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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea
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Journal DOI :
The Ergonomics Society of Korea
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Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Dec 1986
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A study on the error recovery method of the practical supervisory control using computer graphic simulation
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 2, 1986, Pages 3~9
The present paper deals with obtaining the proper application criteria for the control mode, by using computer graphic simulation, in order to recover the error effectively occurring in the practical supervisory contol work of hyman-robot system. In these experiments the opteations by human and by control program are performed as control modes for recovering the error. And then we compare and analyze tow control modes taking task error and task time as performance measures and task difficulty as a variable factor. Consequently as the task difficulty increases, the task error in the operation by hyman tends to be less than in the operation by control program and the task time is superior in the operation by control program. Therefore, we suggest that two control modes should be used jointly for recovering the error and the operation by control program should be applied in major fraction of control and the operation by human in minor fraction of control.
Human reliability growth in the absolute identification of tones
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 2, 1986, Pages 11~15
In this paper, we consider the validity of a human probabilistic learning model applied to the perdiction of errors associated with the absolute identification of tones. It is shown that the probabilistic learning model describes the human error process adequately. The model parameters are estimated by two methods which are the method of maximum likelihood, and the method of mement. The MLE version of the model has the better predictive power but the ME version is more readily obtainable and may be more practical
Evaluation of labor aptitude of middle-aged and old workers: Evaluation of manual dexterity
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 2, 1986, Pages 17~25
In recent years, the average life span of people in advanced countries has increased. Conwequently, the number of middle-aged and old workers who have the will to work has increased. On the other hand, the declining birth rate has decreased the number of young workers. However, because many enterprises in advanced countries have extended their mandatory retirement age from 55 to 60 years, labor accidents involving aged workers are on the increase. As a result, the need for a method to evaluate the work skills of middle-age and old workers has become urgent. To explore one such method, this study investigated the relationship between aging and manual dexterity. Dexterity was found to deteriorate with age, but with large variability from individual to individual. The parameters of dexterity used in this experiment were found to be reliable.
A study on the traffic accident occurrence applied biorhythm
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 2, 1986, Pages 27~31
There has been a growing interest in the application of biorhythm theory to programmes of accident prevention and performance prediction. In order for biorhythm to be applie to practice its validity and reliability should be established. This paper reported the results of three different set of data, and these data were tabulated and analysed in various ways. The basic method of analysis consisted of stat- istical comparision of actual frequences of occurrence from the collected data with those frequencies which would be expected if biorhythm had no effect. The results of the occurrence data indicated that no definite evidence in support of the influence of the fundamentals could be detected. Actual frequencies of occurrence from the collected data were not significantly different them those expected assuming random occurrence.
Ergo design on the automobile display and control
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 2, 1986, Pages 33~36
Compatiblity is a very generalized concept that has substantial applicablity to various aspects of human factors. It refers to the spatial movement, or conceptual relationships of stimuli and of responses, individually or in combination, which are consistent with human expectations. In this paper, first, several remarks which should be considered in designing the visual display and control of automobile are considered. Also, two advanced designs of visual display and control are suggested based on the compatibility principles.
Display station anthropometrics: Preferred height and angle settings of CRT and keyboard
Miller, Win ; Suther Ill, Thomas-W. ;
Journal of the Ergonomics Society of Korea, volume 5, issue 2, 1986, Pages 37~44
This study investigates display station physical adjustments preferred by a sample of visual display terminal operators. Participants in the study were selected to assure representation of extremely short and extremely tall persons, as well as persons of midrange physical stature. Individual operators were led through a step-by-step sequence to determine their preferred initial settings of seat height, keyboard height and slope angle, and CRT height and tilt angle. Each operator then performed a brief text input tase, after which final preferred adjustments were measured. Intermeasure correlation strongly suggest that "flat" (low slope angle) keyboards are in appropriate for short operators who select low seat heights. In addition, the keyboard angle adjustments preferred by most operators substantially exceed a current German ergonomic display station requirement.