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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Ergonomics Society of Korea
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 6 - Dec 2014
Volume 33, Issue 5 - Oct 2014
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Aug 2014
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Jun 2014
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Apr 2014
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Feb 2014
Selecting the target year
A Comparison of Human Reliability Analysis Technique Using SMART Emergency Operating Guidelines
Heo, Eun Mee ; Byun, Seong Nam ; Park, Hong Joon ; Park, Geun Ok ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 33, issue 1, 2014, Pages 1~14
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2014.33.1.1
Objective: The purpose of this study is to select the methodology for SMR HRA which has characteristics that are different from existing nuclear power plants and digital-based plants. Background: We must assure safety to preoccupy export of technology to developing countries or countries interested in nuclear application. And we can be an advanced country in nuclear technology by securing original technology in the field of SMR such as SMART. Method: THERP, which is the most representative HRA methodology among all, and RARA, which is the latest HRA methodology. This study compared and evaluated THERP and RARA. Results: As a result of applying THERP and RARA methodologies which are based on LOCA EOG task analysis result, this research concluded that RARA has higher personal errors than THERP. Conclusion: This study needs validation for LOCA, emergency operations, normal and abnormal scenarios since HRA methodology was only focused on LOCA scenario. Application: The results of this study can apply as base line data when designing MMIS, which is the main control room of SMART, and when building a simulator.
Correlations between Biomechanical Characteristics, Physical Characteristics, and the Ability to Maintain Dynamic Sitting Balance on an Unstable Surface in the Disabled with Spinal Cord Injury
Kim, Solbi ; Chang, Yoonhee ; Kim, Gyoosuk ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 33, issue 1, 2014, Pages 15~25
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2014.33.1.15
Objective: This study aims to analyze the factors that affect the ability to maintain dynamic sitting balance (DSB), biomechanical characteristics, and physical characteristics in spinal cord injuries (SCI) patients. Background: Virtual ski training systems, ski equipment, and training protocols for disabled skiers are being studied to spread awareness. However, few studies have been reported on the sitting balance ability associated with chair mono skiing. Method: A dynamic sitting balance border system was built to investigate the ability to maintain dynamic sitting balance in SCI patients. Trunk muscle activity was evaluated by electromyogram while conducting dynamic sitting balance tests. The trunk muscle strength was tested with a portable handheld dynamometer. Physical activity scores were measured with the physical activity recall assessment. Results: There were high levels of correlation between the ability to maintain DSB and trunk flexor strength, extensor strength, rotator strength, and physical activity score. However, height, weight, and injury level in SCI patients were not correlated with the ability to maintain DSB. Additionally, strong negative correlations were found between muscle activities of the external oblique and lumbar erector spinae muscles and the ability to perform the backward tilt test. Trunk extensor muscle activity during the ball lifting test was significantly higher than in other tests. Conclusion: The results indicate that improving trunk muscle strength and physical activity can increase the ability to maintain DSB. Application: The findings of a close relationship between trunk strength, physical activity, and the ability to maintain DSB need to be reflected in the chair mono ski training program.
A Comparison of Human Performance between Operators of a Main Control Room in the SMR
Heo, Eun Mee ; Byun, Seong Nam ; Park, Hong Joon ; Park, Geun Ok ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 33, issue 1, 2014, Pages 27~37
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2014.33.1.27
Objective: This study aims to improve human performance by analyzing the operators` tasks and providing input data on the composition of future SMART operators. Background: SMART is a nuclear reactor for export which needs operators who can satisfy both safety and economic feasibility. Therefore, this study is fundamental research on the composition of operators and this research analyzed SMART tasks in terms of human safety performance. Method: After analyzing 10 SMART EOG in hierarchical task analysis, this study classified task performance types according to task requirements of NUREG-0711 (Rev.3). Results: This study found the task frequency of SMART EOG and 12 operating task types. Conclusion: This study expects that human performance can be improved by analyzing the personal errors, which have the highest task frequency among 12 operating task types. Application: The results of this study can be applied as base data when licensing needs to be acquired.
Low Frequency Noise and It`s Psychological Effects
Eom, Jin-Sup ; Kim, Sook-Hee ; Jung, Sung-Soo ; Sohn, Jin-Hun ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 33, issue 1, 2014, Pages 39~48
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2014.33.1.39
Objective: This entire study has two parts. Study I aimed to develop a psychological assessment scale and the study II aimed to investigate the effects of LFN (low frequency noise) on the psychological responses in humans, using the scale developed in the study I. Background: LFN is known to have a negative impact on the functioning of humans. The negative impact of LFN can be categorized into two major areas of functioning of humans, physiological and psychological areas of functioning. The physiological impact can cause abnormalities in threshold, balancing and/or vestibular system, cardiovascular system and, hormone changes. Psychological functioning includes cognition, communication, mental health, and annoyance. Method: 182 college students participated in the study I in development of a psychological assessment scale and 42 paid volunteers participated in the study II to measure psychological responses. The LFN stimuli consisted of 12 different pure tones and 12 different 1 octave-band white noises and each stimulus had 4 different frequencies and 3 different sounds pressure levels. Results: We developed the psychological assessment scale consisting of 17 items with 3 dimensions of psychological responses (i.e., perceived physical, perceived physiological, and emotional responses). The main findings of LFN on the responses were as follows: 1. Perceived psychological responses showed a linear relation with SPL (sound pressure level), that is the higher the SPL is, the higher the negative psychological responses were. 2. Psychological responses showed quadric relations with SPL in general. 3. More negative responses at 31.5Hz LFN than those of 63 and 125Hz were reported, which is deemed to be caused by perceived vibration by 31.5Hz. `Perceived vibration` at 31.5Hz than those of other frequencies of LFN is deemed to have amplified the negative psychological response. Consequently there found different effects of low frequency noise with different frequencies and intensity (SPL) on multiple psychological responses. Conclusion: Three dimensions of psychological responses drawn in regard to this study differed from others in the frequencies and SLP of LFN. Negative psychological responses are deemed to be differently affected by the frequency, SPL of the LFN and `feel vibration` induced by the LFN. Application: The psychological scale from our study can be applied in quantitative psychological measurement of LFN at home or industrial environment. In addition, it can also help design systems to block LFN to provide optimal conditions if used the study outcome, .i.e., the relations between physical and psychological responses of LFN.
