digital Human Modeling for Design of Yacht
Kim, Dong-Joon ; Ko, Chan Gil ; Lee, Yujeong ; Chang, Seong Rok ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 32, issue 5, 2013, Pages 475~480
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2013.32.5.475
Objective: In this study, virtual reality was adopted to consider ergonomic factors in yacht design. Virtual human which is the same actual human was created in virtual environment using Digital Human Modeling which has been used in the manufacturing communities to design better workplaces and maximize the safety of workers. Background: During the past 40 years yachting has expanded from being, generally speaking, a minority sport - too expensive for the large majority of people - into a major recreational activity practiced by millions all over the world. Many new yacht designs have appeared and number of professional, as well as amateur designers has increased steadily. But they had not considered ergonomic factors in yacht design. Method: Worker's posture, traffic line and workload had been analyzed in sailing yacht. After the caution level was evaluated, we pointed out clues which had high workload and interference. To reduce workload, we applied ergonomic principles for improving working conditions and environments in Digital Human Model. Results: We found the space problems and workload of postures. Conclusion: (1) Unnatural posture of crews was sustained. (2) Workload that occurs in the human body was overloaded. (3) Crew's work space was very narrow. Application: This study will be applied the new ergonomic design of yacht.