Effects of the Training Transfer Management on the Workers in Nuclear Power Plants
Kim, Seonsu ; Luo, Meiling ; Lee, Yong-Hee ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 33, issue 1, 2014, Pages 49~58
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2014.33.1.49
Objective: The aim of this study is to enhance the efficiency of education and training through application and management of `Transfer of Training` in nuclear power plants. Background: Despite the sophistication and standardization of job-related skills and techniques of workers, accidents/incidents keep taking place due to human errors and unsafe actions and behaviors, which translates into the necessity to review and examine the effectiveness and influence of education and training on the workers of nuclear power plants. Method/Results: This study drew the factors of `Transfer of Training` through a review on the preceding studies and document research. In addition, through expert examination, this study explored the expected effects and possibility of application when managing the influencing factors of `Transfer of Training` in nuclear power plants. And lastly, management priority order for nuclear power plants was drawn through an AHP analysis. Conclusion: Among the `Transfer of Training` factors, the training design factor was the most important. In addition, the design of the training and transfer and goal setting showed a high degree of importance among the influencing factors. Application: The management of `Transfer of Training` in nuclear power plants enhances the capability of workers and improves the operational integrity of nuclear power plants.
Research of Body Pressure Distribution Change with the Use of BackJoy and Satisfaction of Human Sensibility
Kim, Kwangoh ; Yoon, Jungmin ; Ahn, Sungyong ; Kim, Daseuran ; Park, Peom ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 33, issue 1, 2014, Pages 59~68
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2014.33.1.59
Objective: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of BackJoy on how it effectively reduces the physical load generated in a posture in which the user sits, increases user`s comfort and satisfaction, and maintains the correct posture. Background: Because of development of science and economic development, most office workers and students spend about 75% of their working time in chairs. However most of them have a poor posture. Method: This experiment conducted measurement using a pressure mat and surveyed to evaluate fatigue level, satisfaction and comfort of sit. The study is experimented 20 male and 14 female participants. The participants carried out four different types of tasks and each task took 20 minutes long. Results: In the case of experiment results before and after the use of BackJoy, average pressure, contact area and pressure per unit area appear to prove that using BackJoy is more effective. Conclusion: Through this study, the BackJoy`s effects for the maintenance of good posture and loads that occur in the body are reduced. In the future study, there are some researches needed for various verifications using an EMG sensor that shows loads of vertebrae and we need to analyze each group of the participants by dividing them. Application: The evaluation method used in this study can be applied to evaluating ergonomic chairs.
A Content Analysis of the Trends in Vision Research With Focus on Visual Search, Eye Movement, and Eye Track
Rhie, Ye Lim ; Lim, Ji Hyoun ; Yun, Myung Hwan ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 33, issue 1, 2014, Pages 69~76
DOI : 10.5143/JESK.2014.33.1.69
Objective: This study aims to present literature providing researchers with insights on specific fields of research and highlighting the major issues in the research topics. A systematic review is suggested using content analysis on literatures regarding "visual search", "eye movement", and "eye track". Background: Literature review can be classified as "narrative" or "systematic" depending on its approach in structuring the content of the research. Narrative review is a traditional approach that describes the current state of a study field and discusses relevant topics. However, since literatures on specific area cover a broad range, reviewers inherently give subjective weight on specific issues. On the contrary, systematic review applies explicit structured methodology to observe the study trends quantitatively. Method: We collected meta-data of journal papers using three search keywords: visual search, eye movement, and eye track. The collected information contains an unstructured data set including many natural languages which compose titles and abstracts, while the keyword of the journal paper is the only structured one. Based on the collected terms, seven categories were evaluated by inductive categorization and quantitative analysis from the chronological trend of the research area. Results: Unstructured information contains heavier content on "stimuli" and "condition" categories as compared with structured information. Studies on visual search cover a wide range of cognitive area whereas studies on eye movement and eye track are closely related to the physiological aspect. In addition, experimental studies show an increasing trend as opposed to the theoretical studies. Conclusion: By systematic review, we could quantitatively identify the characteristic of the research keyword which presented specific research topics. We also found out that the structured information was more suitable to observe the aim of the research. Chronological analysis on the structured keyword data showed that studies on "physical eye movement" and "cognitive process" were jointly studied in increasing fashion. Application: While conventional narrative literature reviews were largely dependent on authors` instinct, quantitative approach enabled more objective and macroscopic views. Moreover, the characteristics of information type were specified by comparing unstructured and structured information. Systematic literature review also could be used to support the authors` instinct in narrative literature reviews